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说谎的人

(2011-07-19 23:41:59)
标签:

高考英语试题

教育

分类: 英汉对照读物

 

                               The Cheat

                       说谎的人

 

博主改写英语并翻译为汉语,英语汉语对照,发帖子于此,供网友参考。

 

 点击图片或使用键盘← →翻页

A poor man fell seriously ill (1) and was getting worse. He promised the gods to sacrifice to them one hundred oxen if they saved him from death. 有一个穷人得了大病,而且每况愈下。他向神灵们许愿:如果他们救了他,免于一死,他便向他们献祭礼一百头牛。

 

   The gods wanted to put him to the test and restored him to health very quickly. Soon he was up and out of bed. 神灵们要考验他,便迅速恢复了他的健康。他很快就离开了病榻。

 

   But, he did not have any oxen, he modeled one hundred of them out of tallow (2) and burned them on an altar, saying” 但是,他的确没有牛,于是他用油脂捏成一百头牛,放在祭坛上焚化,还一边念道:

 

   “Receive my motive offering, oh gods!” “啊,神灵们,请接受我的祭礼吧!”

 

   But the gods, angry for having been cheated, wanted to trick him in their turn. They sent him a dream, saying that if he would go to the seashore it would result in one thousand silver coins. 但是,神灵们因上当受骗而非常生气,现在轮到他们愚弄他了。他们给他托了一个梦,说:如果他走到海边去,就会得到一千个银币。

 

   Unable to contain his joy, he ran to the beach, where he came across some pirates who took him away and sold him into slavery. And they did indeed obtain one thousand silver coins for him. 他喜不自禁,跑到海边,在那里碰到海盗。海盗们将他带走,卖给他人作奴隶。而海盗们把他卖掉的确得到了一千枚银币。

 

   Liars end by deceiving themselves. 骗人终以骗己告终

Notes:

1.  A poor man fell seriously ill…

句中的fell作系动词,表示成为或进入某种状态。再比如:Suddenly he fell ill and ran a high fever.(他突然病倒,发起高烧来。) 如果后面接介词to The two men fell to argument.(这两个人开始争论起来。)/ Mary fell to studying the paintings on the wall.(玛丽开始研究墙上的画。)

2.  …he modeled one hundred of them out of

  tallow…

  句中的复合介词短语out of表示“用(制 作)”,后面接表示材料的名词。再比如:

  The boxes were made out of old planks.(这些箱子是用旧木版做的。)另外,out of

  可表示(1)“因为,出于”,如“I asked only out of curiosity.(我只是出于好奇才提问

  的。)(2)“缺乏,丧失”,如:We’re out of tea.(我们的茶叶用完了。)(3)“在

  外”,如:Out of sight, out of mind.(离久情疏。)

 

Questions:

1.  The underlined word in the story “trick”

means _________________ .

A.  make fun of

B.   laugh at

C.  cheat

D.  scold

2.  Why did the poor man make his oxen with

tallow?

A.  Because he had only several oxen.

B.   Because he could not borrow oxen from

his neighbors.

C.  Because he did not own any oxen.

D.  Because he had sold his oxen some time

ago.

3.  The gods tricked the poor man because

__________ .

A.  they had been cheated by him

B.   they liked the poor man very much

C.  they did not have any oxen

D.  they wanted to sell him into slavery

 

Key to the questions:

  1.C   2. C   3. A

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