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特殊分词作介词和连词

(2010-12-29 20:53:17)
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杂谈

特殊分词作介词和连词

              

在英语中,有很多词汇貌似动词的现在分词或过去分词,而实际上却是介词或连词,这在口语中也十分常见。这些表达方式可以用来引入一些与紧接的名词(短语)没有联系的短语,是中学生很难理解的现象。现将中学阶段常见的分词作介词和连词的情况归纳如下:

(一)分词作介词的情况:

1.concerning关于,至于

 Inquiries concerning the condition of patients may be made personally

 or by telephone.

有关病人的情况可以亲自和电话查询。

 Police are anxious to hear any information concerning the murder.

警察急切地想知道有关谋杀的任何信息。

2.regarding  关于,至于 (多用于商业书信中)

There is an article in the newspaper regarding the future of China’s 

football.

报纸上有一篇关于中国足球的未来的文章。

3.including(其中)包括,其反义词excluding(不包括,除了)也一样作介词使用。

All of us, including me, watched the exciting Olympic Games held in 

Athens in August,2004.

我们所有的人,包括我,都观看了2004年八月在雅典举行的令人兴奋的奥运会。

Everyone passed the final exam, excluding Tom.

除了汤姆,每人都通过了考试。

There were ten people in the room, including me.

屋子里有十个人,包括我在内。

注意:included用于名词和代词之后。

 All of us, including meAll of us, me included

4.according to 根据/依照

According to the weather forecast, it will rain tomorrow.

根据天气预报所说,明天将下雨。

5.considering 就……而论,考虑到

Considering her age, she has done pretty well.

考虑到她的年龄,她已经做得相当不错了。

The boy did quite well considering the circumstances.

考虑到具体情况,可以说那孩子干得相当不错了。

6.given 如果提供以, 假定,如果有

Given enough time, we could finish it even better.

如果提供足够的时间,我们能完成得更好。

I’d come and see you in America, (if) given the chance.

如果有机会,我会来美国看你。

注意:有时表示“考虑到”。如:

Given their inexperience/Given that they’re inexperienced, they’ve done a good job.

考虑到他们没有经验,他们已经做了一份很好的工作。

7.judging from/by 根据……来判断

Judging from/by what we’ve heard, they are going to get married soon. 根据我们所听到的,他们打算很快结婚了。

8.talking of 谈到

Talking of the football match, which team won the championship?

谈到足球赛,哪个队得了冠军?

(二)分词形式作连词的情况:

1.considering 考虑到

Considering he has been learning English only for a year, he speaks it quite well.

考虑到他学习英语才一年,他讲得相当不错。

注意:有时considering还可以作副词使用,表示“从各个方面考虑起来”。如:

You’ve done very well, considering.

从各个方面考虑起来,你们做得很好。

She seems very bright, considering.

从各个方面考虑起来,她似乎非常聪明。

2.provided/providing (that)...如果……的话,只要

You can arrive in Beijing earlier for the meeting provided that you don’t mind taking the night train.

如果你不介意搭夜班火车的话,你就能早点儿到北京开会。

I’ll go, providing you go too.

如果你去的话我就去。

We’ll visit Europe next year, providing we have the money.

如果我们有钱的话,我们明年就去参观欧洲。

Provided that my expenses are paid, I will go.

要是我的费用有人代付,我就去。

3.seeing (that) 既然,鉴于

Seeing (that) she is old enough to get married, I don’t think you can stop her.

鉴于她已到结婚年龄,我看你阻止不了她。

Seeing (that) he refused to help us, there is no reason why we should now help him.

既然他曾经拒绝过帮助我们,那我们也就没有理由应该现在帮他。

4.supposing(that) 假如

Supposing it rains, what shall we do?

假如下雨的话,我们怎么办?

Supposing the plane is late?=What will happen if the plane is late?

如果飞机晚点那会怎样?

Supposing I turn down your offer, would you feel disappointed?

 假如我拒绝你的提议,你会感到失望吗?

5.granting/granted (that) 假定,就算

Granting/granted (that) this is true, he is still guilty of a crime.

就算那是真的,他仍旧有罪。

Granting that you’ve made some progress, you should not be conceited.即使你有了一些进步,你也不应该骄傲自大。

巩固练习:

 1. ____ that she has no experience, she has done well.

   A. Consider                B. Considered

C. To consider              D. Considering

2. ____ that they are fresh from university, the young people have done a good job.

   A. Given    B. Because    C. Giving     D. As

3. _____that she’s legally old to get married, I don’t see how you can stop her.

A. See        B. If        C. Seen      D. Seeing

4. _____ time, he will make a first-class tennis player(03北京).

A. Having given   B. To give  C. Giving   D. Given.

5. _____ his age, he did it quite well, so don’t _____ him any more.

  A. Considered; say        B. Given; blame

  C. To regard; scold        D. Considering; speak

 (Keys: DADDB)

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