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航海英语评估与会话第三版问答

(2011-01-02 13:30:50)
标签:

教育

分类: 学习

第1章

1.01 What’s your date of birth ?                   

My date of birth is the 12th of oct 1982

1.02 What’s your seaman’s book number ?          

    My seaman’s book number is A396625

1.03 Where are you from ?                        

I am from Hubei china

1.04 What your captain’s nationality   [ˌnæʃə'næliti] n. 国籍           

My captain’s nationality is china

1.05 What do you think is the most important thing on board ?

 I think is the most important thing on board is safety

1.06 Which ports do you often call at ?              

I often call at Shanghai, Tianjin ,Dalian.  

1.07 What your favorite TV program ?              

    My favorite TV program is sports program

1.08 What your favorite Web site      [sait]                 

My favorite Web site is www.cctv.com

1.09 What your favorite day of the week ? why ? 

My favorite day of the week is Friday. Because it is the weekend day

1.10 What your favorite kind of movie ?              

My favorite movie is action movie        ['ækʃən]

1.11 What your favorite kind of music ?              

My favorite music is light music

1.12 What your favorite magazine                   [ˌmægə'zi:n] n. 杂志             

My favorite magazine is TIMES

1.13 What is the population of your hometown ?    [ˌpɔpju'leiʃən]  n. 人口

The population of my hometown is five million     ['miljən]  n. 百万  

1.14 What is the population of your country ?      [ˌpɔpju'leiʃən]  n. 人口

The population of my country is

1.15 What is the best thing about your hometown ?

The best thing about my hometown is the weather. It is not hotter in summer ,not colder in winter.

1.16 What is the worst thing about your hometown ? 

The worst thing about my hometown is the living price is too high

1.17 What’s your hometown like ?                 

My hometown is a small size city,but beautiful.

1.18 Do you have many disaster in you contry which are cause by weather ?   [di'zɑ:stə]  n. 灾难

Yes,there many disaster in my country,such as earthquakes,flooding,typhoon.

1.19 What sports do you like to whach on TV ?        

I like to whach football games on TV

1.20 What do you think is the most popular sport in the world ?    ['pɔpjulə]adj.流行的

 I think the most popular sport in the world is football

第3章

3.01 Can you list at least three mooring lines ?                 

head line,breast line, spring line

3.02 What should be prepared before the pilot comes on board ?  

The pilot ladder,a heaving line and a life buoy

3.03 What the maximum speed through the water that your ship can anchor without risking breaking the cable ?

    General speaking less than 2knots.      ['mæksiməm] n. 最大      [risk] n. 风险, 危险vt. 冒...的危险      [ 'breɪkɪŋ] 断裂

3.04 What flag should be hoist when a vessel requires a pilot ?    [hɔist] v. 升起

G flag

3.05 How can a ship get in touch with a port before he arrival ?  

By VHF

3.06 What ship’s particurlars will pilot station usually ask for ?      n. 事实, 细节

LOA;ETA;draft fore and aft;GT and NT    LOA n. 全长(总长)

3.07 What should be reported to pilot station ?                    

The ship’s present position and ETA at pilot station

3.08 What should be confirmed from the pilot station ?  [kən'fə:md] adj.  被证实的

Time and place for pick up pilot;the ship’s side on which pilot ladder will be rigged    [rigd]

3.09 When the vessel enters the VTS area ,what is request to report ?  

Ship’s name,call sign,present speed and course;draft;ETA at pilot station     [drɑ:ft]   n.吃水

3.10 What does “foul anchor”mean ?       

 Means that anchor has its own cable twist around it     [twist]

3.11 If your are ordered: “stand by both engine!” how should you reply and report ? 

Reply:stand by both engines and report : both engines stand by

3.12 Can you list three famous canals in the world ?   [kə'næl]n. 运河

    Panama,Suez,and Kiel canal

3.13 When you request the receiver to remain on channal 16 in VHF communication,what do you say ?  [kəˌmju:ni'keiʃn]通讯

    Stand by on channal 16

3.14 How do you rectify the mistake in marine VHF communication ?     ['rektifai]vt. 订正, 改正       [mə'ri:n] 海上,船舶

Say “mistake ”,then follow by the word “correction”and the corrected part of the message   [kə'rekʃən] n. 订正, 改正

3.15 How do you emphasize the important part of a message in martine VHF communication ?  ['emfəsaiz] vt. 强调, 着重

Say “repeat”,then followed by the import part of the message

3.16 What does “abandon vessel”mean ?    [ə'bændən]

evacuate the crew and passengers from a distress vessel            [i'vækjueit] v. 疏散

3.17 What does the abbreviation ETD stand for ?             [əˌbri:vi'eiʃən]n. 缩写

    Estimated time of departure          ['estimetid]  adj. 估计的       [di'pɑ:tʃə]  n. 离开, 出发

3.18 What does “dredging of an anchor”mean ?         ['dredʒiŋ]n. 挖泥

    Means moving an anchor over the sea bottom to control the movement of the vessel

3.19 What does “underway”mean ?

    “underway”means the ship which is not at anchor,or aground,or fast to the shore

3.20 What does “dragging of an anchor”mean ?    ['drægiŋ] adj. 拖曳用的, 拖延的

    It means that the anchor is moving over the sea bottom involuntarily.because it is no longer preventing the movement of the vessel                      [in'vɔləntərili]  adv. 不知不觉地, 无心地

3.21 What is differece between a “radar beacon”and a “radar reflector”?       [ri'flektə(r)] n.反射体

    Radar beacon can transmit signals,but radar reflector can only reflect signals     [ri'flekt]  v. 反映

3.22 How many object do you need to get a position using “horizontal sextant angles”?   ['æŋglz] n. 角度

    3 objiects       [ˌhɔri'zɔntl]  adj. 水平的, 横的n. 水平线, 水平面          ['sekstənt]  n. 六分仪

3.23 Why is a magnetic compass kept on board when a gyro compass is more accurate ? [mæg'netik] 磁的

    The magnetic compass can be use for emergency and adjustment   [ə'dʒʌstmənt] n. 调整   ['ækjurit]  adj. 准确的, 精确的

3.24 What do you report when the anchor has been heaved out of the ground and is clear of it ?

    Anchor aweigh

3.25 When praparing for anchoring what must you do before releasing the bow stoppers ? 释放 [breik] n.刹车,刹住!,制动    Supply the power,Standby the anchor ball or light,Test the windlass,Put into the gear ,Release the brake

3.26 Would you let go an anchor from the hawse pipe if the depth was 75 meters ?  [hɔ:z]  n. 锚链孔

No,we should not let go anchor from hawse pipe directly,but the anchor can be releaseed with windlass slowly

3.27 Why must you consider ship’s speed and sea depth when you release the bow stopper ?

    Because when the depth is different,we should take different measures for anchoring.And for ship’s safety ,during the different phase,the speed should be different,too.   [feiz] n.阶段,时期       [brɔ:t] bring的过去式   ['pleist]  v. 放置

3.28 What must always be brought and placed close to the pilot ladder well before the pilot’s embarkation ?  [ˌembɑ:'keiʃən]

    The lifebuoy with the lifeline,and at night,there should be be a light.

3.29 Why is it dangerous to anchor in ice ?    [ə'fekt]  vt. 影响    [fri:z] v. 冻结

    The ice can change the angle of the anchor, affect the holding power,and freeze the ship.

3.30 What flag is hoisted when the pilot has arrived on board ?

H flag                         [iks'pləusiv] adj. 爆炸(性)的  ['flæməbl]  adj. 易燃的   ['likwid] n. 液体  [kə'rəusiv] adj. 腐蚀的

第4章

4.01 How many classes of dangerous goods are there according to the IMDG ?can you list some ?

9 classes. such as explosives,gasses,flammable liquids,corrosives.

4.02 What kind of cargo is classified as flammable cargo? ['klæsifaid] adj. 分类的

    The cargo which is subject to ignite or to self- ignite,including flammable gas, flammable liquid, flammable solid.

4.03 Please describe the general nature of general cargo .  ['sʌbdʒikt] vt. 使遭遇    [ig'nait] 点燃,引燃,使燃烧着火,发火

general cargo is made up of all kinds of goods. It can be divided into containerized,non- containerized and refrigerated        [kən'teinəraiz] vt. 用集装箱装         [ri'fridʒəreit] 冷藏  

4.04 Please describe the general nature of bulk cargo

    Bulk cargo is the cargo without packing when under transport such as grain,coal etc.  [træns'pɔ:t]运输

4.05 What kind of cargo is canvas sling suitable for lifting ?   ['kænvəs]  n. 帆布, [sliŋ]

Bagged cargo etc.

4.06 What kind of cargo is chain sling suitable for lifting ?

    general cargo like steel,timbers                  ['timbə]n. 木材

4.07 What kind of cargo is net sling suitable for lifting ?

    general cargo in bags.

4.08 What does the abbreviation COW stand for ?

    COW stand for crude oil washing.            [kru:d] n. 原油

4.09 What does “jettison of cargo” mean ?          ['dʒetisn, -tizn] 弃货   [seik] n. 缘故

    It means to deliberately throw cargo over board for ship’s safety sake [di'libərətli] adv. 慎重地, 故意地

4.10 What does “compatibility of goods” mean ?  [kəmˌpæti'biliti]  n.兼容

    It means different cargos can be stowed in the same hold without affecting each other.  [ə'fektiŋ] v.  影响

4.11 What does the abbreviation SWL stand for ?

    SWL stand for safety working load.

4.12 What does “shifting cargo” mean ?

    It refers to the transverse movement of cargo.   [træns'və:s]  adj. 横向的

4.13 What does “Union purchase” mean ?    ['pə:tʃəs]  起重装置   [kəm'baind] adj. 组合的, 结合的  ['kʌpld]adj. 成对的

    It means a rig in which a pair of derricks is combined,also known as “coupled derricks” or “married falls”

4.14 What preparations shall be done before loading cargo ?

Before loading cargo,hold should be cleaned and cargo gears sholud be prepared.

4.15 What is the loading capacity of your vessel ?   [kə'pæsiti]n. 能力, 容量, 容积

    The loading capacity of my vessel is 10000 tons

4.16 What cargo hangding gear and equipment does your vessel have ?

My vessel has deck cranes and derricks.   [krein] n. 起重机

4.17 What can be used to remove spillage  ['spilidʒ] n. 漏, 溢出

    Oil spillage can be removed by oil absorbent chemical agent. [əb'sɔ:bənt]adj. 能吸收的n. 吸收剂    ['eidʒənt] n. 代理人 ,药剂

4.18 What should be ensured before entering the enclosed space ?

    Ventilation shall be ensure        [venti'leiʃən]  n. 通风处, 通风设备

4.19 Please list some cargo papers ?     [bil] n. 帐单, 钞票, 票据, 清单

    Stowage plan; hatch list; bill of loading; cargo manifest. ['mænifest]  n. 载货单, 运货单, 旅客名单

4.20 What must your wear when your enter an encosed space ?

    We must wear breathing apparatus [ˌæpə'reitəs]  设备,装备

第5章

5.01 Why is important to sound fog signals ?   ['indikeit] v. 指示,表明

    When the visibility is poor, fog signals may indicate the present position of own vessel and warn the other vessels.

5.02 When would your sound the general alarm ?

    Drill; in emergency conditions

5.03When should an OOW notify the master immediately for emergency ship-handing or complicated navigation ? please list some ?   ['nəutifai]  v. 通知, 通告, 报告      ['kɔmplikeitid] adj. 复杂的     ['feiljə] 故障,损坏   [sait] 视线vt. 看见, 观看

   The officer on watch will notify the master such conditions as failure to sight land or navigation mark, heavy traffic, low visibiliy or at other critical moment.    ['kritikəl] adj. 危险的, 挑剔的adj. 临界的

5.04 How does the OOW assess risk of collision generally ?  [ə'ses] 估计

    By applying radar to pilot DCPA and TCPA of the approaching vessel.  [ə'prəʊtʃiŋ]  adj. 接近的   [bi'heiv]  v. 举止, 行为

5.05 How should the relieving officer behave in case a brige manoeuvre already took place but has not been over ?

The hand over must be deferred until the action is completed.    [ri'li:viŋ] n.解除(岗位,职位)   [di'fə:]vt. 推迟 延期

5.06 List the main items to be updated on the pilot card ?  [ʌp'deitid]  adj. 更新的, 适时的

    It includes the particulars of the ship(drift,speed,course),conditions of the facilities shipboard which might affect saft navigation(radar,gyro,VHF)   [fə'siliti]  n. 设施, 设备    [ə'fekt] vt. 影响, 作用        ['mɔnitə] v. 监视, 监听, 监督

5.07 Besides the collision risks ,what else should your monitor on watch in reduced visibility ? 

    Generally navigation lights,the compasses and the equipments on the bridge

5.08 How do you know the VHF channels to be monitored when leaving port ?

    If the VHF channels is monitored,the indication light will light up.

5.09 What should the Master expect from the OOW on arriving at the bridge ?

    A brief description about position,course, speed, and the intended track. [in'tendid] 预定的[træk] 航迹

5.10 Who should be in attendance when a pilot is on the ladder ?  [ə'tendəns] 值班,维护,养护

    OOW

5.11 When would you instruct a lookout to assist you on the bridge ?   [in'strʌkt] v. 教, 命令, 指导

    When the visibility becomes poor or in case of other difficult or emergent situations.

5.12 What effect will the general alarm have on all the crew ?   [i'fekt]  n. 结果, 影响, 效果

    On hearing the general alarm all crewmembers should go immediately to emergency stations.

5.13 Why is record keeping a necessary part of watchkeeping ?

    It may provide evidence for the any accident ['evidəns]  n. 根据, 证据  ['æksidənt]  n. 事故, 意外

5.14 A part from those for navigation safety ,what else should you do on an anchor watch ?

Check the anchor position; pay attention to the vessels nearby and the weather condition

5.15 How would you conveniently, check the compass error in pilotage water ? [kən'vi:njəntli] adv.  方便地, 便利地; 合宜地

    By leading marks.

5.16 If a sailing ship is overtaking a power-driven vessel ,who has the right of way ?

     The power-driven

5.17 A power-driven vessel is on a collision course with a fishing trawler. Who has the right of way ?

The fishing trawler.    ['trɔ:lə] n.拖网渔船,拖捞船

5.18 How many meters are there in a nautical mile ?    ['nɔ:tikəl]  adj. 海上的, 航海的, 船员的

    1852m

5.19 If you travel from Panama to New York ,will your latitude increase or decrease ? ['lætitju:d] n. 纬度

    The latituade will increase

5.20 How many “position lines ”are needed to make a position ?

    2 position lines

5.21 Can you define the very important term “underway”?(3.19重复了)

    the ship is not at anchor,or agrond,or fast to the shore

5.22 You observe a ship, during daytime, exhibiting three balls on the same halyard. What has happened ?

    The ship is ground    [əb'zə:v]  v. 观察, 遵守, 注意到   [ig'zibit]  vt. 展览, 展现, 显出(感情或品质), 提出证据   ['hæljəd] 吊索,升降索

5.23 What does the abbreviation IALA stand for ?    [əˌsəusi'eiʃən] n.社团,协商,社团      [ɔ:'θɔritiz]  n. pl.当局, 官方

    The International Association of Lighthouse Authorities [əˌsəusi'eiʃən] n.社团,协商,社团      [ɔ:'θɔritiz]  n. pl.当局, 官方

5.24 Is it safe to pass north of a North Mark ?

    Yes, it is safe

5.25 Is it safe to pass north of a South Mark ?

    No, it is not safe

5.26 Dose “variation”change due to ship’s position ?    [ˌvɛəri'eiʃən]磁差,偏差

    Yes, the variation change with the varying of the ship’s position

5.27 Dose deviation change due to ship’s position ?   [ˌdi:vi'eiʃən]自差

Yes, the deviation change with the varying of the ship’s position

5.28 When correcting charts why must you use symbols and abbreviations from chart 5011 ? ['simbəl] n. 符号, 标志, 象征

    Because they are standard     ['stændəd]  adj. 标准的, 普通的n. 标准

5.29 You have purchased a new chart . is it right ready for use ? ['pə:tʃəs]  n. 购买

    No, it isn’t

5.30 What publication do you need to correct charts properly ?   [ˌpʌbli'keiʃən] n. 出版, 发行, 出版物

    NM(notices to mariners)                    ['mærinə]  n. 航海

5.31 What course in degrees correct charts properly ?

    135 degrees

5.32 What is the angle between magnetic and ture meridian called ? [mæg'netik] 磁的,磁性的,磁铁的 [mə'ridiən] n.子午线, 经线

    variation     [ˌvɛəri'eiʃən] 磁差,偏差

5.33 Where can you always find information about the magnetic variation ?

    The charts ,compass rose, professional variation charts.    [prə'feʃənl]  adj. 职业(上)的, 专业的n. 专业人员

5.34 When a ship pick up speed ,will draught increase or decrease ?  加快速度

    The draft will decrease

5.35 A ship ahead of you has hoisted the signal flag “O”, what has happened ?

    There is a man who has fallen overbard           [ˌkɔnfə'meiʃən]  n. 确认, 证实

第7章

7.01 What is your purpose to prepare the Confirmation of Collision to the Captain of the other vessel ?

To make the fact clear and avoid possible disputes [dis'pju:t, 'dispute]n. 争论

7.02 What shall be usually attached to the report on the collision accident ?  [ə'tætʃt]  adj. 附加的,

    Abstract of LOG BOOK,witnesses,and photo pictures if necessary. ['æbstrækt] n.摘要, 抽象的东西adj.抽象的,理论的n.简介,理论的,提取['witnis] n.证人,证据,目击者v.目击, 证明, 作证; 作证人,成为证据  [prə'test] 声明[səb'mit]vt. 呈送, 递交, [in'dɔ:s] 批注的[ɔ:'θɔritiz]当局,官方

7.03 When should a sea protest be submitted to and endorsed by the authorities concerned ?  [kən'sə:nd] v.  涉及; 关系到

    When the ship encountered the heavy weather,the ship and the cargo could be damaged. [in'kauntəd]adj. 遇到的, 遭遇的

7.04 Generally speaking, which is responsible for the damage after a collision between a vessel moored and a vessel underway ?  [ris'pɔnsəbl] adj. 可靠的, 有责任的, 责任重大的  负责的

     The vessel underway is responsible for the damage

7.05 What is the sound signal to warn a vessel of the immediate danger of collision ?

    Five short and rapid blast     [ɔ:'θɔritiz] n. pl.当局, 官方 ['kɔntækt]  n. 接触, 联系 [in'kwaiə]   vt. 询问 [ri'leitid] adj. 相关的

7.06 What action will you take after a collision with anchor vessel ?

    Report to the authorities concerned; make contact with the another vessel and inquire the related information

7.07 As a chief officer, what is your responsibility in damage control operation ?  [risˌpɔnsə'biliti]  n. 责任,

    A chief officer is on-scene-commander    [si:n] 现场

7.08 What does “SOPEP” mean ?   船上油污应急计划

    Ship oil pollution emergency plan   [pə'lu:ʃən, -'lju:-] n. 污染

7.09 Whom shall be reported to in case ot an oil polution incident ?

     The authorities of the coastal countries   [ɔ:'θɔritiz] n. pl.当局, 官方

7.10 What’s the first step in handing the cargo damage caused by the stevedores ['sti:vidɔ:] n. 装卸工人, 码头工人

    Report the incident to the chief officer and ask the foreman to confirm the cargo damage  [kən'fə:m]  v. 确定, 批准, 证实

7.11 What anti-stowaway precautions should you take before the vessel sails from a port ?

    Patrol the ship and check all the possible places    ['stəʊəˌwei] n. 偷渡者, 匿身处  [pri'kɔ:ʃən] n. 预防(措施)  [pə'trəul]  巡逻, 巡查

7.12 What is your first response when you detect a fire ?   [ri'spɔns] n. 反应, 响应,回答

     (1)sound fire alarm nearby (2)report to the bridge

7.13 what can be use to handle an oil spill? 围油拦/驱油剂     [dis'pə:sənt]分散剂

    Floating booms, oil dispersants    [træns'fə:]  n. 迁移, 移动, 换车v. 转移, 调转, 调任  ['bʌŋkə] n.舱,燃料舱;n.装燃料  燃料,燃油

7.14 What are the ways to refloat a grouded vessel ?

    (1)wait for high tide (2)transfer some cargoes, bunkers or ballasts from the grounded area to the end of the other side  (3) ask tug for assistance    [ə'sistəns]   n. 帮助, 援助

7.15 Can you list some ways of correcting listing ?

    Yes ,I can. (1) ballast or de-ballast to adjust the list (2) shift some cargo from listing side to the other side

7.16 What will you first do if you find some oil near your vessel while bunkering 加油

    Stop bunkering and report to Coastal Guard

7.17 What will you first do if a crewmember was seriously injured ?

    Take some due measures and ask for emergency medical assistance from shore or other ships if possible

7.18 What will you first do if your vessel is under attack by pirates [ə'tæk] n. 攻击   ['paiərət]  n. 海盗

    Start the ship security alarm system    [si'kjuriti]  n. 安全

7.19 If someone returns to the ship very drunk ,should he be left alone to ‘sleep it off ’?   [drʌŋk]  adj. 喝醉了的

    No, we shold help him to recover    [ri'kʌvə]   恢复, 复原

7.20 If you see a person collapsed who is in contact with electricity what is the first thing you must do before attempting to switch off the supply ?   [kə'læps]  n. 崩溃, 倒塌, 暴跌vi. 倒塌, 崩溃, 瓦解, 折叠vt. 倒塌, 缩减

    Shout loudly to call for help  [səs'pekt]vt. 怀疑, 猜想vi. 猜想   [in'heil] v. 吸入, 吞咽  ['sʌbstəns]n. 物质, 实质  [trein] adj. 训练过的

7.21 If you suspect someone has inhaled a dangerous substance what can you do to help even if you are not trained ?

Remove the man away from the poisonous place to breath the fresh air 

 ['sə:kəmstəns]  n. 环境    [ˌɑ:ti'fiʃəl] adj. 人造的n.人工,人为,人工的     [ˌrespi'reiʃən]n. 呼吸      [venti'leiʃən] n. 通风, 通风设备

7.22 In what circumstances do you give artificial respiration and mouth to mouth ventilation ?

    When the heart can still jump, but the breathing has stopped

7.23

    Make clear the cause and position of blooding,then take the proper measures to stop blooding

7.24 If you suspect someone has been poisoned what is the first thing you should try to do ? ['pɔizn] vt.中毒 ['pɔiznəs] adj.有毒的

    First, remove the man away from the poisonous place,clear the poisonous substance,then,take proper measures

7.25 What is the most important thing to consider when treating a wound   [wu:nd] n. 创伤, 伤害, 苦痛v. 伤害

    Make clear the fact,then,take proper measures according to different conditions of the injuries

第8章

8.01 What kind of fire extinguishes can you use for an electric fire ?

    CO2 or dry powder           carbon dioxide['kɑ:bən] [dai'ɔksaid]

8.02 What can not be use for an electric fire ?  [fəum]n. 泡沫

    Water and foam

8.03 What are the three components of fire ?  [kəm'pəunənt] n.部分,部件,成分  adj. 组成的, 构成的

    Oxygen,fuel,and ignition   ['ɔksidʒən]  n. 氧, 氧气  [fjuəl]  n. 燃料   [ig'niʃən] 点燃

8.04 How often is a fire drill required to be carried out on cargo ships ?

    Once a month

8.05 What must you do first if you find a fire on board ?

    Sound the alarm and report to the bridge at once

8.06 What does the Muster List show ?

    crew’s station and liability in fire-fighting and boat drills   [ˌlaiə'biliti]   n. 责任

8.07 What will you first do if you see a person fall over board ?

    Throw a lifebuoy to him, keep him in sight,turn hard over to the side from which the man has fallen

8.08 How often is a boat drill required to be carried out on board a cargo ship ?

Once a month

8.09 Can you list at least three different kinds of fire extinguishers ?

    CO2 ,dry powder,foam extinguisher

8.10 In general,what parties are involved in a fire drill ?         [in'vɔlvd] 包含的

    Fire-fighting party,separation party,engine room party,rescue party     [sepə'reiʃən] 隔票

8.11 Where should fire control plan be located ?  [əˌkɔmə'deiʃən] n.住舱['kwɔtə(r)s] 住舱

    In the water-tight boxes marked fire control plan on both sides of the accommodation quarters.

8.12 How often will the lifeboat be launched into water ?  [lɔ:ntʃ, lɑ:ntʃ]  下水

    very 3 months

8.13 What does “retreat signal”mean ?    [ri'tri:t] v.  撤退

    To order the team return to its base

8.14 What is “general alarm signal”?     [ə'naunst] v.  发布, 宣布; 通知

    general alarm signal is the signal announced by the master to all crewmembers in the imminent danger

8.15 What does “fire patrol”mean ?       [pə'trəul]n. 巡逻, 巡查

    Round the ship for preventing the fire from breaking out.

8.16 What does “damage control team” ?

    Damage control team is a group of crewmembers trained for fighting flooding

8.17 How do you check fixed installation ?  [ˌinstə'leiʃən] n.安装,设备,设施

    Check the weight and the pressure

8.18 Can you list two main reasons for electrical fire ?

    Short circuit or overload  ['sə:kit]  n.电路,回路

8.19 What is the minimum number of motor lifeboats fitted on board ?  ['miniməm] n.最小值   [fit] v. 适合, 安装

    one

8.20 Could you list some apparatus in an open lifeboard ?  [ˌæpə'reitəs] 设备,装备

    Painter,compass,sea-anchor,whistle and so on  [kən'sə:n] vt. 涉及, 影响, 关心

8.21 Would a cargo with a high “flash point”be of more concern to you than one with a low “flash point”.

    No,it wouldn’t. because it is easier to catch fire

8.22 What is meant by “starving” a fire ?   ['stɑ:viŋ]  adj. 饥饿的    动词starve的现在分词形式

    Cut off the supply of O2, or separate the flammable materials

8.23 Before you enter into an “enclosed space”,what safety precautions should you take ?  [pri'kɔ:ʃən]  n. 预防(措施)

    Ventilate the space, check O2, put on breathing apparatus and so on .  ['ventileit] vt. 使...空气流通, 通风

8.24 What is supposed to be transferred over the International Shore Connection ?

    Water for fire-fighting   [sə'pəuzd] adj. 想象上的, 假定的    [træns'fə:]n. 迁移, 移动

8.25 If a person who has no authority to be on board attempts to enter the ship ,where should be stopped ?

    At gangway              [ə'θɔriti]  n. 权力, 权威   官方, 当局

8.26 How often should an “emergency fire pump” be tested ?

Once a month 

8.27 What is the most effective fire extinguisher for the galley on board ship ?  [i'fektiv]  adj. 有效的, 有影响的 ['gæli] n. 厨房

    CO2 extinguisher,or special dry powder

8.28 For ship at sea what is the general procedure to follow for fires in cargo holds ? [prə'si:dʒə] n.步骤,程序;n.过程

    Withdraw person if any,close all the ventilators, put out the fire with CO2, ventilate the hold, post a watchan to prevent reignition      [wið'drɔ:] vt. 撤回, 取回, 撤退vi. 退回, 撤退   [ig'niʃən] 点燃    ['æbsəlu:t] adj. 绝对的 ['miniməm] adj.最小的

8.29 What is the absolute minimum number of lifejackets required on board ship ? 

    125% of the number of the crewmwmbers

8.30 You are a survivor at sea when an SAR(Search and Rescue) aircraft drops a red container. What is in it ?

    Life saving apparatus    [ˌæpə'reitəs]            [sə'vaivə]  n. 幸存者

第9章

9.01 What does “initial course”mean in search and rescue operation ?  [i'niʃəl] 初始的,起始的

    Initial course refer to the course dircted by the OSC and CSS to be steered at the beginning of a search

9.02 What does “jettison of cargo” mean ? (4.09)

    To deliberately throw cargo overboard for ship’s safety sake  [di'libərətli] adv. 故意地

9.03 What’s the difference between “heel”and “list” ?  [ˌinkli'neiʃən] n.倾角,倾斜

Heel means an inclination to port or to starboard due to outside reasons such as strong current,wind etc.

List means an inclination to port or to starboard due to inside reasons such as loading discharging etc.

9.04 What does “EPIRB”stand for ?

    EPIRB stand for emergency position indication radio beacon

9.05 What does SAR stand for ?

    SAR stand for search and rescue

9.06 What does INMSAT short for ?     ['sætəlait] n. 卫星   [ˌɔ:gənai'zeiʃən]  n. 机构, 组织

    INMSAT stand for internatinal maritime satellite organization

9.07 What does UTC stand for ?

    UTC stand for universal time coordinated   [ˌju:ni'və:səl] adj. 普遍的n.普遍,通用,万能 [kəu'ɔ:dinit, kəu'ɔ:dineit]  协调

9.08 What does RCC stand for ?

    RCC stand for rescue coordination center

9.09 What is SART ?

    SART stand for search and rescue transponder  [træn'spɔndə(r)]  n. 异频雷达收发机   n.询问机,应答器;n.转发器

9.10 Can you list three or more search patterns ['pætən] 模式

    Square search pattern,sector search pattern ,parallel search pattern and ship/air craft coordinated search pattern

9.11 What does a “hampered vessel”mean ?  ['hæmpə] 障碍物;障碍船具; v. 妨碍,阻碍; [ris'triktid] vt.限制,约束adj.受限制的,有限的,保密的 

     A hampered vessel means a vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre    [mə'nu:və]  n. 调动, 策略v. 操纵,  演习

9.12 What does MMSI stand for ?

MMSI stand for maritime mobile service identity  [ai'dentəti] 识别同一(性),一致,一致性,国籍,身份

9.13 What is “Muster List” ?

     Muster List is a list showing crew’s station and liability in fire fighting and boat drills.   [ˌlaiə'biliti] 责任

9.14 What does OSC stand for ?

    OSC stand for on-scene commander

9.15 What does VHF stand for ?

    VHF stand for very high frequncy

9.16 What is the sound alarm for abandoning vessel ?   [ə'bændən] vt. 放弃

    Seven short blasts and one prolonged blast   [blɑ:st] 汽笛声[prə'lɔŋd] 延长, 拉长; 拖长的发音

9.17 When will a parallel sweep search usually be used ?  ['pærəlel]  adj. 平行的      [is'tæbliʃ] v. 建立, 确立, 创办

    It can be used with one or more ships after establishing the search datum   ['deitəm] n.基准面,基准线

9.18 When will a sector sweep search usually be used ?

    It can be used with one ships after establishing the search datumn

9.19 When will a expanding sweep search usually be used ?   [iks'pændiŋ]  扩展的, 扩充的

It can be used with one ships after establishing the search datumn ['viʒuəl] adj. 视觉的['ɔ:dibəl] adj. 听得见的  [ə'trækt] 引起注意

9.20 List some visual and audible distress signals for attracting attention when in distress .  [ə'tenʃən]  n. 注意

    Smoke signals,rocket parachute flare signal ,fog signal and so on. ['rɔkit]n. 火箭, 烟火['pærəʃu:t]  n. 降落伞 [flɛə]  n.闪光,闪耀

9.21 Would you please pronounce the correct international code words for “A” “B” “C”and “D”? [prə'nauns]v. 发音

    Alfa,Bravo,Charlie,Delta

9.22 By regulation ,what is the minimum amount of water required per person in lifeboat ? 

    3 litres       [regju'leiʃən]  n. 规则, 规章, 管理adj. 规定的, 官方的  ['miniməm] adj. 最低的, 最小的   [li:tə(r)]  

9.23 “Somethering”is a way of deal with fire . how does it work ?

    Cut off the supply of O   ['ɔksidʒən] n. 氧, 氧气    ['dʒʌstifai] 调整,证明,证明…是正确的,为…辩护   [pə'spəun]  vt. 推迟, 延期

9.24 What reason would you think is justifiled for postponing the fire drill to a more suitable time ?

    When handle with cargoes in port, or when in bad weather,it is not safe to carry out fire-fighting drill.

9.25 A ship anchored close to your ship hoist the flag “I” what action should you take ?

    Stop and keep clear of the anchored vessel

9.26 What altitude must a ‘rocket parachute flare’      reach to comply with regulation ? 

    More than 300 meters    ['rɔkit]n. 火箭, 烟火['pærəʃu:t]   n. 降落伞  [flɛə]  n. 闪光, 闪耀

9.27 What action would you take if you were on duty on deck and you observe oil leaking from the ship’s side ?

    Cut off the leaking source, and at the same time, call other crew to handle it.

9.28 When would you need a ‘resuscitator’ ?  [ri'sʌsiteitə]  人工呼吸器  复苏器

    When breathing and jumping of heart have stopped      [ris'triktid] vt. 限制, 约束adj. 受限制的,

9.29 A ship ahead hoist the flag ‘D’and gives one long blast follow by two short blasts. Where is the message ?

The vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver  [mə'nu:və] n.操纵,规避vt. 调遣, 演习, 巧妙地操纵

9.30 What does 2182 KHZ mean to you ?

It can be used as telephone to transmit urgent messages.  ['ə:dʒənt]  adj. 急迫的, 紧急的

第10 章

10.01 What does MADAY mean in marine communications ?

     It means the vessel is in distress or in critical danger   ['kritikəl] 临界的 要求高的 危急的 关键性的

10.02 What should be included in MAYDAY messages ?

     It may include the ship’s name,ship’s position,nature of distress,the assistance she needs and so on

10.03 What dose PANPAN mean in marine communications ?

     It means in urgent danger    ['ə:dʒənt]  adj. 急迫的, 紧急的

10.04 What dose SECURITE mean in marine communications ?

     It means messsage about safety of navigation

10.05 What are passengers avised to put on while abandoning the vessel ?

     The passengers are advised to put on lifejackets

10.06 What is the general emergency alarm ?(重复9.16)

     Seven short blasts and one long prolonged blast

10.07 Can you give a briefing on how to put on lifeject ?  ['bri:fiŋ] n.  摘要 简要情况, 简介    

Put it on and tie fast with the reflection belt outside, and check if the whistle and the self-igniting light in good order    

10.08 What can be used to attract attention after abandoning the vessel ? [ri'flekʃən] 反射 [(h)wisl]  n. 口哨  [ig'nait]  vi. 着火, 发光

      By smoking signals, whistles,etc.

10.09 How many portable radios must be fitted on a survival craft ?  [sə'vaivəl] n. 生存, 幸存者

     About 4. such as SART,VHF,EPIRB,portable transmitter and so on  [trænz'mitə] 传感器,发送器,发报机

10.10 What is the minimum requirement for a line-throwing appliance ?  [ə'plaiəns] 器具,设备;n.用具

     The throwing distance must be more than 230m ,the deviation must be less than 10% of throwing distance. and it can be operated and removed by one crewmember safely.   [ˌdi:vi'eiʃən]自差

10.11 If you should fall overboard ,what would you do ?

     Shout loudly,and swim away from the vessel quickly

10.12 Can you list some risk to crew while abandoning vessels ?

     Yes,l can. Such as thirsty,hungry,coldness,heat-stroke,sea-sick and so on  ['θə:sti] adj. 口渴的[strəuk] 击打

10.13 Where are explosions most commonly encountered on board ship ?

     Fuel oil tank  [iks'pləuʒən] n. 爆炸  [in'kauntəd] adj. 遇到的

10.14 How is it possible to find safety equipment in a room full of smoke ?

     Seal your mouth and nose with a wet cloth,and crawl(匍匐) along the ground  [krɔ:l] n. 爬行, 匍匐而行

10.15 What type of oil is used in certain rescue operation to prevent the seas breaking ?

     Vegetable oil  ['vedʒitəbl] adj. 蔬菜的, 植物的

10.16 Coast radio stations keep a constant watch on distress frequencies. What frequencies are they ?

     CH70, 2187.5KHZ, 8414.5KHZ    ['kɔnstənt] adj. 经常的, 不变的n. 常数, 恒量

10.17 A ship is signalling you with his ‘Aids lamp ’(morse lamp)the letter ‘U’. what is the messege for you ?

     Your are running into danger   ['signəliŋ] 发信号    [mɔ:s] n. 摩尔斯

10.18 When launching an inflatable life into the sea ,what is it most important to secure ?

     Starting line     ['lɔ:ntʃiŋˌ 'lɑ:ntʃiŋ]  n. 发射,下水  [in'fleitəbl] 膨胀的

10.19 What type of engine must a lifeboat have ?

     Diesel engine   ['di:zəl]  n. 柴油机

10.20 Why should you not take high protein food with you in a lifeboat ?  ['prəuti:n] n. 蛋白质

     Because it can consume much water in your body   [kən'sju:m]  vt. 消耗

10.21 If you are in lifeboat without an imminent prospect of being rescued,how soon should you issue food and water ?

     24 hours later  ['iminənt] 危急的,迫切的  ['prɔspekt] n.前景,展望,希望

10.22 When there is a muster for an emergency there are several things that must be closed. Give three examples.

     Such as the generator, the main engine,hatch covers and so on  ['dʒenəreitə]  n. 发电机

10.23 In tidal waters what would be the best time to ‘beach’the ship in an emergency ?  [bi:tʃ] (将船)抢滩

     One hour before high water  ['taidl] 潮汐的,潮的,潮水的,感潮,有潮的

10.24 If you see a small ,controlled fire on board another ship while at sea ,what is the signal from the ship ?

     The ship require immediate assistance

10.25 What shuld be done to make sure that medicines are on board each lifeboad ?  ['regjuləli] adv. 定期地, 有规律地

     There should be a medical box of each boat. And check regularly, if necessary, renew them in time. ['rɔkit] n.火箭,烟火

10.26 If you have no rockets, flags, signals or radio , how can you indicate to a ship in sight that you need assistance ?

     During day time, use gesture or smoke, and at night, use fire flame.  ['dʒestʃə] n.手势,姿态v.作手势表达 [fleim] n.火焰

10.27 If the anchor is reported dragging, what would be your first action ? ['drægiŋ] 拖锚

     Let go anchor bow anchor           [və'liditi]  n. 有效性,合法性  [sə'tifikit]   n. 证(明)书, 执照[kəm'plaiəns] n. 承诺, 顺从, 遵从 

第11章

11.01 Can you list some items to be checked for load line requirements in PSC inspections ? [in'spekʃən] 检查; 视察      The validity of load-line certificate ,the compliance of the draft, plimsoll mark  ['plimsəl] 橡胶底帆布鞋

11.02 Can you list some items to be checked for navigational equipments in PSC inspections ?

     The working condition of ARPA ,gyro,magnetic compass, steering gear and RPM indicator,etc.  每分钟转数

11.03 Can you list some items to be checked for life-saving appliances in PSC inspections ?  [ə'plaiəns] n.器具,设备;n.用具

     The lifeboats and their riggings ,life-rafts,life-jackets,signals and record of life-saving drills

11.04 Can you list some items to be checked for fire-fighting arrangement in PSC inspections ? [ə'reindʒmənt] n.安排,商议,整理

     The fix CO2 fire-fighting system, extinguishers,fire mains, fire hose, nozzle, international shore connectors and the record of fire-fighting drills  [həuz] 水龙带,水龙管,软管  ['nɔzl] 喷口,喷管,喷嘴,管嘴  [kə'nəktə(r)]  n. 连接头

11.05 Can you list some items to be checked for radio equpements in PSC inspections ? [sə'tifikit] n. 证(明)书, 执照

     Radio Safety Equipment Certificate,Radio License, the working and checking record of radio equipment

11.06 Can you list some items to be checked for accommodation in PSC inspections ? [əˌkɔmə'deiʃən] 住舱

     The sanitary condition of accommodation area,effectiveness of escape routes,alleyways and stairways of the accommodation etc.  ['sænitəri] adj.卫生的,清洁的[i'fektivnis]  n.效力,有效性 [is'keip] n. 逃亡v.逃脱 ['æliwei] 通道,走廊 ['steəwei]  n. 楼梯

11.07 Can you list some items to be checked for MARPOL&Chemical in PSC inspections ?

['gɑ:bidʒ] n. 垃圾   [bildʒ]  n. 船底, 船底的污水   ['spilidʒ] 扫舱货,溢出的物质,泄漏; IOPP:国际防止油污染证书国际油污预防合格证书

     The record of garbage, oily water, bilge managing, the spillage control gear, IOPP, SOPEP etc. 船上油污应急计划

11.08 Can you list some items to be checked for hull, machinery&cargo gear in PSC inspections ? [ˌklæsifi'keiʃən] n.分类,分级

     Classification Certificate, Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate, Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate etc; the water-tightness of hull, deck and hatch cover etc.  [kən'strʌkʃən]n. 建设, 建造, 结构, 构造

11.09 What are the key items to be checked within your duties on board ?

      Navigation equipment, fire-fighting equipment,and so on

11.10 What’s the meaning of your ship’s name ?

     Su Zhou Hao

11.11 What’s the call sign of your ship ?

     Boam

11.12 What’s the ship’s nationality ?

     China

11.13 What’s your IMO number of your ship ?

     My ship’s IMO number is 9482483

11.14Which classification society was your ship registered   

     CCS                [ˌklæsifi'keiʃən] 入级     [sə'saiəti] 协会      ['redʒistəd] adj.注册的,登记过的,记名的 vbl.注册

11.15 What type is your ship ?

     Container ship

11.16 When your ship built with ?

     In 2000

11.17 When your ship put into use ?

     In 2000

11.18 When was your ship registered ?

     In 2000

11.19 When was last survey carried out ?   ['sə:vei, sə'vei] 入级检验

     Oct.2009

11.20 Where should the Muster List be exhibited on board ? [ig'zibit]n.展览品,展览,物证vt.展览,展现,显出(感情或品质),提出证据vi.展览

     The bridge, the engine room, the mess room and so on.

11.21 What does the proper care of the ship’s food services and supplies involve[in'vɔlv]vt. 包含, 使陷入, 使忙于, 使卷入, 牵涉

     The sanitary condition and freshness of the food, and proper nutrition distribution

                          ['sænitəri] adj. 卫生的, 清洁的['freʃnis] n.新鲜[nju:'triʃən] n. 营养

11.22 What are the duties of the gally crew and others in the stores department ? [di'pɑ:tmənt] 车间

     1) The sanitary condition and freshness of the food, and proper nutrition distribution

2) account for storage   [ə'kaunt] 报告书,计算书['stɔridʒ] n.保管费,仓租,储藏

3) apply for provision   [prə'viʒən]n. 规定, 条款,供应品

11.23 What are requirement of heating system of crew accommodation space ? [əˌkɔmə'deiʃən] 住舱   ['flæməbl] adj. 易燃的

     1) it must be away from flammable materials   2)  the temperature must be proper for human bodies

11.24 What are the minimal standards for natural lighting in the living rooms of the crew ? ['miniməl] adj. 最低限度的, 最小的

     The minimal standard is that the crew with normal vision can read newspapers in anyplace of the room in good weather                ['viʒən] 视力, 眼力   [sə'fiʃənt] adj. 足够的, 充分的

11.25 What are sufficient grounds to stop cargo operation ?

     10-15 cm under draft mark   [i'fektivnis] 效用,有效性   [ə'plaiəns] n. 器具, 器械, 装置

11.26 What does the effectiveness of life-saving appliances depend on ?  ['fi:tʃə]  n.特点,特征    [və'liditi] 有效性,真实性

     The feature and validity of the equipment, and regular maintenance.  ['meintinəns]  n.保养,维护,保持,维修;n.维修装拆

11.27 What is the special attention of the ship with respect to the carriage of soild bulk cargoes?[ri'spekt] n.尊敬,敬重,关系,方面

     1) cause the damage to the hull and chemical danger   2) decrease the stability       vt. 尊敬, 尊重,关于,涉及

11.28 What relevant provision should the responsible crewmwmbers be familiar with ?   

     SOLAS , STCW , MARPOL , and so on         ['relivənt] n.关联,相应;n.有关   [prə'viʒən]  n. 规定, 条款, 供应品

11.29 What are sufficient gronds to stop cargo operation ?(重复11.25)

     10-15 cm under draft mark

11.30 What should be taken into account in judging the suitability of oil for crude oil washing ?

     The type and quality of the oil           [dʒʌdʒ] 判断  [ˌsju:tə'biləti] n. 适合, 适当,合用性,适合性

11.31 What’s your ship’s name in your language?

     中远集1号

11.32 What’s your maximum permitted draft ?

     Eight meters

11.33 Who is your shipowner ?

     COSCON-COSCO Container Lines Co.Ltd

11.34 What working language do you use ?

     English

第12章

12.01 What does SSO stand for ?

SSO stand for ship security officer   [si'kjuriti] n. 安全

12.02 What does SSP stand for ?

     SSP stand for ship security plan

12.03 What does DOC stand for ? What does DOS stand for ? ['dɔkjumənt] 文件,证件,证书单据 [kəm'plaiəns]  n. 承诺, 顺从, 遵从

     DOC stand for document of compliance DOS stand for declaration of security  [ˌdeklə'reiʃən] 申报,陈述,申报单声明

12.04 What does SSAS stand for ?

     SSAS stand for ship security alert system

12.05 What does CSO stand for ?

     CSO stand for company security officer

12.06 What does ISSC stand for ?

     ISSC stand for internatinal ship security certificate   [sə'tifikit]  n.证明书,证书,证明书,执照技术合格证

12.07 What does CSR stand for ?

     CSR stand for continuous synopsis record   [si'nɔpsis] n. 摘要, 概要

12.08 Can you list some restricted areas onboard ? [ris'triktid]  vt. 限制, 约束adj. 受限制的

     Engine room ; wheel house ; crew’s cabin ; battery room   ['bætəri]  n. 电池

12.09 Can you list some responsibilities of a ship security officer ?  [risˌpɔnsə'biliti] n. 责任

     Find out applicable security level; the security of the ship    ['æplikəbəl] adj. 合适的, 适用的

12.10 Can you list some main ship security equipments ?    ['mɔnitə] 监测记录仪,监控器

     AIS ; TV monitor system ; metal detector ; navigational lights  [ə'reindʒmənt] n. 安排布置,分布,安排配备,配置布置图

12.11 Can you describe the general arrangements or responses to security level 1 as a ship security officer ?

     security level 1 means the level for which minimum , appropriate protective security measures shall be maintained at all times    ['miniməm] adj. 最低的, 最小的     [ə'prəupri:ət]  adj. 适当的, 相称的

12.12Can you describe the general arrangements or responses to security level 2 as a ship security officer?[ə'diʃənl]附加,外加

     security level 2 means the level for which appropriate additional protective security measures shall be maintained for a period of time as a result of heightened risk of a security incident   ['haitn]  v. 增加, 升高, 加强

12.13 Can you describe the general arrangements or responses to security level 3 as a ship security officer ?

     security level 3 means the level for which further specific protective security measures shall be maintained for a limited period of time when a security incident is portable or imminent,although it may no be possible to identify the specific target                   ['tɑ:git] 目标                           [ai'dentifai] 识别,鉴定,验明

12.14 Can you list some information relating to security that AIS can receive or transmit ? 关联 [ri'leit]

     Transmit the ship’s information ; receive other ’s information ; monitor ship traffic by coast states

12.15 How do you control the unauthorized boarding at gangway ? ['ʌn'ɔ:θəraizd] adj. 未经授权的, 未经批准的

     I will inquire about the vistor’s name, nationality ,occupation and his ID card  [ˌɔkju'peiʃən] 职业,从事,占有

12.16 What procedures or controls do you use to ensure security onboard before departure ?  [prə'si:dʒə]  n. 程序, 手续, 步骤

     (1)carry out a stowaway search and inspect restricted area  ['stəʊəˌwei]   n. 偷渡者, 匿身处    [di'pɑ:tʃə]   n. 离开, 出发,

(2)check the operating condition of AIS

(3)check ship ship security Alert System

12.17 What are the typical problems identified in security drills ?  ['tipikəl] adj. 典型的     [ai'dentifai]识别,鉴定,验明

     the typical problems identified in security drills are :

     (1) how to decide the suspects   [di'said]  v. 决定,  [səs'pekt] vt. 怀疑, 猜想

(2) how to control the suspects

(3) how to treat the suspects when he is deemed as a terrorist   [tri:t] v. 视为, 对待, 处理, 治疗

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