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听Simon采访新西兰专家学习高分词汇语法句型(制作中

(2009-05-22 04:41:29)
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校园

拯救新西兰的濒危物种(听Simon采访新西兰专家学习高分词汇语法句型(录音在制作中,请关注,暂时可以先听其他的录音报道)

新西兰的枭鹦是一种不能飞的巨大鹦鹉,它求偶时会发出很奇特很大声的交配鸣叫,现在全世界只有86只存活的枭鹦。

Save New Zealand's Endangered Species

Simon Wong: The strange and powerful mating calls of the giant flightless parrot of New Zealand, the Kakapo. There are only 86 of them left in the world.

BIOLOGIST: We really should be inspired by the fact that the Kakapo is still with us. Really the kakapo has a very similar life history to that iconic extinct bird the Dodo. And yet somehow, Kakapo is still with us despite all the devastation we have wrought on these islands and with all the introduced predators we have brought here, Kakapo have managed to hang on.

Simon Wong: I'm Lynne Malcolm and in the final part of our BBC series Balancing Nature we're in the land of the long white cloud.

Biologists have described New Zealand as the closest you'll ever come to life on another planet. And as we'll hear in a pioneering country wide experiment, its extensive network of islands is being used to save its highly endangered and unique wild life.

BIOLOGIST: For example the Tuatara and the night frogs, the flightless crickets and these incredibly bizarre forms, it's a mere sized invertebrate with tast on it which only comes out at night and eats other invertebrates, saucer sized predatory snails, earthworms we meet a lot, things like the Moana kiwi. All of which have incredible qualities and the real distinctive feature I suppose is that we'd never got mammals. So what makes us unique in the world is this very wide proliferation of birds, species which we've lost but fortunately because of the honors we've managed to hang on to a few.

Simon Wong: And New Zealand is availing a growing responsibility, to save this genetic treasure house for the future.

BIOLOGIST: You only have to look around you here to see just how rich, how wealthy New Zealand is in terms of its biodiversity. The curry trees up on the hillside, these giant ferns along the stream that we're standing by, and the bird life, I can't get over the fact that I can step out of my back door and I can hear the kiwis calling in the bush. New Zealand has a tremendous resource and it's just so important that they protect it not only now but for the future.

Simon Wong: New Zealand, an alluring, ancient archipelago in the Pacific, 2000 km southeast of Australia. Nearly all its plant and invertebrate species and half its birds are found no where else in the world. But what makes this country a biodiversity hotspot is the catastrophic imbalance between its native wild life and an explosion of invasive pests.

It began with the Pacific rat arriving from Polynesia nearly 1000 years ago and escalated six hundred years later when the Norway rat jumped ship from Captain Cook's Endeavor. But as Mick Clout, an invasive species specialist from Oakland University points out, it didn't end with rats.

MICK CLOUT: We have had more than thirty species of introduced mammals established in New Zealand now. Latterly stoats, ferrets, weasels, cats, dogs, many species of dear and brush tail possums from Australia and the list goes on and on. And they have quite devastating effects. Many species have become extinct as a result of introduced mammals. It is, I believe, the most significant challenge facing conservation in New Zealand.

BIOLOGIST: In a bush that doesn't have predator control, every hectare of indigenous forests within New Zealand has between 2 and 6 ship rats and about 3 to 13 possums. So there is no place with in New Zealand that the bird populations are safe from the constant threat of these predators.

Simon Wong: The Australian brush tail possum was first brought to New Zealand in 1837 to establish a fur industry. But without mammalian competitors here the possum population grew to an estimated 70 million, and according to Bruce Burns from land care research they are devastating the country's plants and wild life.

BRUCE BURNS: When possums are in the forests, the leaves of these riot are like an ice-cream to them and you would end up with just the dead tree with no leaves on it whatsoever, and we are continuously seeing even the common New Zealand bird species declining in the areas where we were not doing something about it.

Simon Wong: More than 100 years ago, the damage caused by these pests on the New Zealand's mainland was officially recognized by the government. The country has around 1000 islands of varying sizes, many uninhabited and so is in a privileged position to use them as little arcs or life boats for endangered species.

Simon Wong:新西兰的枭鹦是一种不能飞的巨大鹦鹉,它求偶时会发出很奇特很大声的交配鸣叫,现在全世界只有86只存活的枭鹦。

生物学家:我们真的应该为枭鹦依然与人类生活在一起而欢欣鼓舞。枭鹦与绝种的渡渡鸟的生命历史十分相似。然而,尽管我们给这些岛屿造成了毁坏,尽管我们引进了食肉动物,但是枭鹦仍然坚持存活了下来。

Simon Wong:我是林恩·马尔科姆,在英国广播公司系列片《和谐自然》的最后部分,我们来到了天蓝地阔的这片土地。

生物学家把新西兰描述为你能与其他星球上的生命体验亲密接触的地方。正如我们所听到的,在一个拓荒国家大范围的实验中,交织成网状的岛屿正用于拯救处于濒危状态的独特的野生生物。

生物学家:例如大蜥蜴和夜蛙,不能飞的蟋蟀以及有着不可思议的奇怪外型的动物,它是一种小型的无脊椎动物,只在夜间活动,捕食其他无脊椎动物,茶托状的食肉蜗牛,蚯蚓是常见的动物,还有摩阿纳鹬鸵。所有动物都具有令人惊讶的特质,但我认为真正的区别在于我们从未有过哺乳动物。所以我们在世界上的独特地位来自于鸟类的大量繁殖,虽然许多种类已经灭绝了,但幸运的是,出于尊重我们成功地保留下几个种类。

Simon Wong:为了这片基因宝库能够继续留存,新西兰正在担负起日益增长的责任。

生物学家:你只须环视四周就能发现新西兰就生物多样性而言是多么富有啊!一排排咖喱树生长在山腰上,巨大蕨类植物延生在我们所站的这条河流岸边,还有鸟类,我一踏出后门就听到鹬鸵在灌木丛中的叫声,这真是让人难忘的事情。新西兰拥有如此丰富的资源,不论是目前还是为将来,自然保护在这里都十分重要。

Simon Wong:新西兰是太平洋上一个迷人的古老群岛,距离澳大利亚东南部2000公里。几乎所有植物和无脊椎动物物种以及半数的鸟类在世界上其他地方都是没有的。但是这个国家成为生物多样性热点的原因在于它的本地野生生物和大量繁殖的外来害虫间出现的灾难性不平衡。

一切是从近1000年前从玻利尼西亚来的太平洋鼠开始的,600年后挪威鼠跳离库克队长的"奋进号"也进入新西兰,于是太平洋鼠的数量开始逐渐增加。但是奥克兰大学的入侵物种研究专家米克·克劳特指出,入侵物种并不只是老鼠。

米克·克劳特:被引入新西兰并存活下来的哺乳动物现已超过30种。最近引入的物种包括白鼬、雪貂、黄鼠狼、猫、狗以及澳大利亚的刷尾负鼠,外来物种还在不断增加。它们造成了灾难性的破坏,一些物种已经因此灭绝了。我认为这是新西兰环保面临的最重大的挑战。

生物学家:在一片食肉动物不受控制的灌木丛里,每公顷的新西兰森林就有2到6只船鼠和3到13只负鼠。所以在新西兰,鸟类处处都会受到这些食肉动物的长期威胁。

Simon Wong:为了发展毛皮工业,1837年新西兰首次引进了澳大利亚刷尾负鼠。但是由于这里没有哺乳动物类的竞争者,据估计,负鼠的数量增长到了7000万只。土地保护研究机构的布鲁斯·布恩斯说,它们正在大肆破坏这个国家的植物和野生动物。

布鲁斯·布恩斯:在森林里,繁茂的树叶对负鼠来说就像是冰淇淋,它们饱餐后只剩下没有树叶的枯树。甚至在我们从未开发过的的原始丛林,我们发现普通的新西兰鸟类数量也在持续下降。

Simon Wong:新西兰大陆上由这些害虫造成的灾害在100多年前引起了政府的注意。新西兰拥有大约1000个大小不同的岛屿,其中有一些尚无人居住,这些未开发的岛屿可首先用作拯救濒危物种的小型方舟或救生船。

-------------- 高分词汇学习------------

1.mating calls 交配鸣叫

2.flightless a.不能飞的

3.inspire v.(), 鼓舞, 感动, 激发, 启示, 使生灵感, 产生吸入, 赋予灵感

例句:If you want to inspire your customers, you must first inspire your employees.
             要吸引更多的客户,你就必须首先吸引公司的员工。

4.extinct a.熄灭的, 灭绝的, 耗尽的

例句:That kind of rare wild animal is reported to be extinct.
             这种珍稀的野生动物告绝。

5.somehow ad.不知何故

例句:He dove under the on-coming train and somehow escaped with nary a scratch.
            他纵身冲到了一辆迎面开来的列车下,却不可思议般地毫发未伤。

6.devastation n. 毁坏

例句:The fighting in the second stage will be ruthless, and the country will suffer serious devastation. 
            此阶段的战争是残酷的,地方将遇到严重的破坏。

7.predator n.食肉动物, 掠夺者

8.incredible a.难以置信的

例句:Today his performance was just incredible.
             他今天的表现真是不可思议。

9.unique a.独一无二的, 独特的, 稀罕的

例句:The architectural structure of the Temple of Heaven is unique.
             天坛的建筑造型很独特。

10.invertebrate n. 无脊椎动物

11.proliferation n.增殖, 激增

12.invasive a.侵入的, 侵略性的, 攻击性的

例句:In the late 19th century, many imperialist countries waged invasive war against China.
             19世纪后半叶,许多帝国主义国家对中国进行了侵略战争。

13.escalate v. 逐步升高

例句:The war continues to escalate.
             战争还在升级。

14.privileged a.有特权的, 有特别恩典的

例句:Our dean is privileged to have his own parking spot on campus.
             我们的系主任享有在校园拥有专用停车位的特权。

15.catastrophic adj. 悲惨的,灾难的

例句:Thanks to his catastrophic blunder, the other team got two extras.
              由于他这个严重的失误,对方球队又额外得了两分。

16.bizarre adj. 奇异的

17.indigenous adj. 本土的

18.fern n. []蕨类植物

19.ferret n. 雪貂

20.mammalian n. 哺乳动物

21.pest n. 有害动[]物,毒虫,害人虫

-------------- 高分词组和习惯表达--------------

1.And yet somehow, Kakapo is still with us despite all the devastation we have wrought on these islands and with all the introduced predators we have brought here, Kakapo have managed to hang on.

manage to设法做到某事,强调一个结果做到

例句:You'd be surprised at how much you can manage to get done if you just concentrate.
             如果你专心去做,就会惊异地发现自己能够完成多大的工作量。

hang on坚持, 不挂断, 靠着, 渴望, 有赖于

例句:The students would hang on every word that their professor said.
             学生们会注意听教授所说的每句话。

还记不记得上周末学到的一个关于hang的短语?

hang out闲逛,挂出

例句1:On holidays, we like to go to the forest cabin and let it all hang out.
               在假日,我们喜欢去森林小木屋完全放轻松。
例句2:It's very dangerous to hang out of the window.
              把身子探出车外是非常危险的。


2.Latterly stoats, ferrets, weasels, cats, dogs, many species of dear and brush tail possums from Australia and the list goes on and on.

on and on不停地,继续不断地;连续不断地

例句:They walked on and on.
             他们不停地向前走。

记不记得电影《泰坦尼克号》主题曲里有一句歌词"my heart will go on and on".

3.So there is no place with in New Zealand that the bird populations are safe from the constant threat of these predators.

be safe from没受到危险的

例句:We are safe from the rain here.
              我们在这淋不到雨。

             In a church, everybody is safe from the law.
             在教学里每一个人都不受法律管。

4.But without mammalian competitors here the possum population grew to an estimated 70 million, and according to Bruce Burns from land care research they are devastating the country's plants and wild life.

according to根据; 按照;依照

例句:I'll decide to go or not according to how I feel tomorrow morning.
             我要看明早的身体状况来决定去还是不去。

相当于in accordance with

例句:To open a business it must be in accordance with the law.
             营业必须符合法规。

-------------------- 语法和高分句型解析------------------

1.We really should be inspired by the fact that the Kakapo is still with us.

【参考翻译】我们真的应该为枭鹦依然与人类生活在一起而欢欣鼓舞。

【语法学习】这一句是同位语从句

在复合句主句中名词性成分之后与该名词性成分并列, 补充说明该名词性成分的有关情况的名词性从句, 被称为同位语从句。同位语从句的先行词通常为answer, hope, fact, truth, belief, news, idea, promise, information, conclusion, order, suggestion, problem, question, thought, report, belief, decision, doubt, opinion, theory等抽象名词。

例如: The news that his heath is failing made us sad.
        他健康状况不佳的消息使我们很难过。
         I have no idea where they are spending their holidays.
         我不知道他们在哪里度假。
        The question who should do the work requires consideration.
         谁该干这项工作的问题需要考虑。
       There is no doubt that he will come here again.
         他会再来这里, 这是毫无疑问的。
        He was tortured by the doubt whether he would accept their presents.
        他被是否接受他们的礼物这个疑虑所折磨着。

注意:同位语从句有时可以不紧跟在它所说明的名词后面, 而是被别的词隔开, 以使得整个句子的结构显得平衡。例如:

  He got the news from Mary that the sports meeting was put off. 他从玛丽那里获知了运动会被推迟的消息。// Word came that Hussein had been captured. 侯赛因已被捕的消息传来。

2.And yet somehow, Kakapo is still with us despite all the devastation we have wrought on these islands and with all the introduced predators we have brought here, Kakapo have managed to hang on.

【参考翻译】然而,尽管我们给这些岛屿造成了毁坏,尽管我们引进了食肉动物,但是枭鹦仍然坚持存活了下来。

【语法学习】(1)despite用作介词时,与 in spite of同义,都表示“尽管”、“虽然”、“不顾”之意。

Her house is always so neat, despite her children.
虽然有好几个孩子,但她的房间总是井井有条的。

(2)we have wrought on……和we have brought here都是定语从句,分别修饰devastation和predators。


3.So what makes us unique in the world is this very wide proliferation of birds, species which we've lost but fortunately because of the honors we've managed to hang on to a few.

【参考翻译】所以我们在世界上的独特地位来自于鸟类的大量繁殖,虽然许多种类已经灭绝了,但幸运的是,出于尊重我们成功地保留下几个种类。

【语法学习】which we've lost……是定语从句,修饰species。what makes us unique in the world是主语从句。主语从句所对应的谓语动词通常用第三人称单数的形式。为了整个句子的平衡, 主语从句经常后置, 并用it充当形式主语(此时, that引导的主语从句若不放在句首, 可以省略引导词that)。例如: What she did is not yet known. 她干了什么尚不清楚。// Whoever comes is welcome. 不论谁来都欢迎。// It is a pity (that) we haven’t contacted for ages. 很遗憾, 我们几年没联系了。//


4.You only have to look around you here to see just how rich, how wealthy New Zealand is in terms of its biodiversity.

【参考翻译】你只须环视四周就能发现新西兰就生物多样性而言是多么富有啊!

【语法学习】look around and see后跟的是感叹句。结构是:How+形容词(+名词)+谓语+主语。例句:

How strange and impressive was life!人生是多么奇妙动人啊!

How precise and thorough are her observations!她的观察是多么准确和透彻啊!

For how many years have I waited!我等了多少年呀!


5. When possums are in the forests, the leaves of these riot are like an ice-cream to them and you would end up with just the dead tree with no leaves on it whatsoever, and we are continuously seeing even the common New Zealand bird species declining in the areas where we were not doing something about it.

【参考翻译】在森林里,繁茂的树叶对负鼠来说就像是冰淇淋,它们饱餐后只剩下没有树叶的枯树。甚至在我们从未开发过的的原始丛林,我们发现普通的新西兰鸟类数量也在持续下降。


【语法学习】(1)see …… bird species declining是see sb doing sth结构。

see sb do sth.表示看见某人做某事,强调看到某人做事的全过程。see sb doing sth.表示看到某人正在做某事,强调正在做。

(2)where we were not doing定语从句,修饰areas.

 

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