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上海口译考试分类词汇(五)

(2008-10-12 17:01:17)
标签:

杂谈

分类: 上海口译

[扩展]

第三代移动通信系统3-G (Generation Three mobile communication system)

多媒体短信服务    MMS (Multimedia Messaging Service)

文本短信服务   SMS (Short Messaging Service)

文本短信语言  texting (e.g. gr8 = great)

无绳电话  cordless telephone

无线保真   Wi-Fi  (wireless Fidelity)

无线应用协议 WAP – wireless application protocol

移动电话双向收费two-way charges for cell phones

能上网的手机 WAP phone

增强型短信服务   EMS (Enhanced Message Service)

程控电话    program -controlled telephone

生物技术bio-technology

      [扩展]

克隆cloning

生物芯片biochip

基因工程genetic engineering

基因突变genetic mutation

基因图谱genome

转基因动植物 genetically modified animals and plants

转基因生物genetically modified organisms (GMOs)

转基因食品GM food (genetically modified food)

B超   type -B ultrasonic

试管婴儿  test- tube baby

试管受精   in-vitro fertilization (IVF)

干细胞  stem cell

空间科学Space Science

[扩展]

发射成功 successful launch

风云二号气象卫星 Fengyun II meteorological satellite

神舟五号载人飞船 manned spacecraft Shenzhou V

同步卫星   geostationary satellite

全球定位系统 GPS (global positioning system)

首航  maiden voyage (of an aircraft or ship)

外层空间  outer space

外星人  extraterrestrial being (ET)

卫星导航   satellite navigation

 

8) 环保

afforestation      n. 绿化造林

afforestation drive   n.绿化运动     

agricultural ecology     农业生态学

artificial rain     n.人工降雨

biosphere  n. 生物圈

car exhaust   n.汽车尾气

carbon dioxide (CO2  n. 二氧化碳                

Carbon monoxide (CO)   n. 一氧化碳

China’s guiding principle for environmental protection国家环保基本方针

clean energy   n. 清洁能源     

clean fuels  n. 清洁燃料

contamination   n. 污染

deforestation n.森林开伐

desertification  n.(土壤)沙漠化,荒漠化

disaster -affected area   n. 受灾地区     

drought       n. 旱灾

dust storm; sand storm   n. 沙尘暴  

El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO)  (气候学)厄尔尼诺南徊现象

emission   n. 排气(如汽车废气等);排放物

environmentalist      n. 环境保护主义者

environment-friendly products     环保产品 

flood  n. 洪水;洪灾

fog  n. 雾

food chain 食物链

forest coverage rate      森林覆盖率

forestation     n. 造林  

fossil fuel  矿物燃料如石油、煤、天然气等,由古代生物衍生而成

fungi, molds, bacteria and viruses    真菌, 霉菌, 细菌,病毒

global warming   全球变暖

grain for green 退耕还林(还草)  

grassland  n 草地,草原

greenhouse effect  温室效应

greenhouse gases温室气体 

ground depression      面沉降;地面塌陷

groundwater n. 地下水

heat island effect  热岛效应         

La Nina phenomenon  (气候)拉尼娜现象

land subsidence; ground depression 地面沉降

monsoon    n. 季候风;(印度等地的)雨季, 季风

mosquito control    蚊虫控制

Mount Qomolangma/ Mount Everest  珠穆朗玛峰  

Natural disasters/ hazards      n. 自然灾害、危害

[扩展]

debris flow  n. 泥石流

drought  n.干旱

dust storm  n. 沙尘暴

extratropical cyclone  n. 温带气旋

earthquake  n. 地震

flooding   n.洪水, 水灾

forest fire  n. 森林火灾

hail  n. 冰雹

hurricane   n.飓风

hurricane warning n. 飓风警报

hurricane watch   n. 飓风监视

storm surge  n. 风暴潮

tidal wave  ( a tsunami)  n. 海啸

tornado  n.旋风, 龙卷风

tropical cyclone  n. 热带气旋

tropical storm  n. 热带风暴

typhoon  n. 台风

volcano erupting  n. 火山暴发

natural reserve / natural preservation zone         自然保护区     

natural resource protection areas          自然资源保护区

Planet  n. 行星

[扩展]

Planet Earth                   地球

Planet Jupiter                 木星

Planet mars                   火星

Planet Mercury                水星

Planet Neptune                海王星

Planet Pluto                    冥王星

Planet Saturn                  土星

Planet Uranus                  天王星

Planet Venus                   金星

Pollutant    n. 污染物质

renewable resources可再生资源   

reservoir    n.水库, 蓄水池

smog  n. 工业烟雾, 烟雾污染

temperate      adj.温和的

Three Gorges Project       三峡工程     

Three Gorges reservoir       三峡水库     

tropical rain forest       热带雨林    

traffic congestion     交通拥塞

UV (ultraviolet)  n. 紫外线

urbanization   n. 城市化

urbanite   n. 都市人

volcanoes   n. 火山

water loss and soil erosion  水土流失    

 

9) 教育

函授学院 correspondence school 

附中 middle / high school affiliated to …

政治思想教育 political and ideological education 

自学成才 to become educated through independent study 

奖学金scholarship; fellowship; financial grant

领取助学金的学生 a grant-aided student 

博士生Ph.D candidate   

博士后post–doctoral    

毕业生分配graduate placement     

成人高考/自学考试      the national higher education exams for self-taught adults

成人教育adult education

充电  update one's knowledge

初等教育 elementary education 

大学城   college town

大学社区  college community

大专文凭  associate degree

分数 mark; grade 

成绩单 transcript

毕业论文 (大学)paper; (研)thesis; (博)dissertation 

实习 internship; field work

毕业典礼 graduation ceremony; commencement 

毕业证书 certificate 

高等教育 higher education 

高等学府 institution of higher education 

综合性大学 comprehensive university 

文科院校 colleges of (liberal) arts 

理工科大学 college / university of science and engineering 

师范学院 teachers' college / normal college

工科大学 polytechnic university

农学院 college of agriculture

医学院 medical school 

中医院 institute of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)

音乐学院music school 

美术学院 academy of fine arts 

高分低能  high scores and low abilities

高考    (university / college) entrance examination

高校扩招  the college expansion plan

国家普通话水平考试  National Proficiency Test of Putonghua (Mandarin)

函授大学  correspondence university

教授professor 

副教授 associate professor

客座教授 visiting professor; guest professor 

讲师 lecturer 

助教 assistant 

辅导员 assistant for political and ideological work 

教研室/组 teaching and research section/group 

教学法   pedagogy; teaching method

教育界   education circle

教育投入 input in education 

九年义务教育nine-year compulsory education        

考研   take the entrance exams for postgraduate schools

课外的 extracurriculum

课外活动 extracurricular activities 

课堂讨论 class discussion 

必修课 required / compulsory course 

选修课 elective / optional course 

基础课 basic course 

专业课 specialized course 

课程表 school schedule

研究小组;讨论会 seminar 

教学大纲 teaching program; syllabus

学习年限 period of schooling 

学历 record of formal schooling 

学年 school/academic year 

学期 (school)term; semester 

学分 credit 

两院院士   academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering

启发式教学  heuristic education

热门话题    hot topic

人才交流    talents exchange

人才战      competition for talented people

商务英语证书  Business English Certificate (BEC)

设计学院    academy of design

体育学院   institute of physical culture

适龄儿童入学率   enrolment rate for children of school age

授予某人学位 to confer a degree on / to sb. /for sth (e.g. thesis)

升学率 proportion of students entering schools of a higher grade 

(国家)助学金 (state)stipend/subsidy/ financial aid

硕博联读    a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study

松江大学城    Songjiang College Town

素质教育   quality-oriented education

填鸭式教学   cramming method of teaching

脱产进修  block release

短训班  short-term training course 

师生员工  faculty, students and staff

教学人员  the faculty; teaching staff 

中、小学校长 headmaster/headmistress; principal 

大专院校校长 (美)president; (英)chancellor ; vice-chancellor

教务长, (系)主任 dean

希望工程 Project Hope 

小组讨论  group discussions

校训   school motto

校友alumnus(男); alumna(女)pl. alumni; alumnae

学生会 students' union/association 

走读生 extern; non-resident student 

住宿生 boarder 

旁听生 auditor 

研究生 graduate student; post-graduate (student) 

应届毕业生 graduating student; current year’s graduate

课程 course; curriculum 

校园数字化   campus digitalization

校园文化     campus culture

学分   credit points

学汉语热 enthusiasm in learning Chinese

学历教育   education with record of formal schooling

学龄儿童 school-ager 

学前教育 preschool education 

学生减负     alleviate the burden on students

学时   credit hours

学位证书 degree certificate

学英语热  enthusiasm in learning English

义务教育  compulsory education

应试教育   exam-oriented education

优化教师队伍 optimize the teaching staff 

在职博士生    on-job doctorate

在职研究生    on-job postgraduates

招生办公室    admission office

招生就业指导办公室    enrolment and placement office

职业道德 work ethics 

职业高中(职高)   vocational high school

职业教育 vocational education

三学期制 the trimester system 

定向招生 students are admitted to be trained for pre-determined employers

示范试点 demonstration pilot project 

动员 mobilize 

多学科的 multi-disciplinary 

重点大学 key university 

被授权 be authorized to do 

博士后科研流动站 center for post-doctoral studies 

国家发明奖 National Invention Prize 

国家自然科学奖 National Prize for Natural Sciences 

国家科技进步奖 National Prize for Progress in Science and Technology 

学术报告会,专题讨论会 symposium/ seminar

记者招待会 press conference 

国家教委State Education Commission

国家统计局 State Statistical Bureau 

国家教育经费 national expenditure on education 

财政拨款 financial allocation 

职业培训   job training

职业文盲 functional illiterate 

专职教师 full-time teacher 

智力引进    recruit / introduce (foreign) talents

智商     intelligence quotient (IQ)

中等教育 secondary education 

主观能动性    subjective initiative

助学行动    activity to assist the impoverished students

准博士     all but dissertation (ABD)

自费留学    go to study abroad at one's own expense

自费研究生   self-supporting/ self-sponsored graduate student

 

10) 文化

四大发明 the four great inventions of ancient China

   [扩展]

火药gunpowder

印刷术 printing

造纸术paper-making

指南针the compass

四书The Four Books

[扩展]                                                                                                                                                                

《大学 》The Great Learning                                                                                                                             

《中庸》The Doctrine of the Mean                                                                                                                      

《论语》The Analects of Confucius                                                                                                                      

《孟子》The Mencius     

中国画 traditional Chinese painting

书法 calligraphy

水墨画Chinese brush painting; ink and wash painting

工笔   traditional Chinese realistic painting

孙子兵法The Art of War

汉字 Chinese character

华夏祖先 the Chinese ancestors

单音节 single syllable

汉语有 “合理的逻辑性” Chinese language is “soberly logical” (Edward Sapir, American linguist)

汉语四声调the four tones of Chinese characters

[扩展]

level tone阳平

rising tone阴平

falling-rising tone上声

falling tone去声                                                                                                                                    

武术 martial art

中国武术 Kung fu

武术门派 styles or schools of martial art

习武健身practice martial art for fitness

气功Qigong, deep breathing exercises

拳击boxing

中国文学Chinese literature 

[扩展]

《三国演义》Three Kingdoms      

《西游记》 Journey to the West; Pilgrimage to the West

《红楼梦》Dream of the Red Mansions

《山海经》 the Classic of Mountains and Rivers

《资治通鉴》History as a Mirror;Comprehensive History Retold as a Mirror for Rulers

《西厢记》 the Romance of West Chamber

《水浒传》 Heroes of the Marshes; Tales of the Water Margin

《聊斋志异》 Strange Tales of a Lonely Studio; Strange Tales from Make-Do Studio

《围城》Fortress Besieged

《阿Q正传》 The True Story of Ah Q

春秋 the Spring and Autumn Annals

史记 Historical Records

诗经 The Books of Songs;the Book of Odes

书经 The Books of History

易经 I Ching; the Book of Changes

礼记 the Book of Rites

孝经Book of Filial Piety                                                                                                                                   

三字经 three-character scripture; three-word chant

八股文 eight-part essay; stereotyped writing

五言绝句 five-character quatrain

七言律诗 seven-character octave

重要文化遗产major cultural heritage

优秀民间艺术outstanding folk arts                                                           

文物cultural relics

中国结   Chinese knot

旗袍Cheongsam         

中山装Chinese tunic suit

唐装traditional Chinese garments (clothing),Tang suit

景泰蓝cloisonné

朝廷使者  royal court envoy

文人 men of letters

雅士 refined scholars

表演艺术performing art      

现代流行艺术popular art, pop art

纯艺术high art

高雅艺术refined art   

电影艺术cinematographic art       

戏剧艺术theatrical art

[扩展]

生 (男性正面角色)  male  (the positive male role)

旦 (女性正面角色)  female (the positive female role)

净 (性格鲜明的男性配角)  a supporting male role with striking character

丑 (幽默滑稽或反面角色)  a clown or a negative role

花脸painted role

歌舞喜剧musical

滑稽场面, 搞笑小噱头shtick       

滑稽短剧skit

京剧人物脸谱Peking Opera Mask

皮影戏 shadow play; leather-silhouette show

说书 story-telling

叠罗汉 make a human pyramid

折子戏 opera highlights

踩高跷stilt walk

哑剧 pantomime; mime

哑剧演员 pantomimist

戏剧小品 skit

马戏circus show

单口相声monologue comic talk, standup comedy     

特技表演stunt    

相声witty dialogue comedy, comic cross talk   

杂技 acrobatics

京韵大鼓the traditional story-telling in Beijing dialect with drum accompaniment

秦腔shaanxi opera     

篆刻sealcutting

工艺, 手艺 workmanship / craftsmanship

卷轴scroll

蜡染batik

泥人 clay figure

漆画lacquer painting

唐三彩Trio-colored glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty

文房四宝The four stationery treasures of the Chinese study --- a writing brush, an ink stick, an ink stone and paper

民间传说 folklores

寓言fable 

传说 legend       

神话mythology 

古为今用,洋为中用make the past serve the present and the foreign serve china     赋诗inscribe a poem   

对对联matching an antithetical couplet  

阳历Solar calendar     

公历Gregorian calendar       

阴历Lunar calendar    

天干heavenly stem

地支earthly branch

闰年leap year

二十四节气the twenty-four solar terms 

十二生肖zodiac

本命年 one's year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches

传统节日traditional holidays

春节 Spring Festival

元宵节 Lantern Festival (15th day of the first lunar month)

清明节 Pure Brightness Festival / Tomb-sweeping Day (April the 5th)

端午节 Dragon Boat Festival (5th of the fifth lunar month)

中秋节 Moon Festival / Mid-Autumn Day (15th of the eight lunar month)

重阳节 Double Ninth Day / the Aged Day

秦始皇帝 First Emperor, Emperor Chin

皇太后 Empress Dowager
汉高祖刘邦founder of the Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD)

成吉思汗       Genghis Khan ; Temujin

才子佳人       gifted scholars and beautiful ladies

文明摇篮 cradle of civilization

夏朝 Xia Dynasty

明清两代 (of) Ming and Qing dynasties

中华文明 Chinese civilization

文明摇篮 cradle of civilization

地名:特别注意四川和陕西拼法

四川  Sichuan, Szechwan, Szechuan
陝西 Shaanxi

古文明研究中心 Research Center for Ancient Civilizations

中外学者 Chinese and overseas scholars

考古学家 archaeologists

人类学家 anthropologist

历史学家 historian

地理学家geographer

 

11) 体育, 娱乐

2008夏季奥运会    2008 summer Olympics

主办2008年奥运会  host the 2008 Olympic Games

奥运会火炬 Olympic torch

奥运村 Olympic village

奥运选手 Olympian

奥运会核心精神 the core spirit of the Olympic games

更快、更高、更强 Citius, Altius, Fortius

东道国 host country

主办城市 host city

冬奥会 Olympic Winter Games

国际奥委会 IOC (International Olympic Committee)

会歌 anthem

会徽 emblem

申办 bid

申办成功 win the bidding

板球 criket

公开赛 open / open tournament

锦标赛 championships

国家体育总局 State Physical Culture Administration

健美运动  bodybuilding

教练 coach / trainer

举重  weight lifting

马术 equitation

球类运动 ball games

赛马 horse race

射击 shooting

射箭 archery

室内运动 indoor sports

室外运动 outdoor sports

体育道德、 运动家精神 sportsmanship

田径 track and field

跳高 high jump

跳远 long jump

马拉松 marathon

职业选手 professional athlete

自行车赛 cycling

跨栏 hurdle race

体操 gymnastics

接力赛 relay race

冰球 hockey

娱乐 recreation / entertainment

《伯尔尼公约》(有关保护文学和艺术作品版权的公约)Berne Convention    

茶道    sado

宠物医院  pet clinic

大开眼界    open one's eyes; broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener

大众传媒  mass media (of communications)

狗仔队   paparazzo (singular), paparazzi(plural)

广告妙语   punch line

吉尼斯世界记录    Guinness Book of Records

家庭影院       home theater

票房    box office

泼水节   Water-Sprinkling Festival

群众精神文化生活people's cultural life                                                                                 

人体彩绘   body painting

迪斯尼乐园  Disneyland

米老鼠 Mickey mouse

唐老鸭 Donald Duck

特技演员stunt man   

替身演员  stand-in; double

选美   beauty contest, beauty pageant                                                        

综艺节目   variety show

 

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