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新视野第一册unit10

(2009-09-08 18:31:14)
标签:

杂谈

分类: 英语学习

 living-room n. 客厅 
 demonstrate  vt. 演示,证明
vi. 参加游行;示威 
▲integrity  n. 诚实 
▲morality  n. 1.道德 2.德行 
 boundary  n. 1.界限;局限 2.边界 
 convenience  n. 1.舒适;便利 2.方便 
 inner  a. 1.内心的 2.内在的;内部的 
 compass  n. 1.圆规 2.指南针 
 scarce  a. 稀少 
 apply  v. 1.(使)产生作用, 适用于; 运用 2.申请 3.致力于 
 triangle  n. 三角(形) 
 consist  vi. 由...... 组成 
 assistance n. 帮助,援助 
 ensure  vt. 1.确保 2.担保 
▲surgeon  n. 外科医生 
▲sponge  n. 海绵 
 assure  vt. 1.郑重告知 2.使确信 
 protest  v. 1.反对;抗议 2.宣称
n. 1.抗议 2.宣称 
 concede  v. 1.让与 2.承认 
 intelligent  a. 聪明 
 clarify  vt. 弄清楚;解释 
 appoint  vt. 任命 
 nest  n. 巢
vi. 筑巢 
 doll  n. 洋娃娃 
 progressive  a. 1.连续的;一步一步的 2.进步的;先进的 
 progressively  ad. 逐步;逐渐 
▲dwarf  n. 侏儒
vt. (由于对比)使显得矮小,使相形见绌 
 giant  n. 1.巨人 2.伟人
a. 巨大的;重要的 
 genuine  a. 真实的 
 core  n. 1.中心或重要部分 2.核 
 rely vi. 依靠,依赖; 信赖 
 external  a. 1.外在的;表面的 2.外部的;外面的 
 inevitable  a. 不可避免的 
 inevitably  ad. 不可避免地 
 preserve  vt. 1.保存;保护 2.储存 
 mask  n. 面具;面罩
vt. 1.戴面具 2.掩盖 
 tough  a. 1.很难的 2.结实的;有力的 
 conscience  n. 良心;良知 
 component  n. 成分;部件 
 basis  n. 1.基础 2.主体;基地 
▲enrich  vt. 1.改善;改进 2.丰富 
 relationship  n. 1.亲属关系;友好关系 2.关系;联系 
 fashionable  a. 时髦的;时尚的 
 yield  v. 1.屈服;放弃 2.出产;生长于 
 tempt  vt. 诱惑 
 attraction  n. 1.魅力,吸引力 2.吸引人的东西 
 rear  a. 后面的
n. 后面;背后 
 rear-view n. 后视 
 mirror  n. 镜子
vt. 折射 

 

Phrases and expression_rs

 middle point 中间道路;折中 
 sell out (to) 背叛事业或立场 
 at hand 1.即将到来;近在手边 2.在考虑之中 
 in short supply 缺货;短缺 
 the bottom line 重要因素;关键的东西 
 demand of 期待;要求 
 consist of 由......组成 
 stand for 1.主张;相信 2.承受;忍受 3.代表 
 account for 1.报告(钱如何用) 2.说明(原因);解释(原因) 
 think of 1.考虑;为......设想 2.回想,想起 3.想像 
 do fine 干得很好 
 give (the) credit 赞扬 
 rely on/upon 依赖;依靠 
 feel good 感觉好 
 engage in 1.参与 2.(使)关心 
 in other words 换言之 
 win the day 赢;成功 
▲web  n. 1.(计算机)网 2.蜘蛛网 3.复杂的网络 
 cheat  v. 欺骗
n. 骗子 
 nerve  n. 1.神经 2.勇气;胆量 3.厚颜 
 ultimate  a. 1.最大的 2.最终的;最后的 
 nightmare  n. 1.恐怖的经历;可怕的事情 2.恶梦 
■illicit  a. 非法的 
 link  n. 纽带
vt. 连接 
 contemporary  a. 1.当代的 2.同代的
n. 同代人 
▲fake  vt. 1.伪造;造假 2.假装
n. 假货;赝品 
 appropriate  a. 合适的,适当的 
 download  vt. 下载 
▲reconcile  vt. 1.和解 2.调和 
 irreconcilable  a. 不可调和的 
▲dilemma  n. 进退维谷;难处 
 essay  n. 文章;短文 
 expense  n. 花费;费用 
 on-file  a. 存档的 
 per  prep. 每 
 consumer  n. 消费者 
 readily  ad. 1.甘愿 2.轻易地 
 fee  n. 费;酬劳 
 semester  n. 学期 
■emporium  n. 商场 
▲hail  vt. 1.向欢呼......;拥戴(某人)为...... 2.招呼 
 author  n. 作者 
▲authentic  a. 真实的 
 perceive  vt. 1.看见 2.理解;明白 
◆twitch  v. 抽动
n. 抽动 
 intellectual  a. 1.有知识的 2.理智的;智力的
n. 知识分子 
 property  n. 1.财产 2.房地产 3.属性 
 issue  n. 1.要点;问题 2.(书、报等)期、号
vt. 1.颁布;发行 2.出版;刊行 
 incline  v. 1.倾向;意欲 2.使倾向;使意欲 
▲cynical  a. 玩世不恭的;好挖苦人的 
 notion  n. 1.思想;理解 2.见解 
▲incidence  n. 发生率;影响范围 
 view  n. 1.观点 2.眼界;视域
vt. 1.考虑 2.看;观察 
 proof  a. 能防......的
n. 证据 
 cheat-proof  a. 能防止受骗的 
 structure  vt. 组织;构造;建造 
 transform  vt. 改变;改造 
 hand-out (handout) n. 1.印发的讲稿等 2.施舍物 
 drama  n. 1.剧(单个戏剧) 2.戏剧(戏剧总称) 
▲narrative  n. 1.故事 2.叙述;讲故事
a. 叙述的 
▲curb  vt. 抑制;控制
n. 抑制;控制 
 media  n. 媒介;媒体 
 strategy  n. 1.策略 2.战略;兵法 
 basically  ad. 基本上 

 

Phrases and expression_rs

 for free 免费 
 hand over 递交 
 do the trick 达到目的 
 get/have access to 有权得到、使用等 
 hail as 称赞......, 为...... 
 figure out 理解 估算 
 get off 搬移;取走 
 a little bit 有点 
 be inclined to 倾向于;容易(做) 
 sort of 有点;有几分 
▲make the most of  充分利用 

 


Being Honest and Open
    My grandparents believed that you were either honest or you were not. There was no middle point. They had a simple saying hanging on their living-room wall: "Life is like a field of newly fallen snow. Where I choose to walk every step will show." They didn’t have to talk about it; they demonstrated this truth by their life style.

    They understood instinctively that integrity involves having a personal standard of morality and boundaries that does not sell out to convenience and that is not relative to the situation at hand. Integrity is an inner compass for judging your behavior.

    Unfortunately, integrity is in short supply today — and getting scarcer. But it is the real bottom line in every area of society and a discipline we must demand of ourselves. A good test for this value is to apply what I call the "Integrity Triangle"; , which consists of three key principles:

    Stand firmly for your convictions when confronted with personal pressure. There’s a story told about a surgical nurse’s assistance during her first day on the medical team at a well-known hospital. She was responsible for ensuring that all surgical instruments and materials were accounted for during an operation. The nurse said to the surgeon, "You’ve only removed 11 sponges, and we used 12. We need to find the last one."

    "I removed them all," the surgeon assured her. "We’ll close now."

    "You can’t do that, sir," protested the nurse. "Think of the patient."

    Smiling, the surgeon lifted his foot and showed the nurse the twelfth sponge. "You’ll do just fine in this or any other hospital," he assured her.

    When you know you’re right, you can’t concede.

    Always give others credit that is rightfully theirs. Don’t be afraid of those who might have a better idea or who might even be more intelligent than you are.

    David Ogilvy, founder of the advertising firm Ogilvy & Mather, clarified this point to his newly appointed office heads by sending each of them a Russian nesting doll with five progressively smaller figures inside.

    His message was contained in the smallest doll: "If each of us hires people who are smaller than we are, we shall become a company of dwarfs. But if each of us hires people who are bigger than we are, Ogilvy & Mather will become a company of giants." And that is precisely what O&M became — one of the largest and most respected advertising organisations in the world.

    Be honest and open about who you really are. People who lack genuine core values rely on external factors — their looks or status — in order to feel good about themselves. Inevitably they will do everything they can to preserve this false mask, but they will do very little to enhance their inner value and personal growth.

    So be yourself. Don’t engage in a personal cover-up of areas that are unpleasing in your life. "Tough times never last but tough people do," as Robert Schuller says. In other words, face reality and be mature in your responses to life’s challenges.

    Self-respect and a clear conscience are powerful components of integrity and are the basis for enriching your relationships with others. Integrity means you do what you do because it’s right and not just fashionable or politically correct. A life of principle, of not yielding to the tempting attractions of an easy morality, will always win the day. It will take you forward into the twenty-first century without having to check your tracks in a rear-view mirror. My grandparents taught me that.

    Words: 596

 


Web Site Resources: The Best Aid for Cheating?

    (Web Site Resources: The Best Aid for Cheating?)

    SAN FRANCISCO (CNN) — For generations of students, writing term papers has been a major source of nerves and frustration, if not the ultimate homework nightmare. But for those with Internet access, illicit resources are just a few links away.

    The contemporary student who wants to fake a term paper does not have to search far. All one has to do is to go to the appropriate Web site, where online papers can either be purchased, ordered, or downloaded for free.

    Collegiate Care Research Assistance, for instance, may do the job. Do you want to "write" a paper on "Hamlet’s irreconcilable moral dilemmas?" Simply hand over $29.75, and the essay is yours.

    For those who find this too great an expense, there is an alternative. Collegiate Care, with its "highest quality papers at the lowest possible prices," offers on-file papers for $5.95 per page. So, a few pages may just do the trick for the cost-conscious student.

    Genius Papers, another student assistance site, offers "high-quality" and "low-priced" term papers. "You will be happy and successful," the Web site promises potential consumers.

    If you are too lazy or simply too busy writing your own term paper, Genius Papers is readily available. For a one-time fee of $9.95, you get access to pre-written papers for an entire semester.

    Some sites, such as Term Paper Emporium and Absolutely Free: Online Essays offer course papers for free. Simply press the button and download — if you find the paper you want, that is.

    Students are, of course, fully aware of these Web site resources, and some people worry that the Internet, once hailed as the ultimate learning tool, could become the best aid yet for cheating.

    For teachers, the problem is figuring out whether a student’s author-ship is authentic. But, as teaching assistant Jane Morrison explained, the task may not be too difficult for the perceiving teacher.

    "Students who have gotten it off the Internet don’t look at me, twitch a little bit and look at their feet. And students who wrote every bit of it can talk about the paper very intelligently and look me in the eye," Morrison said.

    Faking term papers is nothing new, and stolen intellectual property has been  marketed for years. But the appearance of the Internet raises the issue: Is this new technology making cheating more widespread?

    A senior official at Berkeley doubts it. "Students who are inclined to cheat are going to cheat regardless of the technology. I think it’s sort of a cynical notion to think that this new tool is going to spread the incidence of cheating," Gary Handman said.

    This view was backed by Berkeley graduate student Arianne Chernock, who says that, after all, students have to decide what’s best for themselves. "It’s a question of honesty. We’re here to learn, so we’ve got to make the most of it ourselves."

    And inventive teachers can make their assignments almost cheat-proof.

    "If you structure the assignment in a creative way, and if students, for instance, have to transform the information into a hand-out, or do a drama, or write an account in first person narrative, then you may curb illicit work," said library media teacher Leslie Farmer.

    That kind of strategy, some experts say, will basically force students to do more than simply download their education.

    Words: 571

 


How not to Cheat?

    You're taking a science test and are unsure of an answer. While the teacher is busy, you notice you can see the test answers of the student next to you.

    Would you look closer?

    Are you a cheater?

    More than half the kids in a national survey are. The "1998 Report Card on the Ethics of American Youth" found that 7 out of every 10 high school kids have cheated on a test at least once. Including all grades, the number is more than 6 out of 10.

    And reports of cheating are increasing. There's intense pressure for kids to succeed. Sometimes they feel they have to — at any cost.

    Parents, teachers, even friends can put a lot of pressure on students to get good grades. Some parents threaten to punish for bad grades or offer rewards for good marks.

    Most students think about cheating at some time. It could be copying someone else's answers; it could even be giving answers to somebody else.

    "If they're doing really badly in a subject, that makes kids want to cheat so they can get a better grade," says first Class Scout Ben Patrick, 11, from Troop 69, Palatine, Illinois.

    David Kimwell, 16, of Provo, Utah, agrees, "Kids are driven to cheat when there is pressure to succeed."

    But these kids also know that succeeding on a test by cheating is not really succeeding at all.

    When students cheat, they are less likely to really understand their schoolwork. And when you don't understand your schoolwork, your grades will probably suffer; cheating can only get you so far.

    The bottom line is: If you don't really learn it now, you'll probably have to learn it later!

    Here's how not to cheat:

    Talk to your parents. Think about the kinds of pressures they might be putting on you. Sometimes parents think rewarding or punishing will encourage kids to work harder, but often they don't encourage at all. Let your parents know how you feel, and let them know how they can reduce school stress for you, while still encouraging good grades.

    Change your study habits. Have you sometimes felt the urge to cheat when you didn't study well enough for a test? Try changing your study habits. Study with a friend or have your parents help. Do not force all your studying into the last minute, and get a good night's sleep before a test. Finally, make practice tests so you can focus on those areas in which you need the most work.

    Talk to your friends. If you feel stress to get good grades — and maybe cheat — because your friends get better grades, talk to them. Ask how they prepare for tests and suggest studying in a group. You might get some ideas from them.

    An honest C will get you much further than a not-so-honest A. Face it: Cheaters never succeed — and pay a high price when caught.

    Whether you're a junior school student or a young adult at college, get caught cheating and you'll pay the price — usually a very high one. Here's how schools handle cheaters:

    For junior school students: a strict talk with the student and a call to the parents. Repeat cheaters are removed from in-school activities.

    For middle school students: a zero or no grade on the assignment or the test on which the student cheated. Students may be removed from in-school activities, and parents will be told.

    For university students, like those in Harvard, Cambridge, or Massachusetts: cheaters are normally required to leave for two back-to-back terms.

 

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