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英文书群今日荐书:Richard Dawkins主编的Oxford Modern Science Writing

(2014-09-06 14:37:28)
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杂谈

偶然看到这本书,汇集了上百篇一流科学作家的文章和著作摘选。过去50年到2008年为止的最佳作品精华一网打尽,分在科学家们研究什么,科学家们是谁,科学家们在想什么,科学家们喜欢什么四个条目下,总共也不过400页。看这个作者名单,实在无须更多介绍。先荐再读。

PART I What Scientists Study

3 James Jeans from THE MYSTERIOUS UNIVERSE

4 Martin Rees from JUST SIX NUMBERS

11 Peter Atkins from CREATION REVISITED

16 Helena Cronin from THE ANT AND THE PEACOCK

18 R. A. Fisher from THE GENETICAL THEORY OF NATURAL SELECTION

22 Theodosius Dobzhansky from MANKIND EVOLVING

27 G. C. Williams from ADAPTATION AND NATURAL SELECTION 30 Francis Crick from LIFE ITSELF

35 Matt Ridley from GENOME

40 Sydney Brenner ‘THEORETICAL BIOLOGY IN THE THIRD MILLENNIUM’

48 Steve Jones from THE LANGUAGE OF THE GENES

53 J. B. S. Haldane from ‘ON BEING THE RIGHT SIZE’

59 Mark Ridley from THE EXPLANATION OF ORGANIC DIVERSITY

61 John Maynard Smith ‘THE IMPORTANCE OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM IN THE EVOLUTION OF ANIMAL FLIGHT’

66 Fred Hoyle from MAN IN THE UNIVERSE

69 D’Arcy Thompson from ON GROWTH AND FORM

78 G. G. Simpson from THE MEANING OF EVOLUTION

82 Richard Fortey from TRILOBITE!

86 Colin Blakemore from THE MIND MACHINE

89 Richard Gregory from MIRRORS IN MIND

96 Nicholas Humphrey ‘ONE SELF: A MEDITATION ON THE UNITY OF CONSCIOUSNESS’

103 Steven Pinker from THE LANGUAGE INSTINCT and HOW THE MIND WORKS

110 Jared Diamond from THE RISE AND FALL OF THE THIRD CHIMPANZEE

114 David Lack from THE LIFE OF THE ROBIN

115 Niko Tinbergen from CURIOUS NATURALISTS

123 Robert Trivers from SOCIAL EVOLUTION

127 Alister Hardy from THE OPEN SEA

130 Rachel Carson from THE SEA AROUND US

138 Loren Eiseley from ‘HOW FLOWERS CHANGED THE WORLD’ 143 Edward O. Wilson from THE DIVERSITY OF LIFE

PART II Who Scientists Are

151 Arthur Eddington from THE EXPANDING UNIVERSE

152 C. P. Snow from the Foreword to G. H. Hardy’s A MATHEMATICIAN’S APOLOGY

157 Freeman Dyson from DISTURBING THE UNIVERSE

161 J. Robert Oppenheimer from ‘WAR AND THE NATIONS’

168 Max F. Perutz ‘A PASSION FOR CRYSTALS’

172 Barbara and George Gamow ‘SAID RYLE TO HOYLE’

174 J. B. S. Haldane ‘CANCER’S A FUNNY THING’

176 Jacob Bronowski from THE IDENTITY OF MAN

179 Peter Medawar from ‘SCIENCE AND LITERATURE, ‘DARWIN’S ILLNESS’, ‘THE PHENOMENON OF MAN’, the postscript to ‘LUCKY JIM’, and ‘D’ARCY THOMPSON AND GROWTH AND FORM’

188 Jonathan Kingdon from SELF-MADE MAN

190 Richard Leakey and Roger Lewin from ORIGINS RECONSIDERED

195 Donald C. Johanson and Maitland A. Edey from LUCY

200 Stephen Jay Gould ‘WORM FOR A CENTURY, AND ALL SEASONS’

211 John Tyler Bonner from LIFE CYCLES

214 Oliver Sacks from UNCLE TUNGSTEN

219 Lewis Thomas ‘SEVEN WONDERS’

226 James Watson from AVOID BORING PEOPLE

229 Francis Crick from WHAT MAD PURSUIT

232 Lewis Wolpert from THE UNNATURAL NATURE OF SCIENCE 234 Julian Huxley from ESSAYS OF A BIOLOGIST

235 Albert Einstein ‘RELIGION AND SCIENCE’

239 Carl Sagan from THE DEMON-HAUNTED WORLD

PART III What Scientists Think

247 Richard Feynman from THE CHARACTER OF PHYSICAL LAW

249 Erwin Schrödinger from WHAT IS LIFE?

254 Daniel Dennett from DARWIN’S DANGEROUS IDEA and CONSCIOUSNESS EXPLAINED

259 Ernst Mayr from THE GROWTH OF BIOLOGICAL THOUGHT

263 Garrett Hardin from ‘THE TRAGEDY OF THE COMMONS’

266 W. D. Hamilton from GEOMETRY FOR THE SELFISH HERD and NARROW ROADS OF GENELAND

273 Per Bak from HOW NATURE WORKS

276 Martin Gardner THE FANTASTIC COMBINATIONS OF JOHN CONWAY’S NEW SOLITAIRE GAME ‘LIFE’

284 Lancelot Hogben from MATHEMATICS FOR THE MILLION

289 Ian Stewart from THE MIRACULOUS JAR

297 Claude E. Shannon and Warren Weaver from THE MATHEMATICAL THEORY OF COMMUNICATION

305 Alan Turing from COMPUTING MACHINERY AND INTELLIGENCE

314 Albert Einstein from ‘WHAT IS THE THEORY OF RELATIVITY?’

317 George Gamow from MR TOMPKINS

323 Paul Davies from THE GOLDILOCKS ENIGMA

332 Russell Stannard from THE TIME AND SPACE OF UNCLE ALBERT

336 Brian Greene from THE ELEGANT UNIVERSE

342 Stephen Hawking from A BRIEF HISTORY OF TIME

PART IV What Scientists Delight In

349 S. Chandrasekhar from TRUTH AND BEAUTY

352 G. H. Hardy from A MATHEMATICIAN’S APOLOGY 357 Steven Weinberg from DREAMS OF A FINAL THEORY

362 Lee Smolin from THE LIFE OF THE COSMOS

367 Roger Penrose from THE EMPEROR’S NEW MIND

371 Douglas Hofstadter from GÖDEL, ESCHER, BACH: THE ETERNAL GOLDEN BRAID

378 John Archibald Wheeler with Kenneth Ford from GEONS, BLACK HOLES, AND QUANTUM FOAM

381 David Deutsch from THE FABRIC OF REALITY 383 Primo Levi from THE PERIODIC TABLE

390 Richard Fortey from LIFE: AN UNAUTHORIZED BIOGRAPHY 392 George Gaylord Simpson from THE MEANING OF EVOLUTION 393 Loren Eiseley from LITTLE MEN AND FLYING SAUCERS

394 Carl Sagan from PALE BLUE DOT

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