加载中…
个人资料
heardsaid
heardsaid
  • 博客等级:
  • 博客积分:0
  • 博客访问:362,865
  • 关注人气:130
  • 获赠金笔:0支
  • 赠出金笔:0支
  • 荣誉徽章:
相关博文
推荐博文
正文 字体大小:

强调句型

(2011-04-09 16:28:36)
标签:

强调句型

杂谈

分类: 转来的----别人的故事

It iswas+...whothat强调句型使用频率很高,高考也很注重对它的考查,但该句型结构复杂,变化多样,在实际使用过程中很有难度。本文通过以下几个方面对强调句型进行较为全面的考察。

一、如果强调句型指现在或未来情况用It is,指过去情况用It was

It was I that spent my first 18 years in Anqing.

It is I that spend my first 18 years in Anqing.

 

二、被强调部分往往是句子的主语、宾语、时间状语和地点状语,但有时也可强调比较复杂的内容,如时间状语从句、条件状语从句、not until...、not only...butalso...、...as well as...等结构。

(2007年重庆) It is not who is right but what is right __ is of importance.

  A. which         B. it           C. that          D. this

解析:句意:重要的不是谁对而是什么是对的。任何强调句都可以通过删除It is / was... that...来还原成非强调句。本句可以还原为Not who is right but what is right is of importance.本句因使用了not...but...(不是...而是...)所连接两个并列的主语从句使题目的难度加大了很多.本题正确答案是C.

 

三、被强调部分是人称代词时,原句用什么格,强调句也用什么格。

 It was I that spent my first 18 years in Anqing.  ( )

 It was me  that spent my first 18 years in Anqing. ( )

解析:强调句型中的被强调部分只要从原句中照搬过来就行,不要改变原句中主宾格,时态和数.作题时可以试图通过把强调句转换成非强调句来判断.  

 

四、关于强调词的选用,强调人时可用whothat;如果不强调人一律用that。此时绝不能和定语从句混淆,被强调部分为时间状语、地点状语或者原因状语时不能误用whenwherewhy

It was him whothat I saw the day before yesterday

解析:该句原句为:I saw him the daybefore yesterday.该句指过去情况,所以强调句型应使用It was开头;被强调部分为原句宾语宾格人称代词him,所以强调句型仍用him作被强调部分;被强调部分指人,所以用whothat

It was in the street that I met himyesterday

解析:该句原句为:I met him in thestreet yesterday.该句仍指过去情况,所以强调句型仍以It was开头,被强调部分虽为地点状语,但不能用where,只能用that

It was because he was seriously ill that he died

解析:该句原句为:He died because hewas seriously ill.被强调部分为结构复杂的原因状语从句,但不能用why,只能用that

 

五、强调句型的一般疑问句结构为:Is Was it…whothat…

Was it during the Second WorldWar that he died

解析:该句虽不以It was开头,而以Was it开头,是强调句型的一般疑问句形式。所以当被强调部分为时间状语时,应用that

 

六、强调句型的特殊疑问句结构为:特殊疑问词+is was it that…?(强调句型的特殊疑问句只能强调特殊疑问词)

Where was it that you found your lostpen

解析:该句虽以Where开头,但后边的was it仍说明该句使用的是强调句型,被强调部分为特殊疑问词where,表地点,所以应使用that。又如:

When was it that you got  to know each other.

 

七、强调句型中的is was前面可用must may might等表推测的情态动词。

It might be inthis room that he met her

解析:该句It waswas前面虽用might,但该句仍然是强调句。

 

八、被强调部分为时间状语和地点状语时,有可能先接定语从句,再接强调句型,应多加思考,不能混用。

It was on October 1st1949 when he joined the Party that he was killed

解析:该句的中心不是说明 1949101他入党,而是说1949101他被杀害,he joined the Party是定语从句,所以,首先是when引导的定语从句,然后是that强调句。又如:

It was in the place where the boys played that  he found the textbook.

It was an old lady who opened the door when we knocked at it.

(2007 江西,34) I do not know her criticizing me, but ___ is how she does it that I object to.

A. it          B. that           C. this           D. which                                       (A)

解析:句意,她批评我我不介意,但是我不赞同她批评我的方式.本题考察强调句.强调对象是宾语从句how she does it.本句还原成非强调句后结构就更加清晰了:I object to how she does it(=I object to the way she criticizes me).

 

九、判断强调句型的使用是否正确的方法是将强调结构去掉,如果去掉强调结构后的句子仍然完整正确,强调句型就正确,否则就不正确。

It was six years ago that he wentto Tokyo

解析:该句强调句型使用正确,因为去掉强调结构后,该句仍然是一正确句子。即:Six years ago he went to Tokyo.这是处理强调句的一种非常有效且简便的方法.

 

十、"not...until..."句型的强调 . 强调until 短语或until 从句时,需要将原主句中not until 放在一起.做这类题时不能简单地将强调句还原成非强调句了.

It was not until they finished all the exercises that the students left school. (原句:The students did not leave school until they finished all the exercises.

(2007 浙江,10) It ___ we had stayed together for a couple of weeks ___ i found we had a lot in common.

A. was until; when    B. was until; that    C. wasn't until; when      D. wasn't until; that                       (D)

 

十一、使用省略结构.此时强调句更容易和定语从句和状语从句混淆了.

 

--- When did you come back home last night?

---   It was at about midnight ____   it was beginning to rain.

A.  when       B. where     C.  what       D. that                                                (A)

解析:本题就是强调句的省略.题中when 引导的是修饰midnight的定语从句.完整的句子应该是It was at about midnight when it was beginning to rain that we came back home.又如今年山东省的高考题:

30---Where did you get to know her?

  ---It was on the farm _____ we worked. 2007 山东』

Athat        Bthere    Cwhich      Dwhere                                        (D)

解析:It was on the farm where we worked.= It was on the farm where we worked that I got to know her.

本文来自http://blog.163.com/zhuxz789@126/blog/static/290492082007102411947106/

0

阅读 评论 收藏 转载 喜欢 打印举报/Report
  • 评论加载中,请稍候...
发评论

    发评论

    以上网友发言只代表其个人观点,不代表新浪网的观点或立场。

      

    新浪BLOG意见反馈留言板 电话:4000520066 提示音后按1键(按当地市话标准计费) 欢迎批评指正

    新浪简介 | About Sina | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 招聘信息 | 网站律师 | SINA English | 会员注册 | 产品答疑

    新浪公司 版权所有