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【每日科技】一代不如一代?研究发现西方人正变得越来越笨!(双语)

2017-07-31 17:33:05评论 科技 西方人 越来越笨

A new study from researchers inEurope claims that the average IQ in Western nations dropped by astaggering 14.1 points over the past century.

据欧洲研究人员的一项最新研究显示,在过去一个世纪里西方国家平均智商下降了14.1分。

"We tested the hypothesis that theVictorians were cleverer than modern populations using high-qualityinstruments, namely measures of simple visual reaction time in ameta-analytic study," the researchers wrote in the study, which waspublished online in the journal Intelligence on Thursday. "Simplereaction time measures correlate substantially with measures ofgeneral intelligence and are considered elementary measures ofcognition."

该项研究于周四在期刊《Intelligence》上在线发表,研究人员写道:“我们对维多利亚时代的人比现代人更聪明这一假设进行了检验,使用的是一种高水平的研究工具——即简单视觉反应时间meta分析。简单视觉反映时间的长短与一般智力测量有极大关系,被认为是测试认知的基本方法。”

The results might surprise some.Especially if the researchers were simply measuring visual responsetimes. After all, in a digital world constantly competing for ourattention, it would seem people generally respond more quickly tovisual stimuli. However, the results appear to indicate somethingdifferent.

而这项研究的结果却有些出人意料,尤其是如果研究人员只是简单地测量视觉反映时间的话。毕竟在一个不断考验我们注意力的数字时代,人们似乎对视觉刺激的反应应该更快一些才对。但是,研究的结果却与这一设想不同。

The Victorian era ran roughly from1837 to 1901, coinciding with the reign of England’s QueenVictoria. Some have credited the Reform Act of 1832 with sparkingan era of previously unprecedented peace and prosperity in theU.K.

维多利亚时代大致在1837年到1901年之间,正好与英国维多利亚女王统治的时代相吻合。一些人认为当时的《1832年改革法案》开启了英国前所未有的和平与繁荣时代。

The results were measured using datafrom 1889 to 2004 and were analyzed by Michael A. Woodley of VrijeUniversiteit in Brussels, Jan te Nijenhuis of the University ofAmsterdam and Raegan Murphy of the University College Cork inIreland.

而此次研究使用的是从1889年到2004年的数据,由来自布鲁塞尔自由大学的迈克尔·伍德利、来自阿姆斯特丹大学的简、以及爱尔兰科克大学的莱根·墨菲共同研究分析。

So why has there been such a steadydrop? As UPI notes, previous research studies have found that womenof higher intelligence tend to have fewer children on average,meaning that population growth may be driven by those with a lowerIQ. And over time, the abundance of less intelligent offspringwould affect the overall IQ average.

那么为什么西方人的智力水平会下降呢?正如合众国际社所指出的那样,之前的研究表明高智商的女性往往平均倾向于有更少的孩子,这就意味着人口增长的主体是那些智商较低人的后代。随着时间的推移,大量智力低下者的后代就会影响整体智商水平。

On average, the general intelligenceof those populations measured dropped by 1.23 points perdecade.

平均来看,人口整体智商水平每十年就会下降1.23分。

"These findings strongly indicatethat with respect to general intelligence the Victorians weresubstantially cleverer than modern Western populations," the studysays.

该研究表明:“这些研究结果明确表明,维多利亚时代人的整体智力水平大体上要比现代人高。”

The study had other positiveobservations about the Victorian era, noting that economicefficiency began to flourish during the period and that the “heightof the per capita numbers of significant innovations in science andtechnology, and also the per capita numbers of scientificgeniuses,” occurred during that time, followed by a steadydecline.

该研究还有其他关于维多利亚时代的积极发现,指出当时经济效益开始蓬勃发展,“科学技术方面重大创新的人均数量很高,科学天才的人均数量也很高”,而自那之后这一情况就开始稳步下降了。

       

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