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Pennoyer v. Neff - Case Summary

(2008-07-06 10:44:22)
标签:

美国

民事诉讼

案例

杂谈

分类: 美国法

    I translated the case summary for your reference. Pleas note that the summary is different from brief. I'll give you a sample of brief later.

 

 

PENNOYER v. NEFF.

 

SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES

 

95 U.S. 714; 24 L. Ed. 565; 1877 U.S. LEXIS 2227; 5 Otto 714

 

                  January 21, 1878, Decided; OCTOBER, 1877 Term

 

CASE SUMMARY:

案件摘要

 

PROCEDURAL POSTURE: Defendant sought review of a decision from the Circuit Court of the United States for the District of Oregon, which held that a judgment granting ownership of certain property to defendant was invalid.

诉讼历史:被告要求最高法院对从俄勒冈州地区法院上诉到巡回法院的案子的判决进行审查,因为巡回法院认为地区法院宣告的被告享有某项财产的判决无效。[①]

 

OVERVIEW: This was an action to recover possession of a tract of land to which both plaintiff and defendant asserted title. Defendant claimed to have acquired the premises under a sheriff's deed made upon a sale of the property resulting from a judgment recovered against plaintiff in one of the circuit courts of the state. The case turned upon the validity of that judgment. The lower court found that the judgment was invalid due to problems with an affidavit. On appeal, the court ruled that the judgment was invalid, on different reasoning. Because at the time the action was commenced and the judgment was rendered plaintiff was a non-resident of the state, was not personally served with process, and did not appear, the judgment could not be valid against plaintiff. Because of the lack of personal service, the sale of the property in controversy was not authorized. Accordingly, the decision below was affirmed.

案件综述:该案涉及原被告双方均主张对一块土地享有权利,并要求讨回该土地的占有权。被告声称他根据政府签发的契据取得该土地。而该契据是根据一项为执行员工败诉的法院判决而签发的执行令做出的。本案涉及该项俄勒冈州判决是否具有合法效力。下级法院(俄勒冈地区法院)认定该判决无效,因为一份宣誓书存在问题。上诉中,巡回法院根据不同的理由认定,契据赖以为基础的判决无效。理由是,该诉讼开始和判决做出的时候,原告不是该州的居民,并且他本人没有收到法院的诉状和传票,也没有出庭应诉,法院判决对原告没有效力。且缺少亲自收悉诉状和传票,法院无权出售争议中的财产。据此,最高法院维持了巡回法院的判决。

 

OUTCOME: The lower court's decision was affirmed. The court held that the judgment from the underlying action was invalid due to the fact that plaintiff was a non-resident of the state in which the action was brought and was not personally served.

判决结果:最高法院维持了俄勒冈州地区法院的判决。最高法院根据在诉讼提起时原告不是俄勒冈州居民且没有亲自收悉诉状和传票的理由认为接下来的行为无效。

 

 




[①] I am not sure whether the translation is correct for the knowledge gap about circuit court. I will prepare a special material to elucidate the system of circuit court. If you know it, please let me know. Thank you!

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