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(2011-06-01 23:36:27)
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英汉对照读物

教育

分类: 英汉对照读物

 

 

Weasel

 

 

 

英语经过楼主改写,再翻译成汉语,以对照形式发帖于此,供网友学习参考。

  点击图片或使用键盘← →翻页

The weasel is a small, meat-eating mammal (1). It lives in parts of Europe, Asia, and the Americas. In Europe, these animals are called stoats.  鼬是一种很小的吃肉的哺乳动物。它生活在欧洲、亚洲和美洲的部分地区。在欧洲,这些动物叫stoats

 

The weasel has a slender body from six inches to two feet long, and short legs. Its teeth are very sharp. 鼬的身体细小,从6英寸到两英尺长,脚很短。它的牙齿非常锋利。

 

Weasels are very fast, active animals. They kill preys by biting their heads. Weasels are fierce fighters and have been known to kill animals many times larger than themselves (2). 鼬是行走十分迅速,非常活跃的动物。它们咬住猎物的脑袋,杀死它们。鼬是凶猛的斗士,以杀死比它们大许多倍的动物而闻名。

 

Their food usually consists of small mammals (3), such as rabbits and mice. Weasels are helpful animals because they eat rodents that attack crops. 它们的食物通常是小的哺乳动物,比如兔子和老鼠。鼬是有用的动物,因为它们要吃破坏庄稼的啮齿目动物。

 

A weasel has soft under-fur protected by stiff, shiny guard hairs. The fur is usually reddish brown on its back and head, and white on its belly, throat, and feet. 鼬的柔软的下层绒毛,由坚硬明亮的针毛保护着。背部和头部的皮毛通常是略带红色的褐色,腹部、喉部和脚掌是白色。

 

Weasels that live in cold regions turn white when winter comes. Their white fur serves as protective coloring in the snow. One species that has white fur in the winter is called the ermine. People hunt the ermine for its beautiful fur. 冬天来临,生活在寒冷地区的鼬变成白色。它们白色的皮毛,在雪中起保护色的作用。有一种冬天皮毛变白的鼬叫白鼬。人们捕猎白鼬,以获取它那美丽的毛皮。

 

Weasels nest in rocks, trees, or in burrows in the ground. The female may have as many as five to ten young in one litter. Young weasels are able to hunt when they are about eight weeks old. 鼬在岩石和树上筑巢而居,或者生活在地洞里。母鼬每次生崽子多达510个。小鼬长到大约8个星期时,便能够捕食。

 

Minks, martens, ferrets, and polecats are closely related to weasels and are similar in appearance and behavior. 水貂、貂、黑足鼬和鸡貂是鼬的近亲,外貌和行为都很近似。

 

Badgers, wolverines, and skunks are also members of the weasel family, but are less similar. Badgers have heavy bodies, thick skin, short legs, and short tails. They have strong front claws and use them to dig elaborate, comfortable burrows very quickly. 獾、貂熊和臭鼬也是鼬科动物的成员,但是,没有那么相似。獾的身体笨重,皮肤很厚,脚短尾短。它们的前脚爪十分有力,用来快速地挖掘复杂舒适的地洞。

 

Badgers sleep in their burrows during the day and hunt at night. Wolverines are larger and darker than badgers. A large wolverine weighs about 50 pounds and a badger about 25 pounds. Both animals are very strong for their size and are almost fearless fighters. 獾白天在地洞里睡觉,晚上捕食。貂熊的个儿比獾大,皮毛的颜色比獾深。大的貂熊重约50左右,而獾大约重25。这两种动物,就它们的个头而言,非常强壮,几乎是无畏的斗士。

 

Skunks are small, gentle animals with attractive black and white coats. The skunk is noted for the foul-smelling liquid produced by scent glands under its tail. If a skunk threatened, it first stamps its feet and lifts its tail. If the enemy does not back off, the skunk turns and sprays. 臭鼬是温顺的小动物,黑白色的皮毛魅力无穷。臭鼬以其臭液而著名;臭液是尾巴下面的臭腺产生的。如果臭鼬受到威胁,它首先跺脚,翘起尾巴。如果敌人不后退,臭鼬便转身喷射臭液。

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NOTES

1.       The weasel is a small, meat-eating mammal.

句子中的meat-eating是一个合成形容词,由“名词 + 现在分词”构成。再比如:the old man-eating society (吃人的旧社会)/ the epoch-making achievements (划时代的成就)/ peace-loving people(热爱和平的人们)。

2.       …to kill animals many times larger than themselves.

句子中的larger是比较级的形容词,作后置定语,修饰前面的animalsthan引导比较对象,修饰largermany times是名词性短语,作状语,表示程度,修饰larger。再比如:My sister is two years younger than I.(我妹妹比我小两岁。)/ I am three inches taller than my sister.(我比妹妹高三英寸。)

3.       Their food usually consists of small mammals…

句子中的谓语动词consists后面接介词of,表示“由……构成”,强调结果是一个统一的整体。再比如:Concrete consists of cement, sand and gravel, mixed with water. (混凝土是水泥、沙子和碎石加水构成的。) 注意:如果后面接介词in, 则表示“以……为元素”;“主要在于”。比如:Happiness consists in contentment.(知足常乐。)/ The true wealth does not consist in what we have, but in what we are. (真正的财富不是我们拥有的财产,而是我们自身的价值。)

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