加载中…
正文 字体大小:

《换城》影评

(2012-12-18 15:55:55)
标签:

换城

杂谈

分类: 媒体报道


文:James Mudge (英国非主流影片网站www.beyondhollywood.com及全球亚洲影片销售网Yes Asia首席撰稿人)

Director Li Junhu’s documentary “Where Should I Go?” explores one of the most interesting issues in contemporary China, the interaction between the rural and the urban. Covering themes of migration, education and money, the film presents a humanistic rather than overtly political view, and as suggested by the title asks questions rather than providing easy answers. Shot in 2010, the film is set to screen as part of the 2012 Chinese Visual Festival in London.

李军虎导演的纪录片《换城》探讨了当今中国最受关注的话题之一,城市与农村之间的关系。影片涉及了移民、教育和金钱的主题,影片更多地展现了人文关怀而不是表达一个政治观点。如影片的片名,片子是提出问题而不是提供简单的答案。这部在2010年完成的影片在2012年伦敦中国视像艺术节上播出。


The film tells the intertwined stories of two families who move from the countryside to the city in order to try and get a proper education for their children. The first involves a woman called Zhang Zhi Li, who decides to leave her two adolescent daughters back at their small town rural home, while she and her husband take their son to the city, hoping to have him enrolled in a school. This proves even more difficult than they imagined, while their absence takes its toll on the two girls, whose own education suffers and behaviour worsens. The film also follows Yang Xiu Qing, a woman who has migrated from the countryside with her daughter and young son, having spent the money left by her late husband to buy them city resident permits. She and her daughter both encounter great hardship as they do everything they can to support the boy’s studies, struggling to come up with the money for his tuition fees.

影片讲述了两个为了让孩子们受到更好教育从农村来到城市的家庭的故事。第一个家庭的人物张知丽决定把两个十来岁的女儿留在农村老家,她和丈夫带着儿子来到城市希望能让他读上好学校。现实比他们想象得艰难,而他们的离开却影响了两个女儿的教育,她们开始逃课。影片的另一个主要人物是杨绣青,她带着儿子女儿移民到城市,用死去丈夫的抚恤金给两个孩子买了城市户口。她和女儿都为供儿子上学而拼命打工。


“Where Should I Go?” is a fascinating film precisely because it avoids any kind of black and white simplistic rural-urban dichotomy, dealing instead with the complex interactions between the two. The two families to an extent exist in both spheres, forced to try and to leave the countryside behind by the recognition of the importance of education, yet financially trapped and caught in a poverty line no-man’s land from which there is no obvious escape. Both Zhang Zhi Li and Yang Xiu Qing make massive sacrifices, working low paid, menial jobs with no future and having no real lives of their own, though even this is not enough to allow them to fulfil their dreams.

《换城》的精彩之处在于避免了简单的城市与农村黑白的对立,而是关注了两者之间复杂的联系。这两个家庭在某种程度生活在这两个世界中,他们因为重视教育而被迫离开家乡,却被贫穷困在城市的高楼大厦世界里无路可走。张知丽和杨绣青都作出了巨大的牺牲,干着极少薪水而又繁重的体力工作,完全没有个人生活,即使如此她们仍然无法达成梦想。


Although the film certainly offers up social criticism and shows a great deal of inequality, in particular in the many ways in which the deck is clearly stacked against the rural poor, the problems faced by the two families stem mainly from the question as to whether their dreams are unrealistic. There’s a definite harshness to the reality featured in the film, and as their situations gradually become even direr, Li Junhu shows the women wrestling with the heartbreaking decision whether to stay and endure in the hope that things will get better, or to go back to the countryside and make the best of things. This is treated with great sympathy, as Zhang Zhi Li and Yang Xiu Qing are decent and hard working, and have come to the city purely for their children’s’ education and to try and secure for them a better future, clearly believing that in the fast-changing modern Chinese society they have no other choice.

虽然影片对社会作出了一些批评,且展现了许多社会的不公,特别是中国农村贫困人口的困境,这两个家庭的问题其根本起源于质疑他们的梦想是否现实。影片展示的现实确实残酷的,而随着她们的境况的持续,两个母亲都面临着令人心碎的抉择,是在城市继续待下去期待情况变好还是回农村尽量过下去。影片对两个人物都表现出极大的同情,因为张知丽和杨绣青都极为地任劳任怨,并为了让孩子们有一个更好的未来来到城市,很明显的相信中国社会的巨大变化令她们别无选择。


With a running time of about an hour, the film is concise and well-paced, Li Junhu showing great skill as a story teller. Although the two families’ stories are essentially quite similar, the way in which the film cuts between the two keeps things interesting throughout, and while it lacks a narrative or voice over, the structure is strong and in its own way dramatic. Given the themes, the film is unsurprisingly bleak at times, though Li’s handling is a pleasing mixture of the subjective and the intimate and as a result it never comes across as being a mere pity-plea or rant. No blame is assigned or sought, and the film succeeds in its aim of shining a light on the problem faced by so many in China, and is all the more affecting and genuine for its balanced view.

影片长度大约一个小时,节奏很紧凑。李军虎显示出了很好的叙事技巧。虽然两个家庭的故事本质上是一样的,影片的剪辑令片子自始至终都很吸引人。虽然没有旁白和解说,影片的结构很好而且有其自己的戏剧性。基于影片的主题,影片自然是沉重的,但李军虎的处理方式因为其与拍摄对象的亲近而令影片不至于成为仅仅是摇尾乞怜或是控诉。片子没有去指责谁,而是揭示了中国许多人面临的一个沉重问题,这种平衡令影片更真实感人。


There are certainly a fair few documentaries around about the relationship between the rural and urban in modern China, though “Where Should I Go?” is arguably one of the best. Compassionate and involving, it manages to explore the issue without ever feeling forced, Li Junhu doing a great job of conveying the human cost and confusion of the unstoppable spread of modernisation.

有很多其他纪录片也关注了当代中国城市与农村关系,《换城》是较为优秀的一部。片子表现出的关注与关爱另这个问题得到了很好的展现。李军虎成功地展现了不可阻挡的现代化的扩张造成的人文损失与困惑。

Li Junhu (director) 李军虎(导演)


Source引自:http://www.beyondhollywood.com/where-should-i-go-2011-movie-review/

Translation: Jingjing Xie 译:谢晶晶)

0

阅读 评论 收藏 转载 喜欢 打印举报
已投稿到:
前一篇:曹丹专访
后一篇:李军虎专访
  • 评论加载中,请稍候...
发评论

    发评论

    以上网友发言只代表其个人观点,不代表新浪网的观点或立场。

    < 前一篇曹丹专访
    后一篇 >李军虎专访
      

    新浪BLOG意见反馈留言板 不良信息反馈 电话:4006900000 提示音后按1键(按当地市话标准计费) 欢迎批评指正

    新浪简介 | About Sina | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 招聘信息 | 网站律师 | SINA English | 会员注册 | 产品答疑

    新浪公司 版权所有