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哈勃,原来如是!

(2009-05-11 22:15:16)
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to

of

after

哈勃

宇宙

杂谈

Edwin Hubble made his most important discoveries in the nineteen twenties. Today, other astronomers continue the work he began. Many of them are using the Hubble space telescope that is named after him.

哈勃于20世纪20年代末做出他最重要的发现。今天,其他的天文学家继续着他开始的工作。他们之中很多人用着以哈勃命名的哈勃太空望远镜。

 

 

Edwin Hubble
Edwin Hubble

 

Edwin Powell Hubble was born in eighteen eighty-nine in Marshfield, Missouri. He spent his early years in the state of Kentucky.  Then he moved with his family to Chicago, Illinois. He attended the University of Chicago. He studied mathematics and astronomy.

 

Hubble was a good student. He was a good athlete, too. He was a member of the University of Chicago championship basketball team in nineteen-oh-nine. He also was an excellent boxer. Several people urged him to train for the world heavyweight boxing championship after college. Instead, he decided to continue his studies. He went to Queen's College at Oxford, England.

 

At Oxford, Hubble studied law. He was interested in British Common Law, because his family had come to America from England many years before. He spent three years at Oxford.

 

In nineteen thirteen, Hubble returned to the United States. He opened a law office in Louisville, Kentucky. After a short time, however, he decided he did not want to be a lawyer. He returned to the University of Chicago. There, once again, he studied astronomy.

 

In nineteen seventeen, the United States was fighting in World War One in Europe. Edwin Hubble joined the American army and served in France.

 

Earlier, astronomer George Ellery Hale had offered Hubble a position at the Mount Wilson Observatory in southern California.   When Hubble returned to the United States after World War One, he accepted Hale's offer. Hubble was thirty years old. He was just beginning the work that would make him famous.

 

埃德温·鲍威尔·哈勃是美国天文学家。他改变了我们对宇宙及宇宙是如何形成的的看法。哈勃出生于密苏里州,早年生活于肯塔基州,后随家人搬到伊利诺伊州的芝加哥,并就读于芝加哥大学,主攻数学和天文学。

 

哈勃学业优异,体育也不赖。他是芝加哥大学1909年冠军篮球队的一名队员。他还是一个卓越的拳击手(哎,文武双全的男人,流口水)。好几个人鼓动他大学毕业后为参加世界重量级拳击锦标赛训练。不过,他选择了继续学业。哈勃去了英国牛津的皇后学院。

 

在牛津,哈勃学习的是法律。他对英国的习惯法很感兴趣(兴趣真广泛!),因为他一家人是英国后裔。他在牛津呆了三年。

 

1913年,哈勃回到美国。他在肯塔基州的路易斯维尔开了间律师事务所。然而,哈勃很快就发现他并不想成为一名律师。他又回到芝加哥大学,再一次攻读天文学。

 

1917年,美国加入一战在欧洲的战场。哈勃加入美国陆军,服役于法国。

 

早些时候,天文学家乔治·艾勒里·赫尔曾给哈勃提供一个位于加州南部的威尔逊山天文台的一个职位。当哈勃于一战后回到美国,他接受了赫尔德的邀请。哈勃当年正当而立,他刚刚开始将最终使他成名的工作。

 

He proved wrong those who believed nebulae lay inside the Milky Way. And he proved that nebulae were galaxies themselves.

哈勃证实“星云位于银河系之中”是一种谬误,而星云本身就是星系。

 

Hubble discovered that the farther away a galaxy is, the greater its speed. This scientific rule is called "Hubble's Law."

哈勃发现一个星系离得越远,它的速度就越大。这项科学法则被称为哈勃定律。

 

Hubble's discovery meant a major change in our idea of the universe. The universe had not been quiet and unchanging since the beginning of time, as many people had thought. It was expanding. And that, Hubble said, meant it probably began with an explosion of unimaginable force. The explosion often is called "the big bang."

 

哈勃的发现意味着我们对宇宙的概念的将发生一个转折性的变化。宇宙不是如很多人所想自时间之始就一直是安静,没有变化的。它一直在膨胀。而这意味着也许宇宙开始于一个未知的力量的爆炸。这个爆炸常常被称为“宇宙大爆炸”。

 

Hubble left the Mount Wilson Observatory during World War Two. He did research for the United States War Department. He returned after the war. Then, he spent much of his time planning a new, much larger telescope in southern California. The telescope was completed in nineteen forty-nine. It was named after astronomer George Ellery Hale.

 

哈勃于二战中离开威尔逊山天文台的职位。这段时间中他为美国陆军部做研究。他于二战后回到岗位。之后,他将大部分时间忙于在南加州发明一个新的、更大的望远镜。这个望远镜于1949年完成。它以天文学家赫尔命名。

 

Edwin Hubble was the first person to use the Hale Telescope. He died in nineteen fifty-three while preparing to spend four nights looking through the telescope at the sky.

 

哈勃是第一个用赫尔望远镜的人。他死于1953年,死时仍在为连续四晚通过望远镜瞭望星空作准备。

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