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[转载]关于动副短语

(2016-09-25 23:57:50)
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原文地址:关于动副短语作者:关晓宇blog
 
关于动副短语
 

此类结构主要可分为 A 、 B 两种情况:

  A )该结构相当于不及物动词,其后不可带宾语。例如:

1 . come along 过来

Come along, Tom. 汤姆,过来。

2 . come back 回来

Every night, the man upstairs came back late. 每天夜晚,楼上的人回来得都很晚。

3 . come in 进来

Please come in. 请进来。

4 . come round 过来

The conductor is coming round. 列车员正要过来。

5 . dress up 穿上盛装;乔装打扮

Mr Green sometimes dressed up in a red coat. 格林先生有时穿上红外套打扮一下。

6 . fall behin d 落后

He stopped to get it and of course fell behind. 他停下来去捡它,当然落后了。

7 . fall down 落下,掉下,跌落

The truck hit the tree so hard that it fell down. 卡车猛地撞到树上,把树撞倒了。

8 . fall over (向前)摔倒

She hit him so hard that he fell over. 她猛地撞了他一下以致把他撞倒了。

9 . get down 下来,下落

He's in that tree. He can’t get down. 他在那棵树上,下不来了。

10 . get up 起床

It's time to get up. 该起床了。

11 . go home 回家

I must go home. 我必须回家了。

12 . hold on 等一等(别挂断)

Hold on for a moment, please. 请稍候。

13 . hurry up 赶快,快点

Please hurry up. 请快点。

14 . hurry off 匆匆离去,赶快去

Miss Zhao hurried off to look after the man. 赵老师匆匆离开,去照看那个人。

15 . lie down 躺下

Lie down and have a rest. 躺下休息一会儿。

16 . sit down 坐下

Please sit down. 请坐。

17 . wake up 醒来

Half an hour later she woke up and began to cry. 半小时后,她醒过来开始哭了。

18 . think hard 仔细想一想

Edison thought hard. At last he had an idea. 爱迪生仔细想了想,终于想出一个主意。

  B )另一类“动副”型短语动词相当于及物动词,若后面的宾语是名词的话,可放在短语动词后面,也可放在两词中间;若宾语是代词的话,则只能放在动词和副词的中间。

1 . cut down 砍倒

Today, too many trees are still being cut down in the USA. 如今在美国,仍然有许多的树在被砍倒。

2 . find out 查明,发现,了解

Read these dialogues and find out about another kind of football. 读对话,并搞清楚另一种足球的有关情况。

3 . look up 查找

Now, look up the words in a dictionary. 现在,在词典里查找这些单词。

4 . move away 搬开,搬走

After they moved the bag away the girls let the traffic go again. 他们把袋子搬开之后,女孩们又让车辆通行了。

5 . put on 穿上,戴上

Please put on your old clothes. 请穿上你的旧衣服。

6 . pass on 传递

They both passed on their sticks at the same time. 他们两人同时传出接力捧。

7 . put up 搭起,举起

Put your hands up when you find the answers. 当你们找到答案时请举手。

8 . put away 把……收起来

Put them away, please. 请把它们收拾好。

9 . ring up 打电话

Jim rings you up. 吉姆给你打电话。

10 . sell out 售完

We've sold out the shoes in your size. 我们已经卖完了你这个尺码的鞋子。

11 . take off 脱掉

He's taking off his clothes and going to bed. 他正脱掉衣服,打算上床睡觉。

12 . try on 试穿

John is trying on a pair of shoes in a shop. 约翰正在商店里试穿一双鞋子。

13 . try out 试验

He was always trying out new ideas. 他总是在试验一些新想法。

14 . turn down 关小

Tell her to turn it down. 叫她把音量关小点。

15 . wake up 把……叫醒

Don't wake me up until 8 o'clock. 到八点钟再叫醒我。

16 . write down 写下,记下

I've written it all down on this list. 我已把它全部写在清单上了。

17 . pick up 捡起

Let me pick it up for you. 让我为你捡起来吧。

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