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季节的来历

(2010-08-23 00:06:30)
标签:

英汉对照读物

教育

分类: 英汉对照读物

                           How the Seasons Came to Be

                       季节的来历

 

 

 

   Spring, summer, autumn, winter---the seasons change without fail. The ancient Greeks told a story of how the seasons came to be(1).

春、夏、秋、冬----季节变换,一概使然。古代希腊人讲了一个季节怎样产生的故事。

 

When the world was new, it was always summer. The goddess Demeter looked after the Earth. She watered the plants and crops, and picked flowers with her beautiful daughter Persephone.

    当世界刚出现时,总是夏天。女神德米特照看大地。她给植物和庄稼浇水,同漂亮的女儿帕尔塞福涅一起采花。

 

Below the Earth, Pluto was king of the underworld, where it was always dark and gloomy. Sometimes he climbed to the banks of the River Styx to look at the Earth. One day he saw Persephone. He had never seen anyone so beautiful and he fell in love with her instantly. Pluto wanted Persephone to be his wife.

大地下面,普路托是阴朝地府之王;那儿,总是黑沉沉、阴森森的。有时,他爬到冥河岸上,观看大地。一天,他看见帕尔塞福涅。他从未见过这么美丽的人,立即爱上了她。普路托要帕尔塞福涅作他的妻子。

 

Pluto harnessed his chariot. He snatched Persephone and thundered back to the underworld. “Don’t be afraid,” he said, “I love you. I will make you my queen(2).”

普路托套上他的马车。他抓过帕尔塞福涅,风驰电掣地返回地府。“不要怕,”他说,“我爱你。我要让你作我的王后。”

 

On Earth, Demeter searched for Persephone and forgot all about her work. When she had almost given up hope she sat by the River Styx. The water whispered what had happened.

在地上,德米特四处寻找帕尔塞福涅,全然忘记了自己工作。当她几乎绝望的时候,她坐到冥河岸边。河水轻轻地讲出所发生的事情。

 

Demeter ran to Zeus, the king of the gods, for help. “If Persephone eats anything in the underworld she must stay,” said Zeus. “Let me send Hermes, my messenger, to find out.”

德米特跑到主神宙斯那儿,请求帮助。“如果帕尔塞福涅吃地府中的任何东西,她就得呆在那儿,”宙斯说,“让我派信使赫耳墨斯去看个究竟。”

 

 

   In the underworld, Persephone ate nothing at all. One day Pluto held out a pomegranate. It smelled delicious and when twelve seeds were dropped into Persephone’s hand, she lifted them to her lips.

在地府中,帕尔塞福涅全然不进饮食。一天,普路托拿出一个石榴,闻起来很香,当十二颗石榴种子被放到帕尔塞福涅手里后,她举起种子,放到嘴边。

 

Just at that moment, Hermes arrived in the underworld. “Stop!” he shouted. But it was too late. Persephone had eaten half the seeds. “Now you must stay here forever,” said Hermes.

就在此刻,赫耳墨斯到达地府。“别吃!”他喊到。但是太晚了。帕尔塞福涅已经吃了一半石榴种子。“现在,你得永远呆在这儿啦,”赫耳墨斯说。

 

   Finally Zeus decide what would happen. “Because Perephone ate six seeds, she will live in the underworld for six months of the year. For the other six months, she will return to her mother.”

    最后,宙斯决定该出现什么结果。“因为帕尔塞福涅吃了六颗石榴种子,一年之中,她将在地府呆六个月。其余六个月,她将回到母亲身边。”

 

That is why in spring and summer when Demeter is happy, the sun shines. In autumn, when Persephone goes back to the underworld, flowers die and trees shed their leaves as Demeter cries.

这就是在德米特感到幸福的春天和夏天里,阳光灿烂的原因。秋天,当帕尔塞福涅回到地府时,德米特号啕痛哭,百花凋零,万树落叶。

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Notes:

(1)…a story of how the seasons came to be.

句中的介词 of后面接的是一个宾语从句。这个宾语从句由关系副词 how引起。how 同时作宾语从句的状语。

(2)…make you my queen

句中的make是致使动词,要求复合宾语,即:宾语(you )+ 宾语补足语(my queen)。

 

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