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顾家北范文解读(苏州新东方雅思写作名师龚露老师原创

(2009-07-14 20:55:30)
标签:

教育

分类: 雅思写作

第五类:生活方式和社会观念

Topic 33: People tend to work long hours nowadays. Working long hours has negative effect on themselves, their families and their society, so working hours should be restricted. Do you agree or disagree?

闪光词汇:

Impede=hold back=hinder=hamper   阻碍,阻止

Productive=fertile=yielding 多产的,具备工作能力的

Chronic=persistent=never-ending   长期的,不会停止的

Optimization=best use  最大程度上的利用

Tolerance=forbearance  容忍

Disregard=pay no attention to=ignore=take no notice of  忽视,忽略

Scheduling=arrangement=preparation 安排,计划

Arrangement=roster=timetable  工作安排,时间表

Redesign=re-arrangement=re-schedule=re-organization  重新安排

Damage personal relationships, disrupt social relationships and impede community activities.

破坏了个人与个人之间的关系,损害了个人的社会关系以及阻碍了社区的活动

Psychological disturbance 心理疾病

High turnover and absenteeism 员工的高流通率和缺席率

Low productivity and frequent sick leaves  

过低的劳动生产效率以及员工过于频繁的病假。

高分句型:   

Sth has been given serious thought   某事物被给与重视

I am supportive of the argument that ~~~对于某某观点我持赞成意见

Sth triggers at least ~~problems 某事物至少引发了两个问题

To sb , Sth , although promising maximum benefit from limited resources every now and then, have destructive effects in the long term.

对于某人而言,某事物虽然在近期能够由有限的资源获取最大的收益,但是长期看来有很大的坏处。

Sth has chronic effects, disabling the optimization of resource use, human capital and natural resources.

某事物的(消极)影响是潜移默化的,它使得自然、人力等资源无法最大化地优化利用。

Reliance on the jobs with extended hours has become a regular event.

会使员工超时工作的一种依赖性

Tolerance of this practice would allow employers to exploit labor and disregard the benefits that employees are entitled for, therefore posing a challenge to the legal system.

对这种行为的纵容会导致雇主对雇员的剥削这一行为,同时也会使雇主置雇员的正当利益于不顾,这一过程又对法律系统构成了威胁。

 

 

 

Topic 34: What is the difference between the traditional food and fast food?
闪光词汇:

Under fire=embattled=under attack=debated  受到攻击,受到争论

Cuisine=style of cooking=cookery=knowledge of preparing food. 烹饪的方法

Richness=diversity=variety  多样性,丰富性

Varying=changing=altering 多变的

Outlet=store=restaurant=shop   多变的

Time-minded eaters 有时间观念的饮食者

Ethnic diversity  民族多样性

Have incorporated healthier alternatives in their menu.

在他们的菜单中融入了更加健康饮食选择

Sb/sth is a telling example.某事就是一个典型范例

Community spirit and family solidarity 社区以及家庭的凝聚力

高分句型

Sth is under fire over the last decade, following people’s growing concern on sth.

事物A在过去十年当中备受争议,同时也导致了人们对事物B的关注

Although people’s some habit have shown a tendency to favor sth, large numbers of studies have been concentrated on its adverse impact.

虽然某习惯使得人们对事物A越来越趋之若鹜。一直以来,大量的研究主要集中于探讨事物A的负面。

A is distinguished from B mainly by the selection of sth and sth

事物A区别于事物B的主要原因在于原料的选取过程不同。

Which has its emphasis on diversity and richness of sth.

事物A强调事物B的丰富和事物C的多样性

The choice is so limited that it’s virtually impossible to select a combination of items with even a moderate energy density.

选择的品种是如此地稀少以至于顾客不能从中选择一个能量密度搭配合理的饮食。

It is important to realize that sth has many of its cultural and social meaning.

认识某事物有其文化和社会学上的意义这一点非常重要。

Sth discourage sb from doing sth.

某事阻止人们做某事

Having a traditional meal is of importance in many social situations, and can be taken as a unifying element in family life, bring people together in times of trouble and in times of joy.

传统聚餐在很多的场合之中非常重要,它是家庭成员和睦团结的因素之一,使得人们无论是在顺境还是逆境中都能共同度过。

The real cost of sth is shockingly high.

某事物的真正代价出奇的高

 

 

 

 

 

Topic 35: As most people spend a major part of adult life at the place of work, job satisfaction is an important part of individual well-being. What are the factors that contribute to job satisfaction? Are all the expectations for job satisfaction realistic?

闪光词汇:

Morale=drive=spirit=positive feeling  信心,士气,自尊(常指企业的员工)

Intrinsic=inherent=basic=natural=native  内在的,自然的

Extrinsic=extraneous  外来的

Outlook=what is expected to happen in the future=prospect  前景

Irrespective of=regardless of 不管

Adversity=hardship=difficulty=hards conditions=hard times  逆境,恶劣的环境

Tenure =term 任期

Law of the jungle 弱肉强食,森林原则

Some are intrinsic,while others are extrinsic  有些因素是内在的,另一些是外在的

To have their contribution valued and appreciated. 使得他们的工作成果受到尊重和赏识

One's commitment has been recognized. 某人的承诺实现了

Live up to the expectation of sb   满足某人的期望值

Weak economy, rapidly changing technology and likelihood of downsizing.

不景气的经济,技术的迅速发展以及与日俱增的裁员可能性。

The length of the tenure is shortened.任期变短

高分句型:

It is of broad interest to sb because of its potential impact on sth 事物A成为某人关注的对象因为它对事物B的潜在影响

In the next part of the essay is a discussion concerning whether one's expectation for job satisfaction are always appropriate.

在接下来的文章将会重点讨论某人对工作满意度的期望值是否合理。

It is understandable that sth are the main elements an employee will normally look into when uating whether a job is desirable no not.

可以理解的是,这些都是一个员工评价一个工作是否让人满意的主要因素。

It is believed that employees with a positive outlook on life and full of optimism are more likely to achieve higher job satisfaction irretrospective of the job or the work place they are in.

众所周知的是,具有正确人生观以及对生活持积极态度的人更有可能获得更高的工作满意度不管他们身处何种工作岗位和工作地点。

Sth allow sb to function well in fact of adversity and prevent them from becoming depressed.

某事物能使某人无论在顺境还是逆境中都能保持一种良好的工作状态而不沮丧。

The laws of the jungle apply here: Only the strongest competitors will win access to the majority of the resource.

生存竞争的法则在这里是适用的:只有最强的竞争才能获取最主要的资源。

As suggested above, sth is attributed to different factors, both extrinsic and intrinsic.

综上所述,某事是由不同的内部和外部因素所导致的。

 

 

Topic 36: Some people think that changing jobs periodically is good. What is your opinion?

高分词汇:

Inevitable=inescapable=unavoidable  不可避免的

Keen=intense=strong=stiff  激烈的

Vulnerable=in a weak position=defenceless  不确定的,容易遭受袭击的

Complacent=satisfied=unworried=contented  对...满意的,放心的

Chance=possibility=likelihood=prospect 机会,几率

Crave for=long for=desire=yearn for  渴望

Resilience=flexibility=resistance  柔韧性,抵抗力

Glimpse=glance=quick look 

Thrust=driving force=impetus  推动力

The keen competition 激烈的竞争

Complacent about the current situation 对现阶段的形式很满足

A sound career move 成熟的工作转变

闪光句型:

In this fast-changing world, sth is not a rare scene. 

在这个快节奏的社会里,某现象司空见惯。

Much has been discussed about the gains and losses of such a move.

对该举人们竞相讨论它的好处和坏处

Lessen the possibility of sth

减少某事物发生的可能性

It is imperative for every potential job seeker to learn the new employer better and uate the potential risk.

对于潜在的求职者来说,他们必须更好地了解新的雇主以及及时评估新工作的好处和坏处。

The above facts give one a glimpse of the potential results of doing sth.

以上的事实可以帮助我们预想做某事的潜在结果。

Provide a thrust for self-development 为某人自身的发展提供一个很好的动力

 

Topic 37 : What are the factors that causes stress and how to cope with stress?

高分词汇:

Lifelong=lasting=enduring=all-time   永远的,永生的

Form=develop=take shape  发展,形成

Lifestyle=way of life=daily life= everyday life 生活方式

Unpleasant=disagreeable  是人不愉快的,让人厌恶的‘

Unmanageable=uncontrollable 不可控制的

Interpret=understand=construe 理解,解释

Cheerful=positive  乐观的,开朗的

Disposition=character=temperament 品格,品性

Practicable=workable 可以实施的

Block out=erase=forget=wipe out  抹去,忘记,消除

Disharmony with others 与他人关系相处的不平衡

The effect of stress management skills actually varies from person to person.

事实上,抗压

能力因人而异。

Nurture a good state of mind and to perceive things positively.

培养一种积极良好的心态

闪光句型:

Something remains to be a subject of controversy to sb

对某人来说,某事物仍然备受争议。

The objective of this essay is to outline both the sources of sth and appropriate ways of dealing with it.

本文的目的是为了探讨某事物的源起以及提出相应的解决措施。

Failure to balance sth cause sb either to struggle with deteriorating health or to cope with psychological distress.

没有在事物A和事物B之间取得一个平衡会使某人遭受身体上的每况愈下以及心理上的巨大压力。 

A problem taken as a threat by many people might be accepted as a positive challenge to others.

对于某些人来说,某事物是恶魔,但对于另外一些人来说,该事物却像一个个能够提升自己水平和能力的积极挑战。

It is widely believed that people of a cheerful disposition is less likely to be heavily affected by adversity.

众所周知,一个乐天派不大有可能因为厄运的降临而情绪大受影响。

Methods to cope with sth are many, but the most effective ones are in fact not remote  or complicated, but accessible and practical.

处理某事物的方法不胜枚举,但是最有效的方法并不是遥不可及,而是切实可行。

 

Topic 38: Fashion is difficult to follow, and some people argue that we should not follow it.They think that we should dress what we like and feel comfortable.Do you agree or disagree?

闪光词汇:

At odds with=in opposition to=contrary against=against 和...相反,与....一致

Induce=stimulate=generate=bring 带来,促成

Beware of=be careful of=be cautious about=wary of  对....小心,谨慎

At most=to the maximum 最大,最多

Slavishly=sequaciously 盲从的

Outlandish=bizarre=peculiar=eccentric  古怪的,奇异的

Spurn=reject=rebuff=scorn=disdain=despise=repulse 反感,反对,拒绝,藐视

高分句式:

The growing concern over sth comes as no surprise, considering the fact that~

对某事物的关注与日俱增,但考虑到某事实,这事并不奇怪。

Sth is not a betrayal but an indicative of a principle that

某事能够很好地论证某一真理,而不是这个真理的反面

A fashion indicates one's taste, social class, likes and dislikes.

时尚能够体现一个人的品味及其喜好

Sth is designed and tailored to please sb.

某事是为了取悦某人而设计和加工。

With all types of images and colours, clothing is capable of giving sb a desired look, boosting their moods and increasing their self-confidence.

有了各种形式和颜色,服装能够给与人们他们想要的外在形象,让他们的心情变得从所谓有的好,同时提升他们的自我信心。

Follow the current fashion slavishly and pursuing the clothing with promised quality and limited availability ceaselessly

盲目地追寻当今的流行风,不断地追寻商家允诺的某服装质量以及限量版的新装。

There is no point in spurning sth

鄙视某事物是毫无意义的。

 

Topic 39:Discuss the reasons why people define happiness differently and how to obtain happiness.

高分词汇:  

Subject to=influenced by =exposed to  受.....的影响

Fad=fashion=trend=cult=craze  潮流,热潮

Subjective =personal  主人的,个人的

Sacrifice=give up=forgo  放弃

Sth is subject to change 某事处于一个不断变化的过程

Intrinsic factors 内在因素

Give different weight to different subject 对事情采取的权重不同

Identify the top priority 会对事情设置轻重缓急

闪光句型:

As far as I know, the perception of sth differs considerably from one individual to another as a result of mixed effect of individual characteristics and environmental factors.

就我个人而言,我认为,由于个人性格因素以及所处环境不同,对某现象的看法也因人而异。

One has the passion for toys as young child, fashionable clothing as a youth, an admirable occupation as an adult and possibly the company of family members as an elder.

幼年时,渴求玩具;少年时,追随时尚;中年时,希望工作体面;老年时,憧憬儿孙满堂。

Take monetary wealth as an example, some people sacrifice everything in their pursuit of wealth, whereas some people take money lightly, Instead, they treasure family, friends, hobbies and philanthropy.

以金钱为例,有些人为了追求财富牺牲自身所有,但另外一些人却视金钱如粪土而推崇自己的家庭,朋友,个人爱好以及博爱之道。

Whether sth is attainable or not 某事是否可达到

High levels of expectation of the future might bring nothing but high levels of stress and a sense of disappointment.

对未来的高期待值只会带来自身过大的压力以及自我挫败感。

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