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英语中的比喻句型

(2011-12-01 21:11:05)
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杂谈

英语中的比喻句型

 

 

句型一本体(主语)+谓语(介词like;连词as)+喻体/Be likened to + 喻体

1、  The Chinese people stood up like a giant.

    中国人民像巨人一样站起来了。

2、  Be warm to comrades like the spring,be enthusiastic in work like the summer,treat individualism like the autumn wind sweeping away the withered leaves,and be merciless to the enemy like the fierce winter.(Lei Feng)

对待同志要像春天般温暖,……

3、  Use a book as a bee does a flower.

    像蜜蜂利用花一样,去利用书籍吧。

4、  The childhood shows the man, as morning shows the day.(J Milton)

一个人的童年,就好比一天的早晨。

5、  His heart shivered as a ship shivers at the mountainous crash of the waters.(Bennetti)

他的心颤动了,好像一艘船在排山倒海的波涛中颠簸。

 

句型二  本体(主语)+be+as+形容词+as+喻体

1、  Cultivation to the mind is as necessary as food to the body.(Cicero)

学习对于头脑,如同食物对于身体一样不可缺少。

2、  The muscles of his brawny arms are as strong as iron bands.(Longfellow)

    他强壮手臂上的肌肉像铁铸的带条。

3、  As good almost kill a man, as kill a good book.(J Milton)

毁掉一本书,不啻杀死一个人。

4、  Death may be as heavy as Taishan or as light as a feather.(Szuma Chian)

死或重如泰山,或轻如鸿毛。

 

句型三名词Ato+ 名词B+as/what+名词Cto+名词D

1、  Reading is to the mind what exercise is to the body.(Addison)

读书对于思想,好像运动对于身体一样。

2、  Intellect is to the mind what sight is to the body.(Berkeley)

智力对于思想,犹如视力对于身体一样。

3、  Parks are to the city as(=what)lungs are to the body.

公园对于都市正如肺对于人的身体。

4、  An individual is to the revolutionar as a screw is to a machine.(Leifeng)

一个人的作用,对于革命事业来说,就如一架机器上的一颗螺丝钉。

 

句型四 just as/what+喻体,so/that+本体

1、  As fire tries gold,so does adversity try virture.

    如同火实验金,逆境实验人的品德。

2、  Just as we sweep our rooms,so we should sweep backward ideas from our minds.

    正像打扫房屋一样,我们也要扫除我们头脑中落后的东西。

3、  What salt is to food,that wit and humour are to conversation and literature.

隽语和幽默对于会话和文学,恰如盐对于食物一样。

4、  What blood vessel is to a man’s body,that railway is to transportation.

铁路对于运输,好比血脉对于人的身体一样。

 

句型五…no more/less +本体+than+喻体;not +本体+any more than+喻体

1、  The greatness of a people is no more determined by their number than the greatness of a man is determined by his height.(V.Hugo)

一个民族的伟大不决定人口多少,正如一个人的伟大不决定于他的身长一样。

2、  Nations are not to be judged by their size any more than individuals.

国家正如一个人一样,不能以身材大小判断。

3、  He can no more swim than I can fly.

他不能游泳正如我不能飞翔一样。

4、  A whale is not a fish any more than a horse is.

鲸不是鱼,正如马也不是鱼一样。

5、  Our village is no less beautiful than this picture.

我们的乡村同这幅画一样美丽。

句型六主句(本体)+as if/as though+(从句)喻体;

1、  The first time I read an excellent book,it is to me just as if I had gained a new friend.

起初我读到一本好书时候,我认为它是我的良师益友。

2、  This woman made him fetch and carry just as if he was a geat Newfoundland dog.(W.Thackeray)

这个女人就和纽芬兰的大狗一般。

3、  I felt as though the ground were slipping beneath my feet.(R.Stevenson)

我感觉大地似乎在脚下移动。

4、  He speaks English as if he were an Englishman.

他说起英语来,好似一个英国人。

5、  With the development of these new tools,it is as if man has suddenly become a millionaire of the mind.(K.Croft)

随着这些新工具的发展,好像一个人突然成为知识上的百万富翁。

 

 

句型七 主语+may/might+as well+动词原形+喻体;as+动词原形+本体

1、  You may as well call a cat a little tiger as call a tiger a big cat.

正如可以说老虎是大猫一样,猫也可以说是小老虎。

2、  You might as well advise me to give up my fortune as my argument.(Goldsmith)

你劝我停止辩论,倒不如劝我抛弃一切财产。

3、  Alas ,poor lady,she said she might as well love a dream as fall in love with me.(Ch.Lamb)

啊,可怜的贵妇人。她说着,她与其爱上我不如爱一场梦。

4、  You might as well expect a river to flow backward as hope to move me.

你不能动摇我的心,正如不能使河水倒流一样。

5、  One might as well expect the leopard to change his spots as expect the wolf to change his nature.

正如不能指望豹子换掉它身上的斑点一样,谁也不能指望豺狼改变它的本性。

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