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BB咬我,怎么办?

(2010-08-17 10:58:48)
标签:

宝宝

杂谈

分类: Pregnancy-哺乳预备生

Baby is biting, help!


 
NAME: Laurie
BABY'S NAME: Nickayla
BABY'S AGE: 5 months
BABY'S PRESENT WEIGHT: 15lbs 5 oz
BABY'S BIRTH WEIGHT: 6lbs ,10 oz

QUESTION: Have tried the "pull-them-close technique" with no luck. She just pulls away with nipple in mouth (ouch). It is really hurting and I am not sure what else to do. Have been taking it as a signal to stop nursing and put things away but then she starts crying. It seems like she wants to nurse, then she bites, then she nurses some more. The pain is horrible! I am considering the "flick method", but I don't want to hurt her. Anything else I can do? I have also taken her jaw firmly in my hand and said "No" but she's just 5 months and she laughs at me. We tried giving her chew toys before feedings but it seems like it makes it worse. What can I do? Will she stop on her own? What do moms of toddlers/baby with teeth do?

Laurie,

When Nickayla is sucking she cannot bite because her tongue will cover her lower teeth. Usually biting does occur at the end of the feeding. At the first sign that she is no longer sucking, remove her from the breast. Try giving her cold wet wash cloths to bite on. It sounds like you are doing everything you can. Continue to say NO firmly and remove her if she bites. She will eventually get the message, and remember, this too shall pass.

When Baby Bites
当宝宝开始咬………………

The most common reason that babies bite while nursing is teething...they are seeking relief for their aching gums. Other possible reasons include illness (colds, stuffy noses) or the lively reaction they know they will get from you if biting has occured before. Often a baby (or toddler) will inadvertantly chomp down as they fall asleep. Many mothers decide to wean their babies after a few bites.However, biting is not an indication that the baby is ready to be weaned. As teething can start to irritate babies as early as three months of age, weaning is often not in the best interests of your baby's health. With help, this problem can be resolved so that you can continue nursing your baby without the constant fear of being used as a teether.

宝宝在吃奶时咬乳头,最常见的原因是长牙……因为这样可以缓解长牙带来的牙龈肿痛。其他可能的原因有:生病(感冒、鼻塞)或者从之前的经验,他们知道你会作何反应,并期待这种反应。常常婴幼儿睡着的时候会突然咬下来。许多妈妈在经历过几次被咬后就决定给宝宝断奶了。然而,咬乳头并不表示宝宝已经准备好断奶了。因为长牙这件事早在宝宝3个月的时候就可能已经烦扰着宝宝了。这个时候断奶的话对宝宝的健康不利。其实这个问题是可以解决的,你也可以继续哺乳而不用一直担心宝宝把你的乳头当作出牙嚼器用。

Avoid these reactions:
避免下列反应:

Do not hit, "tap" or "rap" your baby for biting you while nursing...she is not intentionally hurting you.
当宝宝在哺乳时咬你,不要打、轻拍或者斥责你的宝宝,因为她并不是有意要伤害你。

Try to avoid loud screams (this can be hard!) Though, a loud yell may rapidly teach a baby not to bite, it is just as likely to badly startle him and he may then be afraid to nurse. This can lead to a nursing strike. Try instead a firm "no" or "no biting" and remove her from the breast as described below.

试着不要大声尖叫(这可能比较困难!)。虽然大声尖叫可能可以迅速地教会宝宝不要咬,但也可能把他吓坏了,并且导致他害怕吃奶了。进而引起罢奶。尝试用一种坚定地态度说“不可以”或者“不可以咬”,并用下面所述的方法把他从乳房上拉开。

Ways to Prevent Biting 避免被咬的方法
Pay close attention to your baby, especially near the end of a nursing session, which is the time a bite is most likely to occur. When a baby is latched on properly and is in the process of nursing (meaning she is actually getting milk and swallowing), it is physically impossible for her to bite you because her tongue will be in between your nipple and her teeth. She needs to stop sucking to be able to bite. If you are alert, you can watch for signs that she may be about to bite. The nipple will slide forward in her mouth, the tension in her jaw or cheeks may change, or you might notice her tongue changing positions.

注意观察宝宝,尤其是在每次喂奶快要结束的时候,在这个时候宝宝比较容易咬乳头.当宝宝含着乳头正在吃奶的时候(我是指他吸到了奶在不停吞咽的时候),他是不可能咬的,因为这时候他的舌头是垫在妈妈乳头和他的下牙齿之间的。他如果要咬乳头,就必须先停止吮吸。如果你很敏感,你可能会观察到一些宝宝准备咬人的迹象:乳头在他嘴里往外滑动了;他下巴和脸颊放松了;或者他的舌头位置变了。


If you do notice her about to move into position for a chomp, quickly but gently insert your finger into the side of her mouth to release the suction and remove her from the breast. You may need to push down slightly on her lower gums to keep her from clamping down on you. Make sure you don't jerk her off the breast without using your finger. If she is biting, or is about to, this could be very painful for your nipple! I have been known to use what seems to be a super-human force to pry open my nursing toddler's jaw after she has clamped down on my nipple upon falling asleep.

如果你确实注意到宝宝正在准备咬了,快速而温和地把你的手指塞进他的嘴巴,让他松开嘴然后把他从你乳房前移开。你可能需要轻轻地向下按他的下牙关,免得他的牙齿咬紧。记住在你把手指塞进他嘴巴以前,千万不能猛地推开宝宝。如果他正在咬,或者正要咬,猛地推开宝宝会让你的乳头被咬得生疼!我的经验是:我那蹒跚学步的孩子在吃奶快睡着的时候,如果他夹住了我的乳头,那一定要有超人的力气才可能把他的嘴掰开。

It happens so rarely that it never fails to take me by surprise. Ouch.(minna注:这句不太理解,呵呵)

If you keep your baby pulled in close to you as she nurses, she won't have to make an effort to stay on the breast. She may accidentally nip you if the nipple keeps sliding out and she is trying to latch back on.
(minna注:也不太理解,跟抱得太紧有啥关系呢?)

Another trick that seems to work for a number of mothers if they are being bit, is to pull the baby close into the breast so that she has to release the nipple to breathe through her mouth.
另一个窍门对很多妈妈也有用的:如果宝宝开始咬了,把宝宝拉近乳房堵住他的小鼻子,这样宝宝就不得不松开嘴好用嘴来呼吸.

If the baby's nose is plugged up due to illness, an upright nursing position will be more comfortable to her and will make her less likely to bite you out of frustration or an inability to breathe. The couple of times my daughter has been really congested, I have closed the bathroom door, run hot water into the tub and turned the room into a "steam bath" Then I sit in there and nurse her. This really helps loosen up the mucus so she can breathe more easily.
如果宝宝因为生病鼻塞了,采用竖抱哺乳姿势(minna注:upright nursing position,不知道正确的译法是什么,就翻成“竖抱哺乳姿势”,我猜宝宝大了,让宝宝自己站着吃奶,大概就是这个upright nursing position吧,不象小宝宝,一定要横着抱着吃奶),宝宝会比较舒服一些,这样可以减少他因为挫败感或者不能呼吸而咬乳头的可能性。有好几次我女儿鼻塞得厉害,我就关上浴室的门,在浴缸离放上热水把浴室变成一个“桑拿室”,然后我做在浴室里给女儿喂奶。浴室里的热气帮助女儿减轻了鼻塞,这样她呼吸起来容易多了。

If you know your baby is teething, give her something to teethe on before you nurse. If she does bite you, use one of the techniques above to release her, then firmly tell her that she may not bite you, but she can bite her teether. Even young babies are clever and may catch on to the fact that when they bite, they can't nurse for awhile. This is more effective with older babies, but it can't hurt to try at any age.
如果宝宝正在长牙,在喂奶之前给他一些东西让他咬。如果他在咬你,使用上面的方法把他的嘴松开,并且坚定地告诉他:不能咬妈妈,但是可以咬牙胶。即使很小的婴儿慢慢也能懂得:如果他咬妈妈,那么他就暂时吃不到奶了。这个方法对大宝宝更有效,但是无论宝宝大小,这个方法都是没有害处的。

You might even notice a playful (wicked?!) gleam in her eye before she bites. If it seems like your little one thinks that biting is a game, firmly tell her "no" and play a more appropriate game like peek-a-boo or singing a song. She will learn to channel her playfulness in less painful ways with your help.
在宝宝开始咬之前,你可能会看到他一丝嬉戏的(狡猾的?!)眼神。宝宝也许觉得咬妈妈很好玩,坚定地对他说“不”,再跟他玩些别的更有趣的游戏或者唱歌给他听。慢慢地宝宝也会跟随你的指引,把他的游戏变得不那么有伤害性。

You may need to give your baby a small "time-out" from nursing if she continues to bite you. A firm "no biting" coupled with her removal from the breast for a few minutes will help her learn that biting mommy results in a negative consequence.
如果宝宝经常咬你,你可能需要在宝宝吃奶咬人的时候给他一个“暂停”。坚定地告诉他“不能咬妈妈”,同时把他从你乳房前移开几分钟,这样可以让宝宝知道咬妈妈会带来的后果。


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