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日记 [2008年09月10日]

(2008-09-10 05:11:59)




Unit 1

1、    qurral和argue的用法:

qurral/argue with sb. about sth.(可换用)与…争论

2、    dream 常与not, little, never连用,表示(没有、很少、决没有)想到

3、    match的用法:

match to            使和相等

match up            使协调,使配合

match up to            符合,比得上,与相符

4、    doubt用于疑问句,否定句用that,肯定句用whether或if.

5、   是没有意义的:There is no point in doing sth.      


There is no need to do

There is no doubt that

There is no possibility that

There is no chance of (that)

There seems much point in doing sth.

6、    hardly, nor, little, seldom, never等词放句首时句子要部分倒装,实义动词动词用助动词倒装,系动词直接倒装。

7、    in order to 和 so as to同义,但是so as to不能放在句首。

8、    engage的用法:

be/get engaged to sb.          订婚

be engaged in sth./doing sth.            忙于做

engage oneself to do sth.            自愿做某事

be engaged by sb.           迷住

9、    重点词组:

be on fire for            感兴趣

seak out            认出,想获得

seek for/after            寻找

carry out            完成,执行

give in            让步,投降

turn best-seller=become a best seller     成为

be pleased to do sth. =be happy to do sth.高兴,乐意做

all the time            仍然

be curious about           好奇

be curious to do            非常想做

reach one’s goal            达到目标

from that time on            从那时起

come into power            上台执政

take sids in            支持某一方

in the early 1930s            在30年代早期


Unit 2

1.switch (与on, off连用)开关(电器等设备)

Shall I switch the TV on?   我可以打开电视吗?

Please switch the radio off.   请关掉收音机。

2. rather than 胜于, 是而不是 ;与其说是不如说是

These shoes are comfortable rather than pretty.  这双鞋不好看,但是舒服。

I would like soda rather than cola.  我喜欢喝苏打水,而不是可乐。

American young people would rather get advice from strangers.美国的年轻人宁可从陌生人那里获取建议。

We would rather receive money than the usual gifts.我们宁可接受钱,而不希望收到通常的礼物。


elect  只能用于选举人,是投票选举的正式用法。

Choose  可用于根据自己的意愿挑选人或物。

Select  指精心挑选,多用于物。

4、face  v.t. 面临(困难等),应付, 面对;(危险、困难等)迫近,  正视困难

be faced with  面临,面对

5、Difficulty  表示“难,困难”时用作不可数名词,表示“难题,难事”时用作可数名词。

6、inform sb. of sth.  告知某人某事

The singer informed us of their arrival.歌手们把他们到来的消息告诉了我们。

make sb. informed

7、effort  努力;艰难的尝试;努力的结果

e.g. He did it without effort. 他毫不费力地完成那件事

make an effort to do sth. 努力,尽力做某事     

spare no effort  to do sth. 不遗余力做某事

8、draw attention to

This article will draw attention to farmers and agriculture.这篇文章奖让人关注农民和农业问题。

draw / attract one’s attention引起某人的注意

He drew my attention to a mistake in my homework.他要我注意作业中的一处错误。.

9、More than  不仅仅;不只;

He is more than 50 years old.

More than one person has been killed by terrorists.

More….than  与其说…倒 不如说是…

He’s more like a writer than an artist.

no more than = only

not more than =at most

10、adapt to     适合

adapt for  使适合于;为…改编/改

adapt from   根据…改写(改编)

adapt oneself to  使自己适应或习惯于某事

adapt sth. to使某事物适应或适合

11、be / get / become addicted to sth. / doing sth.    对~成瘾/成癖; 痴迷于…

12、keep in mind   记住

call / bring to mind   使人想起

out of one’s mind   精神错乱,发狂

never mind   不要紧,没关系

have sth. in mind   记得某事,想起某事

change one’s mind    改变主意

13、affair: 指日常事务或国家事务

the affairs of state/one’s family

business: 指商务或正经事

travel on business

matter: 指麻烦事;常与the连用

What’s the matter with you?


to cover events in politics


vt 有关系,影响;与有牵连

So / As far as I am concerned,就我而言

As far as I am concerned, the cost of the repair is not my responsibility.

be concerned about / for sb (sth)   关心,操心

be concerned with sth         为某人(某事)担忧;涉及

15、burn down    作为“烧毁”讲,可以作为及物动词词组或不及物动词。

burn down   可表示“由于材料不足而火渐弱”

burn up      也表示“烧尽”“烧光”, 但burn up强调结果,burn down强调其破坏性。

burn up与burn down意思相反,它表示(火、炉等)烧起来,旺起来。

16、injure: 指意外事故造成的伤害,可能危及功能发展。

wound: 指刀、枪、剑伤或战场上受伤。也指对感情的伤害。

hurt: 指精神上或肉体上的“创伤”“伤害”,作不及物动词,意为“疼痛”。

harm: 一般指伤害有生命的东西,常指伤及一个人的健康、权利、事业等。

damage: 主要指对价值和功能的破坏,多用于无生命的东西,一般还可以修复。

destroy: 指通过某种有力的或粗暴的手段使之毁灭或无用。一般不能或很难修复。有时可用作比喻意义(hope)。


rob sb. / a place of sth.

steal sth. from sb.

pick one’s pocket

Unit 3

1 、’d prefer to do

’d prefer doing

’d prefer doing sth to doing sth

’d prefer to do rather than do sth

’d rather do sth

’d rather do sth than do sth

’d rather (that) sb did sth

’d like to do sth

’d love to do sth

2、find sb/ sth + adj/ doing/ done

When you look around at buildings, you will find them designed, planned and built in different s.

When we arrived, we found the boy sitting

(seated) in front of the house.


3、have sb do = get sb to do

have sb /sth doing = get sb/sth doing

have sb sth done = get sth done

The building had its own ideas of beauty expressed in art and architecture

The villagers had many trees planted just then.

We can hear the windows beaten by the heavy rain drops. 

feel , see, watch, observe, notice, let, make, have, hear, listen to等用法相同

4. go against 


She went against her father’s will.

It goes against my wishes to leave the country.


The case may go against us.

5.impress v. 引人注目, 给人深刻印象

The sights of the city never fail to impress foreign tourists.

常与on连用  使印象深刻; 使铭记

His words strongly impressed on my memory.

My father impressed on me the value of hard work.

6. close

Travelling is a good way to get close to nature.

Don’t stand so close to each other.

close接近地            closely密切地  

wide广阔地            widely广泛地

high高地            highly高度地

deep深地            deeply深深地


1) The two events are closely connected.

Don’t get close to the dog. He may bite you.

2) He stared at the sky with wide open eyes.

English is widely used in the world.

3) The kite is flying high in the sky.

The teacher spoke highly of Zhao Ming.

4) They dug deep for the treasure.

They were deeply thankful to the professor.

6. Despite the fact that he used traditional materials, Gaudi was a Modern architect.尽管使用传统材料,但高迪却是一名现代建筑师。

despite prep.不管, 尽管, 不论

Despite the bad weather, we enjoyed our holiday.

6. Seen from the top, it looks as if the stadium is covered by a gray net of steel, and it looks just like a bird’s nest made of tree branches. 从顶上观看,它就像一个由灰色钢网覆盖的体育馆,并且看起来正像是用树枝搭成的鸟巢。

Seen from the top 过去分词短语作状语,和主语it是被动关系,表示it被观看。

连词词组as if /though“好似”,“就好像”,通常接方式状语从句 。

e.g. This American girl speaks Chinese as if/though she were a Chinese.

made of tree branches过去分词短语作



Unit 4

1. remind sb. of sb./sth. =cause sb. to remember =be newly aware of sb./sth


2、call up 唤起,回忆起;给某人打电话;召集,动员

call on sb.            拜访某人

call at a place            拜访某地

call for sth.            需求某事物

call back            叫回,回电话

call off            取消

3、lead sb. to a place            领某人到

lead sb. to do sth            使/领某人干

lead to            导致,引起

lead a...life = live a...life           生活

lead sb. in doing…            领导

4. such as, for example,namely,that is区别

such as 用来列举事物,常用在列举的事物和前面的名词之间,但是所列事物的数量不能等同于前面所提及事物的总数,否则应用that is或者namely;for example主要用于举例说明,一般只列举。

I have three friends, namely/that is, John, Jack and Tom..

Some students, for example, John, live in the neighborhood.

5、I sing when I feel good.我心情好的时候就唱歌.

feel 为系动词, 表示感觉、觉得.

注意:  feel good 表示感觉精神好

feel well 表示感觉身体好

6、fall into 表示掉入,陷入某种状态, 养成 (坏习惯),开始起来

fall into a deep sleep            进入酣睡状态

fall into poverty            陷入穷困

fall into rage            勃然大怒

fall into a bad habit            养成坏习惯


absence of mind            心不在焉

in one’s absence            某人不在时;背地里

be absence from sth.            缺席

the absence of sb.            某人缺席

8、以下词语有人接to do(动词不定式),没人接doing(动名词):

allow, advice, forbid, permit, recommend

9、by/at the end of 后面接last year 则用过去完成时,若接next year 则用将来完成时。

10、in the beginning = at the beginning of

11、Because I think Romantic poetry is about real passion.因为浪漫主义诗歌表达了人类真实的情感 。

本句中think后接了一个由that引导宾语从句。但应注意的是:宾语从句是特殊问句时,而当一般疑问句的主句的谓语动词是think, believe, suppose, consider, imagine, guess和suggest等时,表疑问的连词要放在主句前即句首。

[误] Do you think who will win in the game?

[正] Who do you think will win in the game?


[误]Why do you know we can’t cut down the big tree?

[正]Do you know why we can’t cut down  the big tree?

Why do you think we can’t cut down the big tree?


in/by comparison with           比起来

apart/aside from           之外;除开

light up            照亮;容光焕发

next to never          几乎从来不

by the light of         借助的光

get through           通过;经历过

go through           走过;完成

be unable to do sth.            不能做某事

shake down          摇落

take a bit of          耗掉;用去

be free of            免于;避免

have a hand at/in            尝试;参与;插手

break with           打破;与绝交;结束

be of no use to sb.           是没有用的

be tired of           厌倦

be tired from            疲倦


Unit 5


be made from            由…制成(发化学变化的制成)

be made of             由…. 制成(发生物理变化的成)

be made out of    

be made into           制成

be made up of           组成

be made in           制造

be made by

make a record            录制唱片

make friends with            交朋友

make fun of            取笑某人

make sense            有道理

make progress            取得进步

make sure of            确定

make out            辨别,识辨

make a decision            决定

make a face            做鬼脸

make a good effort            作很大努力

make a mistake            犯错误

make an agreement with           签订协议

make a plan for           作计划

make a promise            许诺

make to one’s own measure            按照某人自己的尺寸

make up (for)            弥补;编出

make up one’s mind            决意

make use of            利用

make one’s mark            成功,出名

make a round trip            往返

“make the most of ” = make the best of  = make full use of            充分利用

He doesn’t do well because he doesn’t make the most of his ability.  他干得不好是因为他并未充分发挥他的能力。


Our class is made up of 50 students.

Our class is made of 50 students.

50 students make up a class

Our class consists of 50 students.

2、run over 的用法

The train ran over the man as he was crossing the line.  辗压

Run over this letter for me, please.  匆匆看一遍

The speaker ran over his notes before the lecture.  复习一遍

The cup was full and the water in it was running over.  溢出

3、at one point    “在某处”; “一度”

at the point of 靠近, 接近

on the point of… 正要...的时候

in point of…   关于, 就...而言

to the point….   中肯, 扼要

point to/ at / out

She is at the point of the death.   在她弥留之际。

4、be surrounded by (with) 围绕/环绕,是被动语态

We are surrounded by dangers.   我们的处境危机四伏。

注意:surroundings 作名词,表示"环境"。

5、stand doing   坚持抵抗,持久, 经受

stand for   代表  代替  象征 容忍  允许

stand out   站出来, 突出, 坚持抵抗 

stand by   支持 遵守  准备行动

stand up   耐久 耐用   成立

6、While 的用法小结

1、在….过程中  从属连词Someone knocked at the door while I was cooking.

2. 用做并列连词 而,当却You like sports, while I’d rather read

用做名词,表示一段时间, 一会”I haven’t seen him for a long while.

be of great use = be very useful

be of great importance = be very important

be of great help = be very helpful

be of great value = be very valuable

“be considered to be” means “be regarded as”   认为

He is considered to be a weak leader.   他被认为是个没有能力的领导。

注意:consider doing与consider sb. to do (be)的区别

7、call sb name       点名,叫某人的名字

call sb.  names            辱骂某人

name after            以…的名字命名

namely  adv. = that is to say   那就是;即


sth. needs doing(动名词表被动,同类词还有want , require)

sb. needs to do sth.

need 作为情态动词主要用于疑问句和否定句

9、say, tell, talk, speak

(vt.) say sth. 强调说的内容

(vt.) tell 讲述,告诉,分辨

(vi.) talk to/with sb. 强调同别人交谈

        about sth.

(vt.&vi.) speak to/with sb.

speaking of sth./sb. 提及到/谈及到/说道…

speak+语言  强调能力及动作

10、a matter of … 一个… 的问题

a matter of sth./doing sth

He said whether he could succeed was simply a matter of time (一个时间问题)

I think it matters(它很重要)

What’s the matter? = what’s wrong

a matter of life and death生死攸关的事情


Unit 6

catch a glimpse of sb. 意为“瞥, 见 一见”。

I caught a glimpse of our new neighbor. 我们的新邻居我只看过一眼。

glance at  扫视, 匆匆一看,提到, 影射

stare at  凝视, 盯住

gaze at  盯住

(2) ensure强调肯定、确信某事,意为“确保,保证“常用于ensure sth.或ensure sb. that...中.

We can ensure that the work shall be done in the right way. 我们可以保证把工作做好。

(3) remain用作连系动词,意为“保持;仍然是”,后接名词、形容词、介词短语、分词等作表语

The death of the innkeeper still remains a mystery.  客栈老板之死仍然是个谜。

I asked her a question but she remained silent. 我问了她一个问题,但她保持沉默。

The temple remains standing there after the floods. 洪水过后,寺庙依然矗立在那里。

The door remains locked for half a year. 这门半年里一直锁着。

(4) on the air意为“用(无线电、电视)播送”。类似地,by air相当于by plane,表示“乘飞机”;in the air相当于in the sky,表示“在空中”;in the open air意为“在野外”、“在户外”。     

(5) e-schools = electronic-schools


E-zine = E-journal 电子杂志,

(6) appreciate用作动词,意思是“鉴赏;欣赏;赏识;感谢”等,后接名词、动名词或用于“appreciate it +if ...”句型。

We greatly appreciate your timely help. 我们非常感谢你们的及时帮助。

We shall appreciate hearing from you again. 我们恭候佳音。

I shall appreciate it if you will do me that favour.

(7) be well-prepared for意为“为作好准备”,强调“已经准备好”这一状态prepare for则强调“为做准备”这一动作。如:

I prepared the ground for the seeds. 我整理好土地准备播种。

We must be prepared for all contingencies. 我们要作好各种准备,以防意外。

(8) in store意为“存储着”、“预备着”、“必将发生”。

Who knows what the future will have in store for us? 谁知道我们将来会怎么样?

(9) double这里用作名词,意为“二倍”、“相似者”、“替身电影演员”。

Have you ever met your double? 你曾遇到和你相似的人吗?

另外:①double用作形容词,意为“两倍的, 双重的”。

The word “room” has a double “o” in the middle.


The government aims to double the number of students in higher education within 25 years.政府打算25年内使高等教育学生增加一倍。

(10)deal with 常与how连用;do with 常与what连用。

(11) 一些重要短语:

keep sb. at a distance 与某人保持一段距离

within walking distance 几步之遥

at/from a distance (of) 从远处;距离

in the distance 在远处;远方的

cheat sb. out of 骗区某人的

cheat in/on 在中作假、作弊

cheat sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事

have/keep/holdin store 贮藏着,准备着

keep/bear sb. company 陪伴某人,与某人同行

require sth. of sb. 向某人要


Unit 7

1. AIDS is a disease that breaks down the body’s immune system and....

注意:break down可作及物动词, 作“破坏;使失效”解。也可作不及物动词, 常表示“(计划, 谈判等) 受挫折、失败”或感情失去控制”或“(机器)停止运转”

2. As with most diseases and disasters, the young suffer the most.

as with = it is the same with...

这里 as 是连词,意思是“和…一样”。

3. persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事

The salesman persuaded us to buy his product.那个销售人员说服我们买了他的产品。


The salesman tried to persuade us to buy his product, but we didn’t.

4. as long as: 和…一样长, 这里指时间, 也可指长度。

You can stay here as long as you want.    (指时间)

This stick is as long as that one. ( 指长度)

as long as或so long as作为连词,引导条件状语从句,意为“只要”。e.g. As/So long as you keep it up, you  will succeed.

4.For some, medicine can help keep them alive.

关于help 的词组:

help sb. with sth.     帮某人某事

help sb. (to) do sth.   帮某人干…

with the help of      在…的帮助下

help oneself to sth.   随便,自取(食物)

can’t help doing     禁不住干…

can’t help but do     不得不干…


be/become infected with            被染上

get tested for            对…进行测试

take notes of            做笔记

a lack of            缺乏

all day long            整天;从早到晚

take sample of            取样

spread from one person to another 

at any time            随时;任何时候

think of as            认为

teach sb. a lesson            给某人上课

take chance to do            抓住机会做某事

to the full/fullest            充分地;尽情地;完全地

care for            关心;照顾

be unable to do            没能力做某事

protect against            与protect from同意

slow down            减弱;减缓;减速

fight against           战斗

but for            要不是;如果没有

There is no chance of doing sth.

6. 其他重要词组:

persuade sb. to do            说服某人做某事

persuade sb. into doing            劝说某人做某事

persuade sb. out of doing sth.            劝说某人不做某事

persuade sb. of sth.         使某人相信某事

be lacking in            缺乏(品质、特点)

be available for sth.         有空做某事

recover from            恢复过来

break down            毁坏、镇压、分解

recover oneself            恢复健康、镇定下来、重新站稳

live with            忍受、接受、与住一起

(be)free from            摆脱;无的;免于


for the moment            暂且;暂时;眼下;目前

for a moment            一会儿

at the moment            此刻;那时

in a moment            一会儿之后

die of            死亡(正常)

die from            死亡(意外)

8.as if 的用法:

(1). as if sb./sth. were /did/had done sth.

(2). as if it is going to be

(3). as if to do/doing


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