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美洲旱獭

(2011-05-14 00:02:54)
标签:

英汉对照读物

教育

分类: 英汉对照读物

                                                           Ground Hog

美洲旱獭

 

 

此文与其他相关文章已经汇集成册,由四川大学出版社出版,英语汉语对照。这里发帖,供网友学习参考。

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A ground hog looks like a beaver with thick, brownish-gray hair. Its stocky body is one or two feet long, with a long tail and short legs. It is rodent related to the prairie dog and is common in eastern and north America. (1) 美洲旱獭看起来像长着浓密的灰褐色毛的河狸。它那结实的身体有一两英尺长,尾长腿短。它属啮齿目动物,与草原犬鼠有亲缘关系,常见于美国的东部和北部。

 

Have you ever heard of Ground-hog Day? An old American legend says that every February 2, the ground hog awakens from its long winter nap and creeps out of its hole. If the ground hog sees its shadow on the ground, it returns to its hole and goes back to its hibernation. If the day is cloudy, and it cannot see its shadow, it stays above the ground. Some people believe that this is a sign that spring will soon arrive. 你听说过美洲旱獭节吗?一个古老的美国传说告诉我们:每年二月二日,美洲旱獭从漫长的冬眠中醒来,然后从洞里爬出。如果美洲旱獭在地上看到自己的影子,它便回到洞中,继续冬眠。如果天阴,它看不到自己的影子,便呆在地面上。有人相信,这标志着春天将很快来临。

 

Scientists say that this belief is not based on fact. But it is true that ground hogs hibernate (2). They cannot stand the freezing cold, and they cannot find enough food. By hibernating, they are able to skip the worst days of the winter. 科学家们说,这种看法不是以事实为依据。但是,美洲旱獭要冬眠,这是真的。它们承受不了冷冻,它们找不到足够的食物。通过冬眠,它们能够避开恶劣的冬日。

 

Ground hogs eat all summer. They like roots of trees, grain, and leaves, and they destroy some crops. 美洲旱獭整个夏天都在吃东西。它们喜欢树根、谷物和树叶,它们毁坏某些农作物。

 

They dig deep tunnels in the ground, ruining lawns. They fight stubbornly and well if attacked. You wouldn’t expect them to be so fierce, if you saw them lying in the sun. They often sit up on their hind legs or lean against trees, resting and looking around for long periods. 它们在地里打很深的地洞,毁坏草坪。它们如果受到攻击,便顽强而有效地进行反抗。如果你看见它们躺在阳光下,你就不会看到它们露出如此的凶相。它们常常坐立在自己的后退上,或者靠着树长时间地休息和向四周打量。

 

Like other true hibernators, ground hogs eat a lot of food in summer and fall, and become fat. By October, a ground hog is so fat it can hardly walk. It is then ready to hibernate. When freezing weather arrives it gets drowsy. It curls up in its tunnel for the winter. For about six months, the ground hog is in a very deep sleep, living off its stored fat. It is different from ordinary sleep because all its body activities slow down.(3) Its body temperature drops very low. Its breathing is faint and irregular. Its heartbeat slows down. 美洲旱獭和其他真正的冬眠动物一样,在夏天和秋天吃很多食物,长得很肥。到10月份,美洲旱獭很肥,几乎走无法行走。接着,它准备冬眠。当寒冷天气来临时,它便昏昏欲睡。它在地洞中蜷曲着,度过冬天。大约6个月时间,美洲旱獭处于深度的睡眠之中,消耗掉自己所存储的脂肪。这和一般的睡眠不同,因为它的所有身体活动都缓慢下来。它的体温降得很低。它的呼吸微弱而不均匀。它的心跳变慢。

 

In spring, ground hogs spend hours waking from the winter sleep, and begin eating again. They usually live for 13 to 16 years. 春天,美洲旱獭过着从冬眠中醒来的时光,又开始吃东西。它们通常活1316

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NOTES

1.       It is ... common in eastern and northern America.

句中的common表示“常见的,普通的”,与ordinary, general意思相近。但是,common强调符合或具有全体所共有的特征。再比如:The common people looked upon him as their friend.(一般人都把他看作朋友。)ordinary强调平凡,符合一般标准,并无非凡和独特之处。比如:His ordinary manner had vanished.(他平日表现出来的风度不见了。)而general强调与全部或大多数有关。有时,侧重不明确或不精确。 比如:There was a general murmur in the negative.(响起了一阵普遍不赞成的埋怨声。)

2.       But it is true that ground hogs hibernate.

句中的it是形式主语,代表后面由连词that引导的主语从句。能够作真正主语的只有从句、不定式和动名词及其短语。

3.       It is different from ordinary sleep…

句中的ordinary表示“普通的,平凡的”,与common意思相近。请参见注释1

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