加载中…
个人资料
瓶中信
瓶中信
  • 博客等级:
  • 博客积分:0
  • 博客访问:20,112
  • 关注人气:9
  • 获赠金笔:0支
  • 赠出金笔:0支
  • 荣誉徽章:
相关博文
推荐博文
谁看过这篇博文
加载中…
正文 字体大小:

上部座佛教和大乘佛教产生的佛教术语和哲学概念(八)

(2010-02-04 15:43:57)
标签:

文化

  Emptiness (shunyata) 

 虚空(空性)

      One of the most important revelations of the Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra is that Great Nirvana is not empty of its own enduring Reality. Contrary to what some Buddhists teach and believe, the Buddha here declares that nirvanic Liberation actually has its own "form" (although this is imperceptible to contaminated worldly eyes) and is empty only in the sense of being free of suffering and of the 25 categories of painful existence into which beings get born while still trapped in samsara. In other words, Nirvana,which is equal to Liberation (moksha), the Buddha, and the Self, is not a zone of total nothingness or dreary blankness. For those who dwell within Great Nirvana (the abode of the Buddhas), it has its own manifest colourful and cool delights. Here is what the Buddha says on the question of Emptiness and Liberation: 

       大般若涅磐经的最重要的一个启示就是大涅磐而不是它自己永恒实相的空性。与某些佛教徒的教义和信仰相反,佛陀在这里宣布说涅磐解脱有自己的形式(尽管它是对受污染的世俗的眼睛来说这是微妙的)而且是空的仅在自由的感觉之中和25类痛苦的存在在那里生命出生了同时被困在轮回之中。从其它的词来说,涅磐,这是和解脱相同的(解脱moksha),佛,真正的自我,不是一个完全什么都没有的领域或沉闷的空白区。由于那些住在大涅磐(停留在佛),它有自己明显的颜色和冷静的高兴。这里是佛陀对空性和解脱的问题所说的。

     

      Emptiness (shunyata) means that one can find nothing even after having sought it. Although the Nirgranthas (Jains) also have a 'nothing', Liberation is not like that. Emptiness is like this: concerning a honey jar, a butter jar, an oil jar, a water jar, or a yoghurt jar, no matter whether there is any yoghurt in the jar or not, it is still called a 'yoghurt jar', and similarly no matter whether there is any honey or water there or not, one still calls them a honey jar or a water jar. How can one then say that the jar is empty or that the jar is intrinsically empty in the absence of that [yoghurt and so forth]?

        虚空shunyata)意味这一个人什么都没有发现即便是已经找到了。尽管这外道(耆那教徒)也有一个虚空,解脱不象是这样。虚空是这样的:一个蜂蜜罐,一个黄油罐,一个油罐,一个水罐,或者一个酸奶罐,无论这里是否有酸奶在罐里或没有,这仍然叫做酸奶罐,相似的是无论这里有什么蜂蜜或水这里没有,一个人仍然叫他们一个蜂蜜罐或水罐。一个人怎样说这个罐子是空的或者 如果确缺乏(酸奶之类的)这个罐子本质上是空的?

   

If it has both form and colour, how is it empty? Liberation is not that sort of [utter] emptiness, for Liberation also has a perfection of shape and colour and thus, just as one says that a yoghurt pot is empty because there is no yoghurt in it, even though one perceives that it is not empty, one says that Liberation is empty, while it is not (actually) empty. How can one say that it is empty while it has form (rupa)  The term, 'empty', is applied to Liberation because it is devoid of the various aspects of the kleshas (mental afflictions), the 25 conventional modes of existence, suffering, mundane teachings, observances and arising perceptual domains, just as the yoghurt jar is devoid of yoghurt. Just as the form of the jar itself remains immutably, there is regarding (Liberation) utter Bliss, Joy, Permanence (nitya), Stability - Unshakeability (dhruva), Eternity (sasvata), supramundane Dharma, observances and perceptual domains. Like the form of the jar, Liberation is Permanent, Stable and Eternal; but the jar will (eventually) get broken, because it is merely established through causal circumstances. Because Liberation (moksha) is not created (akrta), it will not perish. That which is Liberation is an unfabricated Dhatu (Element), and that is the Tathagata. 

  如果它只有形式和颜色,它怎样是空的呢?解脱不是那种(绝对)的空,由于解脱是一种非常完美的形式和颜色和因此,正如一个人说这个酸奶罐是空的因为它没有酸奶在里面,尽管一个人可以觉察到这不是空的,一个人可以说那个解脱是空的,但是它实际上不是空的。一个人如何说它是空的而它有色(rupa.这个术语,“虚空”,运用于解脱因为它是缺乏不同方面的烦恼(心理烦恼),这25个习惯的形式,苦难,普遍的教学,观察和产生知觉领域,就象是酸奶罐没有酸奶。就象是罐子的形式仍然是不可改变的,这是关于(解脱)说的极乐,喜悦,永恒(nitya),稳定-不可动摇(dhruva),永恒(sasvata),超级大法,观察和知觉领域。就象是罐子的形式,解脱是永恒的,稳定的和永恒的,但是这个罐子将最后破坏,因为它仅仅是通过因果环境建立起来的。因为解脱(moksha)不是创建akrta),它不会消失。这就是说解脱是没有编造的Dhatu元素),而这就是如来。

0

阅读 评论 收藏 转载 喜欢 打印举报/Report
  • 评论加载中,请稍候...
发评论

    发评论

    以上网友发言只代表其个人观点,不代表新浪网的观点或立场。

      

    新浪BLOG意见反馈留言板 电话:4000520066 提示音后按1键(按当地市话标准计费) 欢迎批评指正

    新浪简介 | About Sina | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 招聘信息 | 网站律师 | SINA English | 会员注册 | 产品答疑

    新浪公司 版权所有