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10月13日-DEVELOPMENT REPORT

(2008-10-14 17:07:43)
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教育

校园

分类: VOA美国之声

- UN Project Aims to Fight Hunger, Help Small Farmers

The United Nations says more than nine hundred million people worldwide do not have enough to eat. Officials say one hundred million more could go hungry this year because of the food, fuel and financial crises.

To deal with the situation, the U.N. World Food Program has launched a project to help small farmers. These farmers are mainly women. Many cannot produce enough food even to feed and support their own families.

The new effort is called Purchase for Progress, or P4P. It aims to connect local farmers with dependable markets. That way, they could get a chance to sell their surplus at competitive prices. P4P will be tested in as many as twenty-one countries during the next five years.

The biggest contributor to the project is Bill Gates, through the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Another donor is the Howard Buffett Foundation, led by a son of American investor Warren Buffett. And the government of Belgium is supporting the project in a former colony, now the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Together these donors have provided more than seventy-six million dollars for projects in Africa and Central America.

Purchase for Progress will work with United Nations agencies, governments and nongovernmental organizations to help increase crop production. The World Bank Group and other partners are to help train farmers in better crop management and marketing skills.

The World Food Program says it expects to buy forty thousand tons of food in the first year using methods launched by the project. That will be enough to feed two hundred fifty thousand people.

P4P is expected to develop food cooperatives and long-term agreements for buying corn, wheat and other food crops. About three hundred fifty thousand farmers could be assisted.

Officials say the project will change the way the World Food Program buys food in developing countries. Executive Director Josette Sheeran says this is the first time her agency will buy a large amount of food from small-scale farmers. The agency has traditionally bought most of its food from developing countries, but through larger trading organizations.

 

联合国说超过9.0亿人没有足够的食物。有关官员说, 10000.00万更可能挨饿今年以来,由于食品,燃料和金融危机。

为了应付这一局面,联合国世界粮食计划署发起了一个项目,帮助小农场主。这些农民主要是妇女。许多不能生产足够的粮食养活甚至和支持自己的家人。 
  新的努力,呼吁购买的进展,或P4P 。它的目标是连接当地农民与可靠的市场。这样,他们可以有机会出售他们的剩余有竞争力的价格。 P4P将测试多达21国家在今后五年内完成。

贡献最大的项目是比尔盖茨通过比尔和梅林达盖茨基金会。另一位捐助者是霍华德巴菲特基金会,由一个儿子的美国投资者巴菲特。和比利时政府的支持项目中的前殖民地,现在的刚果民主共和国。

加上这些捐助者已经提供了超过七千六点零零万美元的项目在非洲和中美洲。

采购的工作进展将与联合国各机构,各国政府和非政府组织,以提高作物产量。世界银行集团和其他合作伙伴,以帮助培训农民更好的作物管理和营销技能。

世界粮食计划署说,它预计购买四点零零零万吨粮食在第一年使用方法发起的项目。这将是足够的饲料25.00万人。

P4P是发展粮食合作社和长期协议购买玉米,小麦和其他粮食作物。约35.0万农民可以得到帮助。

有关官员说,该项目将改变世界粮食计划署购买的粮食在发展中国家。执行主任乔塞特希兰说,这是第一次她的机构将购买大量的食物,小规模农民。该机构已经购买了最传统的食品来自发展中国家,而是通过更大的贸易组织。

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