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IFAW:加拿大开始2013年商业海豹猎杀!

(2013-04-11 19:49:37)
标签:

涂炭生灵

必遭报应

残忍愚蠢的加拿大

拯救小海豹

分类: 人类的残忍

国际爱护动物基金会IFAW新闻稿

加拿大政府坚持浪费数百万加元支持一个显然已经过时的残忍行业

联系人:何勇/Jeff He IFAW中国 Tel: 86-10-64402960 or Fax: 86-10-64402356 jhe@ifaw.org

 

加拿大开始2013年商业海豹猎杀

(2013年4月9日,加拿大多伦多)尽管海豹制品没有市场需求,并且已有34个国家和地区颁布了海豹制品贸易禁令。今日,加拿大还是在纽芬兰(Newfoundland)和拉布拉多(Labrador)地区开始了商业海豹猎杀。国际爱护动物基金会(International Fund for Animal Welfare, 简称IFAW,www.ifaw.org.cn )对加拿大政府坚持浪费数百万加元来支持一个显然已经过时的行业表示质疑。

 

 “纽芬兰政府已经连续第二年为商业海豹猎杀提供资助了。现实情况是,超过15年的政府补贴并没有创建一个可行的海豹猎杀业,反而是浪费了纳税人数千万加元。这并不是短期的营销挑战,事实上,海豹制品在21世纪是完全不必要的,并且为越来越多的人所唾弃。”IFAW海豹保护项目主任Sheryl Fink说。

 

2012年商业海豹猎杀的抵岸价值是160万加元,而政府却为了推进猎杀补贴了200万加元。今年政府大幅削减纽芬兰和拉布拉多其他行业的预算,再次拨给海豹猎杀行业360万加元的贷款,所消减的预算中包括来自旅游行业的400万加元和1200个政府工作机会。

 

尽管没有颁布猎杀配额,海豹制品没有市场需求,而且可能今年海豹猎人对猎杀的兴趣并不大,商业海豹猎杀仍旧开始了。虽然海豹猎杀行业声称,今年的海豹毛皮制品需求将多达10万张,但提供给海豹猎人的预计价格仅大概为25加元一张。

 “对于政府优先将财政支持给予一个回报率低,并且日益过时的行业,甚至为此削减其他重要行业上数以千计的工作机会,从经济上讲并不明智,” Fink说,“如果将目前耗费在挽救这个垂死行业上的资金,转而用来帮助海豹猎人脱离猎杀行业,这会是对纳税人的钱更好的用法。”

 

——结束——

 

相关数字*

 

持有商业海豹猎杀许可的海豹猎人数量                                       14,000
参加了2012年商业海豹猎杀的人的数量                                       763

在纽芬兰进行海豹制品加工的公司数量                                       1
2012年海豹皮、海豹肉和海豹油的抵岸价值                                   163万加元
每年加拿大渔业和海洋部监控海豹猎杀的花费**                               100万加元
在WTO,对欧盟海豹制品贸易禁令提起申诉的相关花费***                       1000万加元

旅游业和其他贸易领域,以及加拿大的声誉损失成本                           未知,但显而易见

*除非另有说明,数据来源为加拿大渔业和海洋部《2011年-2015年关于大西洋海豹的综合渔业管理计划》(2011-2015 Integrated Fisheries Management Plan for Atlantic Seals
**估计数字基于由信息和隐私数据库( Access to Information and Privacy ,简称ATIP)获得的信息
***估计数字基于McCarthy Tétrault贸易律师Simon Potter2009年7月28日发表于环球邮报的文章。

 

 IFAW:加拿大开始2013年商业海豹猎杀!

IFAW:加拿大开始2013年商业海豹猎杀!

IFAW:加拿大开始2013年商业海豹猎杀!
IFAW:加拿大开始2013年商业海豹猎杀!


 

Canada Commercial Seal Hunt 2013

Key Messages

Soundbyte on the hunt: The commercial seal hunt is an obsolete industry, and more meaningless gestures from the Canadian government won’t revive it. There are very few Canadians involved in the sealing industry now, and the government should give them compensation to get out of it. It has been more than 40 years of government failures – it’s time to move on.

加拿大商业海豹猎杀2013年

关键信息点

关于猎杀: 商业海豹猎杀已经是一种过时的行业,加拿大政府做更多毫无意义的举措也不会使这个没落产业繁荣。如今,几乎没有加拿大人从事海豹猎杀行业,政府应该给予海豹猎杀从业人员以补偿,使他们能够摆脱这个行业。政府失效已40多年了,现在已经到了做出改变的时候了。

Soundbyte on Huntwatch: IFAW has been working to stop the commercial seal hunt for over 40 years, and we won’t stop until it does. But, we won’t be documenting the slaughter on the ice this year. We have hundreds of hours of video and thousands of photographs, and in all these years we’ve seen first-hand that very little has changed about how seals are killed. IFAW has clearly established that the commercial seal hunt is dangerous, unnecessary and inherently inhumane -- and people in at least 34 countries agree with us. Now IFAW is turning our lenses and re-focusing on the halls of government. We aim to open a discussion on what happens now that this industry is nearly dead, and encourage government to provide financial compensation to commercial seal hunters before they are left with nothing but empty promises.

关于猎杀观察:40多年来,国际爱护动物基金会(IFAW)一直致力于终止商业海豹猎杀,猎杀不终止,努力就不会停止。但是,今年我们不会在冰原上记录屠杀。在这些年里,我们拍摄了几百个小时的视频和成千上万张照片,我们也亲眼目睹在这些年里海豹被屠杀的方式只是做了微乎其微的改变。IFAW已经明确表示,商业海豹猎杀是危险的、不必要的,并且一直以来都是不人道的 --- 至少有34个国家的人民认同我们这一观点。现在,我们把我们的镜头重新聚焦到政府身上。我们的目的是开展一场讨论,对于走向消亡的商业海豹猎杀业,到底什么是现在该做的,(我们)鼓励政府对商业海豹猎人提供经济赔偿,而不要让他们除了空空的承诺之外一无所获。

Primary key messages:

  1. How seals are killed at the commercial seal hunt has changed very little since IFAW was founded in opposition to it 44 years ago – over the years we have clearly established that it is dangerous work that cruelly slaughters wildlife for unnecessary consumer fur products – and now it is nearly over because people around the world have rejected it.

Supporting facts:

i) IFAW routinely documents apparent violations of the Marine Mammal Regulations including the skinning of live seals, and also observe the Department of Fisheries and Oceans’ (DFO) inability to monitor the hunt.

ii) IFAW has been alerting and submitting evidence of apparent violations of the Marine Mammal Regulations to Canada’s Department of Fisheries and Oceans for over 10 years.

iii) Despite industry attempts to develop additional uses for seals, everything from fuel to pepperoni, 80% of the seal is still discarded and this hunt is still primarily for fur.

iv) Commercial sealing is still a competitive industry, with staggering numbers of seals killed in a very short period of time. Effectively it is a race between sealers to collect as many skins as possible before the quota is reached.

v) Rifles are shot from moving boats, at moving seals on moving ice. Sealers chase animals across slippery ice pans, swinging their hakapiks clumsily at those that attempt to escape. Both methods are unlikely to stun a seal effectively with a single blow or shot, resulting in considerable pain, suffering and distress.

基本关键点:

  1. 自从IFAW在44年前成立,反对商业海豹猎杀以来,商业海豹猎杀方式只是做了极少的改变。这些年来我们已经很清楚,为了不必要的动物毛皮消费品而残酷地屠杀野生动物是一份有风险的工作。现在,由于全世界的人都已经拒绝了海豹制品,这一产业已经接近终结。

事实依据:

  • 国际爱护动物基金会(IFAW)对明显违反海洋哺乳动物法规(的行为)进行记录,包括对活着的海豹进行剥皮,同时,还发现加拿大渔业和海洋部( DFO)对猎杀过程的监督无能为力。
  • 10多年来,IFAW一直在举报并递交(猎杀行为)明显违反海洋哺乳动物法规的证据给加拿大海洋和渔业部( DFO)。
  • 尽管猎杀业尝试发展海豹的额外用途,从作为燃料到制成香肠,但一只海豹的80%仍被丢弃,猎杀仍然主要是为了海豹毛皮。
  • 海豹猎杀仍然是一个充满竞争的产业,极短时间内大量海豹被杀。而事实上,在达到配额之前尽可能多的收集皮毛,这只是海豹猎人之间的竞赛。
  • 猎人们从移动的船只向浮冰上移动的海豹射击,在湿滑的冰面上追赶这些动物,挥舞他们携带的顶端有尖钩的大棒来追打试图逃跑的海豹。而他们的猎杀方式无法使一只海豹在受到一下打击或射击后就马上失去知觉,随之到来的只有可以想象的疼痛和苦楚。
  1. The Canadian government has poured millions of taxpayer dollars and government resources into propping up the commercial seal hunt for four decades -- it hasn’t worked.

Supporting facts:

i) Global opposition to the commercial seal hunt is high and growing. 34 countries now ban the trade in seal products, most notably the 27 Member States of the EU, Russia (which represented approximately 90% of the market) the USA (Canada’s closest trading partner), and most recently Taiwan.

ii) Overall, both the landed value and number of sealers participating have declined in the last ten years.

iii) There is only one remaining buyer of seal fur in Canada, Carino Inc., and it required a government bailout of $3.6 million in 2012. So far, only half of the bailout money has been repaid and the company has indicated it will need further government funds.

iv) The commercial seal hunt has cost Canadian taxpayers more to support than it brings in. By stopping the commercial seal hunt the Government of Canada would save at least $7 million per year.

v) The number of seals killed has dramatically declined, from 365,971 in 2004 to 217,850 in 2008 and 69,189 in 2012.

vi) The Canadian commercial seal hunt continues to undermine Canada's reputation abroad. Canada is increasingly known as the country that pulled out of Kyoto, exploits the tar sands, slaughters baby seals and killed its international development agency.

  1. 四十多年来,加拿大政府斥资数百万加元纳税人的钱和政府资源来支持商业海豹猎杀,但并无收效。

事实依据:

  • 对商业海豹猎杀的全球性反对在不断增长和提高。现在,已经有34个国家和地区禁止了海豹制品贸易,值得一提的是(其中包括)欧盟的27个成员国,俄罗斯(大约占90%的市场份额),美国(加拿大最近的贸易伙伴),以及最近的中国台湾。
  • 总体而言,在过去的10年里,海豹制品的到岸价格和参与猎杀的海豹猎人数量都有所下降。
  • 在加拿大,只有一家公司仍在购买海豹毛皮,卡里诺公司(Carino Inc.)。2012年,他要求政府给予了360万加元的援助。到目前为止,仅偿还了一半的援助资金,并且该公司表示,他们还需要进一步的政府资金(援助)。
  • 在支持商业海豹猎杀上所耗费的加拿大纳税人的钱比这个行业带给他们的要多得多。通过停止商业海豹猎杀,加拿大政府每年将至少节省700万加元(的开销)。
  • 实际被猎杀的海豹数量也在迅速下降,从2004年的365,971只下降到2008年的217,850只,到2012年(这个数量下降到)69,189只。
  • 加拿大的商业海豹猎杀行为在持续破坏着加拿大的国际声誉。加拿大因退出了《京都议定书》的国家,开发油砂,屠杀海豹幼仔以及对国际开发署的调整,越来越为世人所知。
  1. Ending the commercial seal hunt will not negatively impact large numbers of Canadians. Supporting facts:
    1. Sealing is part-time, seasonal activity that is done only for a few days or weeks of each year. The small portion of a sealer’s income that sealing provides could be compensated.
    2. Poor ice conditions, high fuel prices, and low pelt prices mean that sealing is not a viable source of income for sealers.
    3. The number of sealers actively involved in the hunt has declined. In 2006 approximately 5,594 sealers took part in the hunt, in 2008 only 2,964 sealers took part, and in 2012 only 763 sealers took part.
    4. The value of seal pelts has dropped dramatically, from a value of $105in 2006, $31 in 2008 to just $22 in 2012.
    5. The number of companies actively involved in the sealing industry has declined dramatically, from approximately 14 in the 90s to only one tannery actively participating, Carino Inc, in 2012.
    6. The commercial seal hunt tarnishes Canada’s international reputation and ending it will only help to restore our reputation on the world stage.
  1. 结束商业海豹猎杀对大多数加拿大人不会产生负面影响。

事实依据:

  • 海豹猎杀是兼职的、季节性的活动,每年只需要几天或几周的时间。海豹猎杀只占海豹猎人收入的一小部分,而这小部分收入可以通过提供补偿而得以解决。
  • 糟糕的冰面状况下、昂贵的油价和低廉的毛皮价格意味着海豹猎杀并不能成为海豹猎人们一个可以依赖的收入来源。
  • 参与猎杀的海豹猎人数量已经有所下降。在2006年大约5,594名海豹猎人参加猎杀,到2008年只有2,964名海豹猎人参加,到了2012年参与数量只有763名。
  • 海豹毛皮的价格也在大幅下降,从2006年一张皮毛价值105加元,到2008年的31加元,到2012年已经下降到22加元。
  • 参与海豹猎杀行业的公司数量也呈现显著的下降,在上世纪90年代大约有14家,到2012年只有一个制皮厂,卡里诺公司(Carino lnc.),还在积极参与其中。
  • 商业海豹猎杀损坏了加拿大的国际声誉,结束这个行业将有助于加拿大恢复它在世界舞台上的声誉。
  1. IFAW was instrumental in achieving restrictions on the sale of seal products in the European Union, and we continue to fight and ensure that the restrictions remain in place and that the values of EU citizens are upheld.

Supporting facts:

i) In 1983, thanks to IFAW’s work exposing the cruelty of commercial seal hunts, Europe banned the importation of products from “whitecoat” harp seals, saving more than a million newborn seals from slaughter over the next 10 years.

ii) In 2009, the European Union restricted the sale of all seal products, with an exemption for Inuit products.

iii) In 2012, Canada and Norway launched a challenge of the EU restrictions on the sale of seal products at the World Trade Organization. IFAW is assisting the European Commission with its case in defense of the restrictions.

iv) The cost of Canada’s WTO challenge of the EU’s restrictions on the sale of seal products has been estimated at $10 million of Canadian taxpayer dollars.

v) If the WTO challenge favours Norway and Canada, the EU may still continue to restrict the sale of seal products on its market.

vi) Canada and Norway need to respect the rights of Europeans to say 'No' to cruelty

  1. IFAW在实现欧盟对海豹制品销售禁令上发挥了作用,我们继续战斗并确保禁令持续生效,并从而维护欧盟公民的价值观。

事实依据:

  • 在1983年,得益于IFAW为揭露残酷的商业海豹猎杀所做的工作,欧洲共同体禁止了取自白袍海豹的制品进口。在之后的10年里,(此举)将超过一百万海豹幼仔从杀戮中解救出来。
  • 在2009年,欧盟颁布针对全部海豹制品的贸易禁令,但并不包括因纽特人的产品。
  • 在2012年,加拿大和挪威对欧盟的海豹制品禁令向世界贸易组织提起申诉。在此次的申诉中,IFAW正在协助欧盟委员会来保卫禁令。
  • 加拿大在世界贸易组织(WTO)中对欧盟的海豹制品禁令进行的申诉,估计将耗费加拿大纳税人1000万加元。
  • 即使世贸组织申诉决议支持挪威和加拿大,欧盟仍将继续限制海豹制品在其市场上的销售。
  • 加拿大和挪威需要尊重欧洲人对残忍说“不”的权利。

Secondary key messages:

  1. Seals are not overpopulated, and there is no scientific evidence that seals have a negative impact on fish stocks.

Supporting facts:

  1. The Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) says that the 2012 population estimate is 7.7 million, which is down from the 2010 estimate. The most recent information indicates that the seal population has reached its carrying capacity.
  2. Seals, and many other sea animals, eat fish, however there is no scientific evidence to support the claim that harp seals are preventing fish stocks from recovering.
  3. Interactions between competitors, predators, and prey in marine ecosystems are extremely complex. There is no sound scientific evidence that killing seals will increase fish stocks.
  4. Scientists are unable to rule out the possibility that killing seals might be detrimental to fish stocks. Scientists from the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) note “culling predators often has non-intuitive and unintended consequences for both target and other predator and prey species”.
  5. When a fish species has been severely depleted through overfishing and mismanagement, we cannot simply ‘fix’ the situation by overexploiting and mismanaging another species, such as harp seals.

次要关键点:

  1. 海豹的数量并没有过多,而且并没有科学证据表明海豹会对鱼类资源造成负面影响。

事实依据:

· 加拿大渔业和海洋部(DFO)表示,2012年的海豹数量估计为770万只,这较2010年的估计有所下降。

· 和许多其他海洋动物一样,鱼类是海豹的食物之一,但是针对琴海豹阻碍了渔业储量的恢复这一说法,并没有科学证据予以支持。

· 海洋生态系统中的竞争者,捕食者和猎物之间的相互作用,是非常复杂的。没有充分的科学证据表明,杀死海豹将增加鱼类储量。

· 科学家仍无法排除这种可能性——杀死海豹反而会有害鱼类资源。来自加拿大渔业和海洋部科学家(DFO)的科学家们表示“捕杀捕食者通常会对目标和其他捕食者和猎物物种造成直觉无法获知的和意想不到的后果”。

· 在过度捕捞和管理不善的情况下,鱼类储量已经严重减少,这个时候我们不能简单地通过对另一物种(如琴海豹)的过度开发和错误管理来“修复”这个情况。

  1. Seals should be protected from the threats they face, rather than further threatened with hunting.

Supporting facts:

i) Climate change is having a profound affect on ice-breeding species such as harp and hooded seals.

a) A study, published 4 January 2012 in the peer-reviewed journal PLoS ONE, authored by scientists from Duke University and IFAW, shows that warming in the North Atlantic over the last 32 years has reduced the sea ice cover in all harp seal breeding regions by as much as 6% per decade, resulting in higher death rates among harp seal pups in recent, poor-ice years.

b) According to the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO), ice accumulation in 2010 and 2011 were the lowest ever recorded.

c) According to the Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO), 80% of the pups born in 2011 were thought to have died due to the lack of ice.

d) 2010 was the year of lowest ice cover ever recorded with coverage at about 80% below the expected levels and 70% of the pups were thought to have died.

e) In 2007, extremely poor ice conditions in the Gulf of St Lawrence led DFO scientists to predict that pup mortality in the Southern Gulf could be extremely high, “possibly approaching 100%”.

f) Reproductive rates in 2011 were the lowest on record, resulting in an estimated pup production of only 600,000 animals or only 38% of pup production in 2008.

ii) With the mortality from poor ice and the commercial hunt in Canada, nearly all pups may have perished in recent years. Canada is not protecting the few pups who may survive.

  1. 应当保护海豹远离牠们所面对的威胁,而不是用猎杀来进一步威胁(牠们的生存)。

事实依据:

  • 气候变化对于在冰面上繁殖的物种(如琴海豹和冠海豹)都有着深远的影响。

o 杜克大学(Duke University)科学家们和国际爱护动物基金会(IFAW)在2012年1月4的行业期刊PLoS ONE上发表了一项研究,研究表明在过去的32年里北大西洋的气候变暖使琴海豹繁殖地区的浮冰减少,大约每十年减少6%之多。糟糕的冰面状况导致近几年琴海豹幼仔死亡率变得更高。

o 据加拿大渔业和海洋部(DFO)资料显示,在2010年和2011年的冰层积累是有记录以来的最低水平。

o 据加拿大海洋和渔业部(DFO)资料显示,2011年出生的海豹幼仔中有80%被认为死于缺乏(足够的)浮冰。

o 2010年被认为是有史以来浮冰覆盖率最低的一年,大约低于预期的水平的80%,70%的幼仔被认为已经死亡。

o 2007年,圣罗伦斯海湾极其糟糕的冰面状况,致使加拿大渔业和海洋部的科学家预测,小海豹在南部海湾的死亡率可能非常高,“极有可能接近100%”。

o 2011年海豹的繁殖率降至历史最低,结果是小海豹的新生数量仅60万,这只有2008年小海豹新生数量的38%。

  • 在加拿大,恶劣的浮冰情况和商业猎杀活动中的海豹死亡率显示,几乎所有的幼仔都可能已经在最近几年丧生。加拿大并没有对可能存活的海豹幼仔进行保护。

 

关于国际爱护动物基金会

作为全球最具影响力的动物福利组织之一,国际爱护动物基金会(IFAW)在15个国家设有办公室,动物保护项目遍及40多个国家。IFAW总部设在美国,通过减少对动物的商业剥削,保护野生动物的栖息地以及救助陷于危难中的动物来提高动物福利。IFAW通过开展实际的救助工作和与政府合作来保护野生和伴侣动物。IFAW通过宣传教育动员公众防止虐待动物,积极推行人与动物共同受益、和谐共处的动物福利和保护政策。

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