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【每日职场】女性最大的压迫竟然来源于自己!悲观态度是女性最大的敌人(双语)

2017-03-14 17:31:28评论 职场 女性 悲观

Pessimism about their earningpotential could be preventing women from pushing for higher wagesor a promotion, according to a new study.

据一项最新研究显示,对自己收入潜力的悲观态度可能会阻止女性升职和加薪。

In turn, this could be helping tosustain the gender pay gap.

反过来,这又会导致性别收入差距继续存在。

The study found that women tend tounderestimate their earning prospects, while men often do theopposite, and researchers say it could help to explain why womenare more often satisfied at work than men despite unequalpay.

该研究发现,女性倾向于低估自己的收入前景,而男性则往往相反。而研究人员表示称,这有助于解释为什么薪酬不平等,但是女性通常比男性对自己的工作感到更满意。

In the controversial new study fromthe University of Bath, researchers concluded that pessimism amongwomen could cause them to have little inclination to seek higherwages or even a better paid position.

在巴斯大学这项有争议的新研究中,研究人员得出结论,女性的悲观情绪可能会导致她们倾向于追求更高的工资,或者甚至薪水更多的职位。

Men, on the other hand, were found toconsistently overestimate their own abilities.

而另一方面,男性则总是高估自己的能力。

The researchers analyzed the Britishhousehold Panel Survey, a major longitudinal study, to trackindividuals’ expectations of salaries ranging from unemployment topaid employment.

研究人员们对英国家庭小组调查(一项大型纵向研究)进行了分析,追踪从失业人口到有偿工作的人们对工资的期望。

While women tended to have lowerexpectations, men were more likely to feel dissatisfied when thereality didn’t match their outlooks, and consequently pursue betterpay or change jobs.

他们发现女性的期望往往较低,而男性在现实不符合自己预期时更容易感到不满,从而追求加薪或者换工作。

‘If low female expectations in termsof pay is fuelled by a pessimistic outlook, then even withoutdiscrimination and progression-related issues, women will continueto underestimate themselves and continue to inadvertently acceptpay inequality,’ said Dr Chris Dawson, Senior Lecturer in BusinessEconomics.

商业经济学高级讲师克里斯·道森博士表示说:“如果悲观态度降低了女性对工资的预期,那么即使没有歧视和发展相关等问题,女性也将继续低估她们自己,并在不知不觉间接受工资不平等。”

‘It has serious implications forpolicy that is trying to address the gender pay gap and suggestsmore needs to be done to actively advance women at work, withoutrelying on them to self-select for promotion and senioropportunities.

“这对试图解决性别工资差距的政策有着严重的影响,并且表明需要更加积极地在工作中提升女性,而不是依靠她们自己选择晋升机会。”

‘The takeaway message of thisresearch is not about putting the responsibility on women, butrecognising that without policy measures to address this, we runthe risk of never closing the gender pay gap.’

“这项研究所传达的意思并不是要把责任归咎于女人身上,而是认识到如果没有政策措施来解决这个问题,我们就有可能永远不能消除性别收入差距。”

The researchers say the findings shedlight on the complex nature of the pay gap.

研究人员们表示称,这些发现揭示了工资差距的复杂本质。

It could also help to address the‘paradox of the contented female worker,’ which describes thephenomenon in which women are more satisfied than their malecounterparts despite being paid less.

这也可以帮助说明“女职工满意悖论”——即尽管女职工工资更少,但是她们比男职工更满意。

‘Whilst the role of unconscious biasin gender relations in the workplace has been well documented, thisnew research demonstrates the role of unconscious pessimism andpassivity on the part of women,’ said Professor Veronica HopeHailey, Dean of the University’s School ofManagement.

巴斯大学管理学院院长维罗妮卡·霍普·黑利教授表示说:“尽管职场性别关系无意识偏见的作用已经得到了证实,但是这项新研究说明了女性无意识悲观和被动性的影响。”

‘It shows the importance of peoplemanagement practices that enable and encourage women to progressand recognize their value.

“它表明了人们管理的重要性——使得、并且鼓励女性取得进步、认识到自己的价值。”

‘The onus is on policy makers andemployers to foster female talent so that initiatives to close thegender pay gap can succeed.’

“政策制定者和企业雇主必须负起责任、培养女性人才,如此一来消除性别收入差距才能成功。”

       

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