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book3,unit 10,section A

(2008-12-10 22:03:28)
标签:

杂谈

分类: 上课内容

A. Compatible Expressions

1.(飞机、火箭、宇宙飞船等)起飞to take / lift / blast off  (L. 1)

随着神舟5号的升空,中华民族实现了千年梦想。   With the blastoff of Shenzhou 5 into space, the Chinese nation realized what had been dreamed of for over 1,000 years.

2.  搜寻失踪的飞机to search for the missing aircraft   (L. 4)

制导的精确无误使搜寻神舟5号返回舱的工作轻而易举。

The unerring precision in control and guide made it an easy job to search for the return capsule of Shenzhou 5.

3.  消失得无影无踪to disappear without trace (L. 5)

尽管做了巨大的努力,那个小男孩仍是无影无踪,不知吉凶。

Despite the great search efforts ever made, the little boy is still missing without trace.

4. 讲述“百慕大三角区”to tell of “the Bermuda Triangle”  (L. 8)

她开始讲述她在洪水期间的可怕经历。She began to tell of her terrible experience during the flood.

5.  作为······而出名;称作to be known as (L. 10)

塞缪尔·克莱门斯,通常被称作马克· 吐温,成了著名的美国作家。

Samuel Clemens, usually known as Mark Twain, became a famous American writer.

6.   吞噬了······的生命to claim the lives of … (L. 12)

星期二,雅加达市中心的万豪大酒店外发生一起严重的爆炸事件,已导致16人死亡,150 人受伤。A powerful bomb exploded outside the Marriott hotel in downtown Jakarta on Tuesday, claiming 16 lives and wounding 150.

7.   绕地球轨道飞行to be in orbit around the earth (L. 16)

我们的当务之急是将道德修养纳入大学教育的轨道。

Most pressing for us now is to bring moral cultivation within the orbit of college education.

8.   引起了公众极大的兴趣to arouse considerable public interest (L. 17)

发展与环境的问题已引起了公众的广泛关注。

The problem of development versus environment has  aroused wide public concern.

9.   就百慕大三角之谜给出令人信服的答案

to produce (make/provide/supply) convincing answers to the mystery of the triangle  (L. 20)

v他善于对记者们直率的提问做迂回的回答。

He is good at providing indirect answers to the journalists’ direct questions.

10.   说或做到······程度to go so far as to do   (L. 23)

他们竟然中断了对这个重要问题进行的富有成效的讨论。

They went so far as to break off a fruitful discussion on this crucial question.

11.  发现一片失踪飞机的残骸to turn up a single piece of the missing plane(L. 27)

这个侦探显然已发现了一些新的证据证明他无罪。

The detective has apparently turned up some new evidence to prove his innocence.

12.  发现没有恶劣天气的迹象to reveal no evidence of bad weather (L. 33)

用批评的眼光审视过去会发现许多迹象可以表明我们对客观世界的无知。

A critical look at our past reveals much evidence of our ignorance about the objective world.

13.  认为······是······to recognize…as…. (L. 43)   

她被一些人认为是处理婚外恋问题的专家。

She is recognized by some people as an expert at how to deal with extramarital love.

14.  把某事归因于······;认为某事属于······to attribute sth. to… (L. 44 )

人类任何活动领域的成功都常常被归因于强烈的兴趣和不懈的努力。

The success in any sphere of human activity is often attributed to intense interest plus persistent efforts. 

15.  发生to go on  (L. 49)

这个小小的乡村教堂里正在举行婚礼。There’s a wedding ceremony going on at this small country church.

16.  在于人的失误to lie in human error (L. 51)

他的兴趣在于不断地向人吹嘘他新买的老爷车。His interest lies in boasting his newly bought old-style car.

17.  正相反on the contrary (L. 53)

我们这儿没有严酷的天气。相反,一年四季和煦温暖,阳光灿烂。

We don’t have severe weather here. On the contrary, it is warm and sunny all the year round.

18.  迄今为止to date (L. 54)  

他的兴趣在于集邮。迄今为止,他已收集了上万枚珍稀邮票。

His interest lies in stamp collecting. To date he has collected more than ten thousand rare stamps.

19.  陈列着以供研究to be on display for study (L. 58)

店里陈列着一种新型汽车以供大家欣赏。A new kind of car was on display for appreciation in the shop.

20.  扩展了这一学说to expand upon the theory ( L. 62)

教授眉飞色舞地详细阐述那个题目。

The professor expanded upon the topic with dancing eyebrows and an expressive face.

21.  启动那块水晶to set off the crystal  (L. 64)

国际关系处理不慎可能引发战争。

The careless handling of international relations may set off a war.

22.  把它们吸入海底suck them into the ocean  (L. 64)

与其班门弄斧(教奶奶吃鸡蛋), 倒不如教会自己如何汲取新知识。

Rather than teach my grandmother to suck eggs, I would like to teach myself to suck in new knowledge.

23.  接触,联系,接识,会晤to make contact with  (L. 67)

失散30年后,她设法同家人取得了联系。

Having been separated for thirty years, she managed to make contact with her family.

B.Typical patterns

1. Typical patterns for emphasis

1)     Whatever/Whoever/Wherever/Whichever/ However/Whenever clause, … 不管/ 不论······,······

原句:Whatever the truth may be, planes and ships regularly disappear in the triangle.
(L. 25) 不论真相如何,飞机和船只仍常常消失在这个三角地带。

应用:a.不管我们怎么看汤姆,我们必须承认他是个非常能干的人。

Whatever we may think of Tom, we have to admit that he’s a highly competent man.

b.  不论从什么角度看待教育改革,考试作弊现象,岂能听之任之。  From whichever angle  the educational reform may be viewed, cheating in exams will never be allowed to run its own course.

2) More/Most +adj. yet is sth./sb. that…/to do sth./how (where/when/what/which) to do (sth.) (in order to keep the balance of the sentence) 而更/最······的是, ······

原句:Stranger yet are the numerous “ghost” ships that have been found floating crewless within the triangle.(L. 34)

更怪的是,无数“鬼船”被人发现漂浮在三角区域内,船上却杳无人迹。

应用:a.而更令人费解的是,一些受过良好教育的人对邪教一直痴迷不悟。  More puzzling yet are some well-educated people who have been so affected with the evil preaching as to be unable to shake free.

b.而到目前为止,最具破坏性的计算机病毒是“冲击波”病毒,此病毒于2003年8月首次出现,造成了有史以来最为惨重的经济损失。  Perhaps the most destructive to date yet has been the computer virus, “Worm32. Blaster”, which appeared in August 2003 for the first time, causing the heaviest economic losses in history.

3) Sb. goes so far as to do sth. (e.g. to suggest/ argue/believe that…) 某人居然做某事 (如: 猜测/认为······)

原句: Some scientists and popular authors go so far as to suggest that the triangle is a place where beings from outer space hunt human specimens for their “zoos”. (L. 22)

有些科学家和通俗作家居然猜测此三角地带是外星人为他们的“动物园”捕捉人类标本之地。

应用:a.有些人居然认为,要保持生态平衡,应以“不破不立”为原则。  Some people go so far as to believe that we should keep the balance of nature on the principle of no construction without destruction.

b.有些官员竟然无视民众的痛苦,侵吞救灾款。    Some officials went so far as to help themselves illegally to the money for the disaster relief, regardless of people’s sufferings.

2. Typical patterns for argumentation

1)       Sb. does not consider/recognize…as…and is convinced that…  某人并不认为/承认······,而相信······

原句:Officially, the U.S. Navy does not recognize the triangle as a danger zone and is convinced that “the majority of disappearances in the triangle can be attributed to the unique features of the area’s environment.” (L. 43)

而美国海军官方并不承认此三角区为危险地带,他们相信“(三角地带的)大多数失踪事件,都应归咎于该地区独特的环境特征”。  

应用:a.现在我们中的一些人不认为大学校园是世外桃源,而相信它是真实世界的延伸,一个有善又有恶的地方。   Now some of us do not consider the college campus as a place of peace and are convinced that it is an extension of the real world—a world where there is good and bad.

b.说到税,许多人都不认为它是他们所得到的某项服务的代价,而认为是一种负担。   When it comes to taxes, most people do not think of them as a price they pay for some service and are convinced that they are a burden.

2) Sb. believes /argues / maintains / claims / holds / contends / assumes that all…lie(s) in /can be attributed to…, or…  某人认为所有······都归于/ 归因于······或······

原句: But I believe that all the answers lie in human error, mechanical problems, strange atmospheric events, or unusual magnetic phenomenon. (L. 51) 

但是我相信所有的答案都归于人为失误、机械故障、怪异的大气活动异常的磁场现象。

应用:a. 有些人认为所有的犯罪都可归咎于金钱的诱惑或对金钱的贪婪。

Some people argue that all the crime can be attributed to the lure of money or the greed for money.

b.许多人认为所有解决社会丑陋问题的办法都归于政府的执法力度或政府官员对公众的垂范作用。

Many argue that all the cures for the problem of social ugliness lie in how well the government enforces the law or what examples officials set for the public.

Ⅵ.                             Writing

写作模式(分析建议类)

 What Enlightenment Can Be Gained from Something Challenging

1) While we watch man’s ability to do sth. increase with each passing day, he is often at a loss what to do in the face of such challenges/ puzzles/problems as … (议论的主题) 2) The mystery of …, for example,  has cast much doubt on what we have long been proud of or firmly convinced of . 3) With a constant emergence of … in the future, in fact, man will have to be faced with more and more of such challenges/problems   

4) If taken seriously/objectively, however, these challenges can shed new light on ...  5) For one thing they can help …, as it is the nature of man to...(分析I) 6)For another, they can remind man of …, thus … (分析II) 7) And best of all, they can prove man to be ...(分析III) 8) In this light, man has every reason to ... (进一步阐述)     

9) So most important for man now is how to respond to the challenges with positive/ effective action. 10) On the one hand, in my opinion, man must give full play to...(建议I) 11) But on the other, man must prevent them from … (建议II) 12) As long as man sees/ treats them in perspective, therefore, they will serve as an ever-increasing force behind his …(结论句)

What Enlightenment Can Be Gained from the World’s Mysteries

1) 人类社会面临着世界之谜的挑战。

      2)分析该挑战给我们的启迪。

      3)我们应怎样对待之?

1) While we watch man’s ability to tame the nature increase with each passing day, the human world is often at a loss what to do in the face of such challenges as the world’s mysteries. (议论的主题) 2) The mystery of black holes, for example, has cast much doubt on what we have long been proud of or firmly convinced of. 3) With a constant emergence of the unknown in the future, in fact, man will have to be faced with more and more of such challenges.    

4) If taken seriously, however, these challenges can shed new light on our ways of seeing and changing the world.  5) For one thing, they can help build up man’s curiosity for the world around him, as it is the nature of man to seek for the better explanation of something foreign to him.(分析I) 6)For another, they can remind man of his ignorance about the objective world, thus making him aware of the fact that man is still far from perfect in knowledge acquisition.(分析II) 7) And best of all, they can prove man to be a part of the nature rather than the master of the nature.(分析III) 8) In this light, man has every reason to take account of all the important factors concerning the nature in the course of his struggle for a better survival and attach to each its due weight. (进一步阐述)    

9) So most important for us now is how to respond to the challenges with positive action. 10) On the one hand, in my opinion, we must give full play to their strong incentive for our further exploration of the unknown world.(建议I) 11) But on the other, we must prevent them from becoming the breeding ground for pseudo-science or superstition. (建议II) 12) As long as we see them in perspective, therefore, they will serve as an ever-increasing force behind the human progress. (结论句)

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