2017-09-30 21:10:40评论 健康 心理


获得1460好评的回答@ Anita Sanz:

You don't reallyknow how happy or sad something is going to make you in the future,even though you think you do right now. Put another way,psychologists know that most people are very bad at being able topredict how they will respond to positive or negative events in thefuture.


Most happinessresearchers (like Dr. Dan Gilbert) believe that there is a"happiness set point" for most people,and regardless of positive events (winning the lottery) ornegative events (losing your home), a person will generally settleback to their own personal happiness set point, which may be higherthan some or lower than some.


If the happinessset point explains why people can't predict what will make themhappy or sad, other psychologists, like Dr. Martin Seligman,suggest that in order to be happier, you have to try to nudge yourset point up a point or two.


I continually workwith my clients (and remind myself, as well) that happiness is mostlikely to be found in this moment, not in any future one regardlessof happy plans, goals, and dreams being pursued. And imaginingfuture catastrophes turns this moment into an unhappy one, perhapsmore negative than it would actually be if the catastrophe were to actuallyoccur.


获得810好评的回答@ AliAlkhatib:

Stereotype threatis a fascinating phenomenon in psychology which describesunderperformance among minority groups based on self-perceivedstereotypes.


What this means isthat, if you're part of a minority which you know is typically notperceived to be adept in a certain field, you will do worse thanotherwise identical peers who are unaffected by stereotype threat(people not in that minority group).


There have beensome studies which have demonstrated tactics to overcome stereotypethreat. The first step is education about  stereotype threat itself. Make students aware that thisis a psychological effect and that this nonsense about Black peoplebeing worse at Math or Asians being worse at writing isbogus.


But evidencesuggests that this only has a temporary effect. To get long-termresults, make the student internalize the content surroundingstereotype threat; make them reflect on the content and write aboutit.


获得441好评的回答@ BrianNewton:

EMDR - A therapywherein people use a systemic process of alternate tapping or usinga prompt to move the eyes back and forth while vividlyrecalling traumatic memories. It's theorized that the left/right alternatingmotion encourages the brain to more thoroughly integrateunprocessed memories.


Tourette Syndrome -Is not just yelling out swear words. It does however involveimpulses which are very difficult for the person tosuppress.


Bipolar disorder -Is not someone simply being moody. Full blown (Bipolar I) disorderrequires the presence of a Manic episode, which is very intense andcan be so extreme as to involve hallucinations.

ADHD - Is simply a description of a set ofsymptoms. It is split into Hyperactive Symptoms and Inattentivesymptoms. There are MANY other reasons someone can have a hard timefocusing, including things like anxiety anddepression.
Anorexia Nervosa - Can exist in Men, andactually can take the form of excessive exercise orbodybuilding.
People naturally give preference toinformation which confirms their biases.




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