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人是自由的吗?——我们都是有故事的人 生而为赢(1

(2009-01-14 10:43:06)
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3. Is man free?

人是自由的吗?

A man comes to a master to ask how much man is independent, free. Is he totally free, or is there a limitation? Is there something like fate, kismet, destiny, God who makes a limitation beyond which you cannot be free?

The master said, “Stand up.”

The man must have felt this was a stupid kind of answer, “I am asking a simple question and he is asking me to stand up.” But he stood. And the master said, “Now, raise one of your legs up.”

The man, by this time must have been thinking he had come to a madman; what has this to do with freedom, independence? But now that he has come... and the master was so respected; not to follow him would be disrespectful, and there was no harm. So he lifted one of his legs from the earth, one foot was in the air and he was standing on one foot.

And then the master said, “That’s perfectly good. Just one more thing, now take the left foot up also.”

“That is impossible!” the man said, “You are asking something impossible. I have taken my right foot up. Now I cannot take my left foot up.”

The master said, “But you were free. In the beginning you could have taken the left foot up. There was no binding order. You were completely free to choose whether to take the left foot up or the right foot up. I had not said anything about it; you just decided. You took the right foot up.

“You made it impossible for the left foot to be lifted up. Don’t bother about fate, kismet, God. Just think of simple things.”

 

kismet [5kismet] n. 命运天数

disrespectful [7disris5pektful] a. 无礼的失礼的

 

一个人来到一位大师面前向其请教人到底有多独立多自由。他是完全自由的还是受一定的限制呢?是不是有诸如天数、天命、定数和神的存在令人不自由呢?

 

大师说:“站起来。”

 

这个人一定觉得这是一个蠢透了的答案,“我问他一个简单的问题他却叫我站起来。”但是他还是站了起来。大师说:“现在,抬起一条腿。”

 

到这时,这个人一定认为他来到了一个疯子面前,这和自由、独立有什么关系吗?但是既然已经来了……而且这位大师如此地受人尊敬,不按照他的意思做会很无礼,况且这又没什么害处。所以,他从地上抬起了一条腿,一只脚悬在空中,另一只脚独立着。

 

然后这位大师说:“非常好。还有,现在把左脚也抬起来。”

 

“那不可能!”这个人说,“你在要求不可能办到的事。我已经抬起了右脚,现在我不可能再把左脚抬起来。”

 

大师说:“但是你是自由的。开始你可以抬起左脚,没有任何的限制。你完全有自由去决定是抬左脚还是右脚,关于这点我没有做任何要求,完全由你决定。但你抬起了右脚。

 

“是你令自己不可能抬起左脚的。不要烦心命运、定数和神,想些简单的事情。”

 

自由的枷锁是自己施加的,你原本就很自由……

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