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成功者的共性

(2010-08-30 00:16:32)
标签:

英汉对照读物

教育

分类: 英汉对照读物

          What Successful People Have in Common

                    成功者的共性

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成功者的共性

Is there a “success personality” that leads almost inevitably to achievement? If so, exactly what is that secret success formula, and can anyone cultivate it?

是否有一种几乎总能将人们引向辉煌的“成功个性”呢?如是,准确说来,这个成功的秘诀是什么?任何人都能养成它吗?

 

We recently focussed in depth on “success personality”, probing the attitudes and traits of 1500 prominent people selected at random from Who’s Who in America. The main criterion for inclusion in this dictionary is not wealth or social position, but current achievement in a given field. Our research indicates that top achievers have in common a number of traits (1) that are essential in forming  a “success personality”. Here are five of the most important:

我们最近对“成功个性”进行了深入细致的研究;我们随意从《美国名人录》上选出1500位杰出人物,探究他们的态度和品格。这本辞典的重要收录标准不是财富的多少或社会地位的高低,而是在某个领域取得的最新成就。我们的研究成果表明:有重大成就的人都具有一些构成“成功个性”的重要品格。下面是最重要的品格中的5条:

 

1.  Common sense.

To most, common sense means the ability to

make sound, practical judgments on everyday affairs. To do this, you has to put aside unimportant ideas and get right to the core of what matters (2). An American oil man once said: “The key ability for success is simplifying. In conducting meetings and dealing with industry regulators, reducing a complex problem to the simplest terms is highly important.”

1.知识

对于大多数成功者来说,常识意味着具

有对日常事务作出正确而实际的判断的能力。要做到这一点,你必须将无关紧要的看法放置一边,抓住要害的本质。一位美国石油大亨曾说:“取得成功的关键能力是会删繁就简。主持会议或与工业管理者打交道时,将复杂的问题简化为最简单的条款是极其重要的。”

 

Is common sense something that a person is born with, or something you can cultivate? The oil man’s answer is that common sense can definitely be developed. He attributed his success to learning how to debate in school. Another way to increase your score of common sense is to observe it in others, learning from their, and your, mistakes.

常识是一种生而具有的东西,还是某种可以培养的东西?这位石油大亨的回答是:常识肯定能培育。他把他的成就归功于在学校时学习辩论技巧。另一种提高常识得分的途径是观察别人的常识,从自己和别人的错误中吸取教训。

 

2.  Knowing one’ field.

After common sense, specialized knowledge

in one’s field is the second most common trait possessed by successful people. Specialized knowledge can be obtained as well through self-education. Once obtained, specialized knowledge isn’t something you should take for granted. The learning process continues even after major peaks have been scaled.

2.熟悉业务

常识之后,一个人的本行专业知识是成

功人士所具有的第二个最重要的共同品格。专业知识也可以通过自学获得。一旦获得专业知识,你不可将其视为理所当然的东西。即使攀越了主要的顶峰,学习的过程还须继续下去。

 

  The above oil man also attributed his success to having worked in the oil field. By “sitting on wells and bird-dogging seismic crews,” he learned the tricks of the trade firsthand. He said: “People who are going to be good managers need to have a practical understanding of the crafts in their business.” Nothing helps success more than knowing what you are doing. It reduces the risks and works like an insurance policy for your own ability. To achieve success, you have to want it. Then, you must work to keep it.

上述石油大亨也将自己的成就归功于亲临油田工作。他通过“亲临油井和深入调查地震工作人员”,学到了第一手业务知识。他说:“人们要想成为优秀的管理人员,就需要精通他们行道中的实际业务。”熟悉自己所从事的工作最有助于成就的取得。它降低风险,宛如给你的能力保了险。要取得成就,你必须去追求它。然后,你必须努力保持它。

 

3.  Self-reliance.

Top achievers rely primarily on their own

resources and abilities. Self-reliance is not

how you feel or how good you are; rather, it is whether you have the gumption to take definitive action to get things moving in your life. It includes your willpower and the ability to set clear goals for your life and career.

3.自力更生

有重大成就的人主要依靠自己的资源和

能力。自力更生不是你的自我感觉,或你有多优秀。相反,它是指你是否具有事业心,行动果断,在生活中不断进取。它包括你的意志力和为生活与事业制定明确目标的能力。

 

4. General intelligence.

  This is essential for outstanding achievement because it involves your natural ability to comprehend difficult concepts quickly and to analyze them clearly and incisively. But many types of intelligence can’t be measured with the usual methods, such as by I.Q. (3)tests.

4.聪明睿智

要取得杰出的成就,这是极为重要的条

件,因为它包含了迅速理解、清楚透彻分析困惑概念的天赋能力。但是,许多智力是不能用智商测验之类的常规方法来测定的。

 

  General intelligence consists of at least three elements besides I.Q.: an extensive vocabulary, and good reading and writing skills. Not only an innate capacity, but also an inquiring mind and broad-ranging interests are fundamental to success.

除智商外,智力至少还包括三种要素:广博的词汇量、阅读技能和写作技能。不仅是天赋能力,还有喜欢探究求索的头脑和广泛的兴趣,都是取得成就的根本条件。

 

5. Ability to get things done.

  Top achievers are very efficient in accomplishing their tasks. And they agree that at least three important qualities have helped them to do so (4): organizational ability, good work habits and diligence.

5.办事能力

有重大成就的人完成任务时,效率非常

高。而且,他们一致认为,至少有三个重要品德有助于他们高效率地工作:组织能力、良好的工作习惯和勤奋。

 

Besides the five listed here, there are other factors that influence success: leadership, creativity, relationships with others and, of course, luck. But common sense, knowing your field, self-reliance, intelligence and ability to get things done stand out. If you cultivate these traits, chances are you will succeed.

除这儿所列举的5个品格外,影响成就取得的其他因素是:领导才能、创造能力、人际关系,当然,还有运气机缘。但是,常识、专业知识、自力更生、聪明睿智和办事能力尤为重要。如果你培养起这些品格,十之八九,你将有所成就。

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NOTES:

(1)    top achievers have in common a number of traits…

     句中的in common作状语,插在谓语动词have和它的宾语a number of traits之间。

(2)    get right to the core of what matters

    句中的right是副词。 what是关系代词,引导一个名词性从句,作介词of的宾语;同时在从句中作主语。

(3) I.Q. :Intelligence Quotient

(4)    three important qualities have helped them to do so

    句中so是代词。to do so指上句的 “…are very efficient in accomplishing their tasks”。

 

 

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