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13 Tips On English Learning

(2009-10-13 17:34:39)
标签:

杂谈

分类: ENGLISH

 

13 Tips On English Learning

1. Learning a language means learning a skill, not acquiring knowledge. You test your command of a foreign language by your ability to perform in it, not how much you know about it. Performance refers to your ability to understand, speak, read and write. Knowledge refers mainly to grammar rules and vocabulary.

学语言就是学技艺,而不是为了获取知识。对语言的支配能力取决于运用能力,而不是对语言懂得多少。运用指的是理解、说、读和写的能力。知识主要指语法规则和单词量。

2. Avoid reading anything that you know is too difficult for you. Reading should be a pleasure, so the texts should be within yyour range.

不要读对你来说太难的内容。阅读应该是一种愉悦,因此阅读材料不应该超出你的能力。

3. If you read enough, you will find that you will acquire a large vocabulary without needing to turn to the dictionary all the time.

如果阅读量足够大,你会拥有很大词汇量而不需要去不断地查字典。

4. If you are reading an argument, make notes on the points "for" and "against". Once you have these notes, use them to give a little talk in English which attempts to recreate what you have just read. Alternatively, use the notes to "say the text to yourself" as a mental exercise. You will soon get into the habit of not only reading in English, but thinking in English as well.Thinking in English is an indispensable requirement of fluency.

如果读到某个议论,记下支持点和反对点。然后用它们来做个小谈论,并试图复现刚读过的议论。也可以使用它们作为脑力练习来“说给自己听’。用不了多长时间,你就会不光养成成读英语的习惯,还养成用英语思考的习惯。用英语思考是达到流利程度的必由之路。

5. You should read as widely as you can.

读的越杂越好。

6. Writing a summary of something you have read is excellent practice.

总结读过的东西是非常好的习惯。

7. Keeping a diary is an excellent way of improving your written English for the following reasons:

a. It is constant practice.

b. You are writing about true experiences.

c. Writing a diary gives you constant pratice in three writing styles: narration, description, and reflection.

记日记是非常好的提高写作的习惯。原因有三个:

a. 它是惯常的动作;

b. 记录的是真实的经验;

c. 记日记让你不断地实践三种写作风格:陈述、描述和反省;

8. Remember , there are two kinds of vocabulary: receptive and productive. Receptive vocabulary refers to the words you can recognize and understand but cant necessarily use. Productive cocabulary refers to the words you know and can use with confidence.

记住,有两类词汇:接受的和产出的。接受的指你可认识、理解但不一定能使用的词汇。产出的指那些你懂并且可以运用自如的词汇。

9. Sentence structure is the way we show the relationship berween ideas and events.

语言结构是表现思想和动作之间联系的方法。

10. The most important thing to do with a dictionary is really to use it, above all when you are reading. Use it till you know your way around it and enjoy what it offers you.

对字典来说,最重要的是被使用,尤其是在阅读的时候。使用它直到能纯熟地运用并享受它带来的好处。

11. Reading a newspaper is the very best thing you can do to improve your English. Dont set yourself too much reading so you become discouraged. Read a little from a newspaper everyday. It will put you in touch with a whole range of subjects in good modern English.

读报是最好的提高英语的方法。强迫自己读太多反而会让自己丧失兴趣。每天读一点。它会让你接触用好的现代英语介绍的包罗万象的主题。

12. I would say you have to discount your native language. Interference from your native language is the biggest barrier to acquisition. You have to unlearn the habits you have acquired in your native language in order to master the habit you need to speak a foreign language. This is very difficult and accounts for the different foreign varieties of English you hear round the world(Frenglish, Spanglish, Chinglish, etc.) the native language is asserting itself in English and "interfering" with acquisition. Interference occurs in all areas: pronunciation, stress and intonation, grammar, vocabulary as well as ways of thinking, ways of problem solving. Even misunderstandings among nations are often the direct product of this kind of interference.

我要说你必须避免母语的影响。从母语推理是学习外语的最大障碍。必须学习放弃母语的习惯而去掌握外语的习惯。这非常困难,也是为什么世界上会有这么多英语变种的原因,比如,法式英语、西班牙式英语、中国式英语。母语在英语起作用并影响英语知识的获取。这种影响在所有领域都会发生:发音、语音和语调、语法、词汇,还有思考方式、解决问题的方式。甚至国家间的误解也是这种影响的直接结果。

13. Listening comprehension is the key to the command of any foreign language. That's one of the reasons why it is so difficult to learn on your own.

外语支配能力的关键是听力理解。这是为什么听力自学非常困难的原因之一。

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