Schools of literary theory(2009-02-09 20:02:20)
 Schools of literary theory
Listed below are some of the most commonly identified schools of literary theory, along with their major authors. In many cases, such as those of the historian and philosopher Michel Foucault and the anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss, the authors were not primarily literary critics, but their work has been broadly influential in literary theory.
- Aestheticism- often associated with Romanticism, a philosophy defining aesthetic value as the primary goal in understanding literature, and also stresses art for art's sake.
- American pragmatism and other American approaches
- Cultural studies - emphasizes the role of literature in everyday life
- Comparative Literature - confronts literatures from different languages, nations, cultures and disciplines to each other
- Darwinian literary studies - situates literature in the context of evolution and natural selection
- Deconstruction - a strategy of close reading that elicits the ways that key terms and concepts may be paradoxical or self-undermining, rendering their meaning undecidable
- Gender (see feminist literary criticism) - which emphasizes themes of gender relations
- German hermeneutics and philology
- Marxism (see Marxist literary criticism) - which emphasizes themes of class conflict