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[ZZ]作为一个导游都该知道些啥?(136-160)

(2009-05-19 16:06:45)
标签:

杂谈

分类: 转载

151、青海省境内有哪几条国道?

答题要点:109国道(青藏线),214国道(青康线),215国道(柳格线),227国道(宁张线),315国道(青新线)

151、Which national highways dose Qinghai Province have?
109 national highway(Qinghai-Tibet line), 214 national highway(Qinghai-Sichuan line),215 national highway(Liuyuan- Golmud line),227 national highway (Xining-Zhangye line),315 national highway (Qinghai-Xinjiang line)

152、为什么牦牛有“高原之舟”的美誉?

答题要点:牦牛适应青藏高原空气稀薄,气压低,天气寒冷的生态环境;牦牛躯长肢短,绒毛柔软厚密;善爬高山峭壁,可涉沼泽,在冰上行走,因此牦牛不仅是高原牧区的主要家畜之一,更是雪域高原的驮载工具,素有“高原之舟”美誉。

152、Why yaks have the" boat of the plateau " reputation?

Qinghai-Tibet Plateau Because yaks can adapt the entironment with thin air, low air pressure, the cold weather; Yaks have long body and short limbs, soft and thick hair; be good at to climb the crags, trek swamps, walking on the ice, so yaks not only one of the main livestocks  of pasturing area in plateau, but also important carring tools on the plateau.

153、丹葛尔是怎样的一座古城?这里曾经是中原地区和青海少数民族进行何种贸易的中心?

答题要点:丹葛尔古城所在地自古以来就是内地通往蒙藏牧区的门户,它“扼唐蕃古道之险塞”,“据丝绸辅道之要冲”,素有“海藏咽喉”之称。如今青藏铁路穿城而过,109、315国道在此交汇,成为连接新疆、四川、西藏的交通枢纽。

丹葛尔古城始建于明洪武年间,清雍正五年公元1727大规模修建,占地25万平方米。清道光九年公元1829年设丹葛尔厅,为清代在边疆设定的县级政权建制,其长官为知府之佐官同知或通判,吏属西宁府。民国二年(1913年)1月,丹噶尔厅改建县治时,由当地名儒杨治平因为它坐落在湟水上游源头而拟名,丹噶尔厅同知康敷荣报请中央政府批准,改称为湟源县。

这里曾经是茶马互市的中心。

153、What is the kind of Dan Geer ancient city? What’s kind of trade center were here between minorities in Qinghai and the Inland?

Dan Geer ancient city is the gateway from the inland to Mongolian and Tibetan pastoral areas. Because of the important traffic status, which known as " Throat of Qinghai and Tibet". Now Qinghai-Tibet Railway acrossed here, 109,315 two National Highways meet here,became an transport hub linking Xinjiang, Sichuan and  Tibet.

Dan Geer ancient city was built in Hongwu years Ming Dynasty, the year 1727AD which was Emperor Yongzheng fifth-year in Qing Dynasty,it was large-scale constructed, covers an area of 250,000 square meters. Ninth-year of Emperor Daoguang (in 1829 AD) set up the Dan Geer Office which is the border county of the government system, its Chief called TongZhi or Tongpan, reported to Xining. In January, 1913, when Dan gar became a County government, the local famous Confucian Yang Zhiping, as it is located in the upper reaches of the the source of Huangshui River to name, the Office of Dangar Tong Zhi Kangfurong reported to the Central Government, renamed Huangyuan County.
There was once a Tea-Horse trade center.

154、列举青海的几处国家森林公园?

答题要点:青海省坎布拉国家森林公园;青海群加国家森林公园;互助北山国家森林公园;门源仙米国家森林公园。

154、Please list several National Forest Parks of Qinghai?

Canbula National Forest Park; Qunjia National Forest Park;Huzhu North mountain National Forest Park; Menyuan Xianmi National forest park.

155、列举青海著名的对外开放山峰?

答题要点:阿尼玛卿峰,各拉丹东峰,玉珠峰,玉虚峰,新青峰,年保玉则峰,错日尕则峰,马兰峰,唐古拉山,柴达木山,冷龙岭,尕日卡峰等

155、Please list some famous peaks which was opened in Qinghai?

Animaqing peaks, Geladandong peaks, Yuzhu Mounts, Yuxu Mounts, Xinqing peaks, Nianbaoyuze peaks,Cuorigaze peaks,Malan peaks,Tanggula Mountains, the Chaidam Mountains, Lenglong mountains, Garika mountains, and so on.

156、青海盐湖资源具有哪些优势特点?(对比全国)

答题要点:具有储量大、品位高、类型全、分布集中,组合好的特点

156、Which are the  advantage characteristics of Qinghai Salt Lake resources? (Compare with the whole country)

Large reservation, high-quality, all-types, focus on distribution,good combination.

157、围绕青海特色旅游资源开展的国际性体育赛事有哪些?

答题要点:环青海湖国际公路自行车赛、国际黄河挑战赛、青海高原国际攀岩赛等。

157、Which international sport events have been carried out around the Qinghai tourism resources?

Tour de Qinghai Lake International Road Cycling Race, the International Challenge of the Yellow River, the Qinghai Plateau international rock climbing tournament and so on.

158、列举与青海典型植物景观有关的节庆活动?

答题要点:贵德梨花节、门源油菜花节、青海郁金香节

158、Please list some festivals that related to typical plant landscape in Qinghai?

Pear Flower Festival in Guide,Rape Flower Festival in Menyuan, Tulip Flower Festival of Qinghai.

159、《中国藏族文化艺术彩绘大观》是怎样的一幅卷轴画? 是谁主持策划的?

答题要点:由高级工艺美术师宗者拉杰先生策划、创作设计和组织绘制艺术珍品《中国藏族文化艺术彩绘大观》巨幅卷轴画,1999年12月3日收到了“基尼斯之最”证书。

《彩绘大观》由宗者拉杰先生从1980年开始着手绘制准备,以青海热贡艺人为主体,聚集西藏、甘肃、四川、云南四省(区)的藏、土、蒙古、汉等民族艺人达500人,历时4年,人数之多,工程之浩大可以说史无前例。《彩绘大观》全长618米,宽2.5米,是目前世界上最长的卷轴画,整幅画卷为1500多平方米,重1000多公斤。

《彩绘大观》内容博大精深,包含了藏族的历史、文化、民俗、艺术等诸多内容。

159、How about the Scroll " Tibetan Culture and Arts Grand painting of China "? Who presided over the planning?

By the high technology artist Mr. Zongzhelajie. the "China Tibetan Culture and Arts Grand painting of China" is a huge scroll,on Dec. 3rd, 1999 received in the " The Best of Guinness" certificates.

"Grand painting of China"was prepared by Mr.Zongzxhelajie in 1980.by Qinghai Regong artist as the main body, gathered Tibetan, Tu, Mongolian and Han nationalities who were came from Tibet, Gansu, Sichuan and Yunnan provinces (autonomous regions), and other artists Up to 500 people, lasted 4 years, the number of works can be said that unprecedented scale. " Grand painting of China " with a total length of 618 meters, 2.5 meters wide, it is the  longest scroll in the world, the whole picture for more than 1500 square meters and weighted more than 1000 kilograms.

"Grand painting of China " extensive and profound contents, including the tibetan history, culture, folklore, art and other content.

160、青海省的最高点和最低点分别是哪里?

答题要点:最高点是布喀达板峰(6860米),最低点是民和县下川口(1650米)。

160、the highest point of Qinghai Province and the lowest point is where?

Bukadaban peak is the highest(6860m), Xiachuankou in Minhe County is the lowest (1650m).

136、请阐述土族的“安昭”舞

答题要点:“安昭”舞是土族的一种歌舞结合的表现形式,每当逢年过节或喜庆婚礼时,土族男女聚集于庭院或麦场,舞者身着节日服装,男在前女在后围成一圈,由老者“杜日勒”(领唱者)领舞并唱前半句,众跟其后边舞边唱后半句。舞姿由前弯腰左右摆手,上下起伏转动后退,半蹲旋转等动作组成,优美细腻,富有艺术魅力。女性动作优雅、秀丽、温柔,男性动作粗犷、开朗、大方。其唱词属于家曲之类的祝贺、企盼、吉祥之意。舞曲有“兴马老”、“召引召”、“拉热拉莫”、“索罗罗”4种。

136、Please describe "An Zhao" Dance of Tu nationality.

"An Zhao"dance is a form of song and dance of Tu nationality,when festivals or wedding celebration,men and women gathered in the garden or wheat field,dressed in festive clothes, men front and women back in the former circle in the post - By the old man, "Le Du Day" (lead ) get to sing and dance to the first phrase, with its many dance while singing behind the last part. By dancing around before bending wave, up and down turn back squat, and other spin moves, delicate beauty and rich artistic charm.Female’s actions are elegant, beautiful, gentle movements are rough, open, generous. Their song lyrics belong to the family like to congratulate and look forward to, meaning auspicious. Dance " Xing Ma Lao ", "Zhao Yin Zhao", "La Re La me" and "Suo Luoluo"4 kinds.

137、平弦戏有什么特色?代表作品有哪些?

答题要点:平弦戏是上个世纪50年代,由坐唱曲艺平弦搬上舞台的一种新兴地方剧种。其音乐结构属联曲体,唱腔委婉绮丽、优美动听,深受群众喜爱,成为影响较大的地方剧种之一。

1961年,在西宁戏校平弦班的基础上,正式成立了“青海省平弦实验剧团”。该团移植、创编了大量的传统戏和现代戏,主要有《马五哥与尕豆妹》、《狸猫换太子》、《断桥》、《尕旦和尚》、《巧县官》等。

137、What features does the String-Play has? What are the representative works?

String-play is a new local drama that staged sitting string - play folk art onto stage in 1950s. Music is the structure of its joint music, singing euphemism beautiful,deeply loved by the people and become a greater impact local drama.

In 1961, on the basis of Xining-string class,Xining Drama School, formal established Qinghai-string Experimental Theater". The delegation transplanted, Created a large number of traditional opera and the Modern, there are "Mawu Brother and Gadou Sister," "Li Mao Huan Tai Zi" and "Broken Bridge" and "Ga Dan Monk," "Smart Magistrate".

138、青海的民间乐器有哪些?分别属于哪个民族?

答题要点:口细(撒拉族) 札木聂(藏族)根卡(藏族)羌笛(汉族)宰靠(撒拉族)龙鼓(汉藏)

138、What kind of folk musical instruments of Qinghai? Which nationatity belong to?

Kouxi(Salar),Zhamunie(Tibetan),

Genka(Tibetan), Qiangdi (Han), Zaikao(Salar) Dragen drum(Han)

139、藏族的语言文字有什么特点?

答题要点:藏族语言属汉藏语系藏缅语族藏语支。分为卫藏、康巴、安多三个方言区,前两个方言都有声调,后一个方言没有声调。藏文是7世纪前期参照梵文字体创制的,它是拼音文字,有30个辅音字母,4个元音符号,自左向右横写。通行于整个藏族聚居区。

139、What are the characteristics of tibetan language?
Tibetan language belong to Sino-Tibetan Language Family, Tibeten-Myanmar Language  branch.It is divided into Tibet, Kangba, Amdo three dialect areas, the first two dialects have voices the last dialect have no voice. Tibetan language is created by reference Sanskrit fonts in the early 7th century, it is alphabetic writing, there are 30 letters consonants, 4 vowels, from left to right cross to write. Access in the entire Tibetan ghettoes.

140、藏族的饮食有什么特色?

答题要点:藏族的饮食具有浓厚的高原特色。藏族人民的饮食主要以糌粑、牛羊肉、奶制品(酥油、曲拉、奶茶、酸奶等)等为主,居住于农业区的藏族在日常饮食中又多了许多面食和蔬菜类。随着社会经济的不断发展,饮食习惯也发生着很大的变化。

糌粑——藏语,为青稞炒面。糌粑营养丰富,耐饥御寒,制作简单,携带方便,是游牧民族藏族、蒙古族的主要饮食品。

牛羊肉也是游牧民族主要食物,牧民们每次宰杀牛羊肉必先灌肠,包括血肠、肉肠、面肠等,而以血肠为佳肴。牧民们在煮血肠和手抓肉时,开锅稍煮即吃,肠和肉中还带一些血,吃起来又鲜又嫩,而不喜欢把肉煮老煮烂。

140、What characteristics dose the Tibetan diet have?

Tibetan food has a strong feature of the plateau. The main diet of the Tibetan people are Zanba, beef and mutton, dairy products (butter, Qula, tea with milk, yogurt, etc.), Tibetan who lived in agriculture areas eat more types of pasta and vegetables in their daily diet. With the socio-economic development, eating habits have taken place with a lot of changes.

141、藏族的丧葬方式有哪些?不同的方式有什么特点?

答题要点:长期以来,藏民族十分注重丧葬仪式。实行塔葬、天葬、土葬、火葬、水葬等几种方式,以天葬为多。

塔葬:在藏族葬式中,塔葬是最为神圣、最为优厚的葬法,仅限于大活佛圆寂后采用。当大活佛圆寂后,将尸体进行防腐处理,使之干透,置于塔内,成为灵塔,待开光后供人们顶礼膜拜。

天葬:人死后,用带子或绳子将尸体捆绑成双腿盘坐,双手合十的模样,由死者的嫡亲背或用马、牛驮至野外天葬场实行天葬。至天葬场,由专职举丧僧人负责执行,先行“煨桑”、吹海螺,再将尸身剖解,招鹰来食,以吃得快而干净为吉兆,相反,则认为在世时尚有宿愿未还,需请喇嘛诵经。

土葬:多为农业区或半农半牧地区的藏族采用,将尸体用白布裹成坐化模样,装入立式棺柩内,埋入集坟场墓穴(黄南州有些藏族村落有集体坟场),坟墓上或浇石灰水,或堆积白石以示吉祥。

火葬:地位较低的活佛及有地位的喇嘛、受尊敬的老人等实行火葬。先在遗体上浇以酥油,然后点燃柏木火化之。火化后高僧的的骨灰置于塔内,有的将骨灰埋入地下,有的还要起坟。

水葬:水葬者极少,即以白布包裹尸体后投入江河中。在一些地方,一般因传染病死亡或别的非正常死亡的人用以水葬。

在藏族丧葬仪式中,人死后均请喇嘛念超度经,其子女及亲属服孝一年,男儿翻戴帽或在帽沿上粘贴白布,女儿辫梢系以白毛,意为服重孝。远近亲友及邻里都必备茯茶、布匹、食品、现金等前往吊唁,帮助料理葬事;死者遗属也以茯茶、布匹等答谢。

141、 What kind of the funerals dose the Tibetan have? What are the characteristics of each different way?

For a long time, Tibetan people paid great attention to the funeral ceremony. The implementation of Pogoda burial, burial, burial, cremation, a number of ways,but burial for more.

142、在藏族人家中做客饮食方面需要注意什么禁忌?

答题要点:(1)接待客人时,无论是行走还是言谈,总是让客人或长者为先,并使用敬语,忌讳直呼其名。迎送客人,要躬腰屈膝,面带笑容。室内就坐,要盘腿端坐,不能双腿伸直,脚底朝人,不能东张西望。接受礼品时,要双手去接。赠送礼品时,要躬腰双手高举过头。敬茶、酒、烟时,要双手奉上,手指不能放进碗口。

(2)藏族人禁吃驴、马等奇蹄类和狗、猫等爪类动物肉,有些地区也不吃鱼肉。

(3)吃饭时要食不满口,咬不出声,喝不出响。

(4)喝酥油茶时,主人倒茶,客人要待主人双手捧倒面前时,才能接过来喝。

142、What pay attention to a guest at the home of the Tibetan diet need to is taboo?

(1)To receive guests, whether to walk or talk, elder and guests always first,use of honorifics, not address him by name.Protocol guests, it is necessary to bend down, smiling. Indoor table, it is necessary to sit cross-legged and can not straighten his legs, feet can not fqace to people. Accept gifts, to pick up his hands.Give Gifts, to bend down and hands overhead.To present tea, alcohol, tobacco, to offer his hands, fingers can not put into the bowl edge.

(2)The tibetans not to eat donkey, horse and any other Perissodactyla,not to eat dogs, cats and some claw animals, in some areas not to eat fish.

(3)Do not speak with a lot food in mouth, did not bite, not drink with the voice.

(4)Drink butter tea: the guests have to use two hands to accept the tea,then drink it over.

143、回族饮食有什么特点?

答题要点:回族饮食中,主食以面、米为主,辅之以杂粮,诸如玉米、青稞、马铃薯等。回族主食划分区域可分为江南地区,多以米为主;西北地区,多喜面食。

青海回族以面食为主,主要有馓子、花花、拉面、面片等。回族清真食谱十分丰富,多以牛羊肉为主,有黄、炖、闷、爆、烤、涮、 扒、炸、蒸等各种调制方法。最出名的有手抓羊肉,牛羊杂碎,羊肉水饺、黄焖羊肉、羊肉泡馍等。

143、What are the characteristics of the Hui diet?

In Hui diet, mainly for Wheaten Food and rice, supplemented by cereals such as corn, barley, potatoes and so on. Staple food into the region of the Hui can be divided into southern areas, mainly in rice; the northwest with pasta.

Hui based on pasta in Qinghai, there are Sanzi,Huahua, noodles, patches and so on. The Hui Muslim diet is rich in more than beef and mutton in the main,many kinds of modulation methods. The most famous of Shouzhua mutton, Chop Suey of cow and sheep, lamb dumplings, stew lamb, Mutton and Bread Pieces in Soup, and so on.

144、回族人民喜欢喝的“盖碗茶”俗称什么?有哪些品种?

答题要点:俗称“三炮台”。“盖碗茶”选茶配茶不一,常见的有红糖砖茶、白糖砖茶、冰糖窝窝茶、三香茶(糖、枣、茶)白四品(青茶、白糖、芝麻、柿饼)、红四品(砖茶、红塘、红枣、果干)、五味茶(绿茶、山楂、芝麻、白糖、姜)、八宝茶(茉莉花茶、冰糖、红枣、芝麻、桂圆肉、枸杞、葡萄干、核桃仁)等品种。

144、What are commonly name of "Gaiwan Tea",which is Hui

people like to drink.What are the varieties?

Known as the "San Pao Tai"."Gaiwan Tea " according to choose tea and match tea, there are common brown sugar brick tea, white sugar brick tea, crystal sugar Wowo tea, three smells tea(sugar, dates, tea) four white goods (Green tea, sugar, sesame seeds, persimmon),red  four goods(brick tea, red sugar, red dates, dried fruits), five flavors of tea (green tea, hawthorn, sesame, sugar, ginger), eight treasures tea (jasmine tea, crystal sugar, red dates, sesame seeds, longans meat, Chinese wolfberry,raisins,Walnut),and other varieties.

145、青海回族的服饰有什么民族特色?

答题要点:青海回族的服饰从明代中期就已逐渐受到汉族服饰的影响,因此其服饰特征不是特明显,但仍保留着一些本民族的服饰特色。男子戴平顶圆帽,俗称“顶帽”,以白色为主,也有戴黑色的。中、青年男子喜穿白色对襟小褂,外套黑色坎肩,干净利落,便于劳作。上寺礼拜时,阿訇、满拉及中老年人则多穿黑色或灰色大衣(称“中摆”),头戴“大司达尔”(缠头白巾)为礼拜服装。

回族妇女讲究衣饰,老年妇女一般爱穿黑色大襟长袍,多戴白色盖头;中青年妇女穿时兴服装,平时戴黑色纱绒盖头或白色深沿帽,戴盖头要遮掩头发、前额、耳朵、颈项,只露出面部;姑娘们穿戴更为艳丽时髦,一般戴绿色纱绒盖头。另外,中青年妇女喜欢佩戴首饰,如金耳环、金耳坠、金项链、金戒指等,显得更加妩媚动人,随着生活水平的不断提高,佩戴高档首饰的越来越多。

145、What is the national characteristics of Qinghai Muslim dress?

Qinghai Muslim dress affected Han from the mid-Ming.so the characteristics of the clothing is not obviously special, but still retains some of the characteristics of the ethnic costumes.

Man wearing a round flat-topped hat, known as the "cap", mainly white, but also black. Young men wearing white Duijinxiaogua, put black Kanjian out, efficient, easy to work.When do wordship in Temple, the Imam,Manla and the other  elder,they are more wear black or gray coat (called "Zhongbai"), wearing "Dasierda" (white towel for wrap the head) for the wordship clothes.

Women pay attention to the attire of the Hui nationality, older women in general like to wear big lappets black robe, wearing a white hijab; young and middle-aged women to wear fashionable clothing, usually wearing a black cashmere yarn hijab, or the white deep brim hat, hijab should cover their hair, forehead, ears, neck except their face; more beautiful girls wearing fashionable, general wear the green cashmere yarn hijab. In addition, the young and middle-aged women like to wear jewelry, such as gold earrings, gold necklace, gold rings, and so on,look more charming and moving, with the rising standard of living, more and more wearing high-grade jewelry.

146、与回族朋友接触需要注意哪些禁忌?

答题要点:回族人忌食猪肉、狗肉、马肉、驴肉和骡肉,不吃未经信仰伊斯兰教者宰杀的和自死的畜禽肉,不吃动物的血等;

忌讳别人在自己家里吸烟、喝酒;

凡供人饮用的水井、泉眼,一律不许牲畜饮水,也不许任何人在附近洗脸、或洗衣服。取水前一定要洗手,盛水容器中的剩水不能倒回井里。

回族的日常饮食很注意卫生,凡有条件的地方,饭前、饭后都要用流动的水洗手,就餐时,长辈要坐正席,晚辈不能同长辈同坐在炕上,须坐在炕沿或地上的凳子上。另外,舀水、舀饭均不得往外舀

146、What taboos should be paid attention to when contact with Hui friends?

People of the Hui tabooed pork, dog meat, horse meat, mule meat and donkey meat, do not eat those who slaughtered without Islam and since the death of livestock and poultry meat, do not eat animals, such as blood;

Others tabooes:can not allowed others smoking, drinking in their own home;

Where the water for human consumption, spring, are not allowed to water their animals, and no one was allowed to wash face or do the laundry in the vicinity. Must wash their hands before fetch water, left water in containers  can not back down the well.

Muslim diet is attention to  hygiene,where have conditions, before eating, after dinner should wash their hands with the flow water, when they are eating, the elders had to take a seat on master’s,and the younger generation can not sit next to the elders place, they have to be sitting Along the ground or the bench. In addition, scoop water, scoop rice can not “scoop out”.

147、互助土族之乡为什么被称做是“彩虹之乡”?

答题要点:互助土族妇女的服饰以色彩斑斓、花团锦簇而闻名。她们穿小领斜襟长袍或短衣,两袖由红、黄、绿、紫、黑五色彩布圈做成,鲜艳夺目,美观大方,极富民族特色,再加上蓝色和白色就成为了土族服饰最具特色的“七彩袖”,据说这是受了天上彩虹的启发而做成,由此,互助土乡便有了“彩虹之乡”的美誉。

147、Why Huzhu Tu Nationality Autonomous County is called "the Rainbow Hometown"?

Because of Tu women's colorful dress. Two sleeves are circle made with red, yellow, green, purple, black five colorful cloth, combined with a blue and white has become "colorful sleeves",full of national characteristics.It is said that was enlighten of  the rainbow in the sky, As a result,it was called "Rainbow Village" in the world.

148、土族的主要节日及其活动有哪些?

土族和汉族人民一样,每年都要过传统的春节、端午节和中秋节。自己民族的节日主要是庙会、花儿会、观经会等,又因土族聚居地的不同,产生了许多区域性的节日。有民和土族最隆重的节日“纳顿节”,有佑宁寺的“观经会”,互助五峰寺的“六月六的花儿会”等。

148、Which are the major festivals and activities of Tu nationality?

Spring Festival, Dragon Boat Festival and Mid-Autumn Festival.Their own national holiday: Temple Fair,Flowers Festival, Watching Scripture Festival and so on.Because of Tu living in different places, There are different festivals.Minhe: Tu people have the most solemn festival "Nadun Festival";Youning Monastory: Watching Scripture Festival;Wufeng Monastory: Flowers Festival on lunar calendar 6th June and so on.

149、回族和撒拉族有哪些主要节日?

答题要点:由于都信仰伊斯兰教,所以回族和撒拉族的节日基本相同,主要有“尔德节”、“古尔邦节”和“圣纪节”等。

尔德节:又称“开斋节”、“小尔德”,根据伊斯兰教教规,凡穆斯林每年都必须封斋一个月,开斋当日,穆斯林穿着一新,在指定的地点进行隆重的聚会仪式,然后走亲探故,祝贺节日。

古尔邦节:俗称“宰牲节”,时在尔德节后的第70天。是日,各地穆斯林信徒沐浴盛装、宰牛宰羊,然后分送亲友,互相拜会,连续3天。

圣纪节:即穆罕默德逝世纪念日(阿拉伯希吉拉历三月十二日)。届时,信徒们聚会一起诵经,讲说穆罕默德之生平事迹等,并以油饼、麦仁等会餐,馈赠亲友。

149、What are the main festivals of Hui and Salar Muslims?

"Eid-ul-Fitr","Corban" and "Maulid al-Nabi".

150、雅丹地貌为何被称为魔鬼城?青海最大最典型的雅丹地貌主要分布在哪里?

答题要点:主要有两个方面的原因:一是每当大风刮过这里,会发出各种怪叫声,似人叫,或鸟鸣,让人不寒而栗;二是,它独特的地形,各具形态,千奇百怪,有的像野兽,有的似人形,有的什么都不像,如同鬼魔。

主要分布在青海省海西南八仙、一里坪一带。

150、Why Yadan landform known as the Demon Castle? Where dose the largest and most typical Yadan landform located of Qinghai?

There are two main reasons: first, whenever the wind scratch here,will issue all kinds of strange calls, likes people’s ask, or birds; Second, it's unique topography, a form of unusual Some like wild animals, like some human, some not anything, as Guimo.

Mainly located in Haixi Nan baxian, YiLiping in Qinghai.  

 

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