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Summary of the 2010 Forum, IA, CASS

(2011-01-12 09:33:10)
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文化

分类: 翻译

Summary of the 2010 Forumof Advanced Study held in the Institute of Archaeology, CASS

On the morning of 30th December 2010, a forum of advanced study was held in the meeting room at 8th floor within the Institute of Archaeology. The moderator of this forum was Director Wang Wei and four research followers had deliberated their academic researches on various subjects. 

 

The presentation topic of research follower Wang Renxiang was “Worshipping Birds and Revering Mountants: Micro and macro questions of archaeology at Taosi” The “micro” question is his new interpretation on the jade plaque decorated with animal face excavated at Taosi. He made a comparison between the animal face jade plaque with the jade plaque excavated at the Jiuliandun Chu Burial of the Warring States. Both plaques contained the image of twin birds. The perforation, which misinterpreted as eyes, actually is a gap between the body of a bird and its talon. With reference to copious amount of materials, Wang pointed out that started from the butterfly shaped ivory piece decorated with the pattern “two phoenixes facing towards the sun” unearthed from the Hemudu site, the arts of twin birds or bird was presented in different ways from different periods. The meaning of these art pieces may deliberate as praise to life, metaphor for love, auspicious expectation or worshiping sun and bird. For the “macro” question, Wang investigated the direction of Taosi city ruin and questioned the ancient positioning system and its continuity. Two ancient positing systems could be identified after reviewing huge amount of archaeological data. They were axis orientation and diagonal orientation respectively. These positioning systems can explain cities, houses, burials or even places for ritual activities. The formulation of different systems is related to both astronomy and geography and further studies need to be done for clarification.

 

The topic of research follower Zhao Chunqing was “Few questions on the archaeology in ancient city ruins” and the main theme was on pre-historic ancient city ruins. He first focused on the past literature reviews on Chinese pre-historic ancient city ruins followed by his new perspective. He also suggested another viewpoint on the formation of pre-historic ancient city ruins. Mr. Zhao also had several queries regarding his viewpoint including clarification on the concepts of ancient city ruin, size, ditch within the foundation, retaining wall and backfill. He also discussed about the relationship between wall and moat, period of particular ancient city ruin compared with other city ruins in general, rating and classification of ancient city ruins. These questions entailed further discussion among the participants.

 

The topic of research follower Zhu Yanping was “Hailar – Acquaintance with the ancient culture of the Yimin River Valley”. He addressed the pedigree of ancient culture in that area through studying the pottery of Hake Tuanjie site and Hui River Dam site. Representative features of stage one are from Hake Tuanjie site context seven and below, stage two are from Huihe Shuiba site M1, stage three are from Huihe Shuiba H1, stage four are from early Xianbei features in Zhalainuoer, stage from are features from Xiwuzhuer and Xieertala, which are not earlier than the Neolithic period in Xinglongwa and extended to Sui and Tong periods. Incised decoration on the pottery reflected an inheritance of the same system.  

The presentation topic of research follower Shi Jinsong was “Research on the artefacts unearthed in ritual area of Jinsha Site”. He first started to conduct a typology classification on the artefacts, and then he made a comparison between the artefacts yielded in the ritual area of Jinsha site and Sanxingdui site. It is noted that artefacts from these two areas were similar but dissimilar in some points. Artefacts from Jinsha site protruded power and sun worshipping originated from the Sanxingdui culture. Lastly, he has his own interpretation on the culture setting of the Chengdu plain during the Jinsha period. He believed that Jinsha site was not affected by other cultures except Chendu plain. Although characteristic of Sanxingdui culture stands out, it was largely influenced by culture from outside. 

There were about one hundred participants in this forum including  scholars and students from the Institute or Archaeology and various universities, a number of research centres. Each presentation entailed extensive concentration as well as enthusiastic discussion and Director Wang Wei summarized the forum in the end.

 

 

社科院考古所2010年度高研论坛纪要

 

2010年12月30日上午,社科院考古所2010年度高研论坛在考古所八楼会议厅举行。此次论坛由王巍所长主持。共有四位研究员作了学术演讲。

 

王仁湘研究员的演讲题目是“崇鸟与仰山——陶寺考古大小两题”。所谓“小”题,是他对陶寺遗址出土的兽面玉牌饰提出了一种新的解读。他将兽面玉牌饰与战国九连墩楚墓中出土的玉牌饰进行了比较,指出二者都可分解出双鸟的形象。被看作是眼睛的穿孔,其实是鸟的身体与爪之间的空隙。通过研究大量的资料,王仁湘先生指出从河姆渡遗址蝶形器上雕刻的“双鸟朝阳”形象算起,双鸟或对鸟的艺术形象通过各种方式在以后的各个历史文化时期中体现了出来,其艺术主题蕴含的意义可能代表着生命的颂歌、情爱的隐喻、祥瑞的希冀抑或太阳与阳鸟崇拜。所谓“大”题,是他由陶寺城址方向入手考察,提出了古代方位系统的传承问题。通过大量考古资料的比较可以论定中国古代存在两个方位系统,即中轴定向和对角定向,城邑、居址、墓葬乃至祭祀场所等都可以用这个方位系统来解释,不同方位系统的形成,可能分别与天文和地理相关,其深层原因需要进一步探讨。

赵春青研究员的演讲题目是“关于城址考古的几点思考”,重点在于对史前城址的思考。他首先对中国的史前城址考古进行了学术回顾,接着,他对史前城址的研究现状提出了一些新的认识。他还对史前城址的形制演变提出了看法。赵春青先生还对现存的几个问题提出了自己的观点,包括对城址、面积、墙基槽、护坡、回填土等几个概念的澄清,城墙与壕沟关系的认识,城址自身的年代及诸城址相互关系的认识,城址的分级与分类的标准等问题。他提出的这几个问题引起了大家的广泛讨论。

朱延平研究员的演讲题目是“海拉尔—伊敏河流域古代文化初识”,他根据哈克团结遗址和辉河水坝遗址出土的陶器对该地区的古代文化谱系提出了认识。第一阶段以哈克团结遗址第7层及以下遗存为代表,第二阶段以辉河水坝M1遗存为代表,第三阶段以辉河水坝H1遗存为代表,第四阶段以扎来诺尔的早期鲜卑遗存为代表,第五阶段以西乌珠尔和谢尔塔拉的遗存为代表,时代从不早于兴隆洼的新石器时代一直延续到了隋唐时期。陶器上的刻划纹饰似有一脉相承的系统。

施劲松研究员的演讲题目是“金沙遗址祭祀区出土遗物研究”。首先他对遗物的类别与年代进行了研究,接着,他将金沙遗址祭祀区出土的遗物与三星堆器物坑出土的遗物进行了比较研究,两地的器物有明显的共同性但又具有差异性。遗物反映的金沙遗址的文化面貌仍然突出了权力、以及崇拜太阳的信仰,延续了三星堆文化的传统。最后他对金沙时期成都平原的文化格局提出了看法,他认为金沙遗址似乎并未受到成都平原之外其他文化的明显影响,而三星堆文化虽然地域特色鲜明,但外来文化的影响似乎更为明显。

参加论坛的人员有近百人,包括考古所的科研人员及相关大学及研究所的学者、学生等。每一场演讲都引起了学者们的广泛关注及热烈讨论,王巍所长对论坛做了总结发言。

 

 

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