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上部座佛教和大乘佛教产生的佛教术语和哲学概念(七)

(2010-02-03 19:55:47)
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You have asked what the Buddha-dhatu is, so listen with sincerity, listen with sincerity. I shall analyse and elucidate it for your sake. Nobly-born one, the Buddha-dhatu is termed 'Ultimate Emptiness' (paramartha-shunyata), and Ultimate Emptiness is termed "Awareness / Knowingness" (jnana). So-called 'Emptiness' is neither viewed as Emptiness nor as non-Emptiness. The wise perceive Emptiness and non-Emptiness, the Eternal (nitya) and the Impermanent (anitya), Suffering (duhkha) and Bliss (sukha), Self (atman) and non-Self (anatman). The Empty is the totality of samsara, and the non-Empty is Great Nirvana; non-Self is samsara, and the Self is Great Nirvana (maha-nirvana).

      你问佛性是什么,请真诚的听,诚意的倾听。我将要分析和说明这一点。高贵的人,佛性是被称为终极空虚(paramartha-shunyata),,终极的空虚是意识/知道(智能)。所以叫做空虚是没有被视作空虚也不是没有空虚。这个智慧的感觉是空虚和非空虚,这个永恒(nitya)和无常(anitya),痛苦(duhkha)和祝福sukha),自我(atman)和无我anatman)。这个虚空是完全的轮回,而非虚空是大涅磐。无我是轮回,自我是大涅磐(maha-nirvana).

  

To perceive the Emptiness of everything and not to perceive non-Emptiness is not termed the Middle Way; to perceive the non-Self of everything and not to perceive the Self is not termed the Middle Way. The Middle Way is termed the Buddha-dhatu. For this reason, the Buddha-dhatu is eternal and unchanging. Because beings are enveloped in ignorance, they are unable to perceive it. Sravakas (less advanced followers of the Buddha) and Pratyekabuddhas (solitary Buddhas who generally do not teach) perceive the Emptiness of everything, but do not perceive the non-Emptiness; they perceive the absence of Self in all things but do not perceive the Self. For this reason, they do not attain the Ultimate Emptiness. Because they do not attain the Supreme Emptiness, they do not walk the Middle Way. Because they lack the Middle Way, they do not perceive the Buddha-dhatu." (Dharmakshema).

  觉察到一切事物的虚空和没有感觉到虚空都不是中道。感觉到每件事是无我和没有感觉到自我不能叫做中道。中道被叫做佛性。由于这个原因,佛性是永恒的和不变的。因为生命是包裹在无知之中的,他们不能觉察到它。声闻乘(佛的水平不高的弟子)和辟支佛(独觉但一般不教育)觉察到了每个事物的空性。他们觉察到了自我在所有的事情之中的缺失但没有觉察到真我。由于这个原因,他们不能证道最高的空性。由于他们没有达到最高的空性,他们没有走中道。因为他们缺乏中道,他们没有感知到佛性。(Dharmakshema).

 

 

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