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(英文版)圣灵是基督其人(或基督人性)的创造者吗?

(2013-05-15 16:39:34)
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道成肉身

基督人性

圣灵

分类: 异端辨惑

RTI论坛发表版

Is the Holy Spirit the Creator of Christ (or the Human Nature of Christ)?

written by Hou Jun
translated by FicusCarica

=====================================================


The "Incarnation" and the “conception by Holy Spirit” are two descriptions of one same event from different perspectives. There is a small number of people who believe that the humanity of Christ was created by the Holy Spirit and the human nature of Christ is a creature of the Holy Spirit.... and they use this as the basis to support the “theory of the created human nature of Christ”.

Is this what Bible really teaches?

The Biblical statements on the conception of Jesus by the Holy Spirit are as follows.

(1) Matthew 1: 18-20 (NKJV):

“Now the birth of Jesus Christ was as follows: After His mother Mary was betrothed to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Spirit. Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not wanting to make her a public example, was minded to put her away secretly. 20 But while he thought about these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take to you Mary your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.”

(2) Luke 1:35 (NKJV):

“And the angel answered and said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; therefore, also, that Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son of God.”


First, if we believe the literal meanings of the Bible, it is not difficult to see that whether it is in the Chinese translations of the Bible or the English translations of the Bible or in the Original Greek Bible, there are no direct and explicit statements that the Holy Spirit created the human nature of Christ. If one insists on distinguishing the active and passive role in this action, it ought to be that the Holy Spirit actively made Mary to conceive and Mary was passively accepted the conception by the Holy Spirit (of course, Mary’s active obedience should not be ignored). Obviously, according the literal meaning of the Bible, the active and the passive are not the Holy Spirit and Christ (or the human nature of Christ) but the Holy Spirit and Mary.


The conception of Jesus by the Holy Spirit is a miracle performed by the mighty power of the Holy Spirit. This, however, is different from that the Holy Spirit is the creator of the human nature of Christ. If we view the human nature of Christ as specific human soul and human body,there is no clue or evidence to suggest that the Holy Spirit created the soul and the body of Christ. The claim that the Holy Spirit is the creator of the person of Christ or the human nature of Christ or that the human nature of Christ is a creature is just a speculation without any biblical evidence — nothing more than a mere speculation.


Second, the Word who became flesh is the Holy Son. Neither His relationship with the Holy Father nor with the Holy Spirit is that between a creator and a creature. The Holy Son is begotten from the Holy Father, not created by the Father, and despite of His experience of the Incarnation, His relationship with the Father remains that between the Son and the Father, rather than a creature and a creator. The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Holy Father through the Holy Son. Christ, being the Holy Son, therefore, is definitely not a creature of the Holy Spirit and the person of Christ was not brought into existence by a creation of the Holy Spirit. The relationship between Christ and the Holy Spirit is by no means that between a creator and a creature. Christ, being the Holy Son, shares the honor and glory with the Father and the Holy Spirit, and is God the Son within the Holy Trinity.


Third, perhaps it sounds passive that Jesus Christ was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary. However, the Bible teaches that Jesus Christ is the Holy Son and all His actions are active, free, and voluntary, and everything are under the sovereignty of the Holy Son. When Paul was talking about the Incarnation, he used the “active” way of expression: “who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God, but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and coming in the likeness of men.” (Philippians 2:6-7). The author of Hebrew said it more explicitly that “Inasmuch then as the children have partaken of flesh and blood, He Himself likewise shared in the same, that through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil” (Hebrew 2:14). It is also stated in the Book of John chapter 3 that Christ is the Son of men from heaven; He is the pre-existent Holy Son who became man, rather than a created son of men.


There is a more typical example for the illustration of “the activeness” and “the passiveness”. We all know that Jesus was crucified on the cross and was the lamb that was slaughtered ---- Jesus was killed (by the Jews through the hands of Romans), and he definitely did not commit suicide. Nevertheless, that Jesus sacrificed Himself on the cross was to actively and voluntarily give his life for us; He has the absolutely power to lay down his life and he also has the absolutely power to take back His life. This is what Jesus said to His disciples: “My Father loves Me, because I lay down My life that I may take it again. No one takes it from Me, but I lay it down of Myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again.” (John 10: 17-19).


This revelation is extremely important. Jesus told the disciples in person that being slaughtered on the cross still is under the sovereign will of the Holy Son, which certainly also is under the sovereign will of the Holy Father, the Holy Son and the Holy Spirit within the trinity. Jesus was crucified on the cross, which from a spiritual viewpoint, still is His active obedience to the will of the Heavenly Father and His willingness to offer Himself as the atoning sacrifice, the sacrificial lamb, for men.


For the same reason, the Incarnation, death and resurrection of Jesus --- passive as they sound, still, all these salvation actions were under the sovereignty of the Holy Son who was active and free. In fact, it is out of His love for men and in obedience to the Father that Jesus actively became human, actively offered Himself as a sacrifice to atone for men. Therefore, although Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit and was born of Virgin Mary, the nature of the act of the Incarnation is that the Holy Son actively took on the human nature and became man.


Finally, we would like to reiterate that the human nature of Christ was not passively created. Respecting the Holy Son, the human nature was actively assumed by the Holy Son. The "Incarnation" and the “conception by the Holy Spirit" are two different descriptions of the same event from different perspectives. On the surface, it was by the power of the Holy Spirit that Mary conceived and Jesus was born by Mary, but the spiritual nature of this event or the spiritual truth is that the Holy Son actively became flesh and actively became man to bear all the sins of men. Nowhere in the Bible does it ever teach that the Holy Spirit is the Creator of the person of Jesus or that the Holy Spirit created the human nature of Jesus (his soul and body). Neither the Bible nor the ancient four creeds ever states that the human nature of Christ was created. We cannot accept this view without thinking because some theologians held such a view. Not to mention ancient church fathers such as Athanasius who held such a view as that the Holy Son / Holy Logos Himself prepared His body in the virgin as a temple for Himself ("On the Incarnation") - of course, such a view also suffers a lack of Scriptures support. Although in the church history, some theologians made this or that kind of speculations, if there is a lack of biblical evidences to support those speculations, however, we should go back to the Bible and believe what the Bible reveals to us.

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