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How to choose carrier oils怎样选择基础油

(2010-05-24 12:53:06)
标签:

基础油

酪梨油

荷荷巴

核仁油

琉璃局

金盏花

月见草

辣木油

澳洲坚果

黑籽

分类: 莎拉的芳疗花园

Knowing how to choose the right carrier oil can be somewhat bewildering for newcomers to aromatherapy because specialist suppliers usually offer such a wide range. Very little is written about this subject in most aromatherapy books, so unless you enroll on a training course knowing how to select them can seem like a bit of a black art.

对于新手来说,在做芳香疗法时如何选择合适的基础油往往会显得手足无措,因为专业的销售商会提供非常多的选择。绝大部分芳疗书中对于这个问题的介绍都是一笔带过,所以除非您参加专业的培训课程,否则如何选择基础油会像魔术一样难以捉摸。

But actually, it is exactly the same as selecting an essential oil, - you just choose the carrier oil that contains the properties that you need for your particular requirements. Therefore, all you need to do is decide how and where you want to use them, and then look up the properties, actions and viscosity of carrier oils and the choice becomes really easy.

但实际上,选择基础油和选择精油是一样的-只要选择具有您需要的某种特定功能的基础油即可。因此,您只要决定如何使用以及哪个部位来使用,再研究一下基础油的特性、功用和黏度,就可以轻而易举地进行挑选了。

Body or face?身体护理还是面部护理?

For example, if you need a carrier oil for a simple body massage then Sweet Almond oil would be an ideal choice, but it would not necessarily be the very best carrier to use for a facial treatment.

比如说,如果仅仅用来做身体按摩的话,甜杏仁油是最佳的选择,但是对于面部护理来说,这种油就不是最好的了。

Why? Because some carrier oils contain more of the essential fatty acids and vitamins which are needed to nourish to the skin and keep wrinkles at bay. Moringa and Jojoba contain large amounts of essential fatty acids and therefore make great facial oils, - but you would not use them alone for massage since they are little too heavy.

为什么?因为一些其他基础油中包含更多人体必须脂肪酸和维生素,这些营养物质可以滋养肌肤,防止皱纹的产生。辣木油和荷荷巴油含有大量必须脂肪酸所以是很好的面部护理油。但是做脸部按摩时最好不要单独使用,因为这些油比较厚重。

Mix and blend混合和调配

Carrier oils like unrefined Avocado and Wheatgerm are packed with nutrients too, but they are also too rich to use alone in massage and they also have a strong odour that some people do not like. But you can still use their therapeutic qualities in massage.

像未精炼的酪梨油和小麦胚芽油这样的基础油虽然富含各种营养,但是如果按摩时单独使用就会显得厚重,而且还会有很浓郁的气味,有些人可能不喜欢。但是按摩时它们的治疗特性还是非常有用的。

Simply dilute these heavier oils in a lighter carrier that has no fragrance such as Almond, Apricot or Peach oil at around 15% or 20%, and then you can enjoy all of their benefits in both body massage and revitalizing facial treatments too.

您需要做的就是将这些厚重的基础油稀释成比较轻薄,而且没有气味,比如将甜杏仁油、杏核油或者桃核油稀释成15% 或者 20%的浓度后,您就可以既在身体护理时使用,又可以在面部再生护理当中使用。

This same tip also applies to other richer and more costly oils such as Black Seed, Borage, Evening Primrose, and Rosehip. All of these vegetable oils are the very finest that you can use for intensive facial treatments, but it is usually better mix them with a lighter carrier if you want to use them in a body massage.

这种方法也可以用于其他比较厚重或者昂贵的基础油比如黑籽油、琉璃苣油、月见草油和玫瑰果油。所有这些精细的植物油都可以用来做频繁的面部护理,但是当身体按摩时,最好还是和其他质地较轻的基础油混合后再使用。

Amazing benefits意想不到的好处

Carrier oils are often mistakenly thought to be of less importance than essential oils, but it would be foolish to think this. Typically, an aromatherapy treatment typically consists of 2% essential oil and 98% carrier oil, and in facial treatments that ratio falls to around 1% essential oil and 99% carrier! Think about that for a minute.

人们通常错误地认为基础油不如精油那么重要,如果这样想就大错特错了。一般来说,芳香疗法用油当中,包含98%的基础油,而精油含量只有2%,而面部护理时,基础油含量为99%,精油才只有1%!这样想一想,您可能就会明白了。

Carrier oils provide some amazing benefits for your skin - especially when a synergy is formed between the essential oils and the carrier. When blended correctly the results can be spectacular, softening wrinkles and bringing softness, suppleness and radiance to your skin.

基础油可以给您的肌肤提供意想不到的好处-特别是将精油和基础油调配成协同配方精油使用时,效果尤佳。如果调配合理,结果真的无与伦比:软化皱纹,使肌肤柔嫩、细腻并且光彩照人。

Here are some of the best and most versatile carrier oils;-

这里介绍一些最好和用途最广的基础油:

Almond Sweet oil甜杏仁油

With its smooth feel and nourishing properties, this is often the oil that aromatherapists prefer for body massage. Sweet Almond is both protective and nourishing to skin when used regularly.

由于其丝滑的手感和滋养的特性,它成了芳疗师们进行身体按摩时的宠儿。经常使用,甜杏仁油可以给肌肤提供保护和滋养的作用。

Apricot Kernel oil or Peach Kernel oil杏核油或桃核油

Almost identical in constituents, these two oils are ideal for facial applications and leave the face feeling beautifully soft and supple.

这两基础油成分基本相同,都是面部护理的最佳选择,可以让肌肤柔嫩和细腻,尽显美丽光彩。

Avocado oil (unrefined)未精炼酪梨油

Deeper penetrating than most other carriers, unrefined Avocado conditions, moisturises and softens dry and mature skin. Add Avocado to another carrier if you find the smell a bit too strong, or use it undiluted to enjoy its full-powered benefits.

比其他的基础油有更强的渗透能力,未经精炼的酪梨油可以调理干燥和熟龄肌肤,使肌肤保湿和柔嫩。如果您觉得酪梨油味道有点浓的话,将它添加到其他基底当中使用,或者不用稀释,尽情发挥它的功效。

 

• Black Seed oil黑籽油

Black seed oil is particularly rich in unsaturated and essential fatty acids which makes it perfect as a skin food, and despite its deep moisturising qualities it does not leave skin feeling greasy. When used in massage it delivers an energising boost and excels with everyday muscle and joint aches.

黑籽油中不饱和的必脂肪酸含量特别丰富,所以是滋养肌肤的最好选择。虽然具有深度保湿的功效,却不会让肌肤感到油腻。按摩时使用,可以让肌肤富有活力,对于日常的肌肉和关节酸痛也有很好的疗效。

Borage oil琉璃苣油

Borage oil is the richest source of gamma linolenic acid (GLA) containing up to 25%, and clinical trials have shown that GLA helps to encourage healthy, mobile joints, and used regularly on facial skin it helps to soften fine lines and wrinkles. Mix with a lighter carrier for massage.

琉璃苣油是γ-亚麻酸(GLA)含量最高的基础油,含量可以达到25%,临床试验也表明GLA有助于保持关节的健康、灵活。如果经常用来做面部护理,还可以淡化细纹和皱纹。按摩时请和质地轻薄的油混合使用。

Coconut oil椰子油

Perfect for moisturising both hands and body, Coconut oil is light and easily absorbed into the skin leaving it satin smooth. It can also be used as an intensive treatment to moisturise and condition brittle, dull or dry hair. Although you do not read about it very often, it is a great massage oil.

椰子油质地轻薄,很容易被肌肤吸收,是手部和身体保湿的理想选择,可以让肌肤如丝绸般光滑。还可以经常用它来做头发护理,帮助头发锁住水分,调理易断、干燥和没有光泽的头发。虽然您可能平时很少听说这种精油,不过它确实是很棒的按摩油。

Evening Primrose oil月见草油

This is another great facial oil that moisturises, softens and soothes dry and irritated skin because it contains high levels of linoleic acid and gamma linolenic acid. These vitamin-like substances can not be manufactured by the body and are essential for healthy cell function and also appear to have a beneficial effect on the immune system and the brain. Mix with a lighter carrier for massage.

这是另外一款绝妙的面部油,由于含有大量的亚油酸和γ-亚麻酸,所以具有保湿,柔嫩和舒缓干燥、过敏肌肤的作用。人体自身不能产生这些类似维生素的物质,但是它们却是保持细胞健康和发挥正常机能的必须物质,对免疫系统和大脑也有很好的益处。按摩使用时和质地较轻的基础油混合使用。

Jojoba oil荷荷巴油

Due to its molecular structure, Jojoba oil mimics the action of sebum, which is the skins own natural lubricant. This versatile oil deep cleanses blocked pores, moisturises and promotes a healthy, glowing complexion, making it another ideal facial oil. Dilute in a carrier for massage.

由于其分子结构的原因,荷荷巴油可以发挥皮脂的作用,而皮脂正是皮肤的天然润滑剂。这款用途广泛的基础油可以深度清洁毛孔,保湿,还可以让肌肤呈现健康光泽,这些作用让它成为又一种理想的面部护理油。按摩时,稀释使用。

 Macadamia oil澳洲坚果油

This highly nourishing oil is rich in palmitoleic acid which promotes young looking, soft and supple skin. As we get older our bodies produce less palmitoleic acid, so regular use of Macadamia oil may help in the fight to prevent premature aging skin. Another excellent facial oil.

这款高度滋养的基础油富含棕榈油,可以使肌肤呈现年轻、柔嫩和细腻的光泽。随着我们年龄的增加,我们自身能够产生的棕榈油会越来越少,所以经常使用 澳洲坚果油可以抵抗熟龄老化肌肤。另一款绝佳的面部用油。

 Moringa oil辣木油

Rich in Palmitoleic, Oleic and Linoleic acids, Vitamins A and C, Moringa oil has excellent moisturising and nourishing qualities. It is a very stable carrier which is highly nutritious to the skin and similar in composition to olive oil but much lighter. Moringa is a powerful natural antioxidant with excellent skin smoothing properties.

辣木油富含棕榈油、油酸和亚油酸、维生素A和C,具有绝好的保湿和滋养特性。性质很稳定,对皮肤高度滋养,和橄榄油组成相似但是质地还要轻薄一些。辣木油具有天然抗氧化特性,所以可以使肌肤保持诱人光泽。

Rosehip oil玫瑰果油

Studies have shown Rosehip oil to be a powerful skin cell regenerator that also helps to actually prevent premature skin ageing whilst softening wrinkles. Produced from the seeds of Rose hips, this oil is excellent for use with stretch marks, scar tissue or problem skin types. Unbeatable overnight treatment to soften wrinkles and scars.

研究表明玫瑰果油是强效的肌肤细胞再生油,还可以防止过早成熟的肌肤进一步老化,淡化皱纹。从玫瑰果的种子中提取出来,这种油可以消除妊娠纹、疤痕或者各种肌肤问题。是不可多得的一款淡化皱纹和疤痕的即效护理油。 

Sunflower oil葵花籽油

Both softening and moisturising, Sunflower oil can be used for facial treatments and body massage. This is the ideal oil to use if you have any concerns about nut-allergy reactions since it is extracted from the seeds of the flower.

太阳籽油既有保湿作用又有柔嫩作用,太阳籽油可以用来护肤也可以按摩使用,如果您担心对坚果过敏的话,完全不用担心会对它过敏,因为它提取于葵花籽。

Wheatgerm oil 小麦胚芽油

A highly nourishing oil containing vitamin E which makes it the perfect oil for dry, mature and lifeless skin. Wheatgerm oil is too heavy to use as a massage base, so add it at 15% to your massage blends to nourish the skin.

小麦胚芽油富含维生素E,具有高度滋养,保湿作用,是干燥、熟龄和老化肌肤的理想选择。如果用于按摩,小麦胚芽油会显得厚重,所以按摩配方油中仅仅添加15%即可以达到滋养肌肤的目的。

When you are applying a facial treatment remember to avoid the delicate under-eye area and don’t apply too much oil - a little goes a long, long way in aromatherapy. Gently work the oil into the skin until it has all been absorbed, and your skin will be left feeling soft and silky smooth all year round.

如果用于面部护理,不要涂抹到敏感的眼部周围,而且不要用太多精油-在芳疗中一点点精油就够用。轻轻地按摩,直到油被肌肤完全吸收,而您的肌肤整整一年都可以保持柔嫩、丝滑。

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