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航海英语评估与会话第三版 口述

(2011-01-02 13:35:05)
标签:

教育

第一章
1. Please say something about your hometown.
a) The geographical position, population, and features of your hometown.
b) The environment and customs of your hometown.
c) The specialties of your hometown.
My hometown is in SHANDONG, the south of HUANGHE(黄河)river of China. The population in my hometown is about 900,000. There are many rivers in my hometown.
The environment of my hometown is very beautiful .The people of my hometown are kind-hearted. E.g. sometimes they will invite a new friend to their home to have dinner with their families.
There many specialties in my hometown,for example,the silk from Suzhou,Biluochun Tea,and so on.
2. Please say something about yourself.
My name is … , I am … years old. I come from shandong province of China. Now I am a senior student in Xiamen Jimei University. My hobbies are playing cards and listening music.
Because I am a student ,so my main task is study.
In my spare , I play cards and listen music, sometimes I play football or basketball.
3. Please say something about your family.
a) Members of your family.
b) Their occupations.
C) Their hobbies and characteristics.
There are three members in my family, they are my parents and I.
My father is a worker,my mother is a teacher and I am a student.
My father likes to play cards and my mother likes to listen music. Both of my parents are kindly.
4. Your favorite port you have called at.
a) A simple introduction of the port.
c) Reasons why you like it.
d) Anything special about it.
My favorite port I have called at is Shanghai. Shanghai port is the largest port in our country and Shanghai is a beautiful city. The NangJing road is widely, there are many shops. If you call the port, I think, you will go to Out Shore(上海外滩). At the Out Shore, you can look the WangPU river and visit WangPu park.
5. Please say something about your responsibilities on board.
a) Your position on board.
b) your daily work on board.
c) Your duties on board.
I am the third officer working in the deck department.
As we know, the third officer is responsible to the master for the proper performance of his assigned bridge watch-standing and navigational duties.
On board, my first daily work is watch-keeping from 8 to 12 and from 20 to 24. my second daily work is in charge of the maintance of the fire-fighting equipment and life-saving equipment. The third , I am also responsible for fire and boat drills, I have to design a muster list and make crew to know the best escape route clearly.
第三章
1. Describe the responsibilities as a watch officer while the ship is at anchor?
a) Regular operations for anchor watch.
b) Emergency handing in case of dragging.
c) Conclusion.
As an officer on watch at anchor, he should check the anchor position regularly; he should keep proper look-out too.
In case , if the watch officer finds the ship is dragging anckor, he must drop another anchor or slack away chains and notify the captain as soon as possible.
When the ship is at anchor, the officer on watch should keep sharp look out at all time.
2. Describe the proper way of using VHF
a) How to operate VHF?
b) General rules of using VHF.
c) Rules of using VHF channel 16.
When you operate VHF, you should comply with the radio regulations. If you want to speak, you should push the button, and if you want to listen, you should release the button.
The general rules of using VHF are as follows: (1) calling on channel 16 for the purpose other than distress urgency and very brief safety communication; (2) communication not related to safety and navigation on port operation channels and non-essential transmissions will never been permitted to broadcasted on channel 16; (3) the important messages should be repeated; (4) the first 3 should be listening every half an hour.
3. Describe the procedures before arrival at a port.
a)The preparations from the bridge.
b)The preparations from the engine room.迎风浪   制作
c) The preparations from the deck.
At the bridge, the OOW should turn on the radar and notify the captain. The quartermaster should change the auto pilot to manual pilot under the officer’s command. To communicate with the port by VHF and report the ship’s ETA, if needs , require a pilot.
The engine room should stand by the main engine under the bridge order, check the bridge telegraph and rudder indicator with the bridge.
The deck hands should prepare pilot ladder, open the hatch covers, standby anchor and fore and aft.
4. Describe the procedures before leaving a port.
a) The preparations from the bridge.
b)The preparations from the engine room.
c) The preparations from the deck.
At the bridge, the OOW should turn on the radar, open the doors and windows and notify the captain. The quartermaster should turn the steering gear and set it on manual pilot under the officer’s command. To communicate with the port by VHF and report the ship’s ETD, if needs , require a pilot. Test the whistle and the main engine.
The engine room should stand by the main engine under the bridge order, check the bridge telegraph ,clock and rudder indicator with the bridge.
The deck hands should prepare pilot ladder, close the hatch covers, standby anchor and station on fore and aft.
5. Describe the procedures of pilot-age.
a) The preparations from the bridge.
b) The preparations from the engine room.
c) The preparations from the deck.
At the bridge, the OOW should turn on the radar and notify the captain. The quartermaster should change the auto pilot to manual pilot under the officer. To communicate with the pilot station by VHF and report the ship’s ETA or ETD.
The engine room should stand by the main engine under the bridge order, check the bridge telegraph and rudder indicator with the bridge.
The deck hands should prepare pilot ladder, prepare a hand rope and a lifebuoy. In the evening , a light should be needed.
第四章
1. Describe the procedures of carrying dangerous cargo on board.
a) The acquisition of information about the dangerous cargo.
b) Precaution on loading and discharging.
c) Maintenance during the voyage.
What name, IMO-Class ,package of the dangerous cargoes are. These also should be noticed to stevedores. The chief officer should make a stowage plan according to the IMDG.
Before loading or discharging dangerous cargoes, the officers should tell stevedores how to stow or leave the cargoes, where they are stowed and how to segregation them. Hoisted letter B flag and approved by the harbor master. Near the spot ,notice NO SMOKING.
When a vessel carrying dangerous cargoes, the carrier should take care of the dangerous cargoes. To control the temperature and ventilation during the voyage.
2. Describe the precaution before entering an enclosed space.
a) The potential dangers in an enclosed space.
b) The normal procedures.
c) The important precautions.
The potential dangers in an enclosed space are lack of oxide and having dangerous gas. The person who enters an enclosed space may loss his life or cause poison or other dangers.
When you want to enter an enclosed space, the first you should ventilate the space, the second you should notice chief officer or others, the third you should test the mount of the oxide and dangerous gas in the enclosed space. If any doubt, you should put on self-breath appliances.
The important precautions are ventilation, another crew standby.
3. Describe the procedures of cargo stowage.
a) The acquisition of information about the cargo to be carried.
b) The principles and considerations on navigation safety.
c) The modification of stowage plan.迎风浪   制作
What name, IMO-Class ,package of the dangerous cargoes are. These also should be noticed to stevedores. The chief officer also ask how many tons of dangerous cargoes will be carried.
Before loading or discharging dangerous cargoes, the officers should tell stevedores how to stow or leave the cargoes, where they are stowed and how to segregation them. Hoisted letter B flag and approved by the harbor master. Near the spot ,notice NO SMOKING. The carrier should take care of the dangerous cargoes. To control the temperature and ventilate during the voyage.
When a vessel carrying dangerous cargoes, The chief officer should make a stowage plan according to the IMDG. If any modification of stowage plan, this must be noticed to the chief officer and be approved by the chief officer.
4. Describe the actions to be taken in case of an oil spill on board.
a) The initial responses
b) Tthe actions following up according to the SOREP(船舶防止油污染应急计划)on board.
c) The precautions to be taken.
The initial response in case of an oil spill is sent oil spilling signal , notice the termination not to pump oil.
According to the SOREP, the first step is stop pump oil, then close the valves and all deck drainages. The third is to handle the spilling oil with absorbent materials or other means.
To stop pump oil is an important matter. To close the valves and all deck drainages are must be done.
5. Describe how to ensure a proper stowage for general cargo.
a) General factors to be taken into account in cargo stowage.
b) Special considerations for cargo stowage.
The term stowage factor means the cargo’s volume been divided by its weight. It is very important. From it, we can calculate how many cargoes can be carried. For example, if one ship’s capacity is 12000 cubic meters and a kind of cargo’s stowage factor is 1.5 cubic meters per ton, we calculate that ship can carry the cargo 8000 tons in weight. Of course, the ship’s net dead weight is equal or bigger 8000 tons.
When we use cargo’s stowage factor to calculate s ship’s capacity, we must consider the broken space and ship’s net dead weight. We also should consider that how many holds the ship has and the kinds of cargo. As us usually, we arrange these cargo, which has small stowage factor, in low hold, and those cargo, which has big stowage factor, in the tween-deck.

 

第五章
1.Describe the duties of watch-keeping when underway.
a) General rules as to watch-keeping.
b) Items to be checked and monitored each watch.
c) Special attention for bridge watch-keeping.
When you are on watch-keeping, you will be responsible to the master for the proper performance of his assigned bridge watchstanding and navigational duties. When the ship is underway ,the chief officer will be on duty during 4 to 8 and 16-20; the second officer will be on duty during 0-4 and 12-16; the third officer will be on duty during 8-12 and 20-24.
At each watch, the officers on watch should check the ship’s positions at least 4 times, change the steering gear from auto-pilot to manual-pilot 1time. They also check ship’s course, speed, and the weather condition, navigational equipments conditions.
The officers duty’s spot is at the bridge, they should keep sharp look-out at all time. They can do nothing expect look-out and take proper avoiding actions. Usually they should patrol the whole ship once a watch at night for avoid fire or other unnormal things happened.
2. Describe the bridge shift change.
a) The conditions which must be satisfied before taking over a bridge watch.
b) The procedures for shift change.
c) Special attention for shift change
Shifting change is very important for the safety of a ship. When an officer goes to the bridge for taking over for duty, he must know the present course, speed, position, and must be informed the situation of other vessels which are near.
The relieving officer should go to the bridge 15 minutes advance. Firstly, he should get habit to the sighting, especially in the night. Secondly , he should ask the relieved officer something, such as ship’s course, speed, position. Thirdly , he should go into the chart room to check the conditions. At night he should read and sign the night order.
The change of conn must be clearly stated and logged including the actual time that it took place. The relieving officer must sign the night order book to indicate understanding of the master’s orders.
3. Describe the differences between navigating in a narrow channel and in traffic separation scheme.
a) The rules in navigating in a narrow channel.
b) The rules in navigating in a traffic separation scheme.
c) The major differences in terms of technical navigation.
If you are a driven power vessel and you are proceeding along the course of a narrow channel, you shall keep as near to the outer limit of the channel which lies on your starboard side as is safe and practicable. You shall avoid cross a channel and anchor in a channel.
If you are a driven power vessel and you are using a traffic separation scheme, you shall proceed in the appropriate traffic lane in the general direction of traffic flow for that lane You shall avoid cross lane and anchor in lane, traffic line or separation zone.
In traffic separation scheme, there are traffic line or separation zone, but in narrow channel not.
4. Describe advantage various tools or technologies for proper lookout.
a) The features of radar observation.
b) The advantages of visual lookout.
c) The correct uses of various tools or technologies.
Every vessel shall at all times maintain a proper lookout by sight and hearing as well as by all available means appropriate in the prevailing circumstances and conditions so as to make a full appraisal of the situation and of the risk of collision,
The features of radar observation are as follows: (1) limitations of the radar equipment, small vessels, ice and other floating objects may not by detected by radar at an adequate range;; (2) imposed by the radar range scale in use; Weather and other sources of interference; (3) the more exact assessment of the visibility that may be possible when radar is used to determine the range of vessels or other objects in the vicinity.
The advantages of visual lookout are as follows: (1) It is the based means of looking –out; (2) the situation can be readily apparent, and so on.
There are many tools and technologies to be used in look-out, for example, when you use a radar, you should switch the radar standby first, then you should proper adjust it ,include range, tuning, gain, contrast, anti-clutter sea, anti-clutter rain. You can detected the bearing and distance of a object with radar.
5. Describe the preparation to be done by the responsibility of prior to arrival.
a) General introduction of the responsibility of deck department pre-arrival situation.
b) Preparations to be done prior to arrival.
The chief officer is the head of the deck department. He is assisted by a second officer, a third officer, a bosun, a carpenter, and some AB. The chief is responsible for caring cargo , for example, making stowage planning, holds preparation, loading, stowage, discharging. The second officer is responsible for watch pertaining to navigation publications and equipment. The third officer is responsible for watch duties pertaining to fire-fighting appliances and life-saving appliances and maintenance. The are all assigned to bridge to be proper performance watchstanding and navigational duties.
The chief officer is responsible to the master for the operation , administration , and supervision of the deck department The chief officer, carpenter and 2-3 AB are assigned to the fore station. And the some time, the second, bosun and 2-3 AB are assigned to the aft station. They should prepare to mast fast lines. The third is at the bridge , his duty is to carry out the captain’s or pilot’s order


第六章
1. Describer the formalities before carrying out a ship’s repair.
a) The necessity of carrying out a ship’s repair.
b) The formalities before a ship’s repair begin.
c) Special attention paid to the repair.
The reasons of carrying out a ship’s repair are as follows. (1) The most of sea vessels are made of steel, they are easy deteriorated and corroded. (2) The deck equipments may be damaged. (3) The vessels should be ensured maintain outward presentable appearance. (3) In order to ensure that the vessels are in seaworthiness, safety and proper to take in cargo.
Before a ship’s repair begins, the chief officer should make a repair plan. In the repair plan, he should state what should be repaired, how to repair them. Of course, the repair plan must be allowed by the captain and the company.
A ship’s repair is divided into kinds. For example, it is divided into minor repair and major repair; self repair and dock repair; voyage repair and annual repair; periodical repair and intermediate repair. The special attention is paid to the repair are as follows: (1) What can be put into voyage repair, self repair. (2) Where plates should be changed. (3) What materials should be needed. (4) How to complete the repair.
2. Describe the procedures of carrying out hull maintenance.
a) The preparations before carrying out hull maintenance.
b) The contents of hull maintenance.
c) The cautions to be taken while carrying out hull maintenance.
After a vessel leaves her building yard to go into operation, she will need to be kept at all times in a well-maintained condition. The hull is one of the main vessel’s part, it is easy deteriorated and corroded. Because some of hull is below the water line, so it need dock repair. Before being dock, the follows should be prepared; (1) shore electric power to be furnished; (2) cooling water for refrigerators to be connected; (3) fresh water to be furnished as required; (4) fire line to be connected; (5) daily garbage to be disposed.
The hull maintenance is include ; (1) hull cleaning; (2) metal plates de-rusting; (3) metal plates painting or changed.
The cautions should be taken while carrying out hull maintenance are as follows: (1) shore electric power to be furnished; (2) cooling water for refrigerators to be connected; (3) fresh water to be furnished as required; (4) fire line to be connected; (5) daily garbage to be disposed.
3. Describes the procedures of carrying out an overhaul (大修,major repair ) for navigational aids.
a) The necessity of carrying out overhaul of navigations aids.
b) The contents of the overhaul.
c) The cautions to be taken.
Some of equipment may be seriously damaged during operation and which will effect a ship’s safety. In order to keep the ship in seaworthiness, it is necessity to carry out overhaul for navigational aids.
The contents of the overhaul is include: (1) to check the hull throughout; (2) to repair some of damaged equipments or renewed. (3) hull cleaning, especially the parts below the water line; (4) de-rusting, or changing metal plates.
The cost of overhaul is very expensive. The chief officer should make the repair list carefully. If one program can be repaired by himself , do not put in into overhaul repair plan. After overhaul repair, the chief officer should check them.
4. Describer the procedures of carrying out the maintenance of riggings(舾装设备, 索具).
a) The preparations of carrying out the maintenance of riggings.
b) The contents of the maintenance of riggings.
c) Tthe cautions to be taken while carrying out the maintenance .
There are many riggings on a vessel. They will be damaged during operation. In order to ensure equipments in good condition, the damaged riggings should be repaired. When you carry out maintenance of riggings, first you should be make a plan, then to prepare materials and organize hands to do it.
The contents of the maintenance of riggings is as follows; (1) check them and decide what should be repair, or renew; (2) make a plan to do it; (3) prepare materials; (4) oil and test them.


第七章
1.Describe the procedures in handling fire on board.
a) The alarm.
b) Tthe measures taken after the fire has been extinguished.
c) Your position and functions during fire-fighting.
Switch on fire alarm immediately while finding fire. The fire alarm is belling for one minute, and one long blast is indicating fore; two long blasts is indicating aft; three long blasts is indicating middle, or bridge; four long blasts is indicating the engine room.
After the fire has been extinguished, crew should check the fire area every 10 minutes for avoiding the fire re-ignition , sent men for keeping and report. After making sure the fire is not re-ignition, the crew can cancel the fire alarm, and the chief officer should enter the event into the log-book.
Because I am a chief officer, according to the muster list, I am in command of the fire party at spot during fire-fighting.
2.Describe the emergency procedures in handling ship-borne oil pollution.
a) The alarm.
b) Typical and detailed procedures.
c) Your position and functions during fire-fighting.
When ship- borne oil pollution occurs, switch on alarm immediately. The alarm is belling three short blasts and one long blast for one minute.
All crewmembers should be standby for meeting emergency. The first is to closed the valve , to detect the reason of oil pollution; formulate a emergency plan. At the same time, report this event to near country, and require shore side assistance, if it is necessary. The second is to control the oil pollution scope and to use absorbent materials. The oil the clearance team start oil clearance under the command of the second officer. The third officer is in charge of recycling spilling oil. After these work have been finished , the master will cancel the alarm and enter the event into the log-book.
Because I am the chief officer, according to the muster list, I am on the spot to command during fire-fighting.
3.Describe briefly one of the cases that you have experienced or heard of as collision, fire, flooding, or grounding.
a) The brief introduction to the story.
b) Your comments on the successes of the measures.
c) Your comments on the improperness of the measures.
One day, when I am watch TV, I heard one explosive voice. I rush out and saw the hatch NO 3 was on fire, and at the same time, I heard the fire alarm. All crew run to the spot and extinguished the fire according the muster list.
In this event, I was in charge of commanding at the spot. Our crew could be in the spot in one minute, they detected the reason of the fire and checked the surrounding near the fire. They took proper actions to extinguish the fire. All thing was based of drilling.
In this event, we did not take care the cargo well. We did not ventilate in proper means. The temperature in hatch NO3 is too high to explosive, and causing the fire.
4.Describe the procedures in re-floating ship aground.
a) The different situations of being aground.
b) The measures taken to re-float the ship aground.
c) Special attention paid to re-float the ship.
When a ship is being aground , it may be to list, or trim. According to the different situations, you can decide where is being aground.
If your vessel is aground, I advice you to take actions as follows: (1) de-ballast or jettison cargo, it can make your vessel re-float by reducing its displacement; (2) require tugs’ assistance, tugs can pull or push your vessel from the shallow to deep water; (3) waiting the tide, the depth of water will raise when the tide is rising, so your vessel may re-float. (4) shifting cargoes or liquid, adjusting vessel’s list, trim, to make the vessel’s grounded part clear of the bottom, and then you will be re-float.
When you pay to re-float your vessel, you should take some special attention, the first thing is to decide where is ground and the situation. The second is to decide that the vessel is making water or not.
5.Describe the procedures in handling cargo damage.
a)Descriptions on different cargo damages.
b)The general procedures for handling cargo damages.
c)Special attention paid to the handling of damages.
The cargo damages can be divided into original and working damaged. If the damaged is found before loading or discharging, it is known as original damaged, and if the damaged is found during loading or discharging, it is known as working. Except for original damaged before discharging, others is not been responsible by the carrier.
According to the charter party, the damaged cargo must be surveyed on the spot. When you handle cargo damaged, you had better submit the case to the cargo survey and call him aboard to ascertain the extent of the damaged cargo, so as to determine who will be held responsible. The chief can only sign a list that conforms to the cargo survey’s report.


第八章
1. Describe fire precaution on board.
a) Fire protection equipment to be checked.
b) procedures of a fire drill.
c) Summary.
The third officer is in charge of fire-fighting equipments and life-saving equipments. In order to ensure the fire-fighting equipments can be used in the time when the vessel is on fire, the third officer should check the fire equipments on board regularly. For example, to check the co2 extinguishers by weighting.
The procedures of a fire drill is as follows: (1) sound fire alarm ; (2) crew connecting at the station.; (3) the chief officer numbers the crew and ask someone what is his duties on a fire-fighting; (4) to drill how to use some of the extinguisher ; (5) summary the fire dill; (6) cancel the alarm,
2. Describe damage control on board.
a) Equipment to be checked.
b) Damage control activities.
c) Summary.
Vessels may be making water after collision, ground or other marine’s accident. The third officer should check damaged control equipments regularly. He should check water-proof blanket, blocking mats, blocking planks, blocking cases, blocking screws and other damage control.
After a vessel is damaged and is making water, the conditions of damaged and the position of damaged must be investigated immediately. Then estimating the threaten which is caused by the damaged. According to the fact , taking proper activities to control flooding and pump out flooding-water.
The distinct kinds of control making water should be taken to relate different damaged position, e.g. below water line and above water line.
3. Describe the measures taken on board if aground.
a) Particulars to be clarified.
b) Actions to be taken in different situations.
c) Summary.
    When a ship is being aground , it may be to list, or trim. According to the different situations, you can decide where is being aground.
If your vessel is aground, I advice you to take actions as follows: (1) de-ballast or jettison cargo, it can make your vessel re-float by reducing its displacement; (2) require tugs’ assistance, tugs can pull or push your vessel from the shallow to deep water; (3) waiting the tide, the depth of water will raise when the tide is rising, so your vessel may re-float. (4) shifting cargoes or liquid, adjusting vessel’s list, trim, to make the vessel’s grounded part clear of the bottom, and then you will be re-float.
When you pay to re-float your vessel, you should take some special attention, the first thing is to decide where is ground and the situation. The second is to decide that the vessel is making water or not.
4. Describe the measures taken on board if on fire.
a) Particulars to be clarified.
b) Actions to be taken in different situations.
c) Summary.
    Switch on fire alarm immediately while finding fire. The fire alarm is belling for one minute, and one long blast is indicating fore; two long blasts is indicating aft; three long blasts is indicating middle, or bridge; four long blasts is indicating the engine room.
After the fire has been extinguished, crew should check the fire area every 10 minutes for avoiding the fire re-ignition , sent men for keeping and report. After making sure the fire is not re-ignition, the crew can cancel the fire alarm, and the chief officer should enter the event into the log-book.
You should foam extinguisher to fighting an oil-fire, dry power extinguishers to fighting an electric fire. The carbon dioxide extinguisher will be caused the least damaged in fire-fighting.

 

第九章
1. Describe the procedures of search and rescue operations.
a) The ways to transmit distress alerts.
b) The procedures for emergency responding.
c) The patterns of search and the ways to implement a SAR mission. The distress alerts can be transmitted by VHF, DSC, 2182, RADIO,GMDSS equipments, EPIRB, NBDP, and so on.
Distress alerting is the rapid and successful reporting of a distress incident to a unit which can provide assistance. This world be another ship in the vicinity or a rescue c0-ordination centre(RCC). When an alert is received by an RCC, normally via a coast station, the RCC will relay the alert to SAR units and to ships in the vicinity of the distress incident. A distress alert should indicate the identification and position of the distress and, where practicable, its nature and other information which could be used for rescue operation.
To implement a SAR mission, the ways have :Single turn, double turn , Williamson turn, Scharnow turn, the patterns of search have :expanding square search, sector search, parallel search, ship/aircraft coordinated search..
2. Describe the responses when a person falls overboard.
a) The responses of the officer on watch.
b) The ship manoeuvres available to man overboard responding.
c) Attention to be paid in such operation.
When a person falls overboard, the officer on watch should sound alarm signals of man overboard. He also reports it to captain at once. If it possible, he should drop a lifebuoy to the overboard man, turn on the search light to the man.
At the same time, the officer on watch should stop the engine, and operate a hard rudder to the side which man overboard. During the ship turning, the officer on watch and the watch man should keep sharp lookout to search the overboard man. They should report the conditions to captain in time.
In emergency of man overboard operation, the officer on watch should avoid the man is injured by the propeller. So he should stop the engine at once. In any case, if it is possible, the watch men should keep the overboard in sight.
3. Describe briefly the GMDSS.
a) Main objectives of GMDSS.
b) The components of GMDSS.
c) Main functions of GMDSS.
The GMDSS means “Global Maritime Distress and Safety System”. The basic concept of the system is that search and rescue authorities ashore, as well as shipping in the immediate vicinity of the ship in distress, will be rapidly alerted to a distress incident so they can assist in a coordinated search and rescue operation with the minimum delay.
The GMDSS is composed by satellites, shore-station, ship-station. Usually the shore-station is the RCC. The equipments of the GMDSS is includes as follows: VHF, DSC, 2182, EPIRB, NBDP and so on.
The main functions of GMDSS are as follows:(1) alerting; (2)coordinating communications;(3) on- scene communications;(4) dissemination of maritime safety information; (5) general communications.
4. Describe briefly the DSC distress alert.
a) The function of DSC.
b) The format of a distress alert.
c) summary.
The term of DSC means “digital selective calling”. It can to see or to activate a distress call.
When you use DSC to sent a distress alert, you are advised to select group calling. The format of a distress alert as follows : MAYDYA, MAYDAY, MAYDAY, This is M.V. ABCD, I am on fire. My position is at …… , I need fire fighting assistance , over.
When using DSC, you should select type of call, notice the priority and proper to use it.


第十章
1. sand a Mayday message according to the information.
a) Ship’s name :Blue Whale
b) Call-sign: WXCP
c) distress position:47004’N, 50008’W.
d) Nature of distress suffered: being on fire after explosion in the engine room.
e) Assistance required: fire-fighting assistance.
Mayday, Mayday, Mayday. This is M.V. Blue Whale, Blue Whale, Blue Whale. Mayday, this is M.V. Blue Whale. My call-sign is Whiskey, X-ray, Charlie, Papa.
Position: latiatude47 degrees 04 minutes north, longitude 50 degrees 08 minutes west. I am on fire in engine room after explosion. I require immediate fire fighting assistance, over.
2. Sand a Mayday message according to the given information.
a) Ship’s name :South Pacific
b) Call-sign: NOPE
c) distress position:22004’N, 127008’E.
d) Nature of distress suffered: Grounded on the bow.
e) Assistance required: tug assistance.    

Mayday, Mayday, Mayday. This is M.V. South Pacific, South Pacific, South Pacific. Mayday, this is M.V. South Pacific. My call-sign is November, Oscar, Papa, Echo..
Position: latiatude22 degrees 04 minutes north, longitude 127 degrees 08 minutes east. I am Grounded on the bow. I require immediate tug assistance, over.
3. Sand a PAN-PAN message according to the given information.
a) Ship’s name :White Snow
b) Call-sign: ALMI
c) distress position:22004’N, 127008’E.
d) Nature of distress suffered: Breakdown of main engine.
e) Assistance required: tug assistance.
PAN-PAN, PAN-PAN, PAN-PAN. This is M.V. White Snow , White Snow , White Snow ,. PAN-PAN, this is M.V. White Snow. My call-sign is Alfa, Lima, Mike, India..
Position: latiatude22 degrees 04 minutes north, longitude 127 degrees 08 minutes east. I am Breakdown of main engine. I require immediate tug assistance, over.
4. Sand a PAN-PAN message according to the given information.
a) Ship’s name :Blue Sea.
b) Call-sign: BERN
c) distress position:22004’N, 127008’E.
d) Nature of distress suffered: Breakdown of steering gears.
e) Assistance required: tug assistance.
PAN-PAN, PAN-PAN, PAN-PAN. This is M.V. Blue Sea, Blue Sea, Blue Sea,. PAN-PAN, this is M.V. Blue Sea. My call-sign is Bravo, Echo, Romeo, November.
Position: latiatude22 degrees 04 minutes north, longitude 127 degrees 08 minutes east. I am Breakdown of steering gears. I require immediate tug assistance, over.
5. Give instructions on how to embark and behave in lifeboats or life-rafts.
a) Attention to be paid before entering.
b) Attention to be paid while entering.
c) Attention to be paid after entering.
When hearing the signal of abandoning vessel, all crew and passengers should be on the embarkation deck in 2 minutes. As a chief officer, he should number and check his members. If no double, they can enter a lifeboat.
While entering a lifeboat, everybody should be carefully. The first 2 men should be lift life ropes, close ship’s bottom block, let go gripes. Then others can lower the lifeboat to embarkation deck, and enter the lifeboat.
After entering a lifeboat, lower the lifeboat to the water , release the bow-sing tackles, and sail away form the vessel as soon as possible.


第十一章
1. Please describe the outline of Port State control.
a) The typical procedures.
b) The actions to be takes when deficiencies are found.
c) Attention to be paid during inspections.
The typical procedures of PSC inspections are embarkation, checking, taking measurement to correct deficiencies, and/or banning of a ship.
During inspecting, if the PSCO find deficiencies, he must record the deficiencies. If the deficiencies is general ones, he would ask the crew to take some correction measurements. If the deficiencies is threaten the ship’s safety, he would take detaining actions to the vessel until they are eliminated.
While a ship is being inspections of PSC, the first thing is to keep clean and tidy. It can give a good surface impression to the PSCO. The second is to prepare carefully.
2. Please describe the preparatory work or the daily maintenance work to be done by you before a PSC inspection.

A) Your daily maintenance work.
B) Preparatory work before PSC inspection.
c) some successful experiences.
I am a chief officer, my daily work is to lead deck hands to maintain deck equipments besides keeping on watch. Every day, from Monday to Friday, I sent deck maintenance tasks to the Bosun in the morning. Every month, I make a repair list and sent to the captain. Every voyage, I make a repair report to the company.
Before PSC inspection, I should sent deck hands to wash deck from stern to stern, oil all moving gears and check them. Of course, I should prepare some papers.
I have many experiences to face PSC. As my words, to keeping clean and tidy is very important, because it can give a good surface impression to the PSCO.
3. Please describe a story of your success in passing though PSC inspection.
a) The general scenario(方案,情景).
b) The actions taken by you.
c) Some successful experiences.
同2。
4. Make a comparison between different ports in different states.(about PSC inspection)
a) The difference in procedure.
b) The difference in assessing risks or targeting factors.
c) The difference in key inspection items.
The typical procedures of PSC inspections are embarkation, checking, taking measurement to correct deficiencies, and/or to detain. The difference in procedure is the orders of checking. The first step is some to inquire, some to test at spot, some to check papers or certificates, and so on.
There are indifference in assessing risks or targeting factors. The PSCO do it according to the Rules.
But the key inspection items are difference in difference ports in difference states. Some of PSCO pay attention in life-saving equipments, some think highly of fire-fighting equipments, some take the certificates ‘s valid seriously, and some do attach much weight to the drill.
5. Describe ISM inspection based on the PSC inspection regime.
a) The typical procedures.
b) Particular items to be checked in PSC inspection.
c) Attention to be paid during inspections.
The typical procedures of ISM inspection based on the PSC inspections are embarkation, checking, taking measurement to correct deficiencies, and/or banning of a ship.
The particular items to be checked in ISM inspection based on the PSC inspection are checking the valid of the certificate, the PSCO would check ship’s DOC, SMC, SMM, SMC, and inquire crew if they familiar their duties.
While a ship is being inspections of PSC, the first thing is to keep clean and tidy. It can give a good surface impression to the PSCO. The second is to prepare carefully and keep all certificates in valid..


第十二章
1. Please describe the main responsibilities of a ship security officer onboard?
a) The responsibilities while staying in the port.
b) The responsibilities while handling security emergencies at sea.
c) The responsibilities while conducting a security drill.
The responsibilities of a ship security officer onboard while staying in the port are to detect security threats and take preventive measures against security incidents affecting ships or port facilities used in international trade.
The responsibilities while handling security emergencies at sea are to ensure the early and efficient collection and exchange of security related information, and to provide a methodology for security assessments so as to have in place plans and procedures to react to changing security levels.
The responsibilities while conducting a security drill are to ensure confidence that adequate and proportionate marine security measures.
2. Please describe something about Automatic Identification System.
a) The basic concept of AIS.
b) The main information of receiving or transmitting of AIS.
c) The roles of AIS in ship security.
The basic concept of AIS is Automatic Identification System. With AIS, we can easily know ship’s positions and situations, include in TCPA and DCPA.
AIS can be connected with VTS. It can receive and transmit all movable targets’ information, include in ship’s name, speed, course, position and situation.
AIS can help to enhance the marine human life security,navigate the security and the efficiency as well as the protection marine environment. AIS can receive and transmit messages between ship to ship stations, ship to shore stations.
3. Please describe Ship Security Alert System (SSAS,船舶保安报警系统) onboard.
a) General introduction to the SSAS.
b) The roles of SSAS.
c) Summary.迎风浪   制作
All cargo ships shall be provided with a ship security alert system on or after 1 July 2004. The ship security alert system activation points shall be designed so as to prevent the inadvertent initiation of the ship security alert.
The AIS can initiate and transmit a ship-to-shore security alert to a competent authority, so as to identity the ship, its location. The AIS can indicate the security of the ship is under threat or it has been compromised.
AIS can be capable of being activated from the navigation bridge and in at least one other location. AIS can conform to performance standards not inferior to those adopted by the organization.
4. Please describe something about ship security training and drills.
a) The time or interval of such security training and drills to be conducted onboard.
b) The persons involved in ship security training and drills?
c) The main procedures and requirements of ship security training and drills.
Each 18 months, the ship security training and drills should be exercised. On 08th , august ,2007, we were coming drill of encountering pirates and armed attacks. At that time, we were proceeding to one of India ports.
We were divided into two groups, one was lead by the master, and the other was lead by our SSO(ship security officer)—the chief officer. The simulated drill was organized in turn and more than half of our crew took part into this exercise.
The main procedures and requirements of the security training and drill are as follows: (1) organizers introduce to the crew members drilled the general requirements for emergency counter-measures to be taken when encountering pirate and armed attacks. (2) simulate the drill as the master is assumed to be kidnapped by pirates and / or armed personnel; (3) emergency response when retreating the crew member.           

 

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