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飓风

(2011-08-11 23:44:30)
标签:

英汉对照读物

教育

分类: 英汉对照读物

 

Hurricane 飓风

 

 博主改写英语并翻译为汉语,英语汉语对照,发帖子于此,供网友参

 

 点击图片或使用键盘← →翻页

Hurricanes are nature’s most destructive force. (1) These storms have taken millions of lives — one storm in Bangladesh killed 300,000 people in 1970 — have caused billions of dollars worth of damage. 飓风是大自然中最具破坏性的力量。这些暴风雨已经夺走了几百万人的生命 — 1970年,在孟加拉,一次暴风雨便使30万人丧命 和造成几十亿美元的损失。

 

   A hurricane is a powerful storm that measures several hundred miles in diameter. Hurricanes have two main parts. The first is the eye of the hurricane, which is a calm area in the center of the storm. Usually, the eye of a hurricane measures about 20 miles in diameter, and has very few clouds. 飓风是一种直径达几百英里的强大的风暴。飓风有两个主要部分。第一部分是飓风眼,是风暴中心的平静区域。飓风的风眼的直径通常大约为20英里,有很少的云。

 

The second part is the wall of clouds that surrounds the calm eye. This is where the hurricane's strongest winds and heaviest rain occur. 第二部分是围绕着平静风眼的云墙。这是飓风风力最强、暴雨最大的地方。

 

Hurricanes are born over warm, tropical oceans. Hurricanes are fueled by water vapor that is pushed up from the warm ocean surface, so they can last longer and sometimes move much further over water than over land. The combination of heat and moisture, along with the right wind conditions, can create a new hurricane. 飓风起源于炎热的热带海洋上。从炎热洋面向上翻涌的水汽,为飓风推波助澜,所以,它们能延续比较长的时间,有时,横扫海洋上的深度,超过在陆地上的深度。炎热和湿气一起,再加上适当的风,便形成一场飓风。

 

 People who live around the eastern and western Pacific Ocean call these storms typhoons. People who live on the Indian Ocean call them cyclones. Whatever name is used, a hurricane is a terrible windstorm (2) that includes heavy rains, high waves, and high tides. 居住在太平洋东海岸和西海岸附近的人们,管这些暴风雨叫台风。居住在印度洋上的人们把它们叫做旋风。不管叫什么名字,飓风都是一种可怕的风暴,包含着倾盆大雨和惊涛骇浪。

 

   Hurricane is hundreds of miles across, with winds that whirl around in a great circle at speeds of at least 75 miles an hour. The winds may reach speeds of 200 miles an hour, but about 100 miles an hour is more common. 飓风有数百里之宽,风形成巨大的旋涡,以每小时至少75英里的速度飞速前进。风的速度可能达到每小时200英里,但是,每小时100英里左右更为常见。

 

Hurricanes form over tropical oceans not far from the equator, where the air is very moist. Certain weather conditions, such as a thunderstorm, may cause great quantities of moisture to turn from vapor to droplets of water. (3) The condensing moisture gives up large amounts of heat, which warms the air. 飓风在距离赤道不远的热带洋面上形成;那儿空气非常潮湿。某些天气状况,比如雷暴,可能使大量的湿气变成水滴。凝聚的湿气释放出大量的热,把空气变热。

 

   The warmed air rises rapidly, and as the earth rotates, the column of warm air begins to spin, forming a hurricane. In the Northern Hemisphere, a hurricane spins counterclockwise; in the Southern Hemisphere it spins clockwise. 变热的空气迅速上升,因为地球在旋转,这个热空气柱,开始旋转,形成飓风。在北半球,飓风以反时针旋转;在南半球,它以顺时针旋转。

 

The whirling mass of air spreads for several days. The largest hurricanes have measured nearly 1,000 miles across. (4) In general, a newly formed hurricane moves westward and then turns away from the equator. A “young” hurricane moves forward at speeds of about ten miles an hour. But after the storm turns away from the equator, its speeds increase to 30 or 40 miles an hour. 旋转的气团延续几天。已经测到的最大的飓风几乎有1,000英里宽。一般说来,刚形成的飓风向西运动,然后离开赤道。“年轻”的飓风以大约每小时10英里速度,向前运动。但是,当风暴离开赤道后,它的速度增加到每小时3040英里。

 

   As the storm moves, the moisture falls as torrents of rain. At the center of the hurricane is a column of air only a few miles in diameter that spins very slowly. This is the eye of the hurricane. In the eye, there is little wind or cloudiness. In fact, the sun may even shine through the hurricane’s eye. After the eye of the hurricane passes over an area, the storm brings more rain and high winds. 随着风暴的运动,湿气作为暴雨降落。在飓风的中心,是一股空气柱,直径只有几英里,旋转得非常缓慢。这是飓风眼。在飓风眼里,几乎没有风,或云。事实上,太阳的光甚至可能穿过飓风眼。飓风眼经过一个地区之后,风暴带来更多的雨和强烈的风。

 

The high winds of a hurricane do great damage to ships, buildings, and trees in the storm’s path. A hurricane’s worst damage is done by waves and by the flooding that follows heavy rains. 飓风的强烈的风给沿途的船只、建筑物和树木带来巨大的损失。飓风带来的最大损失,是海浪和暴雨之后的洪灾造成的。

 

In only a few minutes, hurricanes can increase the ocean level along the coast by several feet. When a hurricane moves off the ocean and travels inland, friction between the rough land surface and the winds finally slows the storm down. 仅仅几分钟之内,飓风就可能将海岸的水位升高几英尺。飓风离开海洋,刮向内陆时,风与崎岖不平的地面发生磨擦,终至使风暴速度减缓下来。

   --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

注释:

1.       Hurricanes are nature’s most destructive force.

句子中的most表示“最”时,一般前面应该有定冠词the,比如:He is the most intelligent boy in his class. (他是班上最聪颖的男孩子。) 但是,在本句中,因为前面有名词nature,具有限定作用,所以就不再用定冠词。

2.       Whatever name is used, a hurricane is a terrible windstorm….

句子中的Whatever是复合关系代词,作形容词使用,Whatever name等于any name which。这个关系代词引导一个让步状语从句。再比如:Of course, you may read whatever book (= any book which ) you like. (当然,你可以阅读你喜欢的任何书。)

3.       Certain weather conditions…may cause great quantities of moisture to turn from vapor to droplets of water.

句子中的谓语动词may cause后面接的是复合宾语:宾语(名词性短语great quantities of moisture — 大量的水汽)+ 宾语补足语(不定式短语to turn from vapor to droplets of water — 从水汽变为小水滴)

4.       The largest hurricanes have measured nearly 1,000 miles across.

句子中的谓语动词measure是不及物动词,表示“有……宽(长、高等)”。后面的名词性短语nearly 1,000 miles across(几乎1,000英里宽)作状语,修饰前面的谓语。在这个状语中,副词nearly(几乎)和across(从一边到另一边)都修饰1,000 miles1千英里)。再比如:The room measures almost 10 meters across. (这个房间差不多有10米宽。)

 

                         中考、高考模拟题

 

1.       It can be learned from the article that _______________.

A.      one hurricane in Bangladesh killed 600,000 people in 1970

B.      a hurricane includes heavy rains, high waves, and high tides

C.      a hurricane is thousands of miles across

D.     the common speed of a hurricane is about 75 miles an hour

2.       According to the article people living on the Indian Ocean call hurricanes ________.

A.      thunderstorms

B.      typhoons

C.      cyclones

D.     whirling winds

3.       All of the of the following statements are true except that __________.

A.      hurricanes form over tropical oceans not far from the equator

B.      in the Northern Hemisphere, a hurricane spins counterclockwise

C.      the largest hurricanes have measured nearly 1,000 miles across

D.     hurricanes can decrease the ocean level along the coast by several feet

4.       The underlined word “friction” used in the article can be best explained by ________.

A.      differences of opinion leading to argument and quarrelling

B.      a state in which one feels comfortable

C.      rubbing of one thing against another

D.     things fried in hot oil

 

参考答案:

1. B    2. C    3. D    4. C

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