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微观表情学

(2010-09-04 21:25:18)
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杂谈


Micro Expressions, Subtle Body Language and Lying微型表达,隐喻的肢体语言与说谎

Is the show "Lie to Me" for real?为显示“对我说谎是真的”?

I am not a police interrogator, scientist, or other expert...我不是一个警察审讯,科学家或其他专家... I am however a mother & people watcher.不过,我母亲和人民观察家。 Years ago, when I wrote articles on How to Detect Lies & Eye Movement and Lying -- I knew of the Micro expression theory, but had a difficult time researching the subject well enough to relay it into an article.几年前,当我写文章如何检测谎言眼动和说谎 -我知道表达的微观理论,而是有一个艰难的时间研究这一问题的足够好,它传递到第一个。

Recently, I've come across tons of new research, websites, articles, videos, etc. about micro expressions and believe anyone who reads my old articles about lying & body language would benefit from micro expression research and theory.最近,我来研究新的跨越吨,网站,文章,视频等对微表情和谁相信任何人读我的旧文章关于低洼及身体语言表达将有利于从微观研究和理论。

What are Micro Expressions?什么是微观的表达?

对我撒谎脸 A micro expression is a momentary involuntary facial expression -- that people unconsciously display when they are hiding an emotion.阿微表达式是一个短暂的非自愿的表情 - 当人们不自觉地显示他们是隐藏的情感。 They are quick & intense expressions of concealed emotion.它们是快速和激烈的情感表达隐蔽。

The main points to remember are that micro expressions are:要记住的要点是,微观表现在:

Brief - Micro-expressions can appear then disappear off the face in a fraction of a second. 摘要 -微表达式可以出现然后消失了一秒钟面临的一小部分。 In other words micro-expressions occur so quickly, that most people don't even notice them.换句话说微表情发生如此迅速,大多数人甚至不通知他们。

Involuntary - A micro-expression is caused by involuntary movements in facial muscles. 非自愿 -一个微型的表达是由面部肌肉不自主运动研究。 ( See the fake-smile illustration ).见假的微笑画像 )。 Most people cannot control these involuntary muscles which are affected by their emotions.大多数人无法控制这些是由他们的情绪影响的非自愿的肌肉。

Micro Expressions are generally grouped into seven universal emotions: anger, disgust, fear, sadness, happiness, surprise, and contempt .微表达式通常分为七个普遍情绪: 愤怒,厌恶,恐惧,悲伤,快乐,惊喜,和蔑视

A Brief History of Micro Expression Theory阿微表达理论简史

眼部肌肉

According to Wikipedia - Micro Expressions were first discovered by Haggard and Isaacs in the 1960s.根据维基百科 - 微首先表达了哈格德和萨克斯在20世纪60年代发现的。 In 1966, Haggard and Isaacs outlined how they discovered these "micromomentary" expressions published under the title: "Micromomentary facial expressions as indicators of ego mechanisms in psychotherapy". 1966年,哈格德和艾萨克斯概述他们如何发现这些“micromomentary”的标题下:“作为自我心理治疗Micromomentary机制指标面部表情”发表的表达。

Although it is not included in most histories of micro expressions; I would like to point out that Darwin's book "The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals" published in 1872 deserves a mention. Darwin noted the universal nature of facial expressions , the muscles used in facial expressions, etc. Check out more illustrations from Darwin's book虽然不包括在微观表现最历史的,我想指出,达尔文的著作“1872年表达出版的情感在人来”和动物值得一提。 达尔文指出,肌肉的普遍性质的面部表情 ,用于面部表情等查看更多的书插图从达尔文 微观表情学 . Also worth noting is Guillaume Duchenne另外值得一提的是纪尧姆杜氏 and the Duchenne Smile .杜兴微笑

Most websites I can find next list William Condon as a pioneer who studied hours of tapes in the 1960s frame by frame to discover micro movements like micro expressions.大多数网站我能找到的先驱谁研究了框架的录音带时间在20世纪60年代发现的微结构微表情动作下页名单威廉康登。 I can find little info on this research but there is some other interesting body language & verbal expression / NLP research by a Dr.我能找到的资料,这些研究甚少,但有一些其他有趣的肢体语言和口头表达/自然语言处理研究的一个博士 William S. Condon 威廉S康登 出 (I'm 99% sure it's the same dude - contact me if you have any info on the 1960s microexpression research by Condon as cited on wikipedia). (我99%确定它是相同的花花公子 - 联系我,如果你有作为的康登在维基百科上的任何援引20世纪60年代microexpression研究资料)。 Others mentioned as pioneering researchers in the field include John Gottman and Paul Eckman.其他如在上述领域的开拓性研究,包括约翰高特曼和保罗埃克曼。

Dr. Paul Ekman's research (along with the work of Silvan Tomkins保罗艾克曼博士的研究(连同工作西尔万汤姆金斯 出 ) in the study of emotions and their relation to facial expressions took Darwin's work to the next level proving that facial expressions of emotion are not culturally determined, but biological in origin and universal across human cultures. )在情感关系的研究,他们的面部表情了达尔文的工作向更高层次证明情绪的面部表情都没有文化决定的,但在原产地的生物和整个人类文化的普遍性。 Eckman co-developed the Facial Action Coding System (FACS)埃克曼合作开发的面部动作编码系统(流式细胞仪) 出 with Wallace V. Friesen in 1976.五,弗里森与华莱士在1976年。 FACS is a system to taxonomize human facial expressions, and still used today by psychologists, researchers and animators.流式细胞仪是一个系统,以taxonomize人类面部表情,和今天仍在使用的心理学家,研究人员和动画师。

Dr. Ekman has published many books on emotions, facial expressions and lie detection including Unmasking the Face: A Guide to Recognizing Emotions From Facial Expressions埃克曼博士出版了许多书籍的情绪,面部表情和测谎,包括互有关连的表情:指南认识到情感,从面部表情 出 and Telling Lies: Clues to Deceit in the Marketplace, Politics, and Marriage.说谎:线索欺骗在市场上,政治与婚姻。 出

Micro-Expressions and Lying微表达和说谎

Micro Expressions betray us when we lie.微表达背叛我们,当我们的谎言。 We can try to cover our feelings with fake smiles, but involuntary face muscles reveal this hidden emotions.我们可以尝试以涵盖假冒我们的感情笑容,但面部肌肉不自主揭示这个隐藏的情感。 Seeing is easier, watch this short video:看到的是比较容易,看这个短片:

(More Micro Expression Video Links Below) (更多微型表达视频下面的链接)

Paul Ekman and his research is the inspiration for the TV series " Lie to Me "保罗艾克曼和他的研究是“灵感的电视连续剧对我撒谎 出 .

Trained investigators, customs agents, etc. use micro expression recognition along with other body language & speech cues (see distancing language for an example) to determine truthfulness.受过训练的调查,海关人员等的使用及微表情识别语音提示以及其他身体语言(见疏远语言的一个例子),以确定真实性。

While most people can be trained to recognize micro expressions and other deceptive cues, some folks are naturals.虽然大多数人可以接受培训,认识到微表情和其他欺诈性暗示,一些人是土黄。 Ekman calls them " Truth Wizards "埃克曼称他们为“ 真理奇才 出 .

Latest Micro Expression Research & Training最新的微型表达研究与训练

Dr. Paul Ekman and Dr. David Matsumoto created METT, an online micro expression training tool.保罗艾克曼博士博士和大卫松本创建梅特,在线微表达的训练工具。 METT and METT2 are being discontinued, but both Ekman and Matsumoto have developed their own micro expression training software available on their respective sites.梅特和METT2正在停产,但都埃克曼和松本已经制定了各自的网站表达他们自己的微型训练软件。 (listed below). (下面列出)。

Dr. Mark Frank, a former student of Ekman's, continues work on deception and micro facial movement research.马克弗兰克博士,是埃克曼的前学生,继续进行欺骗和微面运动的研究工作。 Frank identified specific and sometimes involuntary movements of the 44 human facial muscles linked to fear, distrust, stress and other emotions related to deception.弗兰克确定具体和有联系的恐惧,不信任,压力和情绪有关的欺骗其他的44人的面部肌肉有时不自主运动。 Frank's work is being tested for it's use in anti-terrorism investigations.弗兰克的工作正在测试它在反恐怖主义调查中使用。 ( see press release见新闻稿 出 )

My Opinion我见

Another important thing to remember about micro-expressions is that they only show what someone is feeling...not whether they lying per-se, and not what they are thinking.另一个重要的事情要记住的微观表达式是什么,他们只是表明一个人是不是感觉...他们是否说谎每本身,而不是他们在想什么。 The micro-expression only tells you their knee-jerk emotional state.微观表现只告诉你他们下意识的情绪状态。 (in my opinion). (在我看来)。

I believe (with no proof or scientific basis) that micro-expressions can also reveal emotions that are unconscious or only partially related to whatever is being talk about.我相信(没有证据或科学依据),微型表达式还可以揭示情感是无意识或仅部分涉及正在谈论什么。

In other words, just because someone says "that's awesome!"换句话说,只是因为有人说“这真棒!” and flashes a brief micro-expression of contempt ...并闪烁简短微观蔑视表达... doesn't necessarily mean they are lying about their feelings....并不意味着他们对自己的感情....说谎 just that there is something about the subject that "bugs" them (and they may not even know it bothers them).只是有关于主题的“错误”他们(他们可能甚至不知道它困扰他们的东西)。

So, you show your friend Sarah a picture of your new dog.所以,你显示你的朋友你的新萨拉的狗图片。 She looks at you and says "wow, really cute", but you catch a micro-expression glimpse of "disgust".她看着你,说:“哇,真可爱”,但你抓住了“厌恶”微表现可见一斑。 I believe it would be presumptuous to take this as a sign that Sarah thinks your puppy is ugly.我相信这将是冒昧作为一个迹象,表明你的小狗莎拉认为这是丑陋的。 She may have been bit by a dog in the past, and that emotion briefly flashed across her face when she looked at the pic of your dog.她可能已经在过去的狗咬了,而且情绪在她的脸上短暂当她在你的狗图片看着闪过。

( I'm just cautioning readers who can see micro-expressions from simplifying and presuming too much -- human thoughts and emotions are complicated! ) (我只是告诫读者谁可以看到从简化和假设太多 - 人类的思想和情感微表情是复杂的!)

More About Lying & Body Language on Blifaloo更多关于躺在及身体语言上Blifaloo

检测谎言

How to Detect Lies <-- Popular 如何检测谎言 < -流行
Learn the secrets to become a human lie detector.学习的秘密成为人类测谎。
Also see: Eye-movement and Lying & Reading Eyes and Lie Detection & Microexpressions Resource Page - For videos, links, articles, and books.还看到: 眼运动和说谎阅读眼睛测谎及微表情资源网页视频-对于,链接,文章和书籍。


 

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