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(2009-08-14 22:59:14)


Memorization is the fundamental of Education


           Memorization can be defined as a factor that makes one’s educational process and livelihood more feasible.  Memorization literally means to recollect and memorize things into mind.  Memorization has contributed to build up both Eastern and Western philosophical thinking.  People in the past believed the existence of a soul based on the dreams and memory.  Later this concept of soul made a big revolution in the philosophical thinking.  It’s widely believed by many that this “memory” helped people to think further.  Therefore it is discussed here about the importance of memory power and how it can be achieved and developed, because it will be of great importance to both teachers and students.





Everything a person enjoys sees, hears and feels during his lifetime will be fed into his memory.  To say that a man lives means is to store a series of activities.  In normal life, these activities turn into one’s experiences and concepts.  But it is impossible for man to retain everything that he experiences, in his mind.  But he may be able to commit only some into his memory.



      Memory power will be immensely useful for a man to lead a successful life.  In narrating a story or making a statement, some facts have to be stored in one’s mind.  And these facts may be of paramount importance to one’s life.



    It has been found long ago that not only man but also animals too have memory power.  Some animals have formed marvelous acts through their memory power.  But man has a very advanced state of memory power than any other being and this state can be different from person to person.



           Modern scientists have attempted very hard to develop this “memory power” of man into an advanced level.  Plato has found that there are special faculties or cells inside human brains and one’s memory power can be developed through these cells.  It is mentions in Buddhist literature that Buddha possessed 73 special cognitive faculties like divine eyes and telepathy etc.  It was evidently clear that all the cells that could be activated.  Since all cognitive abilities were fully developed to their full fruition he was called Buddha.  Parapsychologists who do research on “Memory Power”  which extends beyond the ambit of the field of study done by modern and western psychologist, who do research on extra-perception, have expressed that memory power is the result of the cycle of birth.


     Accordingly, parapsychologists indicate that “Memory Power” is coming down from time immemorial even before the origin of man.  Some express that memories of the past birth can be activated by mesmerism.  Many perceptions in one’s lifetime and other conceptions in his past births have been stored in one’s mind.  Activating and recollecting of these memories stored in one’s conscious and subconscious mind where necessary, is considered memorization.

    因此,前卫的心理学家表明 “记忆能力”是从远古而来的甚至在人类的起源之前。有些研究则表明通过催眠可以回忆前世。人一生之中的很多观念和过去生的其他的观念已储存在一个人的心理了。在需要的地方激活并回忆起这些储存在人的意识和潜意识中的记忆,被认为是记忆。


           One’s memorization process can be categorized into three stages.


                 I.  Feeding into memory

                 II. Retaining or storing up in memory

III.             Recollecting or activating the memory





           Many perceptions are fed into the mind though the five aggregates i.e. visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory and tactile means.  Eye always focuses on visuals and establishes memory images in mind.  So do other senses and store thoughts which in turn become “memorization”


           The first and foremost role of the teacher is to transmit this sense-based process to students in such a way that it could be absorbed and borne by them.  The second stage of this process is to store in mind these memory images based on the five senses.  The third stage is to recollect and reactivate these memories where necessary.




           Modern researches done on “memorization” have attempted to study the course of actions and consolidate and fertilize them and to develop the memorization.  It has been found that memories in subconscious mind are activated during dreams.  Researchers have found three stages in memorization.


                 I.   Sensual memorization

                 II.  Short term memorization

III.             Long term memorization





           Sensual memorization means to assimilate something by the conscious mind.  This occurs fast and immediately after something is seen.  These memories remain for a short period and will fade away within one or two days.


           Later these memories are reactivated for several times and they are deposited firmly in the sub conscious mind.  This process of memorization can take place even after two or three days.  Research has shown that memories can easily be reactivated from the subconscious mind.  For example if a student studies something repeatedly, the facts are reposed in subconscious mind.  Then those memories will not fade away within a short period.


      When something is memorized the cells are activated in a moment.  Therefore the facts given to students by a teacher should be well organized.  Here “well organized” means, those facts should be presented to students in an easy and systematic way to understand.  Man can assimilate only a small amount of what he sees and hears.  If this is to happen, systematic and well-organized teaching should be done.


      Stage of sensual memorization is of utmost importance.  Different people react with the world in different ways and this happens according to peoples’ different mentalities.  Small children and elderly people have a short-term memory power but this differ according to cognitive levels of individuals.  Researchers done on “memorization” have found that secondary students have a good memory power.



           Sir Francis Goulton is the first to show that people with high degree of intelligence have an advanced state of memory power.  Due to external factors like drugs and liquor, and internal factors like adverse emotional development it has been found that memory power can be minimized.  Buddhism advocates that drugs and liquor lose the intellectual potency of a person.


           The next important aspect in memorization is the long-term memory power.  This means to keep something in one’s memory for a longer period.  The time cannot be calculated here for memory.  This too differs from person to person.  According to Buddhism, memory power of a person can remain with him even after death until the last birth.  These memories can be considered as past traits and characteristic properties of the past birth of a person.  Researchers have proved that some children have exceptional memories of their past birth.  This shows that long-term memory power can live longer.  A person can keep any amount of information in one’s long-term memory.  Researchers have found that how this long-term memory can be developed in man.


           Sound mind of a person can contribute for a long-term memory power.  A person with a high intellectual level may absorb something and maintain it for a longer period in memory.  This can also happen if the same is repeatedly studied.


           Loss of memory power means, what is absorbed by a person fades away in different forms.  In the educational process, memorization occupies a significant place.  The exam success of a student depends on the amount of information that can be memorized.  A student with a high power of memorization and recollecting facts may score high marks at examinations.  The present examination system has been designed to test the students’ memory power.  Therefore the teacher should help the students how to develop their memory power.  The two major methods to develop memory power are recollecting and by rote learning.  Rote learning can be practiced in parts or being divided into categories.  Another effective method to develop “memory” is to make the same thing re-read and seen repeatedly.




      Good interpretation by the lecturer will help the student to keep them in memory. In teaching, recapitulation of the past knowledge by the lecturer is greatly conductive to develop memory power.  Teaching without cohesion should not be done by the lecturer.  It is absolutely necessary for the lecturer to organize his teaching so that the student may keep them in memory.  Therefore “memory power”  plays a significant role especially in the field education.




           01  Sussusa labhate pannan.  Alavaka sutta Page 382.  Sanyukta nikaya 1. Buddha Jayanthi book.

           02  Suta danan.  Anguttara nikaya          07 Nipata I b

           03  Sutavato ariyasavakassa assutavato putujjano. Page 246 Anguttara nikaya II P.T.S.

           04  Paratko gosapachchaya.  4 Nipata Anguttara nikaya Sotapatti sanyukta.

           05  Sabbadanam dammadanam jinati

                 Sabbam rasam damma raso jinati

                 Sabbam ratim damma rati jinati

                 Thanhakkayo sabba dukkham jinati


                 The gift of Truth excels all (other) gifts.  The flavor of Truth excels all (other) flavors.  The pleasure in Truth                       excels all (other) pleasures.  He who has distorted craving overcomes all sorrow.



                 Dammapada – Tanha vagga, 354 verse.  Translated from Pali by Narada Thera, Vajirarama, Colombo.

           06  Ovadeyyanusaseyya – asabbha ca nivaraye satam hi so piyo hoti – asatam hoti appiyo.

                 Let him advice, instruct and dissuage one from evil; truly pleasing is he to the good, displeasing is he to the bad.

                 Dammapada, 77 verse, Chapter 6, Panditha vagga – I b.

           07  Nako panananda Sukaran paresan damman desetum.  Anguttara nikaya. V Nipata

                 300 page, Buddhajayanti book

           08  Paresan Ananda dammam desentena pancha damme ajjattan upattapethva paresan dammo desetabbo. i.b.

           09  Anupubbe katan katessamiti ajjattan upattapetva paresan dammo desetabbo. i. b.

           10  Danakattan, seelakatan, saggakatan, kamanan adinavan, nekkamme anisansan. Mahavaggapali 1.40- Page Buddha               Jayanthi book.

           11  Pariyaya dassami katan katan katessameti ajjattan upattapettva paresan dammam desctabbo. Anguttara nikaya III,             300 – Page Buddha Jayanthi book.

           12  Anuddayatn patichcha katan katessamiti ajattan upattapettva paresan dammam desetabbo.  Anguttara nikaya III               300- Page Buddha Jayanthi book.

           13  Na amisanta karo katan katessamiti ajattan upattapettva paresan dammam desetabbo. 300- Page i.b.

           14  Attanka paranda anupachcha katan katessamiti ajattan upattapettva paresan dammam desetabbo. 300 –Page i.b.

           15  Na bhikkave ayatakena geetassarena dammo gaitabbo – Yo gayeyiya aptti dukkatassati Chullavaggapali II -  Page                12 Buddha Jayanthi book.

           16  Vissatta manju vingeiya savaneya visarino bindu gambhira ninnadetveva mattangiko saro.













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