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从Elsevier的投稿指南可借鉴的东西(2)

(2009-08-21 17:30:06)
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杂谈

从Elsevier的投稿指南可借鉴的东西(2)(2008-09-06 21:02:16)
杂谈 
Format requirements for accepted articles 格式要求接受条款

General 一般
1. 1 。 Manuscripts should be typewritten, with numbered lines, with wide margins and double spacing throughout, i.e. also for abstracts, footnotes and references.文稿应打印,编号的线路,具有广泛的利润率和双重间隔全国各地,即也为文摘,脚注和参考作用。 Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc. should be numbered in the upper right-hand corner.每一页的手稿,包括扉页,参考,表格等,应以数字编号,在上右手边的一个角落。 However, in the text no reference should be made to page numbers; if necessary, one may refer to sections.不过,在文中并没有提及应该作出页号码;如有必要,其中一个可参考章节。 Avoid excessive usage of italics to emphasize part of the text.避免过度使用的楷体字,强调部分的案文。

2. 2 。 Manuscripts in general should be organized in the following order:手稿,在一般的组织,应按照以下顺序:
Title (should be clear, descriptive and concise)标题(应该是明确的,描述性和简明)
Name(s) of author(s)姓名( s )的作者( )
Complete postal address(es) of affiliations完整的邮政地址(安老服务)的背景
Full telephone and fax number and E-mail address of the corresponding author全面的电话和传真号码和电子邮件地址,相应的作者
Present address(es) of author(s) if applicable现在住址(安老服务)的作者( ) ,如果适用
Abstract摘要
Keywords (indexing terms), normally 3-6 items.关键字(索引) ,一般3-6项。
Introduction导言
Material studied, area descriptions, methods, techniques材料研究方面的说明,方法,技巧
Results结果
Discussion讨论
Conclusion结论
Acknowledgements and any additional information concerning research grants, etc.认知与任何进一步的资料,作为研究补助金,等等。
References参考
Tables统计表
Figure captions数字字幕
3. 3 。 In typing the manuscript, titles and subtitles should not be run within the text.在打字手稿,标题和字幕,不应该办内部文本。 They should be typed on a separate line, without indentation.他们应当打字到一个独立的路线,没有压痕。 Use bold face, lower-case letter type for titles; use non-bold, italic letter type for sub-titles.使用大胆面对,降低的情况下,信型职称;使用非大胆,斜体的一封信型为副标题。 Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections.分配你的文章到明确界定和编号。 Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ?), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering).小节应编号为1.1 (当时1.1.1 , 1.1.2 , ? ), 1.2等(抽象的,没有列入第号码) 。 Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to "the text".使用这个号码,也为内部交叉参考:不只是指"文本" 。
4. 4 。 Species names and other Latin terms should be typed in italics.物种名称和其他拉丁美洲条款应当打字楷体字。
5. 5 。 SI units should be used. si单位应当使用。
6. 6 。 It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word processor used.这点是很重要的文件都被存放在本地格式的文字处理器使用。 The text should be in single-column format.该文本应在单柱格式。 Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible.保持版面的文字尽量简单。 Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article.最格式化代码将被删除,并代之以对加工文章。 In particular, do not use the word processor's options to justify text or to hyphenate words.特别是,不使用文字处理机的选择辩护文本或以hyphenate话。 However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. Do not embed "graphically designed" equations or tables, but prepare these using the word processor's facility.不过,这样做大胆的使用面,楷体标, superscripts等不嵌入"图形设计的"方程或图表,但这些准备用文字处理机的设施。 When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row.在编制表,如果您使用的是网格表,只用一个网格为每桌上,而不是一个网格为每排。 If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns.如果没有网格是使用,使用的标签,而不是位,使栏目。 The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts (see also the Guide to Publishing with Elsevier:电子文本应准备在某种程度上非常相似,即传统的手稿(也见指南出版与elsevier : 外部链接 http://www.elsevier.com/authors ). http://www.elsevier.com/authors ) 。 Do not import the figures into the text file but, instead, indicate their approximate locations directly in the electronic text.并不进口数字到文本文件,但反之,表明自己的位置之后,直接在电子文本。 See also the section on Preparation of electronic illustrations.还见一节编写电子插图。
LaTeX documents 乳胶文件
The article should preferably be written using Elsevier's document class "elsart", or alternatively the standard document class "article".文章最好用书面elsevier的文件级" elsart " ,又或者有关规范性文件的阶层"的文章" 。
The Elsevier LaTeX package (including detailed instructions for LaTeX preparation) can be obtained from the Quickguide:该elsevier公司乳胶包(包括详细的指令,为胶乳制备)的详情,可从quickguide : 外部链接 http://www.elsevier.com/latex . http://www.elsevier.com/latex 。 It consists of the files: elsart.cls, guidelines for users of elsart, a template file for quick start, and the instruction booklet "Preparing articles with LaTeX".它由档案: elsart.cls ,方针,为用户elsart一个样板,档案,为快速启动,并指示小册子"的文章准备与乳胶" 。
Abstracts 文摘
The abstract should be clear, descriptive and not longer than 400 words.抽象应该是明确的,叙述性的,最长不超过400字。 It should provide a very brief introduction to the problem and a statement about the methods used in the study.它应该提供一个非常简短的介绍了这一问题,并说明了该方法的应用研究。 This should generally be followed by a brief summary of results, including numerical data (means and standard errors, for example).这应该普遍遵循的一个简要的结果,其中包括数字数据(均值和标准误差,例如)。 The abstract should end with an indication of the significance of the results.抽象应该结束并说明意义的结果。 An abstract is often presented separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone.一个抽象的,是常常被分开的文章,那么它必须能够单独存在。 References should therefore be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full, without reference to the reference list.参考资料,因此应避免,但如果必要的,他们必须举出充分,而不提参考名单。 Non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.非标准或罕见的缩写应该是可以避免的,但是如果必要的,他们必须界定在其第一次提到在抽象本身。
Keywords 关键词
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 4-6 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of").后立即进行抽象,提供最多4-6关键词,避免一般性和复数条款和多概念(避免,举例来说, "和" , " " ) 。 Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible.被不遗余力与缩写:只有缩写牢固确立了在外地的,可申请资格。 These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.这些关键字将被用于索引目的。
Abbreviations 缩略语
Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field at their first occurrence in the article: in the abstract but also in the main text after it.界定缩写是不规范等,在这一领域,在其首次出现在文章中:在抽象的,而且也应在正文之后。 Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.确保一致性的缩写整个文章。
Tables 统计表
1. 1 。 Authors should take notice of the limitations set by the size and lay-out of the journal.作者应该在意的局限性所定的规模和裁员走出日刊。 Large tables should be avoided.大表应加以避免。 Reversing columns and rows will often reduce the dimensions a table.扭转栏目和行往往会减少尺寸在桌子上。
2. 2 。 If many data are to be presented, an attempt should be made to divide them over two or more tables.如果许多数据均将提交,试图提出,要分化他们两个或更多的表格。
3. 3 。 Tables should be numbered according to their sequence in the text.表应以数字编号,根据其序列在文本中。 The text should include references to all tables.案文应包括提及的所有表格。
4. 4 。 Each table should be typewritten on a separate page of the manuscript.每个表应打印在另外一个页的手稿。 Tables should never be included in the text.表绝不应被列入草案。
5. 5 。 Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title.每个表应该有一个简短的自我解释性称号。
6. 6 。 Column headings should be brief, but sufficiently explanatory.栏标题应尽量简短,但足以说明。 Standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be added between parentheses.标准缩写的计量单位应加上括号。
7. 7 。 Vertical lines should not be used to separate columns.垂直线不应被用来单独栏目。 Leave some extra space between the columns instead.留下一些额外空间之间的栏目。
8. 8 。 Any explanation essential to the understanding of the table should be given as a footnote at the bottom of the table.任何解释,对于以了解该表应考虑作为注脚,在底部的桌面上。

Formulae Present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible. 公式目前简单的公式,在线路正常的文本可能的情况下。 In principle, variables are to be presented in italics.在原则上,变数就拟提交楷体字。 Use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line, e.g., X/Y使用固相线( / )而不是一个水平线,例如,的x / y
Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp.电子政务的权力,往往更方便地记作试验。 Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separate from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text).人数连续任何方程都必须表现出有别于文(如果中明确地提到了文本) 。 Give the meaning of all symbols immediately after the equation in which they are first used.赋予的含义所有的符号后,立即方程中,他们是第一次使用。 In chemical formulae, valence of ions should be given as, e.g.在化学方程式,化合价的离子应该重视,例如: Ca 2+ and not Ca ++ . 钙离子浓度,并没有钙离子。 Isotope numbers should precede the symbols, e.g., 18 O.同位素号码应先于符号,例如, 18澳 The repeated writing of chemical formulae in the text is to be avoided where reasonably possible; instead, the name of the compound should be given in full.反复书写的化学方程式中的文本内容,以避免在合理的可能;相反,化合物的名称应当给予足额发放。 Exceptions may be made in the case of a very long name occurring very frequently or in the case of a compound being described as the end product of a gravimetric determination (e.g., phosphate as P 2 O 5 ).例外的,可取得的情况下很长的名字出现非常频密,或在案件复合被形容为最终产品的一个重量法测定(例如,磷酸盐为p 二氮5 ) 。

Footnotes 注脚
Footnotes should be used sparingly.脚注应使用解释权。 Number them consecutively throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers.他们人数连续整个文章,用标阿拉伯数字。 Many word processors build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used.许多文字处理软件,建立注脚进入文本,这项功能可以使用。 Should this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves on a separate sheet at the end of the article.如无法做到这一点,如果情况属实,表明立场脚注中的文字和本脚注自己对一个单独的资产负债表上月底的文章。 Do not include footnotes in the Reference list.不包括脚注中的参考名单。

Preparation of electronic illustrations 编制电子插图

General 一般
   1. Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.要确保使用统一字体和浆纱你原有的艺术品。
   2. Save text in illustrations as "graphics" or enclose the font.拯救文字插图作为"图形"或附上字体。
   3. Only use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Helvetica, Times, Symbol.只有使用下列字体,在你的插图:雪崩埋葬了,速递, helvetica ,时代的象征。
   4. Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.若干插图根据其序列在文本中。
   5. Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.用一个合乎逻辑的命名惯例,为你的艺术品档案。
   6. Provide all illustrations as separate files.提供所有的插图作为单独的档案。
   7. Provide captions to illustrations separately.提供字幕,以插图分开。
   8. Produce images near to the desired size of the printed version.生成图像接近理想尺寸的印刷版本。
A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available on our website:详细指南电子艺术品,是可以在我们的网站: 外部链接 http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions . http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions 。 Some excerpts from the detailed information are given here.一些摘录的详细资料,给出了这里。

Formats 格式
Regardless of the application used, when your electronic artwork is finalised, please "save as" or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):无论申请使用的,当你的电子艺术品是最后决定,请"另存新档" ,或转换成图像,以下列其中一种格式(注决议的要求,符合图纸, halftones ,线/半色调组合如下) :

EPS: Vector drawings.EPS:向量绘图。 Embed the font or save the text as "graphics".嵌入字体或储存文本为"图形" 。
TIFF: Colour or greyscale photographs (halftones): always use a minimum of 300 dpi. tiff文件:彩色或灰阶的照片( halftones ) :始终使用最低300dpi。
TIFF: Bitmapped line drawings: use a minimum of 1000 dpi. tiff文件:映射,以及点阵线图纸:用最少的1000dpi。
TIFF: Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (colour or greyscale): a minimum of 500 dpi is required. tiff文件:组合映射,以及点阵线/半调子(彩色或灰阶):至少500dpi。
DOC, XLS or PPT: If your electronic artwork is created in any of these Microsoft Office applications please supply "as is".文件,格式或ppt的:如果你的电子艺术品是创造了在上述任何一个微软的办公应用软件,请提供"as is" 文件。

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