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高考常用词组(四)

(2009-06-01 18:23:54)
标签:

高考

英语

词组

总结

教育

分类: 高三进行
Date
out of date 过时
to date 到目前为止
up to date 跟上时代,符合现在情况
date back to 可追溯到,
date from 从某时期开始,…就已存在
Day
all day (long)/ the whole day long 一整天
by day 白天里
day after day 日复一日,一天又一天
day and night/ night and day 夜以继日地,日夜地
day by day 一天天地
day in (and) day out 日复一日地,不断地
from day to day 一天一天地
in the days to come 将来
in the old days 在过去
in those days 那时候,在那些日子里
one day 总有一天
some day 将来哪一天(某一天)
(the) day aftter tomorrow 后天
(the) day before yesterday 前天
the other day 不久以前,前两天
these days 现在(今)
to this day 直到今天
Deal
a good (great) deal of 大量的(跟不可数)
a great (good) deal 很多东西(情况,事情等)
deal in 做…买卖,出售,经营
deal with 和…打交道,对付,对待,处理
Debt
in debt 负债,受过(某人的)好处、恩惠等
get/ run into debt 开始负债
(get) out of debt 不再负债,偿清债务
Delight
take (a) delight in 喜欢(干某事),从…中取乐
to one’s delight 使某人高兴的是
Demand
demand to do 要求做某事
in demand 有需要(求)
make demands on/ of 对…提出要求,需要花费
Depend
depend on/ upon 依靠,信赖,指靠
depend upon it 请相信,没问题,请放心(多用在句首或句尾)
It all depends/ that depends 这都难说,得看情况
Detail
go (enter) into detail(s) 细谈
in detail 详细地
Die
die away  (尤指声音、风、光)渐渐消失
die down  (物质特性和感情的)逐渐减弱,逐渐平息,静下来,熄灭
die for sth. / to do sth.  迫切想得到某物/想做某事
die from 由于…而死,因..致死
die of由于…而死,因..致死
die off   (一群生物)相继死去
die out   (家族, 种族) 灭绝, 死绝  (做法, 观念) 完全消失, 绝迹, 废除
 (1)As a result,many westerners die at an early age from heart illnesses.
  die from死于……(除疾病或情感以外的原因)
  die from an accident/the polluted air/a bad habit/lack of water
  die of死于……(指疾病、情感、饥寒、年老等原因)
die of illness/a fever/hunger/sadness/thirst/laughing
die by(暴毙)one’s own hand(自杀)/violence(死于暴力) `
die through carelessness/neglect疏忽而死
die in battle 战死
(2)Ronny’s steps had died away,and there was a moment of silence.消逝
(3)The wind has died away again.平息
(4)It is thought that between the years 1 550 and 1950 an average of one kind of living thing died
out each year.灭绝,不复存在
Disadvantage
at a disadvantage 处于不利地位
put/ keep sb at a disadvantage 使处于/ 继续处于不利地位
to sb’s disadvantage 对某人不利
Distance
at a/ some distance 在一定距离的地方
at a distance of 在…远的地方
from a distance 从一定远处/ 距离
in the distance 在远处,远方的
keep at a distancce 保持一定距离,不很亲密
keep one’s distance from 对…比较冷淡,离…较远
(1) The picture looks better at a distance.
(2) The sound of the waterfall may be heard at  a distance of two miles.
(3) It looks beautiful fom a distance.
(4) It was difficult to get to know her because she always kept everyone at a distance.
(5) Mary didn’t like Betty, and kept her distance form her.
Do
do sb.just公道的对待           
That will do!那就行了!              
do a good deed 做好事,干得好,搞好工作
do away with 消灭,清除,取消,破除,处理  
do experiment/ research
do good (to sb.) 有好处,有用处,做好事
do harm (to sb.) 有害处,不利           
do sb. a favour 帮个忙
do sb. good/ harm 对某人有好处/坏处     
do / try one’s best 尽力,竭力
do the deed 付诸行动,生效            
do one’s duty 履行职责
do up 收拾,整理,修理,打扮,包,捆
do well 做得对,做得好
do with 处理,对付,想,将就用
do without 不用,不吃,不要,不(干某事)
do wonder创造奇迹                 
do wrong (right) 做错(对)           
have sth (nothing)to do with和…有(无)关
 (1)一I have some difficulty in pronouncing 80me of the words in English.
  一No,you’re doing fine.(工作、学习、生活、生长等)情况(好)
    I'm happy in my work in the garden.I'm doing well.
    Will it do if we let you have an answer by Friday?行,够,合适,可以,凑合
(2)Let’s do up this loom first.整理,收拾
(3)Mary has done herself up for the party.梳妆打扮
(4)Please do up these books and post them for Mr.Smith.包,扎,系,捆
(5)do one's hair做头发/do the loom打扫房间/do the bed铺床/
do wrong to sb使某人受委屈/do business做生意,做买卖/
do right做得好/do wrong做错事,做坏事
Doubt
beyond doubt 毫无疑问
in doubt 怀疑,不肯定
no doubt 肯定地,想必
without doubt 毫无疑问,一定地
down(adv. Prep.)
bring down 使倒下,击落             
break down 分解
burn down把……烧成平地,烧光      
get down to sth/ doing sth.开始认真(做某事)
hand down 把……传下来
let down 辜负期望,做对不起某人的事,使失望           
put down记下,镇压
teardown 拆毁,拆除               
turn down 关小,调低,拒绝
down the road /street 沿这条街
down to earth 实际,踏实,有头脑
up and down 来回地
upside down 倒了,颠倒
write/ take down 写下来,记下来
Draw
draw a conclusion 得出结论
draw apart 越离越远
draw aside 拉到一边
draw back 退回,往后退
draw near 临近,接近
draw off 撤退,后退,抽掉
draw on 临近,到来
draw on/ upon 利用或依靠(财力、智慧等),从…中获得
draw out 取出(存款等),拨出,(火车、汽车)缓缓开出,拉长,延长
draw up (车辆等)开近,走进,(使)停下来,草拟,制定
(1) Everyone drew back in alarm.
(2) The great day drew near.
(3) As the time drew on, all stood in readiness.
(4) I shall draw on you for assistance.
(5) She went to the bank and drew out her money.
(6) The car drew up before the filling station.
(7) We must draw up a contract.
Drop
drop back 后退,往回走,留在后面,下降
drop behind 落在后面,待在后面
drop by 顺便看望,顺便到
drop in 顺便来访,到...家来
drop in on sb
drop in at some place
drop off 下降,减退,减少,掉下,脱落,(让…)下车,让搭车到,睡着了,打盹
drop out 退出,掉队,退学
drop over 顺表来访

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