加载中…
个人资料
江南皋人
江南皋人
  • 博客等级:
  • 博客积分:0
  • 博客访问:115,519
  • 关注人气:178
  • 获赠金笔:0支
  • 赠出金笔:0支
  • 荣誉徽章:
相关博文
推荐博文
谁看过这篇博文
加载中…
正文 字体大小:

为你解开梦的六大谜团(3)——怎么才能摆脱我老做的恶梦呢?

(2011-07-28 14:24:56)
标签:

英译汉

汉英对照

梦的解析

佛洛依德

释梦

健康

分类: 七彩人生
  • 我老做恶梦,怎么才能摆脱我做的恶梦呢?

    做恶梦的不只是你一个人。研究表明,8%的成年人长期受到像溺水或是被人追杀之类的恶梦困扰,而且这样的恶梦一周出现一次以上。心理学博士海瑞丝说,“大多数情况下,压力是恶梦的导火线。恶梦是大脑处理压力、思考未来如何应对压力的一种方式”。

    当然,要想了解一些常见恶梦的含义,不妨阅读我们的“解码常见的梦”一文。但是海瑞丝博士同时告诫我们,别忘了,破解可怕的梦并不能使我们远离恶梦,“迎头处置恶梦有助于赶走恶梦”。如果你常做恶梦,就去看医生;某些用药偶尔会导致恶梦。如果不是用药的原因,医生会建议你看睡眠专家缓解症状。

    有一种普遍的做法叫做想象排演疗法(IRT),主要改变病人有害的思维方式。《美国医学学会学报》发表的一项地标研究发现,接受该疗法65%的病人恶梦次数显著减少。海瑞丝博士说,“在IRT疗法中,我的病人将恶梦都写下来,然后寻求改善恶梦的方法。有一个病人总是做梦自己在鲨鱼出没的水域。她将鲨鱼变成友好的海豚,然后每天两次想象这一新梦五分钟时间——早上一次,睡前一次。几个星期她的恶梦就消失了。”

       I Have Recurrent Nightmares. How Can I Get Rid of Them?

You’re not alone. Research suggests that up to 8 percent of adults suffer from chronic nightmares, like drowning or being chased, at least once a week. “Most of the time, they’re triggered by ongoing stress,” says Shelby Harris, PsyD. “Bad dreams are your mind’s way of processing stress and figuring out how to deal with it in the future.”

To find out what some common nightmares mean, read our article, " Common Dreams Decoded." But remember, trying to decipher a scary dream won’t make it go away, says Dr. Harris. “Tackling a nightmare head on can help banish it.” If you have frequent bad dreams, see your doctor; nightmares can occasionally be caused by certain medications. If there’s no medical cause, your doctor may refer you to a sleep specialist to provide relief.

One popular method: Imagery rehearsal therapy (IRT), which focuses on changing harmful thought patterns. A landmark study published in The Journal of the American Medical Association found that 65 percent of people who used the therapy had significantly fewer nightmares. “During IRT, my patients write down their nightmare, then think of a way to change it for the better,” says Dr. Harris. “One patient had a recurring dream of being in shark-infested water. She changed the sharks to friendly dolphins and visualized this new dream for five minutes twice a day—once in the morning, and once before bed. Her nightmares disappeared within weeks.” Photo: istock


by Hallie Levine Sklar

Hallie Levine Sklar is a health and fitness writer who lives in Stamford, Connecticut, with her husband and their three children. Her work has appeared in many publications, including Glamour, Self, InStyle and Newsweek.

0

阅读 评论 收藏 转载 喜欢 打印举报/Report
  • 评论加载中,请稍候...
发评论

    发评论

    以上网友发言只代表其个人观点,不代表新浪网的观点或立场。

      

    新浪BLOG意见反馈留言板 欢迎批评指正

    新浪简介 | About Sina | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 招聘信息 | 网站律师 | SINA English | 会员注册 | 产品答疑

    新浪公司 版权所有