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具有令人惊奇的技巧和精力的河狸

(2011-06-18 22:57:14)
标签:

英汉对照读物

教育

分类: 英汉对照读物

 

 

 Beaver 河狸        

 

 博主翻译,英汉对照,发帖于此,供对此感兴趣的网友参考。

  点击图片或使用键盘← →翻页

Beavers are a large rodent noted for their skill and energy. You know that a person who works very hard is often described as an “eager beaver” or “busy beaver.” (1) 河狸是一种大啮齿目动物,以它们的技巧和精力而闻名。你们知道,工作非常勤奋的人常常被描绘成“卖力的河狸”或“忙碌的河狸”。

 

  Indeed, the beaver is a creature of amazing skill and energy. It works constantly at building and repairing its home and getting food. 的确,河狸是一种具有令人惊奇的技巧和精力的动物。它不停地劳作,建筑和维修它的住处和寻找食物。

 

  The beaver is a skillful worker both on land and in water (2). Its plump body, about two to three feet long, is covered with coarse brown hair. Its tail is flat and looks like a paddle. 在陆地上和在水中,河狸都是技巧娴熟的工作者。它身体肥胖,大约有2-3英尺长,长满褐色的粗毛。它的尾巴扁平,看起来像桨。

 

Its front feet have sharp claws for digging and carrying, and the hind feet are webbed for swimming. The beaver is an excellent diver because it can hold its breath under water for as long as 15 minutes. 它的前脚有锋利的脚爪,用于挖掘和携带东西,后脚有蹼,用于游泳。河狸是优秀的潜水员,因为它在水中不呼吸,可以长达15分钟。

 

The tender tree bark is beaver’s favorite food. The beaver uses its large sharp teeth gnaw it. The teeth are also used in felling trees and cutting logs and twigs for use as building materials嫩树皮是河狸喜爱的食物。河狸用它那尖锐的牙齿咬树皮。它的牙齿还用来砍伐树木,切割木料和树枝,用作建筑材料.

 

  Beavers live and work together in family groups. A pond with a good supply of willow, poplar, and birch trees, is the perfect spot for a beaver family to set up its home. The beavers build their home by using sticks and mud. The door of their home is under the water, but the living space inside is above water. 河狸以家庭为群,一起生活和工作。一个有大量柳树、白杨和白桦树的水塘,是河狸家族的理想的安家之地。河狸用树枝和泥土修筑它们的家。它们的家门在水面下,但是,里面的生活空间却在水面上。

 

  Beavers often build dams to keep the water of the pond at a constant level. Trees are felled at the water’s edge and then gnawed into logs. The beavers carry or drag the logs into the water and float them into place. Then they plaster them together with mud. 河狸常常修筑堤坝,使水塘的水位保持不变。在水边,将树木砍倒,然后,啃成木料。河狸把木料搬运或拖拉进水中,再漂浮到需要的地方。接着,它们用泥土把木料粘贴在一起。

 

We may find that an island of tree branches in a lake is a beaver’s home. Entrances and tunnels to the home lie underwater. 我们可能看到,湖中一个由树枝构成的小岛,原来是河狸的家。入口和进入家中的通道都在水面下。

 

  There are some beavers in Europe, but most are found in North America. The American beaver has long been hunted for its velvety fur. Early settlers also killed beavers for their meat. Today, beavers can be hunted only during certain seasons. 欧洲有一些河狸,但是,大部分河狸都在北美洲。长期以来,人们捕猎美洲河狸,以获取它的绒毛皮。早期的开拓者也捕杀河狸,取它们的肉。现在,只能在一定的季节里,才能捕获。

 

The American beaver is one of the largest rodents in the world. It has 20 sharp teeth which it used to gnaw through twigs as well as trunks of trees. 美洲河狸是世界上最大的啮齿目动物之一。它有20颗锋利的牙齿,用它们可以咬穿树枝及树干。

 

It uses its strong, flat tail for many purposes. When a beaver is perched on its hind legs gnawing at trees, it uses its tail to keep a balance. When swimming, it uses its tail as a paddle and splashes it in the water to warn other beavers of danger. 它的有力的扁平尾巴是多功能的。当河狸坐在它的后腿上,啃树木时,它用尾巴保持平衡。游泳时,它用尾巴当桨,在水中拍打,向其他河狸提醒有险情。

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注释:

1.       …a person … is often described as an “eager beaver” ….

句子中的as作介词,表示“像”,“似乎是”。再比如:Though their daughter was in her early twenties, they still treat her as a child. (虽然女儿已经20出头了,他们还把她当小孩对待。)注意:as作介词时,也可表示“资格;看成是;比如”。比如:She spent some weeks as a sister in a hospital in Pairs. (她在巴黎一家医院当了几个星期的护士。) / I counted him as my friend. (我把他当作朋友。) / She has certain definite beauties, as her hair. (她的确有几分姿色,比如说她的头发。)

2.       The beaver is a skillful worker both on land and in water.

句子中的skillful是形容词,表示“熟练的”,在英国英语中拼写为skilfulskillful可以被more most修饰,构成比较级和最高级。比如:Only the most skillful pilots are employed by airlines. (航空公司只录用最熟练的飞行员。)  skillful作表语时,后面接介词in, 有时也接at。比如:Dr. Petris is skillful at surgery.(彼得里大夫外科手术娴熟。)

注意:skillfulskilled 差别。skilled的意思是“擅长”,没有比较级和最高级。

 

中考、高考模拟题:

1.       Which of the following statements is false according to the article?

A.      Beavers are a large rodent animal.

B.      Hard-working person is described as a “busy beaver.”

C.      The beaver is a creature of amazing skill and energy.

D.     Beavers build their home in summer and autumn. 

2.       According to the article how long can beavers hold their breath?

A.      Fifteen minutes.

B.      Two to three minutes.

C.      Four minutes.

D.     Eleven to thirteen minutes.

3.       From the article we know that beavers use their tail ______ .

A.      for digging

B.      for carrying

C.      for fighting

D.     for swimming  

4.       The underlined word “purposes” as it is used in the article means ____ .

A.      uses

B.      goals

C.      objective

D.     failures

 

参考答案:

1. D    2. A    3. D    4. A

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