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斑马

(2011-08-25 09:51:16)
标签:

英汉对照读物

教育

分类: 英汉对照读物

 

Zebras 斑马

 

 

博主改写英语原文并翻译成汉语,对照发帖于此,供网友参考。

  点击图片或使用键盘← →翻页

 

Zebras are members of the horse family. 斑马属于马科动物。

 

  Zebras range over most of eastern and southern Africa. There are three different types of zebra, distinguished mainly by the arrangement and color of their stripes. 斑马分布在非洲东部和南部大部分地区。有三种不同类型的斑马,主要以斑纹的排列和颜色来区分。

 

  One of the most common types, Burchell’s zebra, has a light yellow coat with bold black stripes over its whole body. Fainter markings, called shadow stripes, sometimes show up between the black stripes (1). 白其尔斑马是最常见的一个品种,它的皮为浅黄色,全身布满粗黑的条纹。模糊标记,或叫阴影条纹,有时显现在黑色条纹之间。

 

Zebra’s stripes are a form of camouflage, making the animal very difficult to see in the shadowy tall grass of the African plain. 斑马的条纹是一种隐蔽形式,使斑马在非洲平原上的高高的阴影晃动的草丛中,很难被发现。

 

All zebras have a tufted tail and a short mane that stands up. Zebras grow to between four and five feet high at the shoulder. 所有的斑马都有簇生的尾巴和竖立的短鬃毛。斑马的肩部高度为45英尺。

 

Zebras roam in herds (2), or groups, grazing on grass and leaves. 斑马成群地,或成队地,自由自在地走来走去,吃草和树叶。

 

Each herd is led by a stallion, or male zebra. Female zebras usually have one offspring (3), or foal, every two or three years. 每个斑马群由一匹公斑马负责。母斑马通常每23年产小斑马一只。

 

Zebras will kick and bite savagely if attacked. Their main natural enemy is the lion, which hunts them for food. 斑马如果受到攻击,就会疯狂地踢和猛力地咬。它们的主要天敌是狮子,狮子捕杀斑马为食。

 

A zebra herd will gallop off at great speed when a lion charges. If a foal cannot run fast enough, its mother will stay behind and defend it to the death. 斑马群受到狮子攻击时,便会飞速地奔驰而去。如果有小斑马跑得不够快,它的妈妈会留下来用生命保护它。

 

Zebras have been almost killed to extinction by hunters who slaughter them in order to sell the hides. But now different laws have been passed to protect the animal. 猎人捕杀斑马,以获取斑马皮出售。斑马已经几乎快被杀绝了。但是,现在已经通过了不同的保护斑马的法律。

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注释:

1.       Fainter markings … show up between the black stripes.

句子中谓语动词show up为非正式用语,表示“出现”或指耽搁之后的“到来”。再比如:We waited for three hours, but she did not show up. (我们等了3个小时,她还是没有来。)

2.       Zebras roam in herds…

句子中的由介词短语in herds作状语,表示方式。 再比如:The young people came in pairs. (年轻人成双成对地来了。) / The representatives entered the hall in a single file. (代表们鱼贯而入,走进大厅。)

3.       Female zebras usually have one offspring…

句子中的offspring没有复数形式,单数形式可以表示单数概念或复数概念。表示单数概念时,不连用不定冠词,表示复数概念时,后面接动词的复数形式。比如:The dictionary defines mule as “offspring of a male ass and a mare”. (这本词典把骡子定义为公驴和母马杂交出的后代。) / The old man’s offspring are wrangling over the estate. (这个老人的子女们正在为财产争吵。) 注意,offspring指人的直系子孙后代,也可指动物的后代,偶尔指植物的幼苗。

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