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查尔斯·达尔文(2) 伟大的南美洲海岸考察之旅

(2011-09-19 23:39:34)
标签:

英汉对照读物

教育

分类: 英汉对照读物

 

Charles Darwin 查尔斯·达尔文

(2) The Great South American Coastline Survey Trip

  伟大的南美洲海岸考察之旅

 

 

 

博主改写英语原文并翻译成汉语,对照发帖于此,供网友参考。

  点击图片或使用键盘← →翻页

 

At twenty-two, Darwin had a theological degree but was not at all eager to begin work as a minister. (1) 达尔文22岁时,获得神学学位,但是,却一点儿不急于开始牧师工作。

 

A letter from his friend gave Darwin a chance to join a South American coastline survey trip. Darwin would go with the ship as a naturalist and had to pay his own way. The trip was scheduled to take two years. 一封朋友的信给达尔文带来了前往南美洲海岸进行考察的机会。达尔文将作为博物学家,随船前往,费用得自付。这次航行计划耗时两年。

 

   Back to his father for funds and his father said, “No, the whole idea is nonsensical.” More pleading and family conferences and finally consent. 回家找父亲筹措资金,而父亲却说:“不行,整个想法都是荒唐的。”更多的恳求,家里人多次商量,最后同意了。

 

  The survey ship left England in the winter of 1831. Darwin looked over the rail. He was not to see home for five years. He was to have the greatest naturalist adventure on record. (2) 考察船于1831年离开英国。达尔文往栏杆外望去。他将离乡背井5年。他将经历有史以来的博物学家的最伟大的冒险。

 

  Darwin was a keen observer, an accurate reporter, and an indefatigable collector. Patiently and persistently he collected plants, rocks, insects, animals, and fossils by the trunk load. He filled all available deck space. At every port of call his collection were sent home. 达尔文是一位锐敏的观察家、准确的记录员、孜孜不倦的收藏者。他耐心地、坚持不懈地、整箱地收集植物、岩石、昆虫、动物和化石。他把甲板上能放东西的地方都放满了。每到一个停靠地港口,便把他收集的东西便送回老家。

 

  The voyage was full of adventure and danger. Inland there were savages and outlaws to avoid. There was also fever, the danger of being marooned, and the hardships of storms and cold. 整个航行充满了冒险和危险。上岸深入内地,就得躲避野蛮人和亡命之徒。还有发烧、被困在孤岛上、暴风雨和寒冷带来的艰辛。

 

  In contrast there were elegant receptions in some of the large South American cities where Darwin met beautiful ladies and very civilized men. These contrasted strangely with the savages he met on some of the coastal islands. 与此截然不同的是,在南美洲一些大城市所受到的体面的接待。在这些城市里,达尔文见到了美丽的女士和非常文明的绅士。他们与他在海岸岛屿上见到的野蛮人形成奇妙的对照。

 

  On this trip the captain returned three savages to their barren island. They were natives whom the captain had taken as hostages on a previous trip. Darwin noticed that these savages, whom nature had fitted into their harsh climate, (3) were already changed by their contact with civilization. 旅途中,船长把三个野蛮人送回他们的荒岛。他们是土著居民,船长在上次旅途中把他们抓来,当作人质。达尔文注意到,大自然使这些野蛮人能适应他们所处的恶劣气候,但是,与文明生活相接触,他们已经发生了变化。

 

  After surveying many uncharted coasts, and observing many strange forms of plant and animal life, the ship dropped anchor at the Galapagos Islands, some five hundred miles west of South America. Here nature provided the laboratory that started Darwin on the path that led to the “Origin of Species.” (4) 考察了许多无名的海岸,观察了许多离奇古怪的植物和动物之后,他们的船停靠在南美洲西面大约500英里的加拉帕戈斯群岛。在这儿,大自然提供的实验室,使达尔文踏上了写成《物种起源》征途。

 

  The unusual, primitive quality of the various creatures gave Darwin a clue to the theory that changes take place in living forms. 各种各样的生物所具有的异乎寻常的原始特性,给达尔文的变化产生在生存方式中这个理论提供了线索。

 

  Reptile, bird, and animal life differed from island to island and yet there were similarities. If all creation had taken place at the same time, why were there so many organisms with slight differences? By examining fossils that resembled organisms still living, he decided that some species were replaced by closely related ones. 爬行动物、鸟类和动物都因岛屿不同而不同,然而,有相似之处。如果天地万物都在同一时间产生,为什么会有如此多的大同小异的生物?通过观察与仍然生活着的生物相似的化石,他断言,一些物种被非常接近的物种所取代了。

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

注释:

1 …Darwin had …but was not at all eager to begin work…

       句子中的习惯用语at all,用来加强语气,表示“丝毫,一点,完全”,只用于否定句、疑问句和条件从句中。再比如:I don’t like him at all. (我一点也不喜欢他。) / Are they alike at all? (他们有点像吗?)

2.  He was to have the greatest naturalist adventure on record.

        句子中的短语on record有两个意思:1)指事实或事件被记载下来、有案可查的。比如:It is on record that the summer was the wettest for 50 years. (记录说,今夏是50年来雨量最多的季节。) 2)指人公开说过,犹如记录下来的一般。比如:The governor is on record as favoring the new highway. (州长公开表明过,他赞成修筑那条新公路。)

3.       …whom nature had fitted into their harsh climate…

句子中的谓语动词fit,其宾语后面接介词into,表示“使适合”。再比如:We have to fit the special train into the timetable. (我们得把这趟特别快车,恰当地安排进时刻表中去。) / Any new buildings must be fitted into the existing appearance of the city. (任何新的建筑物,必须与该城市的风貌一致。)

4.       Here nature provided the laboratory that started Darwin on the path that led to the “Origin of

Species.”

句子中有两个定语从句:1that started Darwin on the path,修饰the laboratory,引导这个从句的关系代词that在从句中做主语。2that led to the “Origin of Species”,修饰the path,关系代词that在从句中做主语。

 

中考、高考模拟题

 

1.       We learn from the passage that ______________.

A.      Darwin got the bachelor degree in theology at twenty-two 

B.      Darwin was eager to become a minister

C.      Darwin went to survey as a doctor and writer

D.     Darwin would spent six year on the trip to South American coastline

2.       In the passage Darwin was described as ___________.

A.      an active socialist

B.      a keen observer 

C.      indefatigable teacher

D.     an accurate player

3.       Which of the following statements is mentioned in the passage?

A.      Their ship left for North America in the winter of 1831.

B.      Darwin failed to get money from his father for this trip.

C.      Darwin collected a lot of plants, rocks, insects, animals and fossils. 

D.     Their trip was full of fun.

4.       The underlined word “slight” in the passage means _________.

A.      not much 

B.      superficial

C.      trivial

D.     slender

 

参考答案:

1. A    2. B    3. C    4. A

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