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占地表四分之一的大陆

(2011-06-26 00:41:39)
标签:

英汉对照读物

教育

分类: 英汉对照读物

 

                             Continent  大陆

 

 

楼主改写英语并翻译为汉语,英语汉语对照,发帖子于此,供网友参考。

 

 点击图片或使用键盘← →翻页

 

The largest land areas of the earth are called continents. They are nearly or completely surrounded by oceans. 地球的最大的陆地区域叫做大陆。它们几乎,或全部被海洋所包围。

 

   Continents take up only about one-quarter of the earth’s surface, but they total nine-tenths of the land area. (1) About seven-tenths of the earth’s surface is covered by water. (2) 大陆仅占地表的大约1/4,但是,它们占陆地区域的9/10。大约7/10的地表为水所覆盖。

 

There are six continents: Africa, Antarctica, Australia, Eurasia, North America, and South America. Eurasia is considered by some people to be two continents: Europe and Asia. 6个大陆:非洲、南极洲、澳洲、欧亚大陆、北美洲和南美洲。有的人把欧亚大陆看成两个洲:欧洲和亚洲。

 

   Continents are vast masses of light rock floating on the heavier rock that makes up most of the earth’s crust. A continent, like a pancake, is much longer and wider than it is deep. It is higher inland than near the edges. The highest points, which usually form ridges, are called continental divides. 大陆是巨大的比较轻的岩石板块,漂浮在构成大部分地壳的坚硬岩石的上面。一个大陆就像一个薄煎饼,很长很宽,但很薄。内陆比边缘高。最高点通常形成山脊,叫做大陆分水岭。

 

   Many scientists now think that all the continents were one huge continent about 200 million years ago. This “super continent” slowly broke up, and its pieces drifted apart and still are moving. 许多科学家现在认为:所有的大陆在大约2亿年前是一个巨大的大陆。这个“超大陆”慢慢分裂,分裂出的小块漂浮分离,现在仍然在移动。

 

North and South America are drifting away from Europe and Africa at the rate of about 6.5 feet in a hundred years. 北美洲和南美洲,以每100年大约6.5英尺的速度,漂离欧洲和非洲

 

   And Eurasia and Africa are also moving slowly apart. Look at a world map or globe. You can see how the east coast of South America might easily have fit right into Africa’s west coast, (3) or how Eurasia and Africa might once have been joined together. 而欧亚大陆和非洲也在慢慢离开。看看世界地图或地球仪。你能发现:南美洲的东海岸可以非常容易地被镶嵌进非洲的西海岸,或者欧亚大陆和非洲也许曾经是连接在一起的。

 

   In most places, the edges of the continents slope gently downward into the oceans before making a sharper drop to the ocean floor. The part of a continent under the ocean is called a continental shelf. 在大多数地方,大陆的边缘慢慢地微微地向下倾倾斜进海洋,然后陡然坠向海底。大陆的海底部分叫做大陆架。

 

The average width of a continental shelf is 40 miles, but there are many exceptions. The shelf is completely missing along the western coast of South America. And off the Arctic coasts of Europe and Russia, the shelf extends 750 to 800 miles, making the Arctic Ocean very shallow. Some continental shelves have high parts that jut above the water as islands. 大陆架的平均宽度为40英里,但是,有许多例外。在南美洲的西海岸,大陆架全然消失了。而欧洲和亚洲的北冰洋海岸外面,大陆架外伸750800英里,使北冰洋变得非常浅。某些大陆架有的部分很高,作为岛屿凸出在水面之上。

 

The seaward edges of continental shelves are an average of 430 feet beneath the surface of the ocean, but some may be as deep as 600 feet or as shallow as 300 feet. 大陆架伸向海洋的边缘部分,平均低于海洋表面430英尺,但是,有的可能深达600英尺,或浅至300英尺。

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

注释:

1.       …they total nine-tenths of the land area.

句子中的total是谓语动词,后面常常接up,表示“合计”,指数字上的总计,也可指达到某个数或量。再比如:The cost totaled up to 10,000 dollars. (费用总计为万美元。)

它与add同义,但是,add表示“合计”时,一般指用算术中的加法那样去进行合计。也可以用于比喻。比如:The expenses added up to 10 million dollars. (费用达到1000万美元。) / His knowledge of history doesn’t add up to much. (他的历史知识并不丰富。)

注意:total作名词时,表示“总数,总额”。比如:Add up the bill and tell me the total. (加一下账单,告诉我总数是多少。) 

2.       About seven-tenths of the earth’s surface is covered by water.

        句子中的seven-tenths是分数词,由基数词和序数词构成。基数词代表分子,序数词代表分母。除了分子是1外,序数词都要用复数。

分数词作主语时,谓语动词的单复数形式取决于介词of后面的宾语是可数还是不可数名词。如果是可数名词,动词用复数形式,如果是不可数名词,则用单数形式。句子中的earth’s surface(地表)是不可数名词,所以动词用单数形式is covered 再比如:A quarter of the students in this class are girls. (这个班1/4的学生是女孩子。) / Over nine-tenths of China’s inhabitants belong to the Han nationality. (9/10以上的中国人是汉族。) / Over two-fifths of China’s population lives in this immense area. (2/5以上的中国人口生活在这个辽阔的地区。)

3.       …the east coast of South America might easily have fit right into Africa’s west coast…

句子中习惯用语fit into表示“(使)适合(空间、时间)”,其意思是take the right space or time in something。既可以用于具体东西,也可用于抽象的东西。再比如:We have to fit the special train into the timetable. (我们得把这趟快车恰当地安排进时刻表中去。) / If you gain any more weight, you shall not be able to fit into your clothes. (如果你再增加重量,你就无法穿你的这些衣服了。)

 

中考、高考模拟题

 

1.        According to the article continents are _________.

A.      the largest land areas of the earth 

B.      the earth’s surface covered with water

C.      vast masses of heavy rock floating on the lighter rock

D.     the highest points forming ridges

2.        We can infer from the article that most of the earth’s crust is ________.

A.      light rock

B.      firm rock

C.      soft rock

D.     heavy rock 

3.        Which of the following statements is not true according to the article?

A.      All the continents were one huge continent about 200 million years ago.

B.      North and South America are drifting away from Europe and Africa.

C.      Eurasia and Africa might once have been joined together.

D.     The part of a continent above the ocean is called a continental shelf.

4.        The underlined word “exceptions” used in the article is probably _______.

A.      somebody not taken into consideration

B.      continents not taken into consideration

C.      continental shelves not included

D.     continental divides not included

 

参考答案:

1. A    2. D    3. D    4. C

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