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【每日生活】那些你自己不知道的心理秘密!

2017-09-30 21:10:40评论 健康 心理

【每日生活】那些你自己不知道的心理秘密!

获得1460好评的回答@ Anita Sanz:

You don't reallyknow how happy or sad something is going to make you in the future,even though you think you do right now. Put another way,psychologists know that most people are very bad at being able topredict how they will respond to positive or negative events in thefuture.

即使你认为你现在做的很好,你也不会知道将来会有什么让你开心或伤心的事。换言之,心理学家知道,大多数人不擅长预知将来他们在遇到积极或消极的事件时会如何应对。

Most happinessresearchers (like Dr. Dan Gilbert) believe that there is a"happiness set point" for most people,and regardless of positive events (winning the lottery) ornegative events (losing your home), a person will generally settleback to their own personal happiness set point, which may be higherthan some or lower than some.

大部分研究幸福心理学的人(如丹尼尔•吉尔伯特)认为,对大多数人来说,有一个“固定的幸福水平”,不管是发生积极的事(彩票)还是消极的事(失去你的家),一个人通常会回到他们自己原来的幸福水平上,或许高一点也或许低一点。

If the happinessset point explains why people can't predict what will make themhappy or sad, other psychologists, like Dr. Martin Seligman,suggest that in order to be happier, you have to try to nudge yourset point up a point or two.

即使幸福的设定点解释了为什么人们不能预测什么会使自己快乐或悲伤,其他心理学家,如MartinSeligman博士建议,为了变得更加快乐,你必须尽力让你的平均幸福水平提升一点。

I continually workwith my clients (and remind myself, as well) that happiness is mostlikely to be found in this moment, not in any future one regardlessof happy plans, goals, and dreams being pursued. And imaginingfuture catastrophes turns this moment into an unhappy one, perhapsmore negative than it would actually be if the catastrophe were to actuallyoccur.

我常与我的客户一起工作(并且也提醒自己),不管你有没有计划、目标或是正在追寻的梦想,幸福最有可能发生在这一刻,而不是在未来的某一天。想象未来可能发生的灾难会让此刻变得不愉快,如果灾难真的发生的话,也许会更加消极。

获得810好评的回答@ AliAlkhatib:

Stereotype threatis a fascinating phenomenon in psychology which describesunderperformance among minority groups based on self-perceivedstereotypes.

刻板印象威胁是心理学中描述了基于自我刻板印象的少数群体表现不佳的一个有趣的现象。

What this means isthat, if you're part of a minority which you know is typically notperceived to be adept in a certain field, you will do worse thanotherwise identical peers who are unaffected by stereotype threat(people not in that minority group).

这意味着,如果你是这少数人中的一份子,并且你知道这个群体在某一领域并不擅长,你会比其他没意识到这一点的同辈(不在该少数群体中)变现得更差。

There have beensome studies which have demonstrated tactics to overcome stereotypethreat. The first step is education about  stereotype threat itself. Make students aware that thisis a psychological effect and that this nonsense about Black peoplebeing worse at Math or Asians being worse at writing isbogus.

已经有一些研究提出了克服刻板印象威胁的策略。第一步是关于刻板印象威胁本身的教育。让学生意识到这是一种心理效应,那些关于黑人在数学上表现更糟或亚洲人书写更差的说法是错误的。

But evidencesuggests that this only has a temporary effect. To get long-termresults, make the student internalize the content surroundingstereotype threat; make them reflect on the content and write aboutit.

但有证据表明,这只是暂时的影响。要获得长期的成果,就要使学生内化有关刻板印象威胁的内容;让他们进行反思再写下来。

获得441好评的回答@ BrianNewton:

EMDR - A therapywherein people use a systemic process of alternate tapping or usinga prompt to move the eyes back and forth while vividlyrecalling traumatic memories. It's theorized that the left/right alternatingmotion encourages the brain to more thoroughly integrateunprocessed memories.

眼动身心重建法---在回忆有创伤的记忆时,人们系统地交替轻拍或快速来回转动眼睛的治疗方法。它认为,目光左右移动能让大脑更彻底地加速记忆处理的速度。

Tourette Syndrome -Is not just yelling out swear words. It does however involveimpulses which are very difficult for the person tosuppress.

抽动秽语综合征-不只是喊着骂人的话。然而,它确实包含冲动的成分,而这种冲动非常难压制。

Bipolar disorder -Is not someone simply being moody. Full blown (Bipolar I) disorderrequires the presence of a Manic episode, which is very intense andcan be so extreme as to involve hallucinations.

躁郁症-不是简单的喜怒无常。在症状展现出来时,躁狂会发作,这是非常激烈的,也很极端,涉及幻觉。
ADHD - Is simply a description of a set ofsymptoms. It is split into Hyperactive Symptoms and Inattentivesymptoms. There are MANY other reasons someone can have a hard timefocusing, including things like anxiety anddepression.
多动症-仅仅是一组症状的描述。它的症状表现为分为多动症状和注意力不集中。有许多原因导致注意力难以集中,这些原因中包括焦虑和抑郁。
Anorexia Nervosa - Can exist in Men, andactually can take the form of excessive exercise orbodybuilding.
神经性厌食症-可发生于男人身上,实际上可以通过大量运动或健身的形式来改善。
People naturally give preference toinformation which confirms their biases.
人们通常偏爱可以证实他们的观点信息。

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