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人教版新目标八年级英语上复习提纲

(2010-10-21 10:51:05)
标签:

教育

分类: 初中英语学习

Unit1 How often do you exercise?

1.  疑问词how的用法

怎样,用什么手段,方法/交通工具

How are you? / How is she?

How did he do it? / I don’t know how to swim.

How do you come to school?
(2) 情况如何(指身体健康状况)    How are you?
(3) how many,how much表示“多少”   how many后接可数名词复数,how much接不可数名词。

How many times do you go to the park?

How many pens do you want?

How much water do we drink every day?

How much are those pants?
(4) how often是对动作发生的“次数”提问,询问的是       

频率“多久一次” 回答可以是:Every day. / Once a week. / Three times a week. / Often. / ...

How often do you play tennis?

How often do you surf the Internet.

(5) How old...? 询问年龄 How old are you?  I am five.

(6) How about…? ……如何? ……怎么样?

How about going to the movies?

2time表示不可数名词,意为“时间”。 

表示可数名词,意为“次数,倍数”

What time is it?  go to the movies three times week.

注意“次数”的表达方法  一次    once, 两次    twice,三次或三次以上用基数词加上times:three times、five times、one hundred times.  表示“……几次”的表达方法是:

once a day/ a week/ a month/ a year   

twice a day/ a week/ a month/ a year

3exercise  v/n    exercise的一些用法
  1.作不及物动词,译为“运动,锻炼”。如:
David exercises every morning. 大卫每天早晨进行锻炼。
He often exercises on weekends. 他经常在周末锻炼。

  2.作及物动词,译为“训练”。如: Swimming exercises the whole body. 游泳能使身体得到全面的锻炼。
  3.作名词,译为“体育锻炼、运动、体操、练习题”等。如: It's good to do eye exercises every day. 每天做眼保键操对眼睛有好处。 Please do more exercise from now on. 从今以后请多做运动吧。 I have lots of exercise to do tonight. 今晚我有很多的练习题要做。
  4.注意:exercise指具体运动或体操时是可数名词,复数形式为exercises;泛指运动时是不可数名词。

We often do / take exercise on weekends.

shop  v/ n

We often shop on weekends.我经常在周末购物。

There are many shops in the neighborhood.

在附近地区有许多商店。

4. as for意为“就……而论”,“至于”

As for fruit,I eat it sometimes.

As for him,I never want to see him here.

至于他,我永远不希望在这里见到。

5.My mother wants me to drink it. 我妈妈想要我喝。

want to do sth.  想要做某事

want sb. to do sth. 想要某人干某事

Do you want to go to the movies with me?

你想和我一起去看电影吗?

I want you to help me with my math.

我想要你帮我学数学。

有很多动词后面用这种结构做动词的复合宾语:

ask sb. to do sth.   叫某人做某事

tell sb. to do sth.   告诉某人去做某事

help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事

6.She says it’s good for my health .

她说它对我的健康有意。

  be good for...表示“对……有益(有好处)”

其反义为:be bad for... 对……有害/无益

It's good for us to do more reading.

多读书对我们有好处。

Drinking milk is good for your health.

喝牛奶对你的健康有益。

 Reading English is good for studying English.

 读英语对学习英语有益/有帮助。

Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.

在床上读书对你的眼睛有害。

7.usually when I come home from school

  通常是在我从学校回家时

When + 从句       当……时候

I often stay at home when it is rainy

当有雨的时候我经常呆在家里。

8. I try to eat a lot of vegetables. 我尽量多吃蔬菜。  

 try to do sth. 尽量/尽力做某事

I’ll try to learn English well.    我会尽量尝试学好英语的。

You must try to take more exercise.  你必须尽量多做运动。

9. I look after my health.我爱惜(照顾)我的健康。    

look after  照顾

My brother is ill. I have to look after him today.

  我的弟弟病了。我今天不得不照顾他。

All the students must look after the desks and chairs.                      所有的学生必须照看好课桌椅。

He often helps his mother look after his little sister.

他经常帮助他的妈妈照顾他的小弟弟。

常见的look短语有以下这些:
  (1).look at 朝......看(look at=have a look at)
Please look at the map of China. 请看中国地图。  

(2).look for 寻找
The old man is looking for his dog. 老人在寻找他的狗。
  (3).look like 看起来像
Nancy looks like her mother. 南希看起来像她母亲。
  (4).look the same 看上去一样
Li Ping and Li Jing look the same.李萍和李晶看上去一样。
  (5).look up 查找
Please look up the word in the dictionary.请在词典中查找这个单词。
  (6).look over 仔细检查
The doctor looked over Mary carefully.医生仔细检查了玛丽

 10. My healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades.

   我健康的生活方式帮助我取得好的成绩。

help sb.(to) do sth.帮助某人做某事

She often helps me learn math.    她经常帮助我学数学。

11. Good food and exercise help me to study better.

   好的食物和运动帮助我学习得更好。

help sb. (to) do sth.帮助某人做某事

12. Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different?

=Is her lifestyle the same as your lifestyle or is her lifestyle different from your lifestyle ?

她的生活方式和你的一样或是不同?

be the same as … / be different from …    与……一样/与……不同

She looks the same as her sister. 她看起来跟她的妹妹很像。

This book is different from that one.这本书跟那本书不一样

13. I think I’m kind of unhealthy.   我想我有点不健康。  

kind of  = a little     a kind of  一种

14. maybe (adv.) = perhaps 也许,可能

  Maybe he knows the answer.

  Maybe they’ll go skateboarding.

  He may know the answer.

15.  although = though  虽然

Although he’s ill, he goes to school on time.

 虽然他生病了,但他还是准时上学。    

She eats a lot of chocolate, although she is very fat.

虽然她很胖,但她却吃许多的巧克力。

16. A lot of vegetables help you to keep in good health.

 A lot of = lots of = many / much  许多

keep in good health = keep healthy = stay healthy

 keep + 形容词  表保持某种状态

Keep quiet! The baby is sleeping.

那婴儿正在睡觉,保持安静!

We must keep our classroom clean.

我们必须保持我们的教室干净。

17. 注意sometimes与几个形似的词的区别。

(1) sometime是副词,意为“在某个时候”,“某时” 指不确定的将来或过去某一点时间(某时候或任何时候),不指一段时间。如:We'll go to Beijing sometime next month. 

我们下个月某一时候会去北京。

Will you come again sometime next week?

下周的某个时候你会再来吗?

She was there sometime last year.

她去年某时去过那。

(2) some time是名词词组意为“一段时间”,做时间状语用

will stay here for some time. 我将在这呆一段时间。

He worked for that company for some time.

 他为那家电脑公司工作了一阵子。

It took him some time to finish the book. 

她花了一些时间去完成作业。

(3) some times是名词词组,意为“几次,几倍”

met him some times in the street last month.

上个月我在街上遇到他好几次了。

The factory is some times larger than that one.

这间工厂比那间大好几倍。

(4)sometimes 是频度副词,意为“有时” 、“不时”的意思(=at times)。如:
Sometimes I get up very late on Sunday morning.

 有时候我在星期天早晨起得很晚。

He sometimes goes skateboarding on weekends.

  他有时周末去滑滑板。

18. That sounds interesting. 那听起来有趣。

sound(听起来),look(看起来),smell(闻起来),taste(尝起来),feel(觉得),seem(好象),grow(变得) , get(变得)等词在英语中可用作系动词,后跟形容词作表语。

It tastes good.  这味道好。

The music sounds very sweet. 这音乐听起来很入耳。

Unit 2 what’s the matter?

身体部位的表达

head          

neck              脖子/颈

shoulder  肩膀

arm                胳膊

hand             

finger             手指

stomach 

back             

leg                

knee        膝盖

foot              

face              

eye                眼睛

ear                 耳朵

nose        鼻子

mouth            嘴巴

tooth              牙齿

throat             喉咙

 

病情的表达

have a cold                                 患感冒

have a fever                         发烧

have a headache                   头痛

have a stomachache              胃痛

have a toothache                  牙痛

have a sore throat                 喉咙痛

have a sore back                  背酸痛

have a sore neck                  脖子痛

 

如何给建议

see a doctor                                       看医生

drink lots of hot water                        多喝热水

drink hot tea with honey               喝加蜂蜜的热茶

see a dentist                                       看牙医

take some medicine                            吃药

shouldn’t eat anything                         不该吃任何东西

lie down and (have a ) rest                  躺下休息

go to bed early                                          早点睡觉

listen to music                                    听音乐

shouldn’t’ eat any more …                  不该再吃…

 

看病的表达

What’s matter?                                                                      怎么了?

I’m not feeling well. I have a …                                我感觉身体不适, 我得了…

When did it start?                                                           什么时候开始的?

It started … ago.                                                            ….前开始的.

That’s too bad. You should / shouldn’t …                  那太糟糕了. 你应该/不该…

Yes, I think so. / That’s a good idea.                          是的, 我也这样认为. / 好主意.

I hope you feel better soon.                                      我希望你早点好起来.

 

重点短语

lie down                                                   躺下

hot tea with honey                                     加蜂蜜的热茶

feel better                                                        感觉好点

get tired / angry / stressed out                     变得疲惫/生气/紧张,有压力

traditional Chinese doctors                   传统中医

a balance of…                                           ……的平衡

for example                                              例如

too much                                                  太多

Chinese medicine                                       中药

western countries                                      西方国家

eat a balanced diet                                     (吃)一个均衡的饮食

a few                                                              一些 / 少许

stay / keep healthy                                     保持健康

need to do sth.                                                 需要做某事

at the moment                                           现在 / 此刻

host family                                                      寄宿家庭

 

重点句型

Eating Dangshen and Huangqi herbs is also good for this.

吃党参和黄芪也对这方面有益.

V-ing 放句首当主语

Eating too much junk food is bad for our health.

吃太多的垃圾食物对我们的健康有害.

Watching TV for a long time is bad for our eyes.

长时间看电视对我们的眼睛有害.

       Reading English newspapers is good for our English studying.

       读英语报纸对我们学习英语有益.

People (who are too stressed out and angry) may have too much yang.

(压力太大易生气的)人可能是阳气过盛.

(who are too stressed out and angry) 为who 引导的定语从句

当先行词为人时, 定语从句必须用关系词who引导

Those (who study hard) can always get good grades.

那些(学习刻苦的)人总能取得好成绩.

The students (who are playing basketball) are all my classmates.

那些(正在打篮球的)学生是我的同班同学.

It’s easy to have a healthy lifestyle.  拥有一个健康的生活方式(很)容易.

It’s important to eat a balanced diet.     保持饮食的均衡是重要的.

I believe it’s important to sleep eight hours a night.     

我相信一个晚上睡八个小时(很)重要.

It’s + adj + ( for sb. ) + to do sth. 做某事对某人来说…

It’s easy for us to find out the answer.  找出答案对我们来说是容易的.

It’s bad for you to read in the sun.     在阳光下看书对(眼睛)不好.

I have a toothache. I need to see a dentist.  我牙痛, 我需要去看牙医.

need to do sth.  需要做某事.

We need to keep our classroom clean. 我们需要保持教室的干净.

I’m not feeling well at the moment.  我现在感觉身体不适.

at the moment = now 现在/ 此时

常用现在进行时

I sometimes stay late until 2 am.  我有时学习到很晚, 直到凌晨两点.

I don’t think I’m improving.  我认为我没有(在)进步.

I’m sorry to hear that…        听到……我很抱歉/遗憾/感到难过

Unit 3 What are you doing for vacation?

一.重点短语归纳

go camping                                               去野营

go shopping                                              去购物

go skateboarding                                去滑滑板

go swimming                                            去游泳

go boating                                                       去划船

go skating                                                        去滑冰

go hiking (in the mountains)  去山上徒步旅行/远足

go climbing                                               去登山

go fishing                                                        去钓鱼

go bike riding / cycling   骑自行车旅行

go sightseeing                             去观光

visit my grandma / cousins / my friends in Hong Kong 拜访我的祖母/堂兄弟/香港的朋友

spend time with friends  和朋友度过

babysit her sister                         照顾她的妹妹

relax at home                              在家休息

go to sports camp                       去运动野营

go to the beach                                  去沙滩

for vacation                                       度假

go to Tibet for a week          去西藏一个星期

go away                                                   离开

(for) too long                                     太久

how long                                           多长(时间)

have a good time / have fun   玩得开心

get back to school / home            回学校/回家

stay for three weeks                                  呆三个星期

take walks / take a walk               散步

rent videos                                                              租录像带

a famous French singer         一个著名的法籍歌手

take a long vacation                                   度长假

take vacations in Europe        在欧洲度假

think about / of                                                考虑 / 思考

something different / interesting / important        

一些不同的/ 有趣的/ 重要的东西

spend time in the beautiful countryside        

在美丽的乡村度过

forget all the problems                 忘记所有的问题

sleep a lot                                                               多睡觉

can’t wait                                                               迫不及待

a good place to go sightseeing       一个观光的好地方

leave for Italy / Greece / Spain / Europe             

离开/出发去意大利/希腊/西班牙/欧洲

places to visit in China                 在中国参观的地方

plan my vacation to Italy              计划去意大利度假

the first week in June                          六月的第一周

leave for …                                                     离开/出发去…

43. rent videos to sb.                               租碟片给某人

rent videos from sb.                           从某人那租碟片

二.固定结构

1. show sb. sth.                         让某人看某物

= show sth. to sb.                把某物给某人看

He showed me a postcard from Hong Kong yesterday.

= He showed a postcard to me from Hong Kong yesterday.

2. send sb. sth.                                  寄给某人某物

= send sth. to sb.                 寄某物给某人

My friends sent me a letter just now.

= My friends sent a letter to me just now.

3. think about / of sth. / doing sth.      

考虑某事/考虑做某事

He often thinks about going to Europe for vacation.

4. decide on sth.                         决定某事

decide to do sth.                   决定做某事

They will decide on the case(案件) tomorrow.

He decided to go sightseeing at last.

5. plan to do sth.                         计划做某事

  She planned to go to Greece for vacation.

6. forget to do sth.                      忘记去做某事

= forget doing sth.         忘记做过某事

Don’t forget to close the door when you leave the classroom.

= I forget going to Spain before.

7. remember to do sth. 记得去做某事

= remember doing sth.   记得做过某事

Remember to bring your book here tomorrow.

He remembered calling you just now.

8. finish sth. /finish doing sth.       完成某事/完成做某事

  Do you finish your homework?

When did you finish doing your homework?

9. need to do sth.                        需要做某事

  We need to go home early.

10. leave for +地名                     离开/出发去…

   leave A for B       离开A地去B地

   My parents and I are leaving (here) for Beijing tomorrow.

   My uncle will leave Beijing for Tokyo tomorrow.

11. have a good time / have fun                   玩得开心

   enjoy oneself

   We had a good time / had fun last night.

       = We enjoyed ourselves last night.

   I hope you can have a good time / have fun.

   = I hope you can enjoy yourself / yourselves.

三.重点句子

1. What are you doing for vacation?

你假期打算做什么?

  I am babysitting my sister.

  我打算照顾我的妹妹。

2. Where is he going?  他要去哪?

  He is going to Italy.           他打算去意大利。

3. When is he going?            他什么时候要去?

  He is going on the 11th. / in December.

  他打算11号去/12月去。

4. Who is she going with? 她打算和谁去?

  She is going with her parents.  

她打算和她的父母亲去。

5. How long are they staying in Tibet?

  他们准备在西藏呆多久?

  They are staying for three weeks.

  他们打算呆三个星期

6. That sounds interesting. 那听起来有趣。

   sound 为感官动词

       感官动词后面加形容词

   感官动词为:look(看起来), sound(听起来), feel(感觉起来), taste(尝起来), smell(闻起来)…

7. I don’t like going away for too long.

  我不喜欢离开太久。

  like to do sth. / like doing sth. 喜欢做某事

8. I know there are many people there (who speak French.) 我知道那儿有许多说法语的人。

   Who speak French 为定语从句,用来修饰先行词people的。当先行词为人物时,定语从句必须由关系代词who来引导。

   I know the girl( who comes from Spain in his class.)

   我认识他班里那个来自西班牙的女孩。

   Do you know the man (who is fishing)?

   你认识那个正在钓鱼的人吗?

9. He planned to have a very relaxing vacation.

  他计划度过一个轻松的假期。

   plan to do sth. 计划做某事

10. I just finished making my last movie.

   我刚制作完了我最后的一部电影。

   finish doing sth. 完成做某事

11. I hear that Thailand is a good place to go sightseeing. 我听说泰国是个观光的好地方。

    a good place to go sightseeing 一个观光的好地方

12. I want to ask you about places to visit in China.

   我想问你有关可在中国参观的地方。

   want to do sth. 想做某事

   ask sb. about sth. 问某人有关某事

13. I am planning my vacation to Italy this weekend.

   我打算这个周末去意大利度假。

   plan my vacation to Italy 计划去意大利度假

   = plan to go to Italy for vacation

14. What should tourist take with them?

   游客必须带什么(在身上)呢?

   take sth with sb. 带某物在身上/随身带某物

   It’s going to rain. Please take an umbrella with you. 就要下雨了。请带上一把雨伞。

   They take some money with them.

   他们随身带着些钱。

四.知识结构

What are you doing for vacation?

你打算/准备/计划假期做些什么?

I am going sightseeing.

我打算/准备/计划去观光。

这里用了“现在进行时 be doing”的结构来表示在最

近计划或安排将要进行的动作, 有“意图” 或“打算”

的含义.通常与表未来时间的状语连用。

1. I am visiting him tomorrow.

我明天要去拜访他。

2. He is leaving for Italy in three days.

他三天后要出发去意大利。

3. Are they coming this afternoon?

他们今天下午会来吗?

Unit 4  How do you get to school?

短语归纳

1. take the subway = go to … by subway   搭地铁

2. take the train = go to … by train                   坐火车

3. take a bus = go to …by bus

= go to … on a bus                          乘坐公共汽车

4. take a taxi = go to … by taxi                坐的士

5. ride a bike / bicycle

= go to … by bike / bicycle                        骑自行车

6. walk = go to … on foot                              步行

7. take a car = go to … in a car

= go to … by car                             坐汽车

8. get to school                                                                            到达学校

9. 10 kilometers from school                                    离学校10公里(远)

10. from his home to school                                            从他家到学校

11. how  (用于提问状态和交通工具)  怎样

how long (用于提问时间段)                         多长(时间)

   how often (用于提问频率)                                   多常

   how far     (用于提问距离)                                   多远

   how many(用于提问数量)                             多少

   how much(用于提问数量/价钱)                     多少/多少钱

12. have a quick breakfast                                               快速地吃早餐

13. leave for school                                                            出发去学校

14. the early bus                                                                  早班车

15. take sb. to school                                                          带某人去学校

16. bus ride                                                                              搭公车的路程

17. bus stop                                                                      公车亭

18. bus station                                                                    公车站

19.train station                                                                   火车站

20. subway station                                                      地铁站

21. think of                                                                       认为

22. around the world=all over the world              遍及全世界

23. in North America                                                             在北美洲

24. on the school bus                                                   乘/坐校车

25. in other parts of the world                                 在世界上的其他地方

26. the other                                                                      (两者中的)另一个

27. others = other (students)                                           其他的(学生)

28. things are different                                               情况不同

29. be different from                                                   与…不同

   be the same as                                                                 与…一样

30. make a difference                                                            产生差异

31. depend on                                                                   取决于/依赖/依靠

32. go to school by boat = take a boat to school  坐船去上学

33. must be                                                                              肯定/一定是

34. the most popular ways                                              最流行的方式

means of transportation                                   交通方式

35. a small number of                                          小部分的

36. a large / great number of                                     大多数的

37. ill in the hospital                                                               生病住院

38. worry about sb. /sth.                                             担心某人/某事

固定结构

It takes / took (sb.) some time to do sth.

做某事花了某人…时间 / 某人花了…时间做某事

It takes me 20 minutes to finish all my homework.

我花了20分钟的时间完成了所有的作业。

     It took him 2 years to finish making the movie.

     他花了两年的时间制作了这部电影。

     此句子结构可等同于:

     sb. spend / spent some time on sth. 某人花了…时间在某事上

     sb. spend / spent some time (in) doing sth.

某人花了…做某事

It takes me 20 minutes to finish all my homework.

= I spend 20 minutes on all my homework.

= I spend 20 minutes (in) doing all my homework.

It took him 2 years to finish making the movie.

= I spent 2 years on the movie.

= He spent 2 years (in) making the movie.

  重点句子

1. How do you get to school?

  I ride my bike to school.

2. How long does it take?

It takes about 25 minutes to walk and 10 minutes by bus.

3. How long does it take you to ride your bike to school?

  It takes me 35 minutes to ride my bike to school.

4. How far is it (from his home to school)?

=How far do you live from school?

  It is three miles (from his home to school).

5. What do think of the transportation in your town?

  = How do you like the transportation in your town?

  What do you think of …? 你对…的看法怎样?

  = How do you like …?             你认为…怎样?

6. That must be a lot more fun than taking a bus!

  那肯定比坐公车更有趣的多!

7. A small number of students take a subway.

8. Don’t worry.                                         别担心。

四. 句子结构拓展

1. It depends on where you are. 取决于你在哪里。

  这是一个宾语从句。在宾语从句中要用陈述句语序。

I know.

He comes from Spain.  

→I know he comes from Spain.

I want to know.

Where does he come from?

→I want to know where he comes from.

2. In places (where there are rivers and lakes), students usually go to school by boat.

(在有河流和湖泊的)地方,学生通常都坐船去上学。

这是一个定语从句。where there are rivers and lakes 是定语,修饰前面的名词place.

    The girl (who speaks French) is my classmate.

    那个(说法语的)女孩是我的同班同学。

    若定语从句修饰的名词(先行词)是人物,则用关系代词who连接.

    He wants to live in a place (where there are flowers and grass). 他想住在有花有草的地方。

若定语从句修饰的名词(先行词)是地点,则用关系副词where连接

Unit 5  Can you come to my party?

一.重点词组

1. come to the party                                                来(参加)聚会

2. on Saturday afternoon                            在星期六下午

3. How/What about you?                            你怎样?

4. I’d love/like to.                                                    我(很)乐意/愿意。

5. study for the chemistry test             为化学考试而学习

6. have a (piano) lesson                              上钢琴课

7. visit/see sb.                                                         拜访某人

8. go to the doctor                                            去看医生

9. have to do sth.                                                    不得不做某事

10. help my mom with housework 帮妈妈做家务

11. go to the movies                                                去看电影

12. go to the concert                                               去(看)音乐会

13. go to the baseball match/game 去(看)棒球赛

14. go to the mall                                                    去商业街

15. too much homework                                   太多作业

16. another time                                                      下次

17. Thanks for asking.                                      谢谢(你的)邀请。

18. have fun/have a good time             玩得开心点

19. the day after tomorrow                         后天

20. the day before yesterday                前天

21. have tennis training                              进行网球训练

22. call/telephone sb.                                        打电话给某人

23. keep quiet                                                         保持安静

24. finish the geography project    完成地理课题/作业

25. watch the football math                 观看足球赛

26. go to the culture club                           去文化俱乐部

27. the whole day/all day                            一整天

the whole week / year                       一整周/年

28. come over to my house                顺道来我家

29. discuss the science report                     谈论科学报告

30. be free = have time                              空闲的

31. invite me to his birthday party 邀请我去他的生日聚会

二.重点句型

Invitation(邀请):

Can you come to my party?

Would you like to come to my party?

Acception(接受邀请):

Sure/Certainly/Of course, I’d love / like to.

Yes, I’d love /like to.

Declination(拒绝邀请):

I’m sorry, I can’t. I have to/must…

Sorry, I’d love to. But I have to…

But I am V-ing…

2. What day is it today / tomorrow / the day after tomorrow?  (询问星期)

It is Wednesday.

What is the date today / tomorrow / the day after tomorrow?  (询问日期)

It is Nov. 2nd.

What’s / is today?  (询问日期和星期)

It is Wednesday Nov. 2nd.

What day was it yesterday / the day before yesterday?

It was Tuesday.

What was the date yesterday / the day before yesterday?

It was Nov. 1st.

What was yesterday / the day before yesterday?

It was Tuesday Nov. 1st.

3. That’s too bad. Maybe another time.

4. Come and have fun.

5. Thanks a lot for asking / inviting me.

= Thank you very much for your invitation.

6. I have tennis training with the school team.

7. Please keep quiet! I’m trying to study.

8. Can you come over to my house?

Can you come over to my house on Wednesday?

Can you come over to my house to discuss the science report?

9. I am free till 10:00pm.

Unit 6

一.形容词比较级的规则变化规律:

1. 一般形容词直接加er; 如:wild—wilder

calm       —calmer cheap—cheaper  cool—cooler

quiet—quieter  quick—quicker  short—shorter

smart—smarter  tall—taller  warm—warmer 

2. 以e结尾的形容词直接加r; 如:

    nice-nicer   late-later  large—larger等

3. 重读闭音节的形容词要双写词尾字母;如:

    big—bigger  hot—hotter  red—redder

wet—wetter  thin—thinner fat—fatter 等

4. 以y结尾形容词要去“y”,加“ier”;  如: 

 heavy—heavier   easy—easier    dirty—dirtier

 funny—funnier   busy—busier  happy—happier

healthy—healthier  hungry—hungrier early—earlier等。

5.多音节词、部分双音节词词前加more;  如:

athletic—more athletic      beautiful—more beautiful

boring—more boring   delicious—more delicious   difficult—more difficult     friendly—more friendly     

exciting—more exciting   expensive—more expensive important—more important  interesting—more interesting  outgoing—more outgoing   popular—more popular

serious—more serious   unhealthy—more unhealthy

不规则变化

原级              比较级

good \ well                  better

bad \ badly \ ill              worse

many \ much                more

little                             less

far                               farther / further

形容词比较级的构成

A + be动词 + 比较级 + than + B.

My ball is bigger than your ball.

我的球比你的大。

Lucy’s hair is shorter than Lily’s.

Lucy 的头发比 Lily 的更短.

My hair is shorter than hers.

我的头发比她的短.

The weather here is hotter than that in Guangzhou.

这里的气候比广州的热.

Taking a boat is more interesting than taking a bus.

坐船比搭公车更有趣.

To go fishing is more relaxing than to go hiking.

钓鱼比去徒步旅行更轻松.

His room is bigger than his brother’s.

他的房间比他哥哥的大.

much, a lot, a little, a bit, even, far 用于比较级前说明比较级的程度

He is much taller than me.

他比我高得多。

I’m a little fatter than him.

我比他稍胖一点。

She is a little more outgoing than her sister.

她比她姐姐稍微外向/直爽一点。

He is much better at English than I.

他的英语比我的好得多。

 

形容词原级

as + (adj.原形) + as     与……一样 (adj.) ……

He is as tall as his twin brother.

This book is as interesting as that one.

二.固定搭配

1. Liu Ying is not as good at sports as her sister.

    be good at sth. = do well in sth. 擅长某事

              be good at doing sth. = do well in doing sth.

    擅长做某事

    He is good at math. = He does well in math.

    He is good at swimming.

= He does well in swimming.

Are you good at swimming?

= Do you do well in swimming?

2. make sb do sth  使某人做某事

He often makes his son get up early.

Be careful. Don’t make the baby cry.

Nothing can make him get stressed out.

The good news made them laugh.

3. It is (not) + adj. + to do sth. 做某事……

     It is important to learn English well.

    学好英语是重要的。

It’s not necessary to be the same.

4. enjoy doing sth.

   She enjoys reading books on weekends.

三.重点短语和句子归纳

1.       Thank you for your last letter.                                                                                                                       

2. Here are photos of me and my twin sister Liu Ying.

    here is / are                       这儿有……

    twin sister(s)     孪生姐妹

    They are twins.            他们是双胞胎。

3. As you can see, in some ways we look the same,

    as you can see                     正如你所看到的那样

    in some ways             在某些方面

    look the same              看起来一样

    As you can see, we are both athletic.

    In some ways, you are right.

    The twins look the same.                                                         

4. However, we both enjoy going to parties.

    I would like to come to your party.  

    However, I am really busy.

5.       Liu Li has more than one sister.

         I have more books than you.

6. Liu Li and Liu Ying have some things in common.

    have some things in common

    We have some things in common.

7. Liu Ying talks more than Liu Li.

8. Both girls go to lots of parties.

9.       opposite views and interests相反的观点和兴趣

10. What is your opinion? 你的看法怎样?

         = What do you think of it?

11. We asked some people what they think and this is what they said.

    我们问了一些人们他们所想的,这是他们所说的.

12. I like to have friends who are like me.

    我喜欢和和我相似的人做朋友.

13. I like to have friends who are different from me.

   我喜欢和和我不同的人交朋友.

14. He always beats me in tennis

  beat   打败

   They beat us in the football match.

   Our basketball beat them.

15. Teacher Wanted!  教师招聘

16. English Study Center 英语学习/辅导中心

17. be good with children 对小孩子友善

  A teacher should be good with children.

18. Call English Study Center at 443-5667 for more information.

打443-5667给英语学习中心(寻求)更多的信息.

Unit 7 How do you make a banana milk shake?

 

pour…in/into   把…倒进…里

cut up  切碎

turn on 打开 turn off关上

put…into/on 把…放进…里或放在…上

mix up  混合

add…to 把…加在…里

a teaspoon of一茶匙

a cup of一杯

a piece of一张/片/块

a glass of一玻璃杯

a slice of 一薄片

tomato sauce番茄酱

turkey slices火鸡肉片

put another slice of bread on the top

把另外一片面包放在上面

here’s a recipe for…

这就是…的烹调方法/食谱

check you have all the ingredients

检查你是否备好了所有的材料

13. first, next, then, finally

first = at the beginning of,

finally=at last

考点:

cut up the bananas

= cut the bananas up

=cut them up

 

mix up the yogurt

=mix the yogurt up

=mix it up

名词位置可前可后,而代词them/it只能够放在中间。

2. I need 3 apples.

----How many apples do you need?

I need 2 cups of yogurt.

---How much yogurt do you need?

此题针对不可数名词yogurt提问,所以用how much

I need 2 cups of yogurt.

 

---How many cups of yogurt do you need?

此题针对可数名词cup提问,所以用how many

 

 There is a piece of bread on the plate.

 How many pieces of bread are there on the plate?

 

注意区分可数名词和不可数名词。

可数名词:

blenders, watermelons, turkeys火鸡, tomatoes, poppers, sandwiches, recipes, ducks, pancakes, onions,

不可数名词:

shake, milk, yogurt, butter, honey, salad, turkey火鸡肉,popcorn, sauce, relish, lettuce, bread, duck鸭肉

 

注意:

a banana shake,

turkey slices

Unit9    How was your school trip?

重要词组  

1. go to the aquariums            去水族馆
2. take photos               照相,拍照
3. hang out with sb.             和某人闲逛

4. buy a souvenir                    买一件纪念品

5. get his autograph                  得到他的签名
6. win a prize               得奖

7. win the first prize                  获得一等奖

8. a famous actor              一个出名的演员
9. have a great time = have a good time 

= have fun             玩得高兴

10. on a school trip                                       在学校郊游

11. go to Blue Water Aquarium    去蓝色水族馆

12. visit the Visitors’Center                      参观游客中心

13. watch a dolphin show                                 观看海豚表演

14. after that                                                                         在那之后

15. go to the Outdoor Pool                                去户外泳池

16. go to the Gift Shop                      去礼品店         

17. take the bus back to school乘公共汽车回学校

18. lots of=a lot of          许多,大量
19. at the end of                 在……的尽头

20. the class monitor                                班长

21. after the trip                                                             郊游结束后

22. day off           休假日    

on my last day off                                       在我上一次休假日
on my next day off                             在我下个休假日

23. go for a drive                      开车兜风
24. help sb. do sth.       帮助某人做某事
help sb. with sth.    

25. take a class                                            上课

26. sleep late                                                睡过头/懒床

27. go camping in the rain                                 在雨中野营

28. a busy day off                                           一个忙碌的休假日

29. have fun (in) doing sth.         做某事很开心

30. rain all day                                   下了一整天的雨

31. watch DVDs                                      观看DVDs

32.   have a yard sale                       进行庭院旧货出售

33. get wet                                                                           淋湿

34.   thanks for doing sth.    感谢某人做了某事

35. win the first prize                                          获得一等奖

36. in yesterday’s singing competition

   在昨天的歌唱比赛中

37. in the future                                                             在未来

 

语法知识
一般过去时:表示过去发生的动作或出现的状态,以动词的过去式表达,如:
I was at the library yesterday afternoon.
Tom studied hard and did well in the final exam last year.
  

动词的过去式分为规则动词和不规则动词两种。
① 一般情况下在动词原形后直接加-ed。    

wanted,played
② 以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去掉e再加-ed。  

hoped,lived
③ 重读闭音节单词需双写最后一个辅音字母再加 

-ed  

stopped。
④ 以辅音字母+y结尾的动词变y为i,再加-ed。 

studied,worried

以元音字母+y结尾的动词,直接加-ed.

    sayed, enjoyed

规则动词过去式的读音也有规律可循。请记住:清后[t],元浊[d],[t] [d]之后读[Id]。
  

清辅音后,ed要读[t]。

worked,finished

元音或浊辅音后,ed要读 [d]。

lived,called
③  [t]或[d]后,ed读[Id]。

started,needed

5. 不规则动词有其自己的变化形式,只能分别记忆。

1. go -went                                            2. take-took
3. have-had                                            4. buy-bought
5. eat-ate                                                6. see-saw
7. hang-hung(悬挂)              8. meet-met    

9. win-won(赢得)         10. sleep-slept    

11. put-put                                      12. come-came    

13. wake-woke(醒)              14. read-read

be动词过去式的句式。

否定句是在was/were后面加not,was not (wasn't)/were not (weren't)。

一般疑问句是把was / were提前并放到句首,要求首字母要大写。

实义动词过去式的句式。

①肯定式:主语+动词过去式+其它。
  如:They had a good time yesterday.
②否定式:主语+did not(didn't)+动词原形+其它。

如:They didn't watch TV last night.
③一般疑问句:Did+主语+动词原形+其它?

肯定回答:Yes,主语+did.

否定回答:No,主语+didn't.
   如:Did they have a meeting two days ago? 

Yes,they did. / No,they didn't.
④特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其它?

如:What time did you finish your homework?

一般过去时的时间状语都是明显表示过去的,如:yesterday、last night、last week、in 1998、three months ago, three years ago, just now.等。

重点句子

How was your school trip?

你的学校郊游怎么样?

how 用于提问情况/状态

Class 9 had a great time on the school trip.

九班在学校郊游中玩得很开心。

have a great time = have a good time = have fun

Finally, tired but happy, they took the bus back to school.

最后,他们虽然感到疲劳但却也很开心,他们坐公车回学校。

tired but happy前面省略了主语they

take the bus back to school

= go back to school by bus

At the end of the day, the science teacher was very happy because the class monitor cleaned the bus after the trip.

在那天结束时,科学老师很高兴,因为他们的班长在郊游结束后清洁了公车。

at the end of                                                             在……的结尾

at the end of the street         在街道的末尾

at the end of this year           在今年年尾

in the end = at last = finally  最后

In the end, we were very tired.

Did you have fun camping?  

你们野营玩得开心吗?

have fun (in) doing sth.   做某事很开心

They had fun singing and dancing in the party last night.

It rained all day.   下了一整天的雨

all day   一整天

The workers worked all day yesterday.

Uncle Martin put some of his old things out in the yard and had a yard sale.

Uncle Martin把他的一些旧货品拿到庭院中,进行了一场旧货出售。

put sth out                                  把某物拿出来

some of / one of                   ……的一些/……中的一个

have a yard sale    进行了一场旧货出售

Some of my friends like singing.

One of my best friends likes singing.

However, no one came to the sale because the weather was so bad.

然而,没有人来到他的出售,因为天气很恶劣。

however转折连词,通常都是单独一个词,后面加逗号隔开。

He wants to come. However, he is ill.

I’m sorry you didn’t have fun on your day off.

我很遗憾你休假日玩过得不开心。

Maria won the first prize in yesterday’s singing competition.

   Maria在昨天的歌唱比赛中获得一等奖。

   win the first prize                          赢得一等奖

   win the second prize               赢得二等奖

We saw a movie about living in the future.

 我们观看了一场有关未来的生活的电影。

 about 是介词。介词后面加动词的ing形式

Unit 9 When was he born

重要词组

international sports stars                             国际运动明星

 a great Chinese ping-pong player              杰出的中国乒乓球运动员

was(were) born            出生于

the world record                                              世界记录

start hiccupping / stop hiccupping               开始打嗝

start doing (to do) sth.                   开始做某事

begin doing (to do) sth.                 开始做某事

stop doing sth.                  停止做某事

6. too… to…                                                          太…….而不……

7. for example                                                         例如

8. play for                                                                     为……效力

9. national team                                                       国家队

10. write music                                                       谱写曲子

11. a movie star                                                       一个电影明星

12. perform Beijing Opera                                 表演京剧

13. the Chinese gymnast                                          一个中国体操运动员

14. win a gold medal                                                赢得一块金牌

15. the World Championships                                   世界锦标赛

16. learn to ride a bicycle                                         学会骑自行车

17. start learning English                                                 开始学英语

18. begin playing sports                                                  开始进行体育运动

19. a comedy called                                                        一部叫……的喜剧

20. a loving grandfather                                           一个慈爱的祖父

21. spend all one’s free time with sb.                         与某人一起度过了所有的业余时间

   spend time with sb.                                            与某人一起度过时光

22. a famous violinist                                              一个著名的小提琴手

23. ice skating                                                                滑冰

24. a kind and loving grandmother                      一个和蔼而慈爱的祖母

25. a skating champion                                            一个滑冰冠军

26. the well-known Chinese pianist                            中国著名的钢琴演奏家

27. hum songs                                                                      哼歌

28. pieces of music                                                        音乐篇章                                                

29. begin to learn the accordion                                开始学习手风琴

30. at the age of…                                                          在……年龄时

31. start to learn the piano                                               开始学习钢琴

32. take part in                                                                      参加、加入

33. win the first prize                                                      赢得一等奖

34. the 14th Chopin International Piano Competition 第十四届肖邦国际钢琴比赛

35. receive such an honor                                               获得这样的荣誉

35. because of                                                               因为、由于

36. major in                                                                  主修,专修


重要句型

1.When was he born?

He was born in 1895.

be born出生于(be用过去时态形式was或were,因为人的出生多为发生在过去的事,所以用一般过去时)

The great pianist was born on October 10th, 1890.

那位伟大的钢琴家出生在1890年十月十日。

-Where were you born?   你在哪儿出生的?

-I was born in Beijing.             我出生在北京。

be born 后可接时间也可接地点,但接时间时,要根据具体时间而选定不同的介词。

I was born in 1991.

I was born in March.

I was born in March, 1991.

I was born on March, 5th.

I was born on March. 5th, 1991.

2.Who’s that?    

That’s Deng Yaping. She is a great Chinese ping-pong player.

3.How long did Charles Osborne hiccup?

He hiccupped for 69 years 5 months.

“How long” 是就一段时间进行提问,因此回答时用for后面加一段持续的时间。

-- How long did he learn English? 他学英语多久了?

-- He learned English for ten years. 他学英语十年了。

4.You are never too young to start doing things.

你永远不会小到不能做事情的地步。

too…to…  太…而不能

是英语中常用的一种结构,其句型为“too+形容词或副词原级+to do …”,译为“太…而(以致)不能…”。它在形式上是肯定的,但在意义上是否定的。

“too…to…”本身已含有否定的意思,因此,不定式前一般不加not.

She is too young not to go to school. (×)

She is too young to go to school. (√)

The water is too hot to drink.水太烫不能喝。

The boy is too young to look after himself.

这个男孩太小了,还不能自己照顾自己。

This house is too big to clean in one day.

这幢房子太大了,一天内打扫不完。

She is too young to go to school. 她太小不能去上学。

 

The old men started singing / to sing. 老人们开始唱歌。

We started doing our homework at 7 o’clock last night.

我们昨晚7点开始写作业。

5.Tiger Woods started golfing when he was only ten months old.

泰戈伍德在只有10个月大的时候开始玩高尔夫球。

When he was a small boy, he could hum songs and difficult pieces of music. 在他还是一个小孩子的时候,他就能哼唱歌曲和难的乐曲。

when是从句的引导词,意为 “…的时候”。

Mozart started writing music when he was four years old.

莫扎特在四岁的时候,开始写音乐。

It rained when I got home. 当我到家的时候,天下雨了。

when的用法:

(1)作疑问副词,意为“什么时候”

When are you leaving? 你什么时候离开?

When did Tony go to the library? 托尼什么时候去的图书馆。

(2)作从属连词,引导一个时间状语从句,意为“当…的时候”

When he was a small boy, he began to perform Beijing Opera.

当他是个小男孩时,他就开始表演京剧。

She toured the U.S. when she was fourteen.

她十四岁时就周游了美国。

6.Arthur is a loving grandfather. He spends all his free time with his grandchildren.

阿瑟是一位慈爱的祖父。他与他的孙子、孙女一起度过了他所有的业余时间。

spend意为“花费…时间/金钱”

I’m planning to spend time in the beautiful countryside.

我打算在美丽的乡村度过时光。

She spent $ 500 last year.她去年花了五百美元。

(A)spend …on sth 在某物(事)上花费(时间,金钱)

Maria spent five yuan on the book.

玛丽亚花了五元钱在这本书上。/ 玛丽亚买这本书花了五元。

I often spend a lot of time on my homework every night.

我经常每天晚上花两个小时做家庭作业。

(B)spend …(in)doing sth. 花(时间或金钱)干某事

I often spend a lot of time (in)doing my homework.

Maria spent five yuan(in)buying the book.

注意,spend的主语必须是人,在第四单元中学过“It takes sb. some time / money to do. ”也可表示“做某事花某人多少时间/金钱”,但take的主语应是物,而不能是人。

It takes me a lot of time to do my homework.

It took Maria five yuan to buy the book.

用于描述人物的形容词

talented(天才的),loving(慈爱的),outstanding(杰出的),

unusual(罕有的),creative(有创造力的),famous(著名的),

great(伟大的,很棒的),beautiful(美丽的)

 

7. Li Yundi, the well-known Chinese pianist, always loved music.

中国著名钢琴家李云迪总是喜爱音乐。

划线部分是“Li Yundi”的同位语,作进一步解释说明。

8. When he was a small boy, he could hum songs and difficult pieces of music.

当他是个小男孩时,他就能够哼唱歌曲和一些较难的音乐篇章。

9. He began to learn the accordion at the age of four.

      他四岁十就开始学习手风琴。

at the age of 在…岁时

At the age of 4 Mike began to write story books.

迈克四岁时就开始写故事书。

年龄表达方法

(1)用基数词表达年龄,可以加上“…years old”   three years old.

(2)用when引导的从句 when I was three(years old)

(3)at the age of +基数词 at the age of three

(4)基数词+-year-old three-year-old,注意这种表达常作定语

如a three-year-old boy.

10.Li Yundi took part in the 14th Chopin International Piano Competition in Polan. 李云迪在波兰参加了第14届肖邦国际钢琴比赛。

        join 和take part in两者都表示“参加”

join指“参加”某种组织

take part in 表示参加某项活动

    He joined the Party at the age of 40.他40岁时入了党。

    When did your brother join the Army? 你哥哥什么时候参的军?

 Do you want to take part in the sports meeting? 你想参加运动会吗?

11. He was also the first Chinese Pianist in the 70-year history of the Chopin International Piano Competition to receive such an honor.

在肖邦国际钢琴大赛70年的历史中,他也是第一个获得这样荣誉的中国钢琴家。

the 70-year history  70年的历史

其中70-year做history的定语,所以year不能用复数。

如:a four-year old girl  一个四岁女孩。

the 70-year history 70年的历史

12.He stopped playing football because of his sore back.

        他因为喉咙痛而停止了踢足球。

    = He stopped playing football because he had a sore back.

        because of + n.

    because + 句子

    两个都表原因

    He didn’t go to school yesterday because he was ill.

    = He didn’t go to school yesterday because of his illness.

    We didn’t go out because the weather was bad.

    = We didn’t go out because of the bad weather.

 

附:

职业名词

A.第一方队:a.动词+er,构成的职业名称最多,意为“……家/人”等。如:

teach(教)—teacher(老师)

work(工作)—worker(工人)

farm(耕种)—farmer(农民)

clean(打扫)—cleaner(清洁工)

write(写)—writer(作家)

sing(唱;唱歌)—singer(歌唱家;歌手)

drive(开车等)—driver(司机)

dance(跳舞;舞蹈)—dancer(舞蹈家)

play(打球等)—player(队员),etc.

b.名词(多为自然学科)+ist,可构成“……家”等。如:

art(艺术;美术)—artist(艺术家;画家)

chemistry(化学)—chemist(化学家)

physics(物理)—physicist(物理学家)

science(科学)—scientist(科学家),etc.

c.名词+ian,构成“……家/员”等。如:

music(音乐;乐曲)—musician(音乐家)

library(图书馆)—librarian(图书管理员),etc.

B.第二方队:名词+man或woman,构成“……人/员”等。如:

police(警务)—policeman/policewoman(警察)

business(生意)—businessman(商人)

sports(运动)—sportsman(运动员)

post(邮递;寄送)—postman(邮递员),etc.

C.第三方队:其它“纯天然”式职业名称。如:

学生—student

售票员;列车员—conductor

战士;士兵—soldier

护士—nurse

医生—doctor

厨师—cook

售货员、店员—shop assistant,et

Unit 10  I am going to be a basketball player.

 

一. 重点词组


1. grow up            长大,成长

2. be going to do = want to do打算做某事

3. computer programmer 电脑程序设计师

4. baseball player          棒球运动员

5. a professional basketball player  一名职业篮球运动员

6. computer science                                  计算机科学

7. take acting lessons                                 上表演课

8. practice basketball                                 练习篮球

9. move to                                              搬到,移动到

move to New York                      搬到纽约

10. my dream job                                      我梦想的工作

11. what I want to do                                我想做的事情

12. move to somewhere interesting      搬到某个有趣的地方

13. sound like                                           听起来像……

14. fashion shows                                    时装表演

15. fashion magazine                                 时尚杂志

16. part-time 兼职的,               full-time 全职的,全日制的

   a part – time job                          一份兼职的工作

15. a reporter for fashion magazine      时装杂志记者

17. a year or two = one or two years   一两年

an hour or two = one or two hours      一两个小时;

a day or two = one or two days           一两天

18. save some money                                积蓄一些钱,攒钱

19. at the same time                                          与此同时

21.hold art exhibitions                                举办美术展览

22.all over the world = around the world      全世界,世界各地

23. somewhere quiet and beautiful              某个安静而美丽的地方

24. write articles                                              写文章

25. send sth. to sb. = send sb sth.               将某物发送/寄给某人

   send them to magazines and newspapers 把他们寄给杂志社和报社

26. I’m not sure yet                                          我还没有定下来

27. New Year’s resolutions                         新年的决心

   make one’s resolution                          表决心

28. play an instrument                               弹一种乐器

29. get a part-time job                                       找到一份兼职工作

28.make the soccer team                                   组建足球队

30. get good grades                                          获得好成绩

31.eat healthier food                                         吃健康的食物

32.get lots of exercise                                       多进行体育锻炼

33. take guitar lessons = have guitar classes上吉他课

34. get over 1,000 letters = get more than 1,000 letters       收到超过1000封的来信

35. work harder in school                          在学校里更努力学习

36. keep fit                                                     保持身体健康

37. communicate with sb.                                 与某人交流

38. a job as a foreign language teacher        一份当外语教师的工作

39. after high school = leave school             中学毕业后

40. international magazines                        国际杂志社

41. have a welcome party                                  召开一个欢迎会 

 

二. 重点句型:

1. What are you going to be when you grow up? 你长大后将干什么?

2. I am going to be a computer programmer.       我将来成为一名电脑程序设计师。

3. How are you going to do that?                       你将怎么做?

4. I’m going to study computer science.                    我将要学习计算机科学。

5. Where are you going to work?                       你将去哪里工作?

6. When are you going to do that?                      你将什么时候去做?

7. When I grow up, I’m going to do what I want to do.

当我长大的时候,我将做我想做的事。

 (1)when在这里引导一个时间状语从句,“当我长大时”

 (2)do what I want to do. 意为“做我想做的事”

  eg:  She is going to be an actress when she grows up

8. somewhere interesting 意为“某个有趣的地方”

somewhere是不定代词,表示“某处”,之后的形容词interesting, quiet and beautiful 做 somewhere 的定语,但修饰不定代词的定语必须后置。



nothing difficult  没什么难事                    nothing wrong  没什么问题


something delicious  好吃的东西              something different某些不同的东西


三.重点及新知识点

一般将来时态 (be going to do)

用“be going to” 结构表示将来要发生的事,或打算、计划,决定要做的事情。

  1. 常于其搭配的时间状语有:

tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, soon (不久), this afternoon , this evening , this year, in the future (将来), in the near future (在不久的将来),next week…

  2. 陈述句基本构成:

    主语 + be (am , is , are) + going to + 动词原形

    如:I am going to travel around the world.                      我将到世界各地旅游。

        They are going to meet outside the school gate.   他们将在校门口见面。

        He is going to play basketball tomorrow.                    他打算明天打蓝球。

        It is going to rain.                                                           天将下雨。

  3. 否定句:

    主语 + be + not + going to + 动词原形

    如:We are not going to have any classes next week. 下周我们将不上课。

         I am not going to be a teacher.                                我将不成为教师。

  4. 疑问句:

    将am , is , are 提前大写即可

    Be (Am , Is , Are ) + 主语 + going to + 动词原形

  如:Are you going to be a doctor when you grow up? 你长大后将做名医生吗?

    回答:Yes, I am.    No, I am not.

    Is he going to take the piano lesson tomorrow?                  他明天上音乐课吗?

    Yes, he is.    No, he isn’t.

  5. 特殊疑问句:

    特殊疑问词 When (How , What , Where )等 + be (am , is , are ) + 主 + going to + 动词原形

    如:What are you going to do next Sunday?              你下星期天将做什么?

在第三单元中我们还学过用现在进行时态(be doing)来表示将来计划要做某事。所以,若要表示将来计划要发生的动作,有时现在进行时和一般将来时可通用。

He is going to play basketball tomorrow.

= He is playing basketball tomorrow.

We are not going to have any lessons next week.

= We are not having any lessons next week.

Are you going to take the piano class this weekend?

= Are you taking the piano class this weekend?

What are you going to do next Sunday?

= What are you doing next Sunday?

 

同时,be going to do 若表示自己的计划,打算,安排或意愿时,有时也可与want to do 替换使用。

What are you going to be when you grow up?

= What do you want to do when you grow up?

What are you going to do next Sunday?

= What do you want to do next Sunday?

Unit 11 Could you please clean your room?

一.重要词组及短语:


1. could you please do sth.? 你能……吗?/ 请你干…….好吗?

2. do the chores                                 做杂务

3. do the dishes                                 洗餐具

4. sweep the floor                              清扫地板

5. take out the trash                            倒垃圾

6. make one’s bed                       铺床

7.fold one’s clothes                            叠衣服

8. clean the living room                      清扫客厅

9.stay out late                                    晚归

10. come over                                    过来

11. have a test                                    考试

12. get a ride                                      搭车

13. use one’s computer                      使用某人的电脑

14. hate sth./ hate to do sth. / hate doing sth.       讨厌某事/做某事   

like to do (doing) sth.

15. do the laundry = do some washing = wash clothes       洗衣服

16. make breakfast / make dinner = do some cooking        做饭

17.wash the car                                                                                  刷车

18. work on                                                                                       从事,忙于

work at                                                    学习、致力于、在……上下工夫

19. borrow some money                                   借一些钱

borrow sth. from sb.                                 向某人借某物(借入)

lend sb. sth.= lend sth. to sb.        借给某人某物(借出)

   You can borrow some money from your brother.

你可以向你哥哥借些钱。

   Can you lend me your bike?   

你能借给我你的自行车吗?

20. invite sb. to do sth邀请某人做某事

They invited me to join their club.他们邀请我参加俱乐部。

   invite sb to a place

invite you to my party
21. go to the store                       去商店

22. agree sb. to do sth.                同意某人做某事

agree with sb.                            同意某人的意见

disagree sb. to do sth.           不同意某人的意见

disagree with sb.                         不同意某人的意见

23. take care of = look after         照顾、照看、照料

take good care of = look after…well     把……照管得好

26. take sb. for a walk                                      带某人去散步
27. play with sb.                                                     和某人玩

28. forget to do sth.                                                 忘记去做某事(未做)

       forget doing sth.                                               忘记做过某事(做过)

 

(1)do, make 短语归类

do the dishes                 (洗餐具)

do my homework          (做我的家庭作业)

do chores                            (做家务,处理琐事)

do the laundry        (洗衣)

do the shopping             (购物)

do some reading            (读书)

make your bed              (铺床)

make breakfast              (做早餐,

make dinner                  (做晚饭)

make tea                       (泡茶,沏茶)

make a cup of coffee(冲一杯咖啡)

(2)关于to的短语总结:

 have to do sth             不得不,必须做某事

 need to do sth             需要做某事

 hate to do sth              讨厌做某事

 like to do sth               喜欢做某事

 want to do sth             想做某事

 love to do sth              热爱做某事

 forget to do sth           忘记做某事

 start to do sth              开始做某事

 begin to do sth            开始做某事

 ask sb to do sth           请某人做某事

二. 重点句型

1. Could you please clean your room? 

Yes, sure. / Sorry, I can’t. I have to do my homework first.
2. Could I please use the car? 

Sure. / Certainly. / Of course.  No, you can’t. I have to go out.

在表示请求帮助或请求允许的疑问句中,常用could代替can,以表示礼貌,委婉或不确定的语气,而can则不具备这些语气。这种情况下不能把could看作can的过去式。以上两句中用could是为了表示礼貌的请求。表示请求帮助或请求允许时,除了can, could之外,还可以用may,句子的表达方式也各有不同,可以用不同的方式来表示同一个概念。例:

   Could/Can/May I use your car for a day?

   作允答可以各种各样,

如同意可以说Yes,或Sure或Certainly,还可说Yes, (do) please. 或Of course. (you may/can). 或That’s OK/all right.

如果不同意,可以说I’m sorry you can’t. 或I’m really sorry, but I have to use it today. 要避免说No, you can’t. 这样显得很不礼貌。否定回答通常用委婉语气。

could在表请求的问句中是为了表示礼貌或委婉语气,用在应答中则成了不确定语气,与情理不符。所以应答中不说Yes, you could. 或No, you couldn’t. 而要说Yes, you can. 或Sorry. /No, you can’t.

Unit 12

一.重点词组

1.the best radio station                 最好的无线电台

2.comfortable seats                            舒适的椅子

3. big screens                             大屏幕

4. friendly service                        友好的服务

5. new movies                                   新电影

6. close to home                                 离家近

7. in a fun part of town                      在城镇闹区

8. Town Cinema                                 城镇电影院

9. Screen City                             大屏幕影视城

10.Movie Palace                                 电影艺术宫

11.Jeans Corner                                 牛仔广角

12.Trendy Teens                                时髦少年服装店

13.Easy Listening                        轻松听力

14. have good quality clothes        有质量好的服装

15.in town在城里,              in the city在城市里,          in the country在乡下

16. the beat clothing store                   最好的服装店

17.do a survey of                       对…进行调查

18. all the movie theaters                     所有的电影院

19. the most interesting music             最有趣的音乐

20.be (get, become, feel) interested in 对…感兴趣

21. the most creative                          最有创造力的

22. the most boring                            最烦人的

23. a great success                      巨大的成功

24. win the prize for                           赢得……的奖项

25. without music                       没有音乐伴奏下跳舞

26. the funniest actor                          最滑稽的演员

27. the worst movie                            最差的电影

28. beautiful beaches                          美丽的海滩

 

二.重要短语分析:

1.It is the closest to home. 那儿离家最近。

close  vt.关上,闭上     adj. 靠近的   adv.靠近

close to 离...近, 形容词最高级前经常+定冠词\"the\"

Close the door, please.请关门。(close 为n)

He is my close friend. (close 为adj.)

2. enough 足够地

  adj. + enough  足够…

  enough 修饰形容词时,应放在形容词的后面。

  too. .. to,    adj. + enough,    so… that (one can’t) 的转换

  He isn’t old enough to go to school.

  = He is too young to go to school.

  = He is so young that he can’t go to school.

 

知识链接

1. 形容词的比较级和最高级

  A. 我们都知道形容词的级有三个级。
(1)为原级:as ...as... 像...一样
      Zhang Hong is as tall as Tom. 张红和Tom一样高。
(2)形容词的比较级(用于两者之间的人或事物的比较),

其构成:形容词比较级+than ...
      He is taller than I. 他比我高。
(3)形容词的最高级(用于三个或三个以上的人或事物的比较),

其结构为the + 形容词的最高级+of / in ...
      He is the tallest of the three. 他是这三个人中最高的。
   He is the funniest in his class. 他是他们班最有趣的。

 
B. 形容词、副词比较级和最高级有规则变化和不规则变化。
(1)规则变化
(1) 一般情况下,单音节或双音节的形容词(或副词)比较级+er,最高级+est
      clever-cleverer-cleverest  few-fewer-fewest  small-smaller-smallest
(2) 以e结尾的词,比较级+r,最高级+st
    nice-nicer-nicest      cute-cuter-cutest   large-larger-largest
(3) 以辅音字母+y结尾的变y为i+er或est
      easy-easier-easiest   happy-happier-happiest
      又如:early , busy , heavy , dirty , lazy等也是如此。

(4) 双写最后一个辅音字母+er或est的词要用心去记。
1. fat-fatter-fattest                2. thin-thinner-thinnest
3. hot-hotter-hottest       4. red-redder-reddest
5. wet-wetter-wettest     6. big-bigger-biggest

(5) 多音节和部分双音节的词需要在形容词原级前+more构成比较级,+the most构成最高级。
beautiful -more beautiful - the most beautiful .
又如: delicious , popular , important , interesting , expensive ,creative等也是如此。
双音节的词如:
careful-more careful -the most careful
useful -more useful -the most useful .
少数单音节词也是这样如:
pleased-more pleased -the most pleased  

tired-more tried -the most tired

boring - more boring – the most boring

 

(2)不规则变化:
good / well – better - best                               little – less - least
bad / badly/ ill-worse worst                  many / much – more - most
far - farther -farthest(距离远)                  far – further - furthest(程度深)

 

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