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每一块脊柱骨的作用(这篇看完了,身体内各部件的英文单词几乎全认识了)

(2011-09-12 09:20:54)
标签:

脊椎

作用

骨胳

健康

分类: 生物技术

人的脊椎共24节,分颈椎(上部)、胸椎(中部)、腰椎(下部),简记作:上七下五中十二。(意思是说颈椎共七节、腰椎共五节,中间的胸椎共12节)

每块脊椎骨的作用示意图如下:

每一块脊柱骨的作用(这篇看完了,身体内各部件的英文单词几乎全认识了)

解释:

颈椎前三节:

Sympathetic chain - To eyes, ears and other sense organs; glands and blood vessels of the brain; immune response; bone growth; fat metabolism; reaction to stress; brain.

(交感神经链:眼睛,耳朵和其它感官,腺体和脑血管;免疫反应;骨胳生长;脂肪新陈代谢;压力反应;大脑)

七节颈椎分别用C1、C2、……、C7表示。

C1- Blood supply to the head; pituitary gland; scalp; bones of the face, brain, inner and middle ear; sympathetic nervous system; eyes.

C1- 向脑部供血;脑垂体;头皮;面部骨胳,大脑,内耳和中耳,交感神经系统,眼睛。

 

C2- Eyes, optic nerves, auditory nerves, sinuses, mastoid bones, tongue, forehead, heart.

C2- 眼睛,视神经,听觉神经,鼻窦, 颞骨,舌头、前额、心脏。

 

C3- Cheeks, outer ear, face, bones, teeth, trifacial nerve, lungs.

C3- 脸颊,外耳,面部,骨胳,牙齿,三叉神经,肺。

 

C4- Nose, lips, mouths, eustachian tube, mucus membranes, lungs.

C4- 鼻子,嘴唇,口腔,耳咽管,黏液膜,肺。

 

C5- Vocal cords, neck glands, pharynx.

C5- 声带,颈部腺体,咽喉。

 

C6- Neck muscles, shoulder, tonsils.

C6- 颈部肌肉,肩,扁桃体。

 

C7- Thyroid gland, bursa in the shoulders, elbows.

C7- 甲状腺,肩、肘部的粘液囊

 

C7-T2: Brachial plexus - Forms the radial, ulnar, median and other nerves that go to the muscles, joints and other structures of the shoulder, arm, wrist, hand and fingers.

C7-T2:臂丛(神经) - 形成辐射状的,通向肌肉、关节和肩膀、前臂、腕、手、手指,尺骨和其它部位的神经

 

胸椎十二节:

T1-Arms from the elbows down, including hands, arms wrists and fingers; esophagus and trachea; heart.

T1- 前臂,包括手、手腕和手指;食道和气管;心脏。

 

T2- Heart, including its valves and covering; coronary arteries; lungs; bronchial tubes.

T2- 心脏,包括瓣膜,冠状动脉,肺、支气管。

 

T3- Lungs, bronchial tubes, pleura, chest, breast, heart.

T3- 肺、支气管,胸膜、胸、乳房、心脏。

 

T4- Gallbladder, common duct, heart, lungs, bronchial tubes.

T4- 胆囊、总胆管,心脏,肺,支气管。

 

T5- Liver, solar plexus, circulation (general), heart, esophagus, stomach.

T5- 肝,腹腔神经丛,总循环,心脏,食道,胃。

 

T6- Stomach, esophagus, peritoneum, duodenum.

T6- 胃,食道,腹膜,十二指肠。

 

T7- Pancreas, duodenum, stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, peritoneum.

T7- 胰,十二指肠,胃,肝,脾,胆囊,腹膜。

 

T8- Spleen, stomach, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, adrenal cortex, small intestine, pyloric valve.

T8- 脾,胃,肝,胰,胆囊,肾上腺皮质,小肠,幽门瓣。

 

T9- Adrenal cortex, pancreas, spleen, gallbladder, ovaries, uterus, small intestine.

T9- 肾上腺皮质,胰,脾,胆囊,卵巢,子宫,小肠。

 

T10- Kidneys, appendix, testes, ovaries, uterus, adrenal cortex, spleen, pancreas, large intestine.

T10- 肾,阑尾,睾丸,卵巢,子宫,腺上肾皮质,脾,胰,大肠。

 

T11- Kidneys, ureters, large intestine, urinary bladder, adrenal medulla, adrenal cortex, uterus, ovaries, ileocecal valve.

T11- 肾,输尿管,大肠,膀胱,肾上腺髓质,肾上腺皮质,子宫,卵巢,回盲瓣。

 

T12- Small intestine, lymph circulation, large intestine, urinary bladder, uterus, kidneys, ileocecal valve.

T12- 小肠,淋巴循环,大肠,输尿管,子宫,肾脏,回盲瓣。

 

尾椎共五节:

L1- Large intestine, inguinal rings, uterus

L1- 大肠,腹股沟,子宫。

 

L2- Appendix, abdomen, upper leg, urinary bladder.

L2- 阑尾,腹腔,大腿,输尿管。

 

L3- Sex organs, uterus, bladder, knees, prostate, large intestine.

L3- 性器官,子宫,膀胱,膝盖,前列腺,大肠。

 

L4- Prostate gland, muscles of the lower back, sciatic nerve.

L4- 前列腺,下背部肌肉,坐骨神经。

 

L5- Lower legs, ankles, feet, prostate.

L5- 小腿,踝,脚,前列腺。

 

Sacral plexus - Form the sciatic as well as other nerves that go to muscles, joints and other structures of the les, knee, ankle, feet and toes.

骶丛: 坐骨神经和其它通往腿、膝、脚、脚趾部肌肉和关节的神经丛。

 

Sacrum - Hip bones, buttocks, rectum, sex organs, genitalia, urinary bladder, ureter, prostate.

骶骨:臀部骨胳,臀部,直肠,性器官,生殖器,膀胱,输尿管,前列腺。

Coccyx - Rectum, anus.

尾骨:直肠,肛门。

 

英文解释我试着翻译成中文,如有不当之处,请修正。

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