加载中…
个人资料
随心天成
随心天成
  • 博客等级:
  • 博客积分:0
  • 博客访问:239,579
  • 关注人气:395
  • 获赠金笔:0支
  • 赠出金笔:0支
  • 荣誉徽章:
相关博文
推荐博文
谁看过这篇博文
加载中…
正文 字体大小:

新托福考前必背词汇题总

(2010-01-19 15:55:42)
标签:

杂谈

分类: G/T备考

 

 

内容提要:我们初学iBT阅读时, 可能更关注一些陌生的新题型, 随着我们逐渐对方法和技巧的掌握, 整体正确率不断提高时,有一种题型日益彰显出狰狞的面目,那就是VOCABULARY QUESTION.很多同学觉得,这单词题成了iBT阅读的最后障碍.对于这个问题,一则要扩大我们的单词量,再则要加强在上下文中理解单词的意思,这是两个基本点.还有一个有效的途径,就是熟悉托福机经.
 
    ETS总是喜欢重复考点,对于单词题就更是如此.因此我不辞劳苦地搜集了许多单词题的鸡精,铺列于下.左侧为文中单词,右侧为正确选项.一定要熟记于心,因为在考场上很有可能碰到原题

    经常扫视,经常瞧瞧,培养感情,尤其考托前两三天一定再瞄几眼,考场上妙不可言

    enroll to one = combine
    complement = supplement = add to
    substitute = replace
    so far = until present = up to now
    rooted in = based on
   make their way = travel
   vulnerable--open to break-open to attack -- weak --susceptible
   perishable 容易腐烂的= easy to spoil
   Seething 沸腾的 --- overflowing/excited/active
   float = stay on the top
   be consistent with = be compatible with
   property 财产,特征 = characteristic = attribute (名词意为"特征,属性")
   simulated ---- artificial
   sort --- type -- kind
   staggering摇晃的; 犹豫的; 压倒的(多数) =overwhelming
   string线, 绳子; 一行, 一系列 =series
   swell -- enlargement --- expand
   tract- area - terrain
   symmetric 对称的,均衡的 --- balance
   taper 逐渐变小 --- diminish --- 收缩
   tenet --- principle/belief
   turn = change
   vast - immense - extensive
   with the ordinary citizen's pocketbook = affordable
   advent = arrival
   affair = matter
   chronic --- constant - confirmed 慢性的;证实的
   consequence = result/importance
   counter = oppose
   countervail 补偿,抵消; 对抗 = compensate/oppose
   distinction = differentiation/excellence/honor
   distribution = dispersion = dispersal
   embed = implant
   euphoric = extremely happy
   flake = fragment
   hinder 阻碍,打扰= interfere with
   ladings 船货= cargos shipment
   mandatory = required, obligatory
   mundane 世俗的,平凡的= ordinary
   prerequisite = something required (something needed to happen)
   rather = instead 相反地/ in some degree在tain
   sank (sink的过去式)= descended; dropped to the bottom
   scant = minimum
   sited = located
   sophisticated = refined /elaborated /complex
   ubiquitous 到处存在的 = common
   unanimity = total agreement
   spectator = viewer
   sporadic = intermittent /irregular
   stylus 铁笔,针状物 = pen
   unconceivable = unimaginable
   uniformly = evenly/ without variation/consistently
   unique = sole/ distinct
   warranted = authorized 授权的/justified
   assume=take on 呈现/ suppose, posit 假设
   foster=promote ,encourage
   Plumage羽毛=feather
   Composition作文,成分,混合物=mixture
   relatively=comparatively
   substitute=replacement
   premise= assumption
   within= inside
   have nothing to do = in no relation to
   vigorous= strong
   scope=extent
   extraordinary非凡的,特别的= exceptional 异常的,例外的
   uneasy心神不安的,不稳定的=unstable
   bulk大小,体积,大多数=major
   speed 加速 = increase the rate of
   spread=distribute 散布,分布
   endeavor 努力= enterprise 进取心,干事业
   proximity 接近= nearness
   rotate=turn 转动,旋转
   assertion主张,断言 = strongly statement
   evidence = proof
   preeminent卓越的 =foremost 最重要的
   barrier障碍物=obstacle
   primitive = early
   sort = type
   rudiment=basic
   intact未被碰过的=unaffected
   prize珍视 = value
   lucrative 有利可图的= profitable
   ineffectively=with out any result
   misleading =inaccuracy
   architecture =structure 结构,建筑物
   accomplished完成的,熟练的=skilled,
   embedded内含的,嵌入的=enclosed 被附上的
   collaboration协作=joint effects
   identical=the same
   allow=enable
   dispersal 分散,散布= distribution
   hampering妨碍,牵制 = restricting
   cherished珍爱的=valuable
   precision = accuracy
   broadly = extensively
   yearly = annual
   tracking = following
   tolerant = endure
   rather than = instead of
   transformation = conversion
   sample=example
   crawl爬行=move
   hobby业余爱好 = pastime 消遣,娱乐
   inherent in = characteristic of
   recharge再充电=refill再装满
   devise设计,发明=create
   attest to证明--confirm,
   replicas复制品--copies,
   extant 现存的=not extinct
   be closer resemblance to=. be more like
   indicate =demonstrate
   thrive=flourish
   fluctuating=changing
   mirror反映=reflect
   procure获得=obtain
   paradoxically=seemingly contradictory
   counsel劝告,忠告=advice.
   mock嘲弄,模仿 = pretend
   spectacular引人入胜的 = impressive 印象深刻的
   mimic模仿,仿制品=copy
   routinely = commonly
   actually = in fact = virtually
   revolutionize = dramatic change
   initially = originally
   source = origin
   diversity多样性=variety
   depict=portray
   disassemble分解=break
   archive档案 = record
   attribute 属性,特征= characteristic
   avid渴望的,热心的 = enthusiastic
   basic = fundamental
   collision = hit each other
   copious 丰富的= plentiful
   delight = pleasure
   disintegrate分解 = tear apart
   diverse = distinct
   dual = double
   eager = enthusiastic
   endeavor = enterprise
   erect矗立,建立 = build
   expediency便利 = advantage
   fashioned out of = made from
   immigration = movement
   infrastructure 基础设施= foundation
   locale 场所= place
   mean平均值;卑贱的;吝啬的 = average
   myriad = innumerable == innumerous
   peak = maximum
   rate估价,鉴定等级= classify分类,分等
   Save for 除。。。之外= Except for
   seize抓住 = take
   tie = relation
   volume = quantity
   wholly = completely
   Within the ordinary citizen's pocket book = affordable
   ally with 与。。。结盟--link to
   aware of=familiar with
   bulk=great quantity =majority
   ferry摆渡,渡运==transport
   hint暗示,提示 = indication
   implausible=unbelievable
   launch---start
   of legitimacy=lawful
   of likelihood = probable
   minute=tiny
   misconception=wrong idea
   offset抵消,弥补=balance
   omit遗漏= exclude
   onset=beginning
   patchy杂凑的;斑驳的,补丁的=irregular 参差不齐的,不规则的
   peak=in the middle of the largest strengthen
   permanent=lasting
   pore=space
   precede=come before
   preserve保护,保存=protect
   prosper=succeed
   proximity = closeness = nearness
   range=vary
   right (to some place)一直向。。。地方 = all the way
   account叙述,故事=description
   arid=dry
   allied with = linked to
   access=reach
   astute狡猾且机敏的=clever
   avenue林荫道,方法 =method = vehicle 手段, 车辆 = approach 方法;接近
   appearance=rise出现,上升
   appreciable 可察觉到的=noticeable
   assert= strong statement
   accessible=easy to reach
   augment=increase
   absorb=take in
   attribute(verb) =credit
   (attribute ... to ... = credit ... to/with ... 把。。。归结于/归功于。。。)
   attribute(noun. 特征, 属性)=character
   aware of = familiar with
   agile=astute=clever = quick and active
   arise 发生, 出现 = emerge
   being生命,存在=creatures
   (大家很多人看过米兰。昆德拉的《生命中不能承受之轻》吧? 其英文名为 The Unbearable Lightness of Being)
   beforehand=foreordain 预先, 注定
   bulk大批,大多数=major part
   blossom=flourish
   barge驳船=boat
   broad appeal= popular
   cardinal=fundamental
   channel 引导= direct/ guide
   collide=hit each other
   contrive 发明, 设计; 图谋= create
   convinced=strong belief
   conviction = strong belief
   costly=expensive
   conserve=save
   chronically慢性地, 长期地=constant
   crest鸟冠,顶部=peak
   compel=push
   configuration=arrangement
   camouflage=disguise 伪装
   consider=think about
   constraint = limit
   comprise 包含; 构成,组成 = form
   completely=totally
   consequent=resulting
   convert to =change to
   curb控制=control
   collaborate=cooperate
   degree=extent
   depletion = drain 排干,流尽,耗尽
   deluxe豪华的=lavish
   duplicate=copy
   delight = pleased
   delicate=dainty
   distribution分配,分发; 分布 =geographic range
   extend=reach
   excavation=dug-out 挖掘
   enlist征募,谋求=obtain
   exercise 练习, 运用 = use
   evidence=proof
   eventually=ultimately
   expend花费=use
   enormous=great
   exaggerate=overstate
   enthusiastic = eager 热切的, 渴望的
   follow=track跟踪
   fertile 肥沃的;有繁殖力的= reproductive
   fashionable=popular
   feast:=eating
   flourish = prosper
   flexible=adaptable
   funds=money
   fragmentize裂成碎片 = break up
   govern统治,管理,支配=regulate 管制,控制,调节
   imposing令人难忘的=impressed
   intense=strong
   inhospitable 不好客的;不适宜生命/生长的 = unfavorable 不宜的,不顺利的
   in fact =actually
   immoral不道德的=improper
   implausible = unbelievable
   irreparable不能挽回的=permanent 永久性的
   (irreparable damage == permanent damage)
   implement 工具 = tool 工具
   inevitable = unavoidable
   lucrative=profitable
   largely=mostly
   myriad无数的=numerous
   manifest=reveal 展示
   mandatory= required
   mock嘲笑;模仿 = pretend 假装
   nocturnal == nighttime
   nearly=almost
   occasion场合,事件=event
   old male=aged male
   on the contrary=on the other hand
   pigmentation染色=color
   perilous=dangerous=risk
   permit=allow
   preordain预先注定命运的= foreordain
   preordain=appoint指定,约定
   property财产,特征=characteristic
   primarily=mainly
   proponent=supporter
   preserve=retain保持,保留
   propel驱使,推进=push推动
   rigidly坚硬地,严格地= strictly
   roam 徘徊,漫游= wander
   rigorous严厉的,严峻的,严酷的 = harsh 粗糙的, 严酷的
   readily=easily
   rendering表现,表演=presentation
   relative=comparative
   relatively=comparatively
   realm=area
   reinforce = strengthen
   surplus=extra
   significant=considerable=important
   slight=small
   surmise = guess
   scope=extent
   stealthily悄悄地,暗地里= silently
   suited=appropriate
   staunch坚定的= strong
   sustenance生计,生活=living
   spectator观众=human viewer
   sophisticated= refined
   segment = portion
   take place = occur
   threatening=endangering
   technique = method
   testify证明=give evidence
   toxic=poisonous
   unadorned = not decorative
   uniform一致的,相同的=without variation
   undertake=attempt
   vagary反复无常=uncertainties
   virtually=almost
   vigor=energy
   with respect of= in terms of
   warranted 有正当理由的, 有保证的 = justified
   aggravate 加重,恶化= increase (e.g. aggravate his pain = increase his pain)
   approach=move toward.
   assertion = strongly statement
   central中心的,重要的=essential.
   collect=gather
   collide=hit each other
   counter = oppose
   dependable = reliable
   deposit=laid down 存储,贮藏,放弃,放下
   design=create
   dim = decrease
   domestic=home
   exaggerate==overstate
   extol = praise
   focal point焦点=centre area
   solitary = alone
   foster = encourage
   however=yet
   ignite点燃=set on fire
   immoral == improper
   inert = motionless
   indispensable必不可少的=significant
   largely=mostly
   mean 平均,卑贱的= average
   on the contrary=whereas
   paradoxical 似非而是的,似乎矛盾但其实有道理的=seemingly contradictory

0

阅读 评论 收藏 转载 喜欢 打印举报/Report
  • 评论加载中,请稍候...
发评论

    发评论

    以上网友发言只代表其个人观点,不代表新浪网的观点或立场。

      

    新浪BLOG意见反馈留言板 电话:4000520066 提示音后按1键(按当地市话标准计费) 欢迎批评指正

    新浪简介 | About Sina | 广告服务 | 联系我们 | 招聘信息 | 网站律师 | SINA English | 会员注册 | 产品答疑

    新浪公司 版权所有