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(2010-08-11 10:57:33)



分类: 英汉对照读物

                    When Did Man Start Wearing Clothes?





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Fine feathers make fine birds. 漂亮的羽毛打扮出漂亮的鸟。


Clothes make the man. 人靠衣裳马靠鞍。


Of course, we know these proverbs. And we also know the importance of the clothes we are wearing. A man may look dull, common, or even ridiculous in ill-chosen clothes. A woman may feel transformed by a beautiful dress, and then feels energetic and successful, and then feels good about herself.



   But do you know when man started wearing clothes (1)? Perhaps in some long-ago cave, a man noticed the softness and warmth of the fur of the wild sheep he had killed and skinned for dinner (2). He might have put it around his shoulders and realized that it made him feel comfortable in his damp, chilly cave. Meanwhile, Eskimos and other peoples of cold northern regions were discovering that the skins of wolves, bears, reindeer and other animals could keep people warm even during the coldest weather.



Sometime after that came the idea of connecting two skins (3) together. A piece of animal sinew could have been left in the cave  after an animal was skinned. Someone playing with the sinew put it through a hole in one skin and then through a hole in another skin. Two skins were connected together! Later on someone found that putting the sinew through a hole was made easier by using a bone to guide the sinew. This was the beginning of sewing. Once animal skins could be sewn together, a man could cover himself well.



Many people lived in parts of the world where it was never cold. They discovered it was good to cover themselves for other reasons: to keep the hot sun from burning their skin and to guard against stinging insects and poisonous plants. Someone discovered how to weave coarse palm leaves together to make a kind of body covering. Other people, especially those who lived on sunny islands in the southern Pacific Ocean, learned to make cloth by mashing bark, in much the same way as paper is made.



  Then someone, perhaps, a child sitting on an African riverbank, began twisting some kind of  a cotton plant fiber between his fingers. Maybe he found that he could twist a long thread that way. Someone else found that many of these thread could be woven together to produce cloth. And in China, somebody discovered that the cozy, soft cocoon in which the silkworm changes into an adult moth, can be twisted into a thread. Someone else wove the soft and delicate material called silk from the thread (4).



Man found that he could make the cloth different colors, too. He made earth colors from clay and other soils. He used dye made from the bark of trees and from the juice of berries for other colors.



The Egyptians, who lived in the hot lands along the upper Nile River, liked loose clothes made of cotton. Across the Mediterranean Sea, the Greeks wove wool from the sheep they raised on the mountain sides. As Rome became a powerful civilization, the Romans began to wear a long garment wrapped around the body and thrown over the left shoulder. This was called a toga, and a Roman male wore it proudly as a sign of being a Roman citizen.



The Romans saw a new kind of clothing when invaders came from the East. They were wrapped cloth around each leg to protect their skin from rubbing and to keep from sliding off their sweaty horses. So trousers were invented. After a long time, European men began wearing trousers, too.


   Europeans were very excited when silk cloth was brought from China. This soft, beautifully colored cloth was very valuable. Kings and queens prized their silk clothing. Europeans wanted the silks of the Orient so much that countries fought wars over trading with the East. Columbus dreamed of finding China and its silks as he set off on his voyage in 1492.



A great change came in clothing in the later 1800s when chemists invented rayon. Soon other man-made fabrics were developed. These synthetic fabrics often wear longer, dry faster, and hold color longer than cotton, silk, linen, or wool. Synthetic clothes are lightweight, more comfortable to wear, and easier to carry while traveling.



   More different kinds of clothes are made today than ever before. Not only do people pick different clothes for summer and for winter (5). The selection of colors and materials is larger than ever. And special kinds of clothes are made, too, for different occasions. People in the world have more and more free time than ever before. People do not wear their best clothing to go sight-seeing or walking in the woods. Sports clothes, comfortable casual clothing that wears well and is usually not expensive, is manufactured (6)just for people to wear for recreation.  




Modern clothing also helps people look their best. The bright colors and attractive styles may even make you feel cheerful when you wake up feeling depressed or sad.




(1)    …know when man started wearing clothes?

句中的when man started wearing clothes是由关系副词when引导的名词性从句,作谓语动词know 的宾语。在这个宾语从句中, wearing clothes 是动名词短语,作谓语动词started 的宾语。

(2)…the wild sheep he had killed and skinned for dinner.

   句中的he had killed and skinned for dinner是定语从句,用来修饰先行词the wild sheep。但是,引导定



(3)     Sometime after that came the idea of connecting two skins together.

这个句子是倒状句,主语是the idea of connecting two skins together。谓语动词是came 。Sometime after that是时间状语,放在句首,表示强调。

(4)     Someone else wove the soft and delicate material called silk from the thread

句中的介词短语from the thread 是状语,表示材料,修饰谓语动词wove 。过去分词短语called silk 作定语,修饰material 。如果将这个短语改成定语从句,则是:…material which is called silk. 这个句子是被动语态,silk是主语补足语。

(5)     Not only do people pick different clothes for summer and for winter.

因为Not only放在句首,本句故用部分倒装语序,将 do 放于主语people 的前面,谓语主动词pick 仍置于主语之后。

(6)     Sports clothes, comfortable casual clothing that wears well and is usually not expensive, is manufactured …

句中的comfortable casual clothing(舒适的休闲装)是主语 Sports clothes (运动装)的同位语。由

关系代词that 引导的定语从句修饰先行词comfortable casual clothing ,并在从句中作主语,它有两

个谓语:(a) wears well (穿着舒服);(b) is usually not expensive (通常价格不贵)。


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